Official Journal of the College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mosul

A

  • Abalone The role of clove (Sygnium aromaticum) oil as anaesthetics compound for abalone (Haliotis squamata) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 335-342]

  • Abattoir A study of pathological abnormalities of genitalia in ewes in Duhok, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 421-427]

  • Abdominal rectification Surgical treatment of omphalocele with intestinal evisceration in cow calf of Sahiwal: A case report [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 745-748]

  • Acetylcholine Change in acetylcholine activity and some blood parameters in adult sheep dipped in deltamethrin [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 301-304]

  • Acetylcholine esterase activity Change in acetylcholine activity and some blood parameters in adult sheep dipped in deltamethrin [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 301-304]

  • Acridine Orange Comparison the efficiency of different techniques for the diagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii infection in slaughtered ewes [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 19-23]

  • Acupuncture Using acupuncture and electroacupuncture in the treatment of laminitis in racing horses: a comparative study [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 15-21]

  • Acute toxicity Determination of the lethal concentration 50% (LC50) of lead chloride and its accumulation in different organs of Gambusia affinis fish [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 361-367]

  • Aeromonas hydrophila Investigation of gcat gene and antibiotic resistance pattern of Aeromonas hydrophila isolated from hemorrhagic septicemia’s cases in fish farms [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 375-380]

  • Aeromonas hydrophila Genetic diversity and clonal relatedness of Aeromonas hydrophila strains isolated from hemorrhagic septicemia’s cases in common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) farms [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 643-648]

  • A. flavus Pathological study of genitourinary invasion by Aspergillus flavus in male rats [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 87-94]

  • African catfish The effect of stocking density and the application of Nitrobacter as ammonia decomposer in aquaponics system of Clarias gariepinus with water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 217-222]

  • Age Impact of breed, sex and age on hematological and biochemical parameters of local quail [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 459-464]

  • Age-related Age-related anesthetic effect of ketamine in the chickens [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 501-506]

  • Al-Diwaniyah Genotypic analysis of ticks species infesting cattle in Al-Diwaniyah abattoir [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 673-677]

  • Al-Najaf A cross sectional study on the seroprevalence of bovine brucellosis in Al-Najaf province in Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 617-620]

  • Aloe vera gel Aloe vera and Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) accelerate healing process in domestic cat (Felis domesticus) suffering from scabies [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 699-704]

  • Alpha lipoic acid Role of alpha lipoic acid in protecting testes of adult rats from lead toxicity [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 305-312]

  • ALT, macromoleculed Biomarkering metabolic activities of the tapeworm Khawia armeniaca (Cholodkovsky, 1915) in association to its fish host Barbus grypus (Hekle, 1843) [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 169-176]

  • Alveolar bone Development of experimentally-induced periodontitis in a Sprague Dawley rat model [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 765-769]

  • Amino acids Using Schiff base method for protecting amino acids and modified in vitro method for measuring rumen protected amino acids [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 251-255]

  • Anaesthethic The role of clove (Sygnium aromaticum) oil as anaesthetics compound for abalone (Haliotis squamata) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 335-342]

  • Analgesia Age-related anesthetic effect of ketamine in the chickens [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 501-506]

  • Analgesia Study the beneficial activity of low level laser in experimentally induced pain in mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 569-573]

  • Analgesia Study the analgesic effect of diclofenac and silymarin coadministration in chicks [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 25-31]

  • Analgesia Effect of nefopam in normal chickens and its relationship to hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 7-12]

  • Anesthesia Age-related anesthetic effect of ketamine in the chickens [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 501-506]

  • Anesthetic drug Biochemical and behavioral responses in carp fish exposed to tricaine methane sulfonate (MS-222) as anesthetic drug under transport conditions [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 719-723]

  • Antibiotic Evaluation the safety and synergistic effect of NiFe2O4 nanoparticles with antibiotic against Pseudomonas aeruginosa [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 71-77]

  • Antibiotic residues Detection of multiple presence of antibiotic residues in slaughtered sheep at Duhok abattoir, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 49-55]

  • Antibiotic resistance Multi-drug resistance profile of extended spectrum β-Lactamases producing Escherichia coli isolated from sheep in Mosul city [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 37-40]

  • Antigens Immunohistochemical and pathological changes in BALB/c mice immunized with whole sonicated Listeria monocytogenes antigens and the effect of probiotics [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 79-85]

  • Antimicrobial peptide Antimicrobial activity of peptides extracted from camels' blood neutrophils against some pathogenic bacteria [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 33-37]

  • Antimicrobial resistance Investigation of gcat gene and antibiotic resistance pattern of Aeromonas hydrophila isolated from hemorrhagic septicemia’s cases in fish farms [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 375-380]

  • Antioxidants Chemopreventive effect of Quercus infectoria galls on DMBA induced mouse skin tumorigenesis [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 57-62]

  • Antioxidants Ameliorative role of Arabic gum against nephrotoxicity induced by ciprofloxacin in rats [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 789-798]

  • Api 20 Isolation and antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus spp., enteric bacteria and Pseudomonas spp. associated with respiratory tract infections of sheep [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 53-58]

  • Aquaculture Potential of probiotics Bacillus subtilis to reduce ammonia levels, Vibrio sp abundance, and increased production performance of Seaworm (Nereis sp) under laboratory scale [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 757-763]

  • Arabic gum Ameliorative role of Arabic gum against nephrotoxicity induced by ciprofloxacin in rats [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 789-798]

  • Artificially contamination Estimation of limit of detection of Salmonella typhimurium in artificially contaminated chicken meat by cultured-based and polymerase chain reaction techniques [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 621-625]

  • Aspirin Effect of methotrexate and aspirin interaction and its relationship to oxidative stress in rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 151-156]

  • Aspirin cream Comparative antinociceptive effect of aspirin and aspirin nano particles in semisolid formulae in mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 535-539]

  • Aspirin gel Comparative antinociceptive effect of aspirin and aspirin nano particles in semisolid formulae in mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 535-539]

  • Aspirin ointment Comparative antinociceptive effect of aspirin and aspirin nano particles in semisolid formulae in mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 535-539]

  • AST Biomarkering metabolic activities of the tapeworm Khawia armeniaca (Cholodkovsky, 1915) in association to its fish host Barbus grypus (Hekle, 1843) [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 169-176]

  • Attention bias test The neurobehavioral effects of flumazenil in chicks [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 783-788]

  • Awassi ewes Induction of estrus using human menopausal gonadotrophin in Iraqi Awassi ewes [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 529-533]

B

  • Bacillus subtilis Potential of probiotics Bacillus subtilis to reduce ammonia levels, Vibrio sp abundance, and increased production performance of Seaworm (Nereis sp) under laboratory scale [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 757-763]

  • Baclofen Does Baclofen induce changes in testicular histology and seminal fluid analysis in rat? [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 387-396]

  • Barbus grypus Biomarkering metabolic activities of the tapeworm Khawia armeniaca (Cholodkovsky, 1915) in association to its fish host Barbus grypus (Hekle, 1843) [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 169-176]

  • Basrah Evaluation of the heavy metal content in the muscle tissue of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) reared in groundwater in Basrah province, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 157-161]

  • Batcinel Effectiveness of using probiotic Batcinel-K® and CEVAC SET-K® vaccine on some blood parameters in chickens [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 611-616]

  • Beef Detection of Toxoplasma gondii-specific immunoglobulin (IgG) antibodies in meat juice of beef [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 319-324]

  • Behavioral animal change Toxoplasmosis, a zoonotic infection; A critical and updated analysis: A Review Article [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 95-99]

  • BHT Toxic effects of butylated hydroxytoluene in rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 121-128]

  • Biochemical Effectiveness of using probiotic Batcinel-K® and CEVAC SET-K® vaccine on some blood parameters in chickens [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 611-616]

  • Birds A retrospective study of fracture cases managed in the veterinary teaching hospital; 181 cases (2014-2018) [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 23-31]

  • Blood hemoglobin Effect of adding nettle plant on some physiological and biochemical parameters of broiler chickens [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 115-119]

  • Blood indices Evaluation of blood, biochemical and biological effects of microalgae Chlorella and germinated barley powder as a source of prebiotic on common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 271-277]

  • Blood parameters Change in acetylcholine activity and some blood parameters in adult sheep dipped in deltamethrin [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 301-304]

  • Blood picture Impact of different artificial light intensities on some reproductive, productive performance aspects and blood picture of male quail [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 679-685]

  • Bone A retrospective study of fracture cases managed in the veterinary teaching hospital; 181 cases (2014-2018) [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 23-31]

  • Border disease virus Prevalence of border disease virus in sheep and goats in Mosul, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 257-262]

  • Bovine tuberculosis Prevalence and risk factors of bovine tuberculosis in dairy cattle farms in Egypt [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 351-359]

  • Bowman's membrane Anatomical and histological structure of the cornea in Sparrow hawk Accipiter nisus [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 437-442]

  • Breed Impact of breed, sex and age on hematological and biochemical parameters of local quail [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 459-464]

  • Broiler carcass Detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from broiler carcasses in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 489-493]

  • Broilers Effectiveness of using probiotic Batcinel-K® and CEVAC SET-K® vaccine on some blood parameters in chickens [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 611-616]

  • Bronchodilation Bronchodilator activity of ethyl acetate extract of Nigella sativa [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 145-149]

  • Brucella Diagnosis of brucellosis in sheep and goats raw milk by fast and reliable techniques [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 663-668]

  • Brucellosis Serological and molecular investigations of Brucellosis in dairy cows at certain areas of Al-Sulaymaniyah governorate- Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 657-662]

  • Brucellosis A cross sectional study on the seroprevalence of bovine brucellosis in Al-Najaf province in Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 617-620]

  • B. subtilis Impact of heat treatment on the antimicrobial residues in raw goat's milk [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 549-553]

  • Buffalo Study on the post-partum disorders and their relationship with the reproductive performance in Iraqi cow-buffaloes [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 313-317]

  • Buffalo Molecular and serological typing of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotypes currently circulating in Egypt [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 581-588]

  • Buffalo Evaluation of bacterial contaminants and heavy metals in cow and buffalo raw milk sold in Baghdad governorate [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 101-105]

  • Buffalo bull GnRHR gene polymorphism and its correlation with semen quality in Buffalo bulls (Bubalus bubalis) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 381-386]

  • Buparvaquone Clinical and molecular identification of ruling Theileria annulata strains in cattle calves in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 115-119]

  • Butylated hydroxytoluene Toxic effects of butylated hydroxytoluene in rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 121-128]

C

  • Cadmium chloride Comparative study on the effect of cadmium and hydrocortisone treatment on the brain of rats experimentally infected with Toxoplasma gondii [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 771-775]

  • California mastitis test Molecular and phylogenetic analysis of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from subclinical mastitis in lactating ewes [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 121-126]

  • Calves Epidemiological and molecular study of Rotavirus infection among human and animal in Karbala and Basrah provinces [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 403-410]

  • Calving Interval Study on the post-partum disorders and their relationship with the reproductive performance in Iraqi cow-buffaloes [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 313-317]

  • Camel Milk Direct detection of Staphylococcus aureus in camel milk in the Nineveh governorate by using the PCR technique [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 669-672]

  • Camels Investigation of the principal vectors of abortive diseases in one-humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 411-415]

  • Camelusdromedarius First serodetection and molecular phylogenetic documentation of Coxiella burnetii isolates from female camels in Wasit governorate, Iraq [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 47-52]

  • Camelus dromedary Morphological and molecular identification of Parabronema skrjabini of camels (Camelus dromedary) in Najaf province [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 507-512]

  • Cardiomyocyte necrosis Experimental study on the effect of toxin fractions isolated from hydatid cyst fluid of sheep on the cardiac muscles of mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 523-528]

  • Cardiomyocyte oedema Experimental study on the effect of toxin fractions isolated from hydatid cyst fluid of sheep on the cardiac muscles of mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 523-528]

  • Caseous lymphadenitis Prevalence and molecular investigation of caseous lymphadenitis among the slaughtered sheep at Duhok Abattoirs; experimental infection with Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis in rabbits [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 263-270]

  • Cat A retrospective study of fracture cases managed in the veterinary teaching hospital; 181 cases (2014-2018) [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 23-31]

  • Cat Aloe vera and Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) accelerate healing process in domestic cat (Felis domesticus) suffering from scabies [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 699-704]

  • CCHF Seroprevalence of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in cows by ELISA in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 803-807]

  • Cerebellum Histopathological effects of experimental exposure to lead on nervous system in albino female rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 45-48]

  • Cerebrum Histopathological effects of experimental exposure to lead on nervous system in albino female rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 45-48]

  • Cestodes Molecular differentiation of Thysaniezia (Helictometra) giardi and Moniezia species based on 18s rRNA gene in small ruminants [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 105-108]

  • Chemical castration Control of stray dog population by single intratesticular injection of tannic acid [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 33-36]

  • Chemoprevention Chemopreventive effect of Quercus infectoria galls on DMBA induced mouse skin tumorigenesis [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 57-62]

  • Chewing Lice A survey of chewing lice of some raptors in southern Iraq, with remarks on prevalence and occurrence [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 239-244]

  • Chitosan Immunotherapeutic effect of chitosan and listeriolysin O on Listeria monocytogenes infection in mice [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 149-155]

  • Chlorella Evaluation of blood, biochemical and biological effects of microalgae Chlorella and germinated barley powder as a source of prebiotic on common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 271-277]

  • Chlorpyrifos Acute toxicity of metronidazole and its interaction with chlorpyrifos in chicks [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 13-18]

  • Cholesterol Effect of plasma isolated Orexin-A on the regulation of metabolites in male rats [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 451-457]

  • Chondrification Development of the wing bones in quail’s embryo; Coturnix japonica [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 129-137]

  • Chronic toxicity Determination of the lethal concentration 50% (LC50) of lead chloride and its accumulation in different organs of Gambusia affinis fish [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 361-367]

  • Chronic toxicity Histological effects of chronic sodium fluoride toxicity on some reproductive organs of male and female adult albino rats [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 705-711]

  • Cinnamomum cassia Effect addition of Cinnamomum cassia on treatment of pathological infections in Cyprinus carpio L. fingerlings [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 733-738]

  • Ciprofloxacin Effect of diclofenac on the pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin in quail [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 777-781]

  • Ciprofloxacin Ameliorative role of Arabic gum against nephrotoxicity induced by ciprofloxacin in rats [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 789-798]

  • Circovirus Isolation and identification of Circovirus in pigeon [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 207-210]

  • CK Creatine kinase and C reactive protein as an indicator for tissue damage in the retained placenta in cows [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 163-167]

  • Clinical cases Epidemiological Analysis for medical records of Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Mosul during 2017 to 2019 [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 541-548]

  • Clinical mastitis Association between clinical and subclinical mastitis and reproductive performance of cows at Nottingham dairy centre [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 343-350]

  • Clinical status Detection of Trichomoniasis in cattle in Nineveh province [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 287-290]

  • Clinical Study Semen collection in Rusa timorensis under general anaesthesia by using ketamine-xylazine: Clinical study [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 197-205]

  • Clotting time Effect of adding nettle plant on some physiological and biochemical parameters of broiler chickens [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 115-119]

  • Clove oil The role of clove (Sygnium aromaticum) oil as anaesthetics compound for abalone (Haliotis squamata) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 335-342]

  • Cocccidiosis Phynotypic and genotypic identification of Eimeria species in backyard chicken in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 41-46]

  • Cockatiel Comparative histological and histochemical study of the ileum in two different birds [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 479-487]

  • Colic Therapeutic trial on clinical cases of impactive and spasmodic colic in donkeys in Gondar, northwest Ethiopia [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 795-802]

  • Common carp Effect of adding different levels of cinnamon (Cinnamomum sp) on growth and chemical composition criteria of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 93-98]

  • Common carp Evaluation of the heavy metal content in the muscle tissue of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) reared in groundwater in Basrah province, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 157-161]

  • Common carp Evaluation of blood, biochemical and biological effects of microalgae Chlorella and germinated barley powder as a source of prebiotic on common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 271-277]

  • Congenital abnormalities Surgical treatment of omphalocele with intestinal evisceration in cow calf of Sahiwal: A case report [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 745-748]

  • Contamination A study of the gastrointestinal parasites in awassi sheep and surrounding environment [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 561-567]

  • CoQ10 Effects of COQ10 with vitamin E supplementation on semen quality and seminal plasma parameters of broiler breeder males [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 65-70]

  • Cornea Anatomical and histological structure of the cornea in Sparrow hawk Accipiter nisus [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 437-442]

  • Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis Prevalence and molecular investigation of caseous lymphadenitis among the slaughtered sheep at Duhok Abattoirs; experimental infection with Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis in rabbits [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 263-270]

  • Cow Ultrasonography of left displaced abomasum in local cattle breed [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 139-144]

  • Cow Creatine kinase and C reactive protein as an indicator for tissue damage in the retained placenta in cows [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 163-167]

  • Cow Detection of Trichomoniasis in cattle in Nineveh province [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 287-290]

  • Cow Evaluation of bacterial contaminants and heavy metals in cow and buffalo raw milk sold in Baghdad governorate [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 101-105]

  • Cows Seroprevalence of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in cows by ELISA in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 803-807]

  • CRP Creatine kinase and C reactive protein as an indicator for tissue damage in the retained placenta in cows [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 163-167]

  • CTX-M Detection of CTX-M gene in extended spectrum β-lactamases producing Enterobacteriaceae isolated from bovine milk [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 397-402]

  • CTX-M gene Molecular characterization of extended spectrum cephalosporin resistant Escherichia coli isolated from dogs [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 473-478]

  • Cyprinus carpio Pathological lesions of acute sodium chloride toxicity in common carp: Case report [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 417-419]

  • Cyprinus carpio Effect addition of Cinnamomum cassia on treatment of pathological infections in Cyprinus carpio L. fingerlings [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 733-738]

  • Cyprinus carpio,, Bioaccumulation of heavy metals and histopathological changes in muscles of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) in the Iraqi rivers [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 245-249]

  • Cytokine Effect of nano-magnesium oxide and harmonic scalpel on lung lobectomy healing in dogs: Clinical and cytokine study [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 649-656]

  • Cytology A cytopathological study of the role of liver impression as a diagnostic tool in pigeons [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 555-560]

D

  • Dairy cows Association between clinical and subclinical mastitis and reproductive performance of cows at Nottingham dairy centre [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 343-350]

  • Dairy farms Prevalence and risk factors of bovine tuberculosis in dairy cattle farms in Egypt [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 351-359]

  • Darsin Effect of adding different levels of cinnamon (Cinnamomum sp) on growth and chemical composition criteria of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 93-98]

  • Decorin Immunolocalization of decorin, a small leucin-rich proteoglycan, in the normal and injured horse tendon [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 465-471]

  • Deltamethrin Change in acetylcholine activity and some blood parameters in adult sheep dipped in deltamethrin [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 301-304]

  • Descemet membrane Anatomical and histological structure of the cornea in Sparrow hawk Accipiter nisus [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 437-442]

  • Diarrhea Molecular detection of rfbO157, shiga toxins and hemolysin genes for Escherichia coli O157: H7 from canine feces in Tikrit and Mosul cities, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 325-329]

  • Diazepam The neurobehavioral effects of flumazenil in chicks [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 783-788]

  • Diclofenac Study the analgesic effect of diclofenac and silymarin coadministration in chicks [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 25-31]

  • Diclofenac sodium Effect of diclofenac on the pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin in quail [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 777-781]

  • Differential leukocyte count Effect of adding nettle plant on some physiological and biochemical parameters of broiler chickens [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 115-119]

  • Disc diffusion assay Impact of heat treatment on the antimicrobial residues in raw goat's milk [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 549-553]

  • Dog A retrospective study of fracture cases managed in the veterinary teaching hospital; 181 cases (2014-2018) [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 23-31]

  • Dog Molecular detection of rfbO157, shiga toxins and hemolysin genes for Escherichia coli O157: H7 from canine feces in Tikrit and Mosul cities, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 325-329]

  • Dog Control of stray dog population by single intratesticular injection of tannic acid [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 33-36]

  • Dog Effect of nano-magnesium oxide and harmonic scalpel on lung lobectomy healing in dogs: Clinical and cytokine study [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 649-656]

  • Donkey Therapeutic trial on clinical cases of impactive and spasmodic colic in donkeys in Gondar, northwest Ethiopia [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 795-802]

  • Double staining Development of the wing bones in quail’s embryo; Coturnix japonica [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 129-137]

  • Drug resistance Clinical and molecular identification of ruling Theileria annulata strains in cattle calves in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 115-119]

  • Ducks Incidence of internal parasites of the slaughtered local breeds of ducks and geese [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 39-44]

  • Duhok Molecular fingerprinting of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from human and poultry in Duhok, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 99-103]

  • Duhok abattoir Detection of multiple presence of antibiotic residues in slaughtered sheep at Duhok abattoir, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 49-55]

E

  • Ear mange A Comparative pharmacological study on moxidectin and propolis ointment in rabbits naturally infested with Psoroptes cuniculi [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 725-731]

  • Echinococcus granulosus Effect of ultrasound on protoscoleces of Echinococcus granulosus in vitro and in vivo [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 1-5]

  • E. coli RAPD-PCR and phylogenetic analysis of E. coli isolated from human and cattle urinary tract infections [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 59-66]

  • E. coli O157:H7 Molecular detection of rfbO157, shiga toxins and hemolysin genes for Escherichia coli O157: H7 from canine feces in Tikrit and Mosul cities, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 325-329]

  • Egypt Risk factors Prevalence and risk factors of bovine tuberculosis in dairy cattle farms in Egypt [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 351-359]

  • Eimeria species Phynotypic and genotypic identification of Eimeria species in backyard chicken in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 41-46]

  • Electroacupuncture Using acupuncture and electroacupuncture in the treatment of laminitis in racing horses: a comparative study [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 15-21]

  • ELISA Detection of multiple presence of antibiotic residues in slaughtered sheep at Duhok abattoir, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 49-55]

  • ELISA Detection of Toxoplasma gondii-specific immunoglobulin (IgG) antibodies in meat juice of beef [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 319-324]

  • ELISA Seroprevalence of Neospora caninum infections in cattle in Kirkuk province [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 331-334]

  • ELISA Molecular and serological typing of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotypes currently circulating in Egypt [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 581-588]

  • ELISA Diagnosis of brucellosis in sheep and goats raw milk by fast and reliable techniques [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 663-668]

  • ELISA Comparison study between the efficacy of immune complex and conventionally live vaccine against Gumboro disease in broilers [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 627-632]

  • ELISA First serodetection and molecular phylogenetic documentation of Coxiella burnetii isolates from female camels in Wasit governorate, Iraq [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 47-52]

  • Embryo Effect of boron on some organs of pregnant BALB/c mice [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 633-642]

  • Enterobacteriaceae Detection of CTX-M gene in extended spectrum β-lactamases producing Enterobacteriaceae isolated from bovine milk [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 397-402]

  • Enterotoxins genes Isolation and molecular detection of enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus from raw milk of cows [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 137-141]

  • Environment A study of the gastrointestinal parasites in awassi sheep and surrounding environment [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 561-567]

  • Enzymatic and hematological study Biochemical and behavioral responses in carp fish exposed to tricaine methane sulfonate (MS-222) as anesthetic drug under transport conditions [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 719-723]

  • Eosin Standard techniques for formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue: A Pathologist’s perspective [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 127-135]

  • Epidemiological analysis Epidemiological Analysis for medical records of Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Mosul during 2017 to 2019 [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 541-548]

  • Epididymis Histopathological alterations of male and female reproductive systems induced by alloxan in rats [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 223-226]

  • ERIC-PCR Genetic diversity and clonal relatedness of Aeromonas hydrophila strains isolated from hemorrhagic septicemia’s cases in common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) farms [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 643-648]

  • ESBL Multi-drug resistance profile of extended spectrum β-Lactamases producing Escherichia coli isolated from sheep in Mosul city [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 37-40]

  • ESBL-E Detection of CTX-M gene in extended spectrum β-lactamases producing Enterobacteriaceae isolated from bovine milk [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 397-402]

  • Escherichia coli Multi-drug resistance profile of extended spectrum β-Lactamases producing Escherichia coli isolated from sheep in Mosul city [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 37-40]

  • ESCR E. coli Molecular characterization of extended spectrum cephalosporin resistant Escherichia coli isolated from dogs [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 473-478]

  • Estrus synchronization Induction of estrus using human menopausal gonadotrophin in Iraqi Awassi ewes [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 529-533]

  • Ethiopia Therapeutic trial on clinical cases of impactive and spasmodic colic in donkeys in Gondar, northwest Ethiopia [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 795-802]

  • Ethyl acetate extract Bronchodilator activity of ethyl acetate extract of Nigella sativa [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 145-149]

  • Evaluation Evaluation the safety and synergistic effect of NiFe2O4 nanoparticles with antibiotic against Pseudomonas aeruginosa [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 71-77]

  • Ewe Necropsy findings and histopathological analysis of a terminal stage ewe from a herd with sudden deaths in Mosul [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 599-604]

F

  • Farm workers Molecular fingerprinting of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from human and poultry in Duhok, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 99-103]

  • Fattening calves Effect of supplementation of rumen protected methionine and lysine on some physiological aspects of fattening calves [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 177-181]

  • FCR The effect of stocking density and the application of Nitrobacter as ammonia decomposer in aquaponics system of Clarias gariepinus with water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 217-222]

  • Fetuses Histopathological and some biochemical effects of platinum drug on the liver and kidney of pregnant mice Mus musculus and their embryos [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 291-300]

  • Fish farms Genetic diversity and clonal relatedness of Aeromonas hydrophila strains isolated from hemorrhagic septicemia’s cases in common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) farms [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 643-648]

  • Flumazenil The neurobehavioral effects of flumazenil in chicks [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 783-788]

  • FMDV Molecular and serological typing of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotypes currently circulating in Egypt [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 581-588]

  • Formalin Standard techniques for formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue: A Pathologist’s perspective [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 127-135]

  • Fracture A retrospective study of fracture cases managed in the veterinary teaching hospital; 181 cases (2014-2018) [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 23-31]

  • FSH Effect of aqueous rosemary extract on some sexual hormones in male rats with high thyroxine level [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 369-373]

G

  • Gambusia affinis Determination of the lethal concentration 50% (LC50) of lead chloride and its accumulation in different organs of Gambusia affinis fish [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 361-367]

  • Gees Incidence of internal parasites of the slaughtered local breeds of ducks and geese [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 39-44]

  • General Anaesthesia Semen collection in Rusa timorensis under general anaesthesia by using ketamine-xylazine: Clinical study [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 197-205]

  • Genetic diversity Genetic diversity and clonal relatedness of Aeromonas hydrophila strains isolated from hemorrhagic septicemia’s cases in common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) farms [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 643-648]

  • Genitourinary Pathological study of genitourinary invasion by Aspergillus flavus in male rats [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 87-94]

  • Genotyping GnRHR gene polymorphism and its correlation with semen quality in Buffalo bulls (Bubalus bubalis) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 381-386]

  • Germinated Barely Evaluation of blood, biochemical and biological effects of microalgae Chlorella and germinated barley powder as a source of prebiotic on common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 271-277]

  • Giemsa Comparison the efficiency of different techniques for the diagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii infection in slaughtered ewes [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 19-23]

  • Glaucoma Trypsin dose optimization for glaucoma induction in rabbit model [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 107-113]

  • GnRHR gene GnRHR gene polymorphism and its correlation with semen quality in Buffalo bulls (Bubalus bubalis) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 381-386]

  • Goats Molecular differentiation of Thysaniezia (Helictometra) giardi and Moniezia species based on 18s rRNA gene in small ruminants [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 105-108]

  • Goats Prevalence of border disease virus in sheep and goats in Mosul, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 257-262]

  • Gondar Therapeutic trial on clinical cases of impactive and spasmodic colic in donkeys in Gondar, northwest Ethiopia [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 795-802]

  • Gross Pathological lesions of acute sodium chloride toxicity in common carp: Case report [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 417-419]

  • Growth Impact of different artificial light intensities on some reproductive, productive performance aspects and blood picture of male quail [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 679-685]

H

  • H2O2 Effect of nefopam in normal chickens and its relationship to hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 7-12]

  • H. detritum Genotypic analysis of ticks species infesting cattle in Al-Diwaniyah abattoir [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 673-677]

  • Heart Effect of levofloxacin on some body tissues in mice [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 109-111]

  • Heavy metals Evaluation of the heavy metal content in the muscle tissue of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) reared in groundwater in Basrah province, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 157-161]

  • Heavy metals Evaluation of bacterial contaminants and heavy metals in cow and buffalo raw milk sold in Baghdad governorate [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 101-105]

  • Hematological Effectiveness of using probiotic Batcinel-K® and CEVAC SET-K® vaccine on some blood parameters in chickens [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 611-616]

  • Hematology Pathological and biological effects of treatments with lambda-cyhalothrin in rabbits [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 443-450]

  • Hematology Effect of boron on some organs of pregnant BALB/c mice [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 633-642]

  • Hematoxylin Standard techniques for formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue: A Pathologist’s perspective [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 127-135]

  • Hemoglobin The relationship of hematological parameters with adaptation and reproduction in sheep; A review study [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 575-580]

  • Herbs Effect of aqueous rosemary extract on some sexual hormones in male rats with high thyroxine level [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 369-373]

  • H. excavatum Genotypic analysis of ticks species infesting cattle in Al-Diwaniyah abattoir [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 673-677]

  • Histochemical techniques Comparative histological and histochemical study of the ileum in two different birds [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 479-487]

  • Histology The effect of CO-Q10 on the testicular histological changes in rats induced by imatinib [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 189-196]

  • Histopathological alterations Chemopreventive effect of Quercus infectoria galls on DMBA induced mouse skin tumorigenesis [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 57-62]

  • Histopathological changes Toxic effects of butylated hydroxytoluene in rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 121-128]

  • Histopathological changes Effect addition of Cinnamomum cassia on treatment of pathological infections in Cyprinus carpio L. fingerlings [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 733-738]

  • Histopathology Pathological study of neoplasms surgically excised from animals attended the veterinary teaching hospital [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 9-14]

  • Histopathology Histopathological effects of experimental exposure to lead on nervous system in albino female rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 45-48]

  • Histopathology A histological study on the effect of imatinib on the rats' testis after early postnatal exposure [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 85-92]

  • Histopathology Does Baclofen induce changes in testicular histology and seminal fluid analysis in rat? [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 387-396]

  • Histopathology Pathological and biological effects of treatments with lambda-cyhalothrin in rabbits [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 443-450]

  • Histopathology Necropsy findings and histopathological analysis of a terminal stage ewe from a herd with sudden deaths in Mosul [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 599-604]

  • Histopathology Histopathological assessment of nano n-acetyl cysteine effect on postoperative adhesion in rats [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 589-597]

  • Histopathology Histological effects of chronic sodium fluoride toxicity on some reproductive organs of male and female adult albino rats [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 705-711]

  • Histopathology Effect of boron on some organs of pregnant BALB/c mice [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 633-642]

  • Histopathology Standard techniques for formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue: A Pathologist’s perspective [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 127-135]

  • Histopathology Pathological study of genitourinary invasion by Aspergillus flavus in male rats [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 87-94]

  • H. marginatum Genotypic analysis of ticks species infesting cattle in Al-Diwaniyah abattoir [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 673-677]

  • HMG Induction of estrus using human menopausal gonadotrophin in Iraqi Awassi ewes [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 529-533]

  • Hormone Induction of estrus using human menopausal gonadotrophin in Iraqi Awassi ewes [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 529-533]

  • Hot plate technique Comparative antinociceptive effect of aspirin and aspirin nano particles in semisolid formulae in mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 535-539]

  • Hyalomma asiaticum asiaticum Molecular identification of new circulating Hyalomma asiaticum asiaticum from sheep and goats in Duhok governorate, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 79-83]

  • Hydatid cyst Experimental study on the effect of toxin fractions isolated from hydatid cyst fluid of sheep on the cardiac muscles of mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 523-528]

  • Hydrocortisone Comparative study on the effect of cadmium and hydrocortisone treatment on the brain of rats experimentally infected with Toxoplasma gondii [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 771-775]

  • Hyperlipidemic rats Effect of plasma isolated Orexin-A on the regulation of metabolites in male rats [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 451-457]

  • Hypocretin Effect of plasma isolated Orexin-A on the regulation of metabolites in male rats [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 451-457]

I

  • IBD Comparison study between the efficacy of immune complex and conventionally live vaccine against Gumboro disease in broilers [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 627-632]

  • ICT Epidemiological and molecular study of Rotavirus infection among human and animal in Karbala and Basrah provinces [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 403-410]

  • Icx Comparison study between the efficacy of immune complex and conventionally live vaccine against Gumboro disease in broilers [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 627-632]

  • I-ELISA Seroprevalence of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in cows by ELISA in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 803-807]

  • IFN-γ Clinical and immunological study of specific Mycobacterium bovis-BCG transfer factor in lambs [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 67-72]

  • IgG Immunotherapeutic effect of chitosan and listeriolysin O on Listeria monocytogenes infection in mice [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 149-155]

  • IHC Immunohistochemical detection of P53 and MDM2 and its correlation with histological grading system in ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 687-692]

  • IL-17 Clinical and immunological study of specific Mycobacterium bovis-BCG transfer factor in lambs [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 67-72]

  • IL-6 Immunotherapeutic effect of chitosan and listeriolysin O on Listeria monocytogenes infection in mice [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 149-155]

  • Ileum Comparative histological and histochemical study of the ileum in two different birds [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 479-487]

  • Imatinib The effect of CO-Q10 on the testicular histological changes in rats induced by imatinib [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 189-196]

  • Imatinib A histological study on the effect of imatinib on the rats' testis after early postnatal exposure [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 85-92]

  • Immunity Comparison study between the efficacy of immune complex and conventionally live vaccine against Gumboro disease in broilers [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 627-632]

  • Immunization Pathological study of genitourinary invasion by Aspergillus flavus in male rats [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 87-94]

  • Immunotherapy Clinical and immunological study of specific Mycobacterium bovis-BCG transfer factor in lambs [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 67-72]

  • Imported calves Seroprevelance of schmallenberg virus infection as emerging disease in cattle in Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 495-499]

  • Incidence Prevalence of obstructive urolithiasis in domestic animals: An interplay between seasonal predisposition and dietary imbalance [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 227-232]

  • Induction time The role of clove (Sygnium aromaticum) oil as anaesthetics compound for abalone (Haliotis squamata) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 335-342]

  • Internal parasites Incidence of internal parasites of the slaughtered local breeds of ducks and geese [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 39-44]

  • Intra-abdominal Adhesions Histopathological assessment of nano n-acetyl cysteine effect on postoperative adhesion in rats [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 589-597]

  • Iraq Molecular differentiation of Thysaniezia (Helictometra) giardi and Moniezia species based on 18s rRNA gene in small ruminants [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 105-108]

  • Iraq Evaluation of the heavy metal content in the muscle tissue of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) reared in groundwater in Basrah province, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 157-161]

  • Iraq A survey of chewing lice of some raptors in southern Iraq, with remarks on prevalence and occurrence [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 239-244]

  • Iraq Morphological and molecular identification of Parabronema skrjabini of camels (Camelus dromedary) in Najaf province [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 507-512]

  • Iraq A study of the gastrointestinal parasites in awassi sheep and surrounding environment [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 561-567]

  • Iraq Seroprevelance of schmallenberg virus infection as emerging disease in cattle in Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 495-499]

  • Iraq A cross sectional study on the seroprevalence of bovine brucellosis in Al-Najaf province in Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 617-620]

  • Iraq Diagnosis of brucellosis in sheep and goats raw milk by fast and reliable techniques [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 663-668]

  • Iraq Evaluation of bacterial contaminants and heavy metals in cow and buffalo raw milk sold in Baghdad governorate [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 101-105]

  • IR images Evaluation of the thermal effect of LTE 2600 MHz (4G) electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure: Thermographic study on rats [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 279-285]

  • Isobolographic analysis Study the analgesic effect of diclofenac and silymarin coadministration in chicks [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 25-31]

  • Isolation bacteria Effect addition of Cinnamomum cassia on treatment of pathological infections in Cyprinus carpio L. fingerlings [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 733-738]

J

  • Japanese quail embryo Development of the wing bones in quail’s embryo; Coturnix japonica [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 129-137]

  • Joint capsule Pathological study of the relation between the incidences of claws lesions and carpo-digital joint capsule lesions in front limbs of sheep slaughtered in Mosul [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 693-697]

K

  • Ketamine Age-related anesthetic effect of ketamine in the chickens [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 501-506]

  • Khawia armeniaca Biomarkering metabolic activities of the tapeworm Khawia armeniaca (Cholodkovsky, 1915) in association to its fish host Barbus grypus (Hekle, 1843) [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 169-176]

  • Kirkuk City Seroprevalence of Neospora caninum infections in cattle in Kirkuk province [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 331-334]

L

  • Lambda-cyhalothrin Pathological and biological effects of treatments with lambda-cyhalothrin in rabbits [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 443-450]

  • Lameness Using acupuncture and electroacupuncture in the treatment of laminitis in racing horses: a comparative study [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 15-21]

  • Laminitis Using acupuncture and electroacupuncture in the treatment of laminitis in racing horses: a comparative study [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 15-21]

  • Laser Study the beneficial activity of low level laser in experimentally induced pain in mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 569-573]

  • Lat Detection of Toxoplasma gondii-specific immunoglobulin (IgG) antibodies in meat juice of beef [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 319-324]

  • LC50 Determination of the lethal concentration 50% (LC50) of lead chloride and its accumulation in different organs of Gambusia affinis fish [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 361-367]

  • LD50 Acute toxicity of metronidazole and its interaction with chlorpyrifos in chicks [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 13-18]

  • LDH Biomarkering metabolic activities of the tapeworm Khawia armeniaca (Cholodkovsky, 1915) in association to its fish host Barbus grypus (Hekle, 1843) [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 169-176]

  • Lead Histopathological effects of experimental exposure to lead on nervous system in albino female rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 45-48]

  • Lead acetate Role of alpha lipoic acid in protecting testes of adult rats from lead toxicity [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 305-312]

  • Lead chloride Determination of the lethal concentration 50% (LC50) of lead chloride and its accumulation in different organs of Gambusia affinis fish [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 361-367]

  • Left Displaced Abomasum Ultrasonography of left displaced abomasum in local cattle breed [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 139-144]

  • Lesion Pathological study of the relation between the incidences of claws lesions and carpo-digital joint capsule lesions in front limbs of sheep slaughtered in Mosul [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 693-697]

  • Lesions Effect of methotrexate and aspirin interaction and its relationship to oxidative stress in rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 151-156]

  • Lesions Pathological lesions of acute sodium chloride toxicity in common carp: Case report [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 417-419]

  • Levofloxacin Effect of levofloxacin on some body tissues in mice [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 109-111]

  • Levothyroxine Effect of aqueous rosemary extract on some sexual hormones in male rats with high thyroxine level [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 369-373]

  • Leydigs cells Role of alpha lipoic acid in protecting testes of adult rats from lead toxicity [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 305-312]

  • LH Effect of aqueous rosemary extract on some sexual hormones in male rats with high thyroxine level [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 369-373]

  • Limit of detection Estimation of limit of detection of Salmonella typhimurium in artificially contaminated chicken meat by cultured-based and polymerase chain reaction techniques [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 621-625]

  • Lipid profile Toxoplasmosis, a zoonotic infection; A critical and updated analysis: A Review Article [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 95-99]

  • Lipopolysaccharide Development of experimentally-induced periodontitis in a Sprague Dawley rat model [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 765-769]

  • Listeria monocytogenes Immunohistochemical and pathological changes in BALB/c mice immunized with whole sonicated Listeria monocytogenes antigens and the effect of probiotics [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 79-85]

  • Liver Histopathological and some biochemical effects of platinum drug on the liver and kidney of pregnant mice Mus musculus and their embryos [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 291-300]

  • Liver impression A cytopathological study of the role of liver impression as a diagnostic tool in pigeons [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 555-560]

  • L. monocytogenes Immunotherapeutic effect of chitosan and listeriolysin O on Listeria monocytogenes infection in mice [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 149-155]

  • LTE 2600 MHz (4G) signals Evaluation of the thermal effect of LTE 2600 MHz (4G) electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure: Thermographic study on rats [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 279-285]

  • Lucilia sericata A study of the incidence of Lucilia sericata fly in ovine in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 739-743]

  • Lysostaphin gene Study the effect of cloned pET-32a(+) plasmid by Lysostaphin gene against Staphylococcus aureus [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 233-238]

M

  • Macrophage Immunohistochemical and pathological changes in BALB/c mice immunized with whole sonicated Listeria monocytogenes antigens and the effect of probiotics [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 79-85]

  • Macroscopic lesions A study of pathological abnormalities of genitalia in ewes in Duhok, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 421-427]

  • Malondialdehyde Ameliorative role of Arabic gum against nephrotoxicity induced by ciprofloxacin in rats [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 789-798]

  • Mastitis The effectiveness of biogenic silver nanoparticles in the treatment of caprine mastitis induced by Staphylococcus aureus [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 73-78]

  • Mdm2 Immunohistochemical detection of P53 and MDM2 and its correlation with histological grading system in ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 687-692]

  • Meat juice Detection of Toxoplasma gondii-specific immunoglobulin (IgG) antibodies in meat juice of beef [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 319-324]

  • Medical records Epidemiological Analysis for medical records of Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Mosul during 2017 to 2019 [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 541-548]

  • Melamine Physiological effects of lactic acid bacteria against melamine induced toxicity in female albino rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 1-7]

  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from broiler carcasses in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 489-493]

  • Methionine Using Schiff base method for protecting amino acids and modified in vitro method for measuring rumen protected amino acids [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 251-255]

  • Methotrexate Effect of methotrexate and aspirin interaction and its relationship to oxidative stress in rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 151-156]

  • Metronidazole Acute toxicity of metronidazole and its interaction with chlorpyrifos in chicks [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 13-18]

  • Microscopic Pathological lesions of acute sodium chloride toxicity in common carp: Case report [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 417-419]

  • Microscopic study A study of pathological abnormalities of genitalia in ewes in Duhok, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 421-427]

  • MIF Cytokine Clinical and immunological study of specific Mycobacterium bovis-BCG transfer factor in lambs [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 67-72]

  • Milk Detection of CTX-M gene in extended spectrum β-lactamases producing Enterobacteriaceae isolated from bovine milk [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 397-402]

  • Milk The effectiveness of biogenic silver nanoparticles in the treatment of caprine mastitis induced by Staphylococcus aureus [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 73-78]

  • Molecular detection Investigation of gcat gene and antibiotic resistance pattern of Aeromonas hydrophila isolated from hemorrhagic septicemia’s cases in fish farms [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 375-380]

  • Mosul Isolation and identification of Circovirus in pigeon [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 207-210]

  • Mosul Seroprevelance of schmallenberg virus infection as emerging disease in cattle in Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 495-499]

  • Mosul Necropsy findings and histopathological analysis of a terminal stage ewe from a herd with sudden deaths in Mosul [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 599-604]

  • Mosul Seroprevalence of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in cows by ELISA in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 803-807]

  • Moxidectin A Comparative pharmacological study on moxidectin and propolis ointment in rabbits naturally infested with Psoroptes cuniculi [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 725-731]

  • MRSA Molecular fingerprinting of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from human and poultry in Duhok, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 99-103]

  • MRT Diagnosis of brucellosis in sheep and goats raw milk by fast and reliable techniques [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 663-668]

  • Multi-drug resistance (MDR) Multi-drug resistance profile of extended spectrum β-Lactamases producing Escherichia coli isolated from sheep in Mosul city [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 37-40]

  • Multidrug resistant Antimicrobial activity of peptides extracted from camels' blood neutrophils against some pathogenic bacteria [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 33-37]

  • Mycobacterium bovis Prevalence and risk factors of bovine tuberculosis in dairy cattle farms in Egypt [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 351-359]

N

  • NaCl Pathological lesions of acute sodium chloride toxicity in common carp: Case report [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 417-419]

  • Najaf Morphological and molecular identification of Parabronema skrjabini of camels (Camelus dromedary) in Najaf province [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 507-512]

  • Nano magnesium oxide Effect of nano-magnesium oxide and harmonic scalpel on lung lobectomy healing in dogs: Clinical and cytokine study [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 649-656]

  • Nano N-acetylcysteine Histopathological assessment of nano n-acetyl cysteine effect on postoperative adhesion in rats [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 589-597]

  • Necropsy finding Necropsy findings and histopathological analysis of a terminal stage ewe from a herd with sudden deaths in Mosul [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 599-604]

  • Nefopam Effect of nefopam in normal chickens and its relationship to hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 7-12]

  • Neoplasma Pathological study of neoplasms surgically excised from animals attended the veterinary teaching hospital [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 9-14]

  • Neospora caninum Seroprevalence of Neospora caninum infections in cattle in Kirkuk province [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 331-334]

  • Nereis sp Potential of probiotics Bacillus subtilis to reduce ammonia levels, Vibrio sp abundance, and increased production performance of Seaworm (Nereis sp) under laboratory scale [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 757-763]

  • Nervous system Effect of vitamin C treatment on some central nervous system functions in young rats whose mothers treated with hydrogen peroxide during the lactation period [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 713-717]

  • Neurobehavioral Test Toxic effects of butylated hydroxytoluene in rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 121-128]

  • Neurobehaviour Effect of nefopam in normal chickens and its relationship to hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 7-12]

  • Nineveh A study of the gastrointestinal parasites in awassi sheep and surrounding environment [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 561-567]

  • N. sativa Bronchodilator activity of ethyl acetate extract of Nigella sativa [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 145-149]

  • Nuc gene Detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from broiler carcasses in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 489-493]

  • Nuc gene Direct detection of Staphylococcus aureus in camel milk in the Nineveh governorate by using the PCR technique [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 669-672]

  • Nuc gene Isolation and molecular detection of enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus from raw milk of cows [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 137-141]

O

  • Obstructive urolithiasis Prevalence of obstructive urolithiasis in domestic animals: An interplay between seasonal predisposition and dietary imbalance [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 227-232]

  • Omphalocele Surgical treatment of omphalocele with intestinal evisceration in cow calf of Sahiwal: A case report [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 745-748]

  • Open days Study on the post-partum disorders and their relationship with the reproductive performance in Iraqi cow-buffaloes [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 313-317]

  • Open field test The neurobehavioral effects of flumazenil in chicks [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 783-788]

  • Optic nerve Trypsin dose optimization for glaucoma induction in rabbit model [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 107-113]

  • OPV Immunohistochemical detection of P53 and MDM2 and its correlation with histological grading system in ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 687-692]

  • Orexin-A Effect of plasma isolated Orexin-A on the regulation of metabolites in male rats [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 451-457]

  • Osmotic resistance The study of biogenic iron oxide nanoparticles effects on iron status in male rabbits infected with T. evansi [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 143-147]

  • Ossification center Development of the wing bones in quail’s embryo; Coturnix japonica [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 129-137]

  • Osteochilus hasseltii Ectoparasite inventorisation of nilem fish (Osteochilus hasselti) fingerlings cultured on ponds in Sukabumi, West Java, Indonesia [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 605-609]

  • Ouargla Investigation of the principal vectors of abortive diseases in one-humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 411-415]

  • Ovaries Histopathological alterations of male and female reproductive systems induced by alloxan in rats [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 223-226]

  • Ovary Histological effects of chronic sodium fluoride toxicity on some reproductive organs of male and female adult albino rats [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 705-711]

  • Ovine A study of the incidence of Lucilia sericata fly in ovine in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 739-743]

  • OXA purification Effect of plasma isolated Orexin-A on the regulation of metabolites in male rats [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 451-457]

  • Oxygen consumption The role of clove (Sygnium aromaticum) oil as anaesthetics compound for abalone (Haliotis squamata) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 335-342]

P

  • P53 Immunohistochemical detection of P53 and MDM2 and its correlation with histological grading system in ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 687-692]

  • Packed cell volume Effect of adding nettle plant on some physiological and biochemical parameters of broiler chickens [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 115-119]

  • Parabronema skrjabini Morphological and molecular identification of Parabronema skrjabini of camels (Camelus dromedary) in Najaf province [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 507-512]

  • Paraffin Standard techniques for formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue: A Pathologist’s perspective [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 127-135]

  • Parasite infestation A cytopathological study of the role of liver impression as a diagnostic tool in pigeons [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 555-560]

  • Pasteurella multocida Molecular analysis of ompA gene Pasteurella multocida Indonesia local isolates [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 211-216]

  • PCR Molecular identification of new circulating Hyalomma asiaticum asiaticum from sheep and goats in Duhok governorate, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 79-83]

  • PCR Molecular differentiation of Thysaniezia (Helictometra) giardi and Moniezia species based on 18s rRNA gene in small ruminants [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 105-108]

  • PCR Detection of CTX-M gene in extended spectrum β-lactamases producing Enterobacteriaceae isolated from bovine milk [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 397-402]

  • PCR Molecular characterization of extended spectrum cephalosporin resistant Escherichia coli isolated from dogs [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 473-478]

  • PCR Pathological and molecular study of ovine diaphragms naturally infected by Sarcosystis spp. [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 749-755]

  • PCR Serological and molecular investigations of Brucellosis in dairy cows at certain areas of Al-Sulaymaniyah governorate- Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 657-662]

  • PCR Estimation of limit of detection of Salmonella typhimurium in artificially contaminated chicken meat by cultured-based and polymerase chain reaction techniques [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 621-625]

  • PCR Direct detection of Staphylococcus aureus in camel milk in the Nineveh governorate by using the PCR technique [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 669-672]

  • Periodontitis Development of experimentally-induced periodontitis in a Sprague Dawley rat model [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 765-769]

  • Pharmacokinetics Effect of diclofenac on the pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin in quail [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 777-781]

  • Physiological parameters Physiological effects of lactic acid bacteria against melamine induced toxicity in female albino rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 1-7]

  • Physiological Traits The relationship of hematological parameters with adaptation and reproduction in sheep; A review study [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 575-580]

  • PMSG Induction of estrus using human menopausal gonadotrophin in Iraqi Awassi ewes [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 529-533]

  • Polymerase chain reaction Isolation and identification of Circovirus in pigeon [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 207-210]

  • Polymerase chain reaction First serodetection and molecular phylogenetic documentation of Coxiella burnetii isolates from female camels in Wasit governorate, Iraq [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 47-52]

  • Porphyromonas gingivalis Development of experimentally-induced periodontitis in a Sprague Dawley rat model [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 765-769]

  • Postpartum disorder Study on the post-partum disorders and their relationship with the reproductive performance in Iraqi cow-buffaloes [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 313-317]

  • Poultry meat The impact of storage duration and conditions on the formation of biogenic amines and microbial content in poultry meat [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 183-188]

  • Pregnancy Histopathological and some biochemical effects of platinum drug on the liver and kidney of pregnant mice Mus musculus and their embryos [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 291-300]

  • Pregnancy Effect of boron on some organs of pregnant BALB/c mice [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 633-642]

  • Pregnancy Toxoplasmosis, a zoonotic infection; A critical and updated analysis: A Review Article [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 95-99]

  • Probiotic agent Potential of probiotics Bacillus subtilis to reduce ammonia levels, Vibrio sp abundance, and increased production performance of Seaworm (Nereis sp) under laboratory scale [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 757-763]

  • Probiotics Effectiveness of using probiotic Batcinel-K® and CEVAC SET-K® vaccine on some blood parameters in chickens [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 611-616]

  • Probiotics Immunohistochemical and pathological changes in BALB/c mice immunized with whole sonicated Listeria monocytogenes antigens and the effect of probiotics [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 79-85]

  • Prolactin gene Novel single nucleotide polymorphism in the prolactin gene of Awassi ewes and its role in the reproductive traits [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 429-435]

  • Propolis A Comparative pharmacological study on moxidectin and propolis ointment in rabbits naturally infested with Psoroptes cuniculi [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 725-731]

  • Protected lysine Effect of supplementation of rumen protected methionine and lysine on some physiological aspects of fattening calves [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 177-181]

  • Protected methionine Effect of supplementation of rumen protected methionine and lysine on some physiological aspects of fattening calves [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 177-181]

  • Protein expressions Immunohistochemical detection of P53 and MDM2 and its correlation with histological grading system in ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 687-692]

  • Proteoglycan Immunolocalization of decorin, a small leucin-rich proteoglycan, in the normal and injured horse tendon [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 465-471]

  • Pupariation A study of the incidence of Lucilia sericata fly in ovine in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 739-743]

Q

  • Q10 The effect of CO-Q10 on the testicular histological changes in rats induced by imatinib [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 189-196]

  • Q fever First serodetection and molecular phylogenetic documentation of Coxiella burnetii isolates from female camels in Wasit governorate, Iraq [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 47-52]

  • Quercus infectoria galls Chemopreventive effect of Quercus infectoria galls on DMBA induced mouse skin tumorigenesis [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 57-62]

R

  • Rabbit Pathological and biological effects of treatments with lambda-cyhalothrin in rabbits [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 443-450]

  • Rabbit Trypsin dose optimization for glaucoma induction in rabbit model [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 107-113]

  • Rabbits A Comparative pharmacological study on moxidectin and propolis ointment in rabbits naturally infested with Psoroptes cuniculi [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 725-731]

  • Racing horses Using acupuncture and electroacupuncture in the treatment of laminitis in racing horses: a comparative study [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 15-21]

  • Radial diffusion method Antimicrobial activity of peptides extracted from camels' blood neutrophils against some pathogenic bacteria [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 33-37]

  • RAPD-PCR Molecular fingerprinting of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from human and poultry in Duhok, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 99-103]

  • RAPD-PCR RAPD-PCR and phylogenetic analysis of E. coli isolated from human and cattle urinary tract infections [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 59-66]

  • Raptors A survey of chewing lice of some raptors in southern Iraq, with remarks on prevalence and occurrence [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 239-244]

  • Rat The effect of CO-Q10 on the testicular histological changes in rats induced by imatinib [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 189-196]

  • Rat Does Baclofen induce changes in testicular histology and seminal fluid analysis in rat? [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 387-396]

  • Rat Histopathological assessment of nano n-acetyl cysteine effect on postoperative adhesion in rats [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 589-597]

  • Rats Toxic effects of butylated hydroxytoluene in rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 121-128]

  • Rats Effect of methotrexate and aspirin interaction and its relationship to oxidative stress in rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 151-156]

  • Rats A histological study on the effect of imatinib on the rats' testis after early postnatal exposure [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 85-92]

  • Rats Evaluation of the thermal effect of LTE 2600 MHz (4G) electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure: Thermographic study on rats [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 279-285]

  • Rats Effect of vitamin C treatment on some central nervous system functions in young rats whose mothers treated with hydrogen peroxide during the lactation period [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 713-717]

  • Rats Comparative study on the effect of cadmium and hydrocortisone treatment on the brain of rats experimentally infected with Toxoplasma gondii [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 771-775]

  • Raw fluid Experimental study on the effect of toxin fractions isolated from hydatid cyst fluid of sheep on the cardiac muscles of mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 523-528]

  • Raw Milk Isolation and molecular detection of enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus from raw milk of cows [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 137-141]

  • RBCs Effect of supplementation of rumen protected methionine and lysine on some physiological aspects of fattening calves [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 177-181]

  • RBPT Serological and molecular investigations of Brucellosis in dairy cows at certain areas of Al-Sulaymaniyah governorate- Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 657-662]

  • Reproduction Novel single nucleotide polymorphism in the prolactin gene of Awassi ewes and its role in the reproductive traits [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 429-435]

  • Reproductive Performance Association between clinical and subclinical mastitis and reproductive performance of cows at Nottingham dairy centre [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 343-350]

  • Reproductive tracts A study of pathological abnormalities of genitalia in ewes in Duhok, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 421-427]

  • Respiratory tract infection Isolation and antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus spp., enteric bacteria and Pseudomonas spp. associated with respiratory tract infections of sheep [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 53-58]

  • Retained placenta Creatine kinase and C reactive protein as an indicator for tissue damage in the retained placenta in cows [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 163-167]

  • Retinal ganglionic cells Trypsin dose optimization for glaucoma induction in rabbit model [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 107-113]

  • Reverse Transcription Epidemiological and molecular study of Rotavirus infection among human and animal in Karbala and Basrah provinces [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 403-410]

  • Rose Bengal A cross sectional study on the seroprevalence of bovine brucellosis in Al-Najaf province in Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 617-620]

  • RT-PCR Prevalence of border disease virus in sheep and goats in Mosul, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 257-262]

  • RT-PCR Molecular and serological typing of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotypes currently circulating in Egypt [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 581-588]

  • RT-PCR Isolation and molecular detection of enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus from raw milk of cows [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 137-141]

  • Rumen protection Using Schiff base method for protecting amino acids and modified in vitro method for measuring rumen protected amino acids [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 251-255]

  • Ruminants Prevalence of obstructive urolithiasis in domestic animals: An interplay between seasonal predisposition and dietary imbalance [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 227-232]

  • Rusa timorensis Semen collection in Rusa timorensis under general anaesthesia by using ketamine-xylazine: Clinical study [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 197-205]

S

  • Sahiwal calf Surgical treatment of omphalocele with intestinal evisceration in cow calf of Sahiwal: A case report [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 745-748]

  • Salmonella Typhimurium Estimation of limit of detection of Salmonella typhimurium in artificially contaminated chicken meat by cultured-based and polymerase chain reaction techniques [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 621-625]

  • Sarcosystis species Pathological and molecular study of ovine diaphragms naturally infected by Sarcosystis spp. [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 749-755]

  • Sarcosystis tenella Pathological and molecular study of ovine diaphragms naturally infected by Sarcosystis spp. [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 749-755]

  • S. aureus Isolation and molecular detection of enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus from raw milk of cows [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 137-141]

  • Scabies Aloe vera and Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) accelerate healing process in domestic cat (Felis domesticus) suffering from scabies [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 699-704]

  • Schiff base Using Schiff base method for protecting amino acids and modified in vitro method for measuring rumen protected amino acids [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 251-255]

  • Schizophrenia Toxoplasmosis, a zoonotic infection; A critical and updated analysis: A Review Article [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 95-99]

  • Schmallenberg virus Seroprevelance of schmallenberg virus infection as emerging disease in cattle in Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 495-499]

  • SDFT Immunolocalization of decorin, a small leucin-rich proteoglycan, in the normal and injured horse tendon [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 465-471]

  • Seaworms Potential of probiotics Bacillus subtilis to reduce ammonia levels, Vibrio sp abundance, and increased production performance of Seaworm (Nereis sp) under laboratory scale [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 757-763]

  • Semen Semen collection in Rusa timorensis under general anaesthesia by using ketamine-xylazine: Clinical study [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 197-205]

  • Sequence First serodetection and molecular phylogenetic documentation of Coxiella burnetii isolates from female camels in Wasit governorate, Iraq [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 47-52]

  • Sequencing and Phylogenetic tree Molecular identification of new circulating Hyalomma asiaticum asiaticum from sheep and goats in Duhok governorate, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 79-83]

  • Seroprevalence Seroprevalence of Neospora caninum infections in cattle in Kirkuk province [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 331-334]

  • Seroprevalence Seroprevalence of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in cows by ELISA in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 803-807]

  • Sheep carcasses Detection of multiple presence of antibiotic residues in slaughtered sheep at Duhok abattoir, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 49-55]

  • Shepherd dogs Molecular characterization of extended spectrum cephalosporin resistant Escherichia coli isolated from dogs [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 473-478]

  • Silver nanoparticle The effectiveness of biogenic silver nanoparticles in the treatment of caprine mastitis induced by Staphylococcus aureus [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 73-78]

  • Silymarin Study the analgesic effect of diclofenac and silymarin coadministration in chicks [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 25-31]

  • Skin carcinogenesis Chemopreventive effect of Quercus infectoria galls on DMBA induced mouse skin tumorigenesis [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 57-62]

  • Somatic cells count Association between clinical and subclinical mastitis and reproductive performance of cows at Nottingham dairy centre [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 343-350]

  • Sparrow hawk Anatomical and histological structure of the cornea in Sparrow hawk Accipiter nisus [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 437-442]

  • Specific growth rate The effect of stocking density and the application of Nitrobacter as ammonia decomposer in aquaponics system of Clarias gariepinus with water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 217-222]

  • Spectrophotometer Effect of diclofenac on the pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin in quail [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 777-781]

  • Spinal cord Histopathological effects of experimental exposure to lead on nervous system in albino female rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 45-48]

  • Staphylococcus aureus Direct detection of Staphylococcus aureus in camel milk in the Nineveh governorate by using the PCR technique [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 669-672]

  • Staphylococcus aureus The effectiveness of biogenic silver nanoparticles in the treatment of caprine mastitis induced by Staphylococcus aureus [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 73-78]

  • Staphylococcus aureus Molecular and phylogenetic analysis of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from subclinical mastitis in lactating ewes [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 121-126]

  • Sudden death Necropsy findings and histopathological analysis of a terminal stage ewe from a herd with sudden deaths in Mosul [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 599-604]

  • Sukabumi Ectoparasite inventorisation of nilem fish (Osteochilus hasselti) fingerlings cultured on ponds in Sukabumi, West Java, Indonesia [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 605-609]

  • Survival rate The effect of stocking density and the application of Nitrobacter as ammonia decomposer in aquaponics system of Clarias gariepinus with water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 217-222]

  • Survival rate The role of clove (Sygnium aromaticum) oil as anaesthetics compound for abalone (Haliotis squamata) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 335-342]

  • Synergistic Evaluation the safety and synergistic effect of NiFe2O4 nanoparticles with antibiotic against Pseudomonas aeruginosa [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 71-77]

T

  • Tannic acid Control of stray dog population by single intratesticular injection of tannic acid [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 33-36]

  • Tendinopathy Immunolocalization of decorin, a small leucin-rich proteoglycan, in the normal and injured horse tendon [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 465-471]

  • Testis Histological effects of chronic sodium fluoride toxicity on some reproductive organs of male and female adult albino rats [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 705-711]

  • Testosterone Effect of aqueous rosemary extract on some sexual hormones in male rats with high thyroxine level [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 369-373]

  • Tests Histopathological alterations of male and female reproductive systems induced by alloxan in rats [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 223-226]

  • Therapeutic trial Therapeutic trial on clinical cases of impactive and spasmodic colic in donkeys in Gondar, northwest Ethiopia [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 795-802]

  • Thieleria annulata Clinical and molecular identification of ruling Theileria annulata strains in cattle calves in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 115-119]

  • Thoracoscope Effect of nano-magnesium oxide and harmonic scalpel on lung lobectomy healing in dogs: Clinical and cytokine study [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 649-656]

  • Ticks Investigation of the principal vectors of abortive diseases in one-humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 411-415]

  • Ticks Genotypic analysis of ticks species infesting cattle in Al-Diwaniyah abattoir [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 673-677]

  • Tissue damage Creatine kinase and C reactive protein as an indicator for tissue damage in the retained placenta in cows [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 163-167]

  • Toxin fractions Experimental study on the effect of toxin fractions isolated from hydatid cyst fluid of sheep on the cardiac muscles of mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 523-528]

  • Toxoplasma gondii Detection of Toxoplasma gondii-specific immunoglobulin (IgG) antibodies in meat juice of beef [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 319-324]

  • Toxoplasma gondii Comparison the efficiency of different techniques for the diagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii infection in slaughtered ewes [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 19-23]

  • Toxoplasma gondii Comparative study on the effect of cadmium and hydrocortisone treatment on the brain of rats experimentally infected with Toxoplasma gondii [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 771-775]

  • TPC The impact of storage duration and conditions on the formation of biogenic amines and microbial content in poultry meat [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 183-188]

  • Transfer factor Clinical and immunological study of specific Mycobacterium bovis-BCG transfer factor in lambs [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 67-72]

  • Tritrichomonas foetus Detection of Trichomoniasis in cattle in Nineveh province [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 287-290]

  • Trypanosma evansi The study of biogenic iron oxide nanoparticles effects on iron status in male rabbits infected with T. evansi [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 143-147]

  • Trypsin Trypsin dose optimization for glaucoma induction in rabbit model [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 107-113]

  • Tube cystostomy Prevalence of obstructive urolithiasis in domestic animals: An interplay between seasonal predisposition and dietary imbalance [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 227-232]

  • Tumors Pathological study of neoplasms surgically excised from animals attended the veterinary teaching hospital [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 9-14]

  • Turkey Comparative histological and histochemical study of the ileum in two different birds [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 479-487]

U

  • Ultrasonography Ultrasonography of left displaced abomasum in local cattle breed [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 139-144]

  • Urtica dioica Effect of adding nettle plant on some physiological and biochemical parameters of broiler chickens [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 115-119]

  • UTI RAPD-PCR and phylogenetic analysis of E. coli isolated from human and cattle urinary tract infections [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 59-66]

V

  • Vector-borne diseases Investigation of the principal vectors of abortive diseases in one-humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 411-415]

  • Veterinary hospital Epidemiological Analysis for medical records of Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Mosul during 2017 to 2019 [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 541-548]

  • Virgin coconut oil Aloe vera and Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) accelerate healing process in domestic cat (Felis domesticus) suffering from scabies [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 699-704]

  • Virus isolation Isolation and identification of Circovirus in pigeon [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 207-210]

  • Vitek Isolation and antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus spp., enteric bacteria and Pseudomonas spp. associated with respiratory tract infections of sheep [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 53-58]

W

  • Water quality The effect of stocking density and the application of Nitrobacter as ammonia decomposer in aquaponics system of Clarias gariepinus with water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 217-222]

  • WBCs Effect of supplementation of rumen protected methionine and lysine on some physiological aspects of fattening calves [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 177-181]

  • Winter Impact of heat treatment on the antimicrobial residues in raw goat's milk [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 549-553]

X

  • X-ray fluorescence Evaluation of the heavy metal content in the muscle tissue of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) reared in groundwater in Basrah province, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 157-161]