Department of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mosul, Iraq
Document Type : Research Paper
The current study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplements of organic acid and essential oil Gallant+® on the growth hormone, glutathione, performance of growth, some biochemical parameters and intestinal histomorphology in quails. Japanese quails one-day-old (n=120) were distributed randomly into four groups included 10 / 3 replicates for each group. The G1, was control group that was fed on a basal diet. Quails of G2, G3, and G4 were fed on a supplemented diet Gallant+® 300, 600 and 900g/ton,respectively. Administration of Gallant+® 600 g/ton and 900g/ton to quail led to significant decrease in triglyceride while supplementation with 600 g/ton caused decrease in cholesterol. On the other hand, 300 g/ton caused an increase in final body weight and total weight through the duration of the experiment, as well as a decrease in total feed consumption and the best feed conversion ratio in all supplementation with 300 g/ton caused a significant growth hormone elevation. All feed additives didn't affect the level of glutathione. The addition of Gallant+® additive groups. Interestingly, the addition of different doses of Gallant+® to the diet increased villus length and width, crypt depth, villus / crypt ratio, percentage of goblet cell, apparent surface area, and intestinal epithelium thickness compared to the control group. It was concluded that dietary supplementation with different doses of Gallant+® improved growth hormone, growth performance and intestinal histomorphology in Japanese quails, and dietary supplementation with organic acid and essential oil as alternatives to the growth promoter of antibiotics.
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