Official Journal of the College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mosul

A

  • A Africa Genetic characterization and phylogenetic analysis of foot and mouth disease virus vaccine strains and recent field isolate [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 347-354]

  • Abalone The role of clove (Sygnium aromaticum) oil as anaesthetics compound for abalone (Haliotis squamata) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 335-342]

  • Abamectin An epidemiological and therapeutic study of Sarcoptes scabiei parasite in cows of Anbar province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 103-109]

  • Abattoir A study of pathological abnormalities of genitalia in ewes in Duhok, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 421-427]

  • Abattoir The prevalence of parasitic infections among slaughtered animals in mechanical abattoir [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 469-477]

  • Abdominal hernia An evaluation of Aloe vera leaves gel with polypropylene mesh to repair of ventro -lateral abdominal hernia in rams [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 19-25]

  • Abdominal rectification Surgical treatment of omphalocele with intestinal evisceration in cow calf of Sahiwal: A case report [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 745-748]

  • Abnormalities The detrimental effects of sweet stevia on the growth of swiss white mouse embryos [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 203-210]

  • Accessory corpus luteum Effect of lecirelin acetate, hCG or progesterone administration on day 7 post-insemination on conception rate and progesterone concentration in cross-bred cattle [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 149-153]

  • Accessory spleen Double spleen in Baladi goat in Beni-Suef governorate –Egypt: case report [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • Accessory splenic artery Double spleen in Baladi goat in Beni-Suef governorate –Egypt: case report [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • Acetaminophen Histological changes of CA and DG regions of hippocampus of rats’ brain after exposure to Acetaminophen in postnatal period [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 151-158]

  • Acetic Acid Evaluation of the antinociceptive effect of xylazine and it’s interaction with metoclopramide in the acute pain model in mice [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 383-388]

  • Acetic Acid Comparative treatment of induced ulcerative colitis in male rat model by using cinnarizine and sulfasalazine [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 465-472]

  • Acetylcholine Change in acetylcholine activity and some blood parameters in adult sheep dipped in deltamethrin [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 301-304]

  • Acetylcholine The amelioration of vitamin E on histological changes of rabbit’s brain treated with zinc oxide nanoparticles [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 95-104]

  • Acetylcholine esterase activity Change in acetylcholine activity and some blood parameters in adult sheep dipped in deltamethrin [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 301-304]

  • Acetylsalicylic acid Effect of vitamin C and acetylsalicylic acid supplementation on some hematological value, heat shock protein 70 concentration and growth hormone level in broiler exposed to heat stress [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 357-363]

  • AchE The role of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to alleviate copper sulfate toxicity in Cyprinus carpio [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 573-580]

  • Achilles tendon repair Clinical and ultrasonographic study of using autogenous venous graft and platelet-rich plasma for repairing Achilles tendon rupture in dogs [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 453-460]

  • Acridine Orange Comparison the efficiency of different techniques for the diagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii infection in slaughtered ewes [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 19-23]

  • Acridine Orange A comparison between different laboratory methods and stains for detection microfilaremic dogs [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 171-175]

  • Active Immunization Reproductive hormones profile of Iraqi Awassi ewes immunized against synthetic inhibin-α subunit or steroid-free bovine follicular fluid [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 123-128]

  • Acupuncture Using acupuncture and electroacupuncture in the treatment of laminitis in racing horses: a comparative study [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 15-21]

  • Acute and chronic stress The relationship between HSP70 and level of leptin and luteinizing hormones in female rats exposed to chronic and acute heat stress [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 37-43]

  • Acute toxicity Evaluation the protective effect of diphenhydramin against acute toxicity induced by levamisole in male mice [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015, Page 1-7]

  • Acute toxicity Determination of the lethal concentration 50% (LC50) of lead chloride and its accumulation in different organs of Gambusia affinis fish [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 361-367]

  • Acute toxicity Evaluating the toxic oral doses of iron oxide nanoparticles in mice [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 801-811]

  • Adenocarcinoma Phylogenetic analysis of Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV) in Iraqi Awassi sheep [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 351-355]

  • Adhesion molecules Comparative treatment of induced ulcerative colitis in male rat model by using cinnarizine and sulfasalazine [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 465-472]

  • Adrenal gland Effects of cadmium chloride on some endocrine glands (thyroid and adrenal) in male rats (Rattus norvegicus) [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 211-217]

  • Adrenal gland Comparative morphological and morphometrically study of the adrenal gland in adult males' squirrel (Sciurus anomalous) and hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 725-730]

  • Adulteration Detection of mutton meat fraud with beef meat as a genetically related species using multiplex PCR and GC/MS/MS [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 643-650]

  • AE-2 Histological evaluation of the possible role of Na+/ H+ entiporter and anion exchanger in endochondral ossification activities of secondary bone healing in rats [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 233-240]

  • Aeromonas Histopathological changes in diseased and treated catfish (Clarias gariepinus) by ciprofloxacin and clove oil [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 13-19]

  • Aeromonas hydrophila Investigation of gcat gene and antibiotic resistance pattern of Aeromonas hydrophila isolated from hemorrhagic septicemia’s cases in fish farms [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 375-380]

  • Aeromonas hydrophila Genetic diversity and clonal relatedness of Aeromonas hydrophila strains isolated from hemorrhagic septicemia’s cases in common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) farms [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 643-648]

  • Aeromonas hydrophila Use of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) prepupae amino acids as anti Aeromonas hydrophila enterotoxin in vivo [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 23-29]

  • Aeromonas spp Control of biofilm-producing Aeromonas bacteria in the water tanks and drinkers of broiler poultry farms using chitosan nanoparticle-based coating thyme oil [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 659-669]

  • Aflatoxin Aflatoxin B1 residues in imported and local broiler,s breast and thigh muscle in Kurdistan region [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015]

  • Aflatoxin Effect of Synertox® on broiler health and performance during aflatoxicosis [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 27-34]

  • Aflatoxin B1 Correlation incidence between infectious bursal disease and aflatoxicosis in broilers chicken farms in Nineveh province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 183-190]

  • Aflatoxin M Use of Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay for detection of aflatoxin M1 in milk powder [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 39-42]

  • Aflatoxins Detection of broiler feeds contamination with Aflatoxins using rapid immunochromatographic test strips [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015]

  • A. flavus Pathological study of genitourinary invasion by Aspergillus flavus in male rats [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 87-94]

  • African catfish The effect of stocking density and the application of Nitrobacter as ammonia decomposer in aquaponics system of Clarias gariepinus with water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 217-222]

  • Agar gel immune diffusion Detection of Maedi-visna virus in sheep in Nineveh province [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 61-64]

  • Age Impact of breed, sex and age on hematological and biochemical parameters of local quail [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 459-464]

  • Age Morphometric characterization of purebred Arabian horses for galop racing (Born and raised in Algeria) [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 959-966]

  • Age Inflammatory mediators and inflammatory cells as reliable molecular targets for assessment of wound age and vitality in rats [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 405-411]

  • Age-related Age-related anesthetic effect of ketamine in the chickens [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 501-506]

  • AIV The interference of Newcastle, avian influenza and infectious bursal disease vaccines with the efficiency of IB vaccine in broiler chicks by using quantitative RT-PCR test [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 105-109]

  • Albendazole Detection of resistance against anti-helminths drugs in gastrointestinal nematodes of calves using fecal egg count reduction test FECRT [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 283-288]

  • Albumin Effect of aspartame in bone formation of young female rats [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 847-852]

  • Al-Diwaniya Molecular detection of Cryptosporidium parvum in chicken in Al-Diwaniya province [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 441-445]

  • Al-Diwaniyah Molecular study to detect the Eimeria species in sheep in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 377-381]

  • Al-Diwaniyah Genotypic analysis of ticks species infesting cattle in Al-Diwaniyah abattoir [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 673-677]

  • Al-Diwaniyah Major-surface-protein-4-gene-based detection of Anaplasma marginale isolated from sheep in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 85-88]

  • Algeria Gastrointestinal helminth parasites of dogs in rural areas of the north east of Algeria [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 93-98]

  • Algeria Epidemiological study and identification of some flea species infesting wild rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and cape hares (Lepus capensis) in northern Algeria [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 159-165]

  • Alkaline-phosphatase Isolation, characterization, and ELISA applications of alkaline phosphatase and acetylcholinesterase from Moniezia expansa [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 215-223]

  • Allium sativum Immunohistochemical expression levels of anterior pituitary LH, FSH and testicular testosterone of Allium sativum extract and thymoquinone in male treated rats [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 49-55]

  • Allopurinol The anti-inflammatory effect of allopurinol and diclofenac in chicks’ model [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 547-553]

  • Alloxan Effect of soybean seeds alone or in combination with insulin or glibenclamide on serum lipid profiles in alloxan-induced diabetic rats [Volume 23, Issue 1, 2009, Page 17-23]

  • Alloxan,, Antidiabetic of Hylocereus polyrhizus peel ethanolic extract on alloxan induced diabetic mice [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 797-802]

  • Al-Najaf A cross sectional study on the seroprevalence of bovine brucellosis in Al-Najaf province in Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 617-620]

  • Aloe vera Some biochemical effects of Aloe vera leaves on tissues in normal mice [Volume 24, Issue 2, 2010, Page 93-97]

  • Aloe vera Effect of Aloe vera gel on the healing of cutaneous wounds in donkeys [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 425-432]

  • Aloe vera gel Aloe vera and Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) accelerate healing process in domestic cat (Felis domesticus) suffering from scabies [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 699-704]

  • Aloe vera gel An evaluation of Aloe vera leaves gel with polypropylene mesh to repair of ventro -lateral abdominal hernia in rams [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 19-25]

  • ALP Effect of atorvastatin on bone formation in ovariectomized rats [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 239-245]

  • Alpha cell Age-related pancreatic tissue postnatal histogenesis in the albino rat (Rattus norvegicus): A morphological, morphometrical, and immunohistochemical study with emphasis on alpha and beta cells [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 29-36]

  • Alpha lipoic acid Role of alpha lipoic acid in protecting testes of adult rats from lead toxicity [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 305-312]

  • Alpha lipoic acid Assessment of the analgesic effect of Alpha-lipoic acid by three acute pain models [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 803-807]

  • Alpha-lipoic acid The protective impacts of lipoic acid on diclofenac-induced hepatorenal toxicity in broiler chicks [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1023-1027]

  • Alpha-lipoic acid The influence of alpha-lipoic acid on ovarian follicle growth in induced aging mice [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 375-382]

  • AL-Qadisiyah governorate Phylogenetic analysis of ovine herpes virus-2 (OHV-2) in malignant catarrhal fever infected cattle in AL-Qadisiyah of Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 51-58]

  • Al-Sanaf marsh Some chewing lice (Phthiraptera) species as ectoparasites infested aquatic birds with a new record of three species from Al-Sanaf marsh/ southern Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 173-180]

  • ALT Potency of garlic juice supplementation on some physiological and immunological aspects of broilers exposed to heat stress [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 107-112]

  • ALT Experimental infection in mice with Acremonium spp. mold and Rhodotorula spp. yeast isolated from cow's milk [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 165-171]

  • ALT, macromoleculed Biomarkering metabolic activities of the tapeworm Khawia armeniaca (Cholodkovsky, 1915) in association to its fish host Barbus grypus (Hekle, 1843) [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 169-176]

  • Alveolar bone Development of experimentally-induced periodontitis in a Sprague Dawley rat model [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 765-769]

  • Amino acids Using Schiff base method for protecting amino acids and modified in vitro method for measuring rumen protected amino acids [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 251-255]

  • Amoebic dysentery Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of Entamoeba histolytica in cattle in Al-Diwaniyah governorate, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 697-700]

  • AmpC Phenotypic characterization and antibiogram of extended spectrum ß-lactamase (ESBL)/AmpC-producing Escherichia coli isolated from sheep [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 303-307]

  • AmpC Molecular detection of ESBL/AmpC ß-Lactamase Escherichia coli isolated from sheep in Mosul city [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 387-392]

  • AMR Multi-drug resistant phenotypes of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing E. coli from layer chickens [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 945-951]

  • Anaerobic Bacteria Isolation of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria from suspected enterotoxaemia cases in lambs [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 29-32]

  • Anaesthethic The role of clove (Sygnium aromaticum) oil as anaesthetics compound for abalone (Haliotis squamata) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 335-342]

  • Analgesia Analgesic effect of silymarin in chicks [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 273-276]

  • Analgesia Evaluation of the antinociceptive effect of xylazine and it’s interaction with metoclopramide in the acute pain model in mice [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 383-388]

  • Analgesia Age-related anesthetic effect of ketamine in the chickens [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 501-506]

  • Analgesia Study the beneficial activity of low level laser in experimentally induced pain in mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 569-573]

  • Analgesia Study the analgesic effect of diclofenac and silymarin coadministration in chicks [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 25-31]

  • Analgesia Effect of nefopam in normal chickens and its relationship to hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 7-12]

  • Analgesia Assessment of the analgesic effect of Alpha-lipoic acid by three acute pain models [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 803-807]

  • Analgesia Pregabalin potentiates the analgesic effect of tramadol, diclofenac and paracetamol in chicks: Isobolographic analysis [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 931-937]

  • Analgesia Effects of hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress on the plasma concentration and pharmacokinetics of ketorolac in chicks [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 83-88]

  • Analgesia Flurbiprofen: Determination of safety profile, analgesic effect, and interaction with lipoic acid in murine [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 447-452]

  • Analgesia Evaluation of the advantages of orphenadrine in anaesthesia caused by ketamine in mice [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 233-238]

  • Analgesics The anti-inflammatory effect of allopurinol and diclofenac in chicks’ model [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 547-553]

  • Anaplasma Molecular characterization and phylogenic analysis of Anaplasma spp. in small ruminants from Sulaymaniyah governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 15-20]

  • Anaplasma Molecular diagnosis of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in ticks infesting cattle in Iraq [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 43-47]

  • Anaplasma marginale Seroprevalence of Babesia bigemina and Anaplasma marginale in domestic animals in Erbil, Iraq [Volume 26, Suppl. III, 2012, Page 109-114]

  • Anaplasma marginale Major-surface-protein-4-gene-based detection of Anaplasma marginale isolated from sheep in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 85-88]

  • Anaplasma ovis Prevalence of Anaplasma ovis infection in Angora goats of Duhok province, Kurdistan region-Iraq [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 73-79]

  • Anaplasma phagocytophilum Detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in cows in Mosul City, Iraq [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 89-95]

  • Anaplasmosis Molecular study of Anaplasma marginale parasite in carrier cattle in Al-Nasiriyah city [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 299-301]

  • Anastomosis Evaluation healing of jejunal anastomosis in preoperative dexamethasone treated dogs [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015]

  • Anatomical Anatomical study on the stifle (knee) joint in local breed of Awassi sheep [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 689-696]

  • Anatomically The macroscopical and microscopical characters of the trachea in different avian species: A comparative study [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 781-789]

  • Anatomy Gross, histological and electron microscopical features of the hard palate mucosa in the one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 651-657]

  • Anatomy Morphological study of laying and non-laying female genital system in peacock (Pavo cristatus) [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 45-53]

  • Anesthesia Age-related anesthetic effect of ketamine in the chickens [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 501-506]

  • Anesthesia Evaluation of the advantages of orphenadrine in anaesthesia caused by ketamine in mice [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 233-238]

  • Anesthesia indices Detection of potential effects of orphenadrine upon anesthesia with propofol and/or thiopental in mice [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 239-243]

  • Anesthetic drug Biochemical and behavioral responses in carp fish exposed to tricaine methane sulfonate (MS-222) as anesthetic drug under transport conditions [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 719-723]

  • Angora goat Prevalence of Anaplasma ovis infection in Angora goats of Duhok province, Kurdistan region-Iraq [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 73-79]

  • Animal origin Detection of the origin of animal species in kebab meat using mitochondrial DNA based -polymerase chain reaction (mtDNA-PCR) [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 39-43]

  • Animal public health Comparison of fibroblast-growth factor-23 level between males and female’s broiler using HPLC technique [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 957-961]

  • Anisakid Infections and molecular characterization of anisakid nematodes from two species of marine fish northwest Arabian gulf [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 489-497]

  • Anise seed Broiler performance response to anise seed powder supplementation [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 131-135]

  • Anomalies Fetal anomalies in prolonged gestation in Awassi ewe: A case report [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 195-197]

  • Ante-mortem Histopathological changes as tools to discriminate antemortem and post-mortem wounds in rats: prospective applications in forensic medicine [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 197-204]

  • Anthelmintic resistance Detection of resistance against anti-helminths drugs in gastrointestinal nematodes of calves using fecal egg count reduction test FECRT [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 283-288]

  • Antibiotic Evaluation the safety and synergistic effect of NiFe2O4 nanoparticles with antibiotic against Pseudomonas aeruginosa [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 71-77]

  • Antibiotic Effect of adding blue-green algae, probiotic and antibiotic to the diet on the productive performance of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 11-17]

  • Antibiotic A comparative study of treatment with ciprofloxacin and sodium propionate for non-O157 STEC (IQ1) infected mice [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 233-243]

  • Antibiotic, Biocontrol Agent, Rice-Fish Rarming System, Proteus sp Antibacterial activity of Proteus spp. isolated from the rice-fish farming system cultivation area against A. hydrophila [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 929-934]

  • Antibiotic residues Detection of multiple presence of antibiotic residues in slaughtered sheep at Duhok abattoir, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 49-55]

  • Antibiotic Residues,, Monitoring of Antibiotic Residues among Sheep Meat in Erbil City and Thermal Processing Effect on their Remnants [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 217-222]

  • Antibiotic resistance Multi-drug resistance profile of extended spectrum β-Lactamases producing Escherichia coli isolated from sheep in Mosul city [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 37-40]

  • Antibiotic resistance Phenotypic characterization and antibiogram of extended spectrum ß-lactamase (ESBL)/AmpC-producing Escherichia coli isolated from sheep [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 303-307]

  • Antibiotic resistance Multidrug-resistant and clonal dispersion of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli from ready-to-eat meat products in Duhok province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 275-282]

  • Antibiotic resistance Antibiotics resistance patterns of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from meat at Mosul city retails [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 363-367]

  • Antibiotics Detection of Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale antibodies in broiler by ELISA in Mosul city [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 739-743]

  • Antibiotics Isolation and characterization of antibiotics resistance Enterococcus faecium from mastitic cow's milk [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 21-27]

  • Antibiotics resistance Molecular study of resistance genes in Escherichia coli isolated from chronic respiratory disease cases in broilers [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 119-124]

  • ANTIBODY Protoscolex metabolites of Coenurus cerebralis as antigenic-produced humoral immune response in sheep [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 297-301]

  • Anticancer Synthesis of new 1,2 dithiol 3-thione fluoroquinolone esters possessing anticancer activity in-vitro [Volume 26, Suppl. IV, 2012, Page 115-121]

  • Anticlastogenic Anticlastogenic properties of Quercus infectoria galls extract against DMBA induced genotoxicity in bone marrow cells of mice in vivo [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 279-285]

  • Anticonvulsant Anticonvulsant and antioxidant activities of crude flavonoid extract of Matricaria chamomilla L. against convulsions induced by pentylenetetrazole in chicks [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1089-1095]

  • Antidepressant Impact of damiana (Turnera diffusa) against amitriptyline induced heart injury, dysfunctions and DNA damage in male rats [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 169-176]

  • Antidepressant effect The antidepressant effect of tramadol and chlorpheniramine combination in mice model [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 7-13]

  • Antifungal Antimicrobial and antifungal activity of pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo) leaves extracted by four organic solvents and water [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 33-39]

  • Antigens Immunohistochemical and pathological changes in BALB/c mice immunized with whole sonicated Listeria monocytogenes antigens and the effect of probiotics [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 79-85]

  • Antihyprlipidemic Evaluation the antihyprlipidemic effect of apigenin flavonoid in mice [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 279-283]

  • Anti-inflammatory Estragole: A review of its pharmacology, effect on animal health and performance, toxicology, and market regulatory issues [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 537-546]

  • Antimalarial agent Are promising mechanisms of hydroxychloroquine abolish COVID-19 activity? A review study [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 345-349]

  • Antimicrobial activity Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Piper betle exhibit high antimicrobial activity against Salmonella enteritidis and E. coli [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 759-763]

  • Antimicrobial effect Histological and antimicrobial effects of tramadol infiltration on incisional oral mucosal wound healing in rabbits [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 335-340]

  • Antimicrobial effect The effect of Propolis addition to broiler feeds on some blood biochemical parameters and intestinal flora [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 29-35]

  • Antimicrobial peptide Antimicrobial activity of peptides extracted from camels' blood neutrophils against some pathogenic bacteria [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 33-37]

  • Antimicrobial resistance Investigation of gcat gene and antibiotic resistance pattern of Aeromonas hydrophila isolated from hemorrhagic septicemia’s cases in fish farms [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 375-380]

  • Antimicrobial resistance Prevalence of resistance and virulence genes in Escherichia coli isolates from diarrheic dogs [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 355-361]

  • Antimicrobial susceptibility Detection and pathogenicity of Listeria monocytogenes in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fish in Baghdad, Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 311-316]

  • Antinociception Synergism of the analgesic activities of tramadol with α2 adrenoreceptor agonist xylazine in mice [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 109-113]

  • Antinociceptive Evaluation the combination of chlorpheniramine and tramadol at a level of thermal and visceral antinociceptive in a mouse acute pain model [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 619-627]

  • Antioxidant Effect of antioxidant enhancement on productive performance and some physiological characters of broiler breeders reared under hot climate [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • Antioxidant Renoprotection by Garcinia mangostana L. pericarp extract in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 13-19]

  • Antioxidant Protective effect of Silymarin against kidney injury induced by carbon tetrachloride in male rats [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 127-130]

  • Antioxidant Anticonvulsant and antioxidant activities of crude flavonoid extract of Matricaria chamomilla L. against convulsions induced by pentylenetetrazole in chicks [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1089-1095]

  • Antioxidant Estragole: A review of its pharmacology, effect on animal health and performance, toxicology, and market regulatory issues [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 537-546]

  • Antioxidant Neurobehavioral evaluation of quail treated with omega-3 and chlorpyrifos [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 245-250]

  • Antioxidant activity The antioxidant activity of propofol in chicks [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015, Page 29-34]

  • Antioxidants Impact of oxidative stress on pregnancy outcome in albino rats [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 93-99]

  • Antioxidants Sequential changes of serum and liver subcellular oxidants and antioxidant concentrations in silymarin treated male rats [Volume 30, Issue 1, 2016, Page 9-14]

  • Antioxidants Experimental detection of antioxidant and atherogenic effects of grapes seeds extracts in rabbits [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 243-249]

  • Antioxidants Chemopreventive effect of Quercus infectoria galls on DMBA induced mouse skin tumorigenesis [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 57-62]

  • Antioxidants Ameliorative role of Arabic gum against nephrotoxicity induced by ciprofloxacin in rats [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 789-798]

  • Antioxidants Protective effect of Urtica dioica in liver and kidney damages induce by ethylene glycol in rabbits: A histopathological study [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 167-170]

  • Antioxidants Evaluation of the antioxidant activity of Zingiber officinale alcoholic extract and vitamin e on liver damage induced by paracetamol drug in males of New Zealand rabbits [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 1-5]

  • Antioxidants Supplementation of broiler drinking water with zinc sulfate and its impact on physiological performance [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 131-136]

  • Antiviral Copper chitosan nanocomposite as antiviral and immune-modulating effect in broiler experimentally infected with chicken anemia virus [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 999-1009]

  • Api 20 Isolation and antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus spp., enteric bacteria and Pseudomonas spp. associated with respiratory tract infections of sheep [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 53-58]

  • Apigenin Flavonoid Evaluation the antihyprlipidemic effect of apigenin flavonoid in mice [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 279-283]

  • Apoptosis of hepatocytes The histological and histochemical changes of the rat's liver induced by 5- fluorouracil [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • Apsa-mos Evaluation the role of Apsa-mos® as immunomodulator on the level of antibody titers in broiler chickens vaccinated with Newcastle disease virus. [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 53-56]

  • Aquaculture Potential of probiotics Bacillus subtilis to reduce ammonia levels, Vibrio sp abundance, and increased production performance of Seaworm (Nereis sp) under laboratory scale [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 757-763]

  • Aquaculture Isolation and molecular identification of proteolytic bacteria from vaname shrimp (Lithopenaeus Vannamei) ponds as probiotic agents [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 161-170]

  • Aquaculture Efficacy of vaccine from whole killed Vibrio alginolyticus cells on the immune response of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 37-44]

  • Aquatic birds Some chewing lice (Phthiraptera) species as ectoparasites infested aquatic birds with a new record of three species from Al-Sanaf marsh/ southern Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 173-180]

  • Aqueous extract Some biochemical effects of Aloe vera leaves on tissues in normal mice [Volume 24, Issue 2, 2010, Page 93-97]

  • Arabian Gulf Infections and molecular characterization of anisakid nematodes from two species of marine fish northwest Arabian gulf [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 489-497]

  • Arabic gum Ameliorative role of Arabic gum against nephrotoxicity induced by ciprofloxacin in rats [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 789-798]

  • Aragonite Characterization and In Vitro evaluation of a novel coated nanocomposite porous 3D scaffold for bone repair [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 157-173]

  • ARDS Some insights of novel COVID 19 virus: structure, pathogenicity and immunity aspects [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 287-293]

  • Artemisia Herba The effect of adding turmeric and artemisia herba powder to ration on productive performance of white laying hens [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 237-242]

  • Arthritis Isolation and detection of reovirus from arthritis in chickens [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 59-63]

  • Arthritis Comparative efficacy of platelet-rich plasma and dextrose prolotherapy for stifle joint arthritis in a rabbit model [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 531-536]

  • Articular cartilage Histopathological study of the effect of using repeated doses of platelets-rich plasma on articular cartilage repair in Rabbits [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 203-210]

  • Artificially contamination Estimation of limit of detection of Salmonella typhimurium in artificially contaminated chicken meat by cultured-based and polymerase chain reaction techniques [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 621-625]

  • Ascorbic acid The antagonism effect of sodium nitrate by ascorbic acid (vitamin C) on neurobehavioral of mice [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 241-245]

  • Aspergillosis Case Report: Prevalence and significance of aspergellosis in commercial broiler chicken: Pathological study [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 113-116]

  • Aspergillus fumigatus Case Report: Prevalence and significance of aspergellosis in commercial broiler chicken: Pathological study [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 113-116]

  • Aspiration Assessment of different methods of bovine oocytes collection, maturation and Invitro fertilization of abattoir specimens [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 55-65]

  • Aspirin Effect of methotrexate and aspirin interaction and its relationship to oxidative stress in rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 151-156]

  • Aspirin Pathological and histomorphometric study of comparative gastric ulcer induced by indomethacin, aspirin, and ethanol in rats [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 339-346]

  • Aspirin cream Comparative antinociceptive effect of aspirin and aspirin nano particles in semisolid formulae in mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 535-539]

  • Aspirin gel Comparative antinociceptive effect of aspirin and aspirin nano particles in semisolid formulae in mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 535-539]

  • Aspirin ointment Comparative antinociceptive effect of aspirin and aspirin nano particles in semisolid formulae in mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 535-539]

  • Assortment Role of evolutionary epidemiology in the determination of the risk factors associated with some equine viral diseases [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 143-150]

  • AST Potency of garlic juice supplementation on some physiological and immunological aspects of broilers exposed to heat stress [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 107-112]

  • AST Biomarkering metabolic activities of the tapeworm Khawia armeniaca (Cholodkovsky, 1915) in association to its fish host Barbus grypus (Hekle, 1843) [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 169-176]

  • Atherosclerosis Effects of Hypericum perforatum on serum lipid vascular systems in mice [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 525-530]

  • Atherosclerosis Costus-loaded silver nanoparticles mitigated AMPK and related pathways in the albino rat atherosclerosis model [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 77-87]

  • Atorvastatin Effects of Hypericum perforatum on serum lipid vascular systems in mice [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 525-530]

  • Atorvastatin Effect of atorvastatin on bone formation in ovariectomized rats [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 239-245]

  • ATP Impact of sorbitol and l-carnitine on stimulating thyroid hormone, triiodothyronine and adenosine triphosphate level in broilers [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 589-590]

  • Atresia ani Surgical correction of congenital anomalies in a neonatal lamb: a case report [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 43-46]

  • Attention bias test The neurobehavioral effects of flumazenil in chicks [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 783-788]

  • Auricle Comparative study of the auricle and external acoustic meatus of the cattle and buffalo [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 65-72]

  • AvBD-10 Impact of sodium butyrate on stimulating of some host defense peptides and body performance in broiler vaccinated with different avian influenza (H9N2) vaccines [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1035-1040]

  • Avian Infectious Bronchitis Similarities and differences of COVID-19 and avian infectious bronchitis from molecular pathologist and poultry specialist view point [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 223-231]

  • Avian Influenza Diagnosis and histopathological study of avian influenza virus-H5 (AIV-H5) in broiler farms [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 101-107]

  • Avian Influenza Toxicological and neurobehavioral effects of chlorpyrifos and deltamethrin insecticides in mice [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 189-196]

  • Avian Influenza Exploration of local isolate of highly pathogenic avian influenza clade 2.3.2.1 as vaccine candidate to prevent mass outbreak in East Java [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 1-7]

  • Avian Influenza Prevalence of avian influenza in humans and different bird species in Indonesia: A review [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 709-718]

  • Avian Pathogenic E. coli Isolation and molecular detection of some virulence associated genes in avian pathogenic E. coli [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 889-894]

  • Avian Reo virus Isolation and detection of reovirus from arthritis in chickens [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 59-63]

  • Awassi Fetal anomalies in prolonged gestation in Awassi ewe: A case report [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 195-197]

  • Awassi Assessment of ova collection with or without centrifugation after ovarian slicing for In vitro fertilization of slaughterhouse specimens of Iraqi Awassi ewes [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 967-972]

  • Awassi ewes Effect of arginine on physiological and reproductive performance of Awassi ewes [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 213-220]

  • Awassi ewes Induction of estrus using human menopausal gonadotrophin in Iraqi Awassi ewes [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 529-533]

  • Awassi rams Clinical and ultrasonographic findings in rams with scrotal enlargement [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 47-53]

  • Awassi sheep Effect of body weight of ewes and milk yield in productive performance of lambs, milk yield and components of Awassi sheep [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 9-16]

  • Awassi sheep Study of the relationship between the production of milk and some of its components with the growth of lambs in two breeds of Iraqi sheep [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 87-95]

  • Awassi sheep Genetic variants of the bone morphogenetic protein gene and its association with estrogen and progesterone levels with litter size in Awassi ewes [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1017-1022]

  • Awassi sheep Anatomical study on the stifle (knee) joint in local breed of Awassi sheep [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 689-696]

  • Awassi sheep Study of genetic variation of myostatin (MSTN) and calpastatin (CAST) genes in two native Iraqi sheep by PCR-RFLP technique [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 97-103]

  • Axonal degeneration The histological effect of the injection of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on sciatic nerve of rats [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 699-707]

B

  • Babel Detection of the cytochrome B (cytb) insecticide resistance gene in Theileria annulata isolated from cattle in Hilla city, Babylon governorate, Iraq [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 153-158]

  • Babesia Sequencing-based phylogenetic-study of Babesia spp detected in tick tissues in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 9-12]

  • Babesia Microscopic identification, molecular and phylogenetic analysis of Babesia species in buffalo from slaughter house in Al-Najaf city of Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 251-258]

  • Babesia Molecular detection and phylogenetic analysis of Babesia caballi in domestic donkeys (Equus asinus) in Baghdad Zoo, Iraq [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 135-140]

  • Babesia bigemina Seroprevalence of Babesia bigemina and Anaplasma marginale in domestic animals in Erbil, Iraq [Volume 26, Suppl. III, 2012, Page 109-114]

  • Babesia bigemina Microscopic and molecular detection of Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina in female camel from Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 61-64]

  • Babesia bovis Microscopic and molecular detection of Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina in female camel from Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 61-64]

  • Babesiosis Clinical and pathological study of equine babesiosis in draught horses in mosul [Volume 20, Issue 1, 2006, Page 89-101]

  • Babesiosis Comparative study of imidocarb, buparvarvaquone & diminazinein treatment of draught horses affected with equine babesiosis [Volume 20, Issue 1, 2006, Page 103-112]

  • Bacillus cereus Detection of the hbl complex genes in Bacillus cereus isolated from cow raw milk in northwest of Iran [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 459-463]

  • Bacillus subtilis Potential of probiotics Bacillus subtilis to reduce ammonia levels, Vibrio sp abundance, and increased production performance of Seaworm (Nereis sp) under laboratory scale [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 757-763]

  • Baclofen Does Baclofen induce changes in testicular histology and seminal fluid analysis in rat? [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 387-396]

  • Bacterial count The inhibitory role of effective microorganisms on the growth of pathogenic bacteria [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 153-158]

  • Bacterial isolates Detection of organ bacterial load in quails [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 47-51]

  • Bacterial load Using T cell lymphokines of hyperimmunized chickens with Salmonella pullorum to protect layer hens against Salmonella pullorum infection [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 223-227]

  • Bacterial shedding Using T cell lymphokines of hyperimmunized chickens with Salmonella pullorum to protect layer hens against Salmonella pullorum infection [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 223-227]

  • Baghdad Molecular detection and phylogenetic analysis of Babesia caballi in domestic donkeys (Equus asinus) in Baghdad Zoo, Iraq [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 135-140]

  • Baker’s yeast Baker’s Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and its application on poultry’s production and health: A review [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 213-221]

  • Baladi goat Double spleen in Baladi goat in Beni-Suef governorate –Egypt: case report [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • Bali Effect of oil palm frond treated with ammonia on some carcass traits and meat chemical composition of Bali bulls - Indonesia [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 57-60]

  • Bali bull The effect of duration of preservation on the quality, MDA level, and DNA damage of post-thawed Bali cattle bull sperm [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 249-252]

  • Bali cattle Characterization and phylogenetics of beta-lactamase Temoneira gene in Escherichia coli of the Bali cattle on Lombok island, Indonesia [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 487-493]

  • Barbus grypus Biomarkering metabolic activities of the tapeworm Khawia armeniaca (Cholodkovsky, 1915) in association to its fish host Barbus grypus (Hekle, 1843) [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 169-176]

  • Barley sprout powder Comparative study of the effect of natural planting, hydroponic germination and barley sprout powder as prebiotic in common carp Cyprinus carpio L. blood indices [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 7-11]

  • Basra Serotyping, virulence gene expression and phenotypic characterization of E. coli O157:H7 in colibacillosis affecting buffalo calves in Basra governorate [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 445-451]

  • Basrah Evaluation of the heavy metal content in the muscle tissue of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) reared in groundwater in Basrah province, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 157-161]

  • Basrah Routine red bone marrow smear in local breed claves at Basrah, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 525-529]

  • Basrah Measures of parasitism of the hard ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting goats Capra aegagrus in Basrah province, Iraq, with remarks on ecology [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 555-560]

  • Basrah province Classical and molecular identification of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infestation cattle wounds with myiasis in Basrah governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 641-646]

  • Batcinel Effectiveness of using probiotic Batcinel-K® and CEVAC SET-K® vaccine on some blood parameters in chickens [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 611-616]

  • BCG clinicopathological evaluation of some immunostimulants' effects in Barki lambs [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 765-773]

  • BDV Risk factors and genetic diversity of border disease virus in small ruminants in Nineveh province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 915-920]

  • Beef Investigate the Toxoplasma gondii infection in the consumed beef in Al-Diwaniyah province [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 95-99]

  • Beef Detection of Toxoplasma gondii-specific immunoglobulin (IgG) antibodies in meat juice of beef [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 319-324]

  • Beef Molecular characterization of extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from cows in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 375-380]

  • Beef Detection of mutton meat fraud with beef meat as a genetically related species using multiplex PCR and GC/MS/MS [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 643-650]

  • Bee glue Protective effect of propolis on liver and kidney injury caused by methotrexate in chicks [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1067-1061]

  • Bee venom Effect of bee venom on rat glucocorticoid receptor beta: a therapeutically model of rheumatoid arthritis [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 127-133]

  • Behavioral animal change Toxoplasmosis, a zoonotic infection; A critical and updated analysis: A Review Article [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 95-99]

  • Benzimidazoles Molecular evaluation of E198A SNP in the iso-type 1 β – tubulin gene of Haemonchus contortus isolated from sheep in Al-Diwanyiah, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 89-94]

  • Beta-2-adrenergic Study the effect of isoproterenol to visualize cerebral blood flow by using a laser speckle imaging system in Neonatal rats [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 979-983]

  • Beta cell Age-related pancreatic tissue postnatal histogenesis in the albino rat (Rattus norvegicus): A morphological, morphometrical, and immunohistochemical study with emphasis on alpha and beta cells [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 29-36]

  • BHA Effect of dietary BHA supplementation on certain physiological values in broiler chicken [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 815-819]

  • BHT Toxic effects of butylated hydroxytoluene in rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 121-128]

  • Biochemical Effectiveness of using probiotic Batcinel-K® and CEVAC SET-K® vaccine on some blood parameters in chickens [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 611-616]

  • Biochemical markers Levels of some biochemical markers in sera of pregnant and non-pregnant lactating dairy cows in Baghdad, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 353-358]

  • Biocontrol Evaluation the efficiency of the fungus Metarhizium anisopliae as biocontrol agent for adults of hard ticks Hyalomma anatolicum [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 57-62]

  • Biocrystallomics Possibilities of urolithiasis crystallodiagnostics [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 23-27]

  • Biological assay Dual effect of changes in temperature and pH on stability of cefquinome in vitro [Volume 30, Issue 1, 2016, Page 1-4]

  • Biological parameters Effect of microalgae Spirulina spp. as food additive on some biological and blood parameters of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 27-31]

  • Biomagnification Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in Bothriocephalus acheilognathi cestoda and the definitive host, Cyprinus carpio (L. 1758) [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 899-905]

  • Biometrical parameter Measurements and evaluation of some electrolytes concentrations in spleens of imported sheep to Sulaimani province [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 415-418]

  • Biometry Biometry of genital organs in Iraqi female buffalo [Volume 19, Issue 1, 2005, Page 77-81]

  • Bionanocomposite In Vivo evaluation of the novel nanocomposite porous 3D scaffold in a rabbit model: hematology and biochemistry analysis [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 219-230]

  • Bionanocomposite Characterization and In Vitro evaluation of a novel coated nanocomposite porous 3D scaffold for bone repair [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 157-173]

  • Biosorption Bioremediation of lead and cadmium and the strive role of Pediococcus pentosaceus probiotic [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 51-57]

  • Birds A retrospective study of fracture cases managed in the veterinary teaching hospital; 181 cases (2014-2018) [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 23-31]

  • Birds Prevalence of chewing lice species on migratory birds in Razzaza lake [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 479-485]

  • Birth Lambing and mortality rate in Ouled-Djellal sheeps in Tebessa region-Algeria [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 267-273]

  • Black Francolin Molecular detection of cestoda in black francolin (Francolinus francolinus) of Babylon Province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 419-423]

  • Black-shouldered kite Comparative anatomical, histometrical, and histochemical study of esophagus between ring-necked parakeet (Psittacula krameri) and black-shouldered kite (Elanus caeruleus) [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 737-743]

  • Blastocystis sp Molecular characterization of Blastocystis sp. isolates from human, cattle and sheep by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of the small subunit ribosomal RNA gene [Volume 30, Issue 1, 2016, Page 1-7]

  • Blood analysis Hepato-renal and hematological effects of flunixin and silymarin coadministration in rats [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 367-373]

  • Blood biochemistry Characterizing physiological status in three breeds of bulls reared under ecological and climate conditions of the Altai region [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 35-42]

  • Blood characters Effect of vitamin E and selenium injection on semen quality and some blood parameters of Karadi rams [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 17-24]

  • Blood hemoglobin Effect of adding nettle plant on some physiological and biochemical parameters of broiler chickens [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 115-119]

  • Blood indices Comparative study of the effect of natural planting, hydroponic germination and barley sprout powder as prebiotic in common carp Cyprinus carpio L. blood indices [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 7-11]

  • Blood indices Evaluation of blood, biochemical and biological effects of microalgae Chlorella and germinated barley powder as a source of prebiotic on common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 271-277]

  • Blood parameters Effect of microalgae Spirulina spp. as food additive on some biological and blood parameters of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 27-31]

  • Blood parameters Effect of vitamin A and grazing in some physiological characters and milk production of Meriz does [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 359-365]

  • Blood parameters Change in acetylcholine activity and some blood parameters in adult sheep dipped in deltamethrin [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 301-304]

  • Blood parameters Physiological and hematological reference values of wild caucasian squirrels (Sciurus anomalus pallescens) in northern Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 637-642]

  • Blood parasites Study on the blood protozoa in geese [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 23-27]

  • Blood parasites Diagnosis of some blood parasites in cattle and sheep in Mosul, Iraq [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 57-61]

  • Blood picture Effect of probiotic (Poultrystar®) and heat stress on some blood parameters in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 221-225]

  • Blood picture Impact of different artificial light intensities on some reproductive, productive performance aspects and blood picture of male quail [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 679-685]

  • Blood protozoa Microscopic and molecular detection of Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina in female camel from Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 61-64]

  • Blood smear Effect of silver nanoparticles on some blood parameters in rats [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 389-395]

  • Blood supply Anatomical study of arterial blood supply of the brain in local breed rabbit [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 89-94]

  • Blood supply Anatomical and histological study of the kidney of the one-humped camel [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 73-79]

  • Blood supply Morphological study of laying and non-laying female genital system in peacock (Pavo cristatus) [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 45-53]

  • Bluetongue disease A review analysis of global Bluetongue virus-related research articles from 2000 to 2020 [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 341-347]

  • Bluetongue virus A review analysis of global Bluetongue virus-related research articles from 2000 to 2020 [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 341-347]

  • BMP15 polymorphism Genetic variants of the bone morphogenetic protein gene and its association with estrogen and progesterone levels with litter size in Awassi ewes [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1017-1022]

  • Bobwhite Quail Histochemical study of proventriculus in pre-hatch and post-hatch days in northern bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 161-166]

  • Body composition Effect of adding Eruca sativa in common carp on growth criteria, feed utilization and chemical composition [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 107-113]

  • Body dimensions Early prediction of some kid body dimensions from maternal traits [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 205-207]

  • Body performance Impact of sodium butyrate on stimulating of some host defense peptides and body performance in broiler vaccinated with different avian influenza (H9N2) vaccines [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1035-1040]

  • Body weight Potency of garlic juice supplementation on some physiological and immunological aspects of broilers exposed to heat stress [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 107-112]

  • Body weight Effect of body weight of ewes and milk yield in productive performance of lambs, milk yield and components of Awassi sheep [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 9-16]

  • Bodyweight Relationship between the leptin, progesterone, body weight, and onset of puberty in ewe lambs [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 833-837]

  • Bone A retrospective study of fracture cases managed in the veterinary teaching hospital; 181 cases (2014-2018) [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 23-31]

  • Bone Routine red bone marrow smear in local breed claves at Basrah, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 525-529]

  • Bone Effect β glucan extracted from Candida albicans on pathological changes produced by Penicillium chrysogenum infection in mice [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 907-914]

  • Bone engineering,, 3-D nanocomposite scaffolds: Tissue engineering for bone reconstruction [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 433-444]

  • Bone fracture Effects of autologous bone marrow on the healing of long bones fractures reduced by external skeletal fixators in goats [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 963-969]

  • Bone marrow Recognizing the effectiveness of the diode laser 850nm on stimulate the proliferation and viability of mice mesenchymal stem cells derived from bone marrow and adipose tissue [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 285-290]

  • Bone marrow Effects of platelets rich fibrin and bone marrow on the healing of distal radial fracture in local dogs: Comparative study [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 419-425]

  • Bone repair Characterization and In Vitro evaluation of a novel coated nanocomposite porous 3D scaffold for bone repair [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 157-173]

  • Bone substitute Effect of β-calcium sulphate hemihydrate on mandible healing in dog (radiographical assessment using Image-J Program) [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • Border disease virus Prevalence of border disease virus in sheep and goats in Mosul, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 257-262]

  • Borrelia burgdorferi Evaluation of immunogenicity and efficacy of Borrelia burgdorferi derived peptide (PepB) antigen formulated in a protein scaffold in mice against Lyme disease [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 77-84]

  • Bosentan The protective effect of bosentan on methotrexate-induced oral mucositis in rats [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 629-635]

  • Bot fly Morphological and phylogenetic characterization of Oestrus ovis larvae in sheep: Al-Qadisiyah province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 133-137]

  • Botulinum A The histologic effects of high doses of botulinum toxin a on the rabbit's salivary gland [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1111-1117]

  • Bovine Detection of Staphyl ococcus aureus capsules producer isolated from bovine and buffaloes mastitis [Volume 20, Issue 1, 2006, Page 39-47]

  • Bovine Prevalence and some risk factors of bovine heamotropic mycoplasma in Nineveh province - Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 427-431]

  • Bovine Fasciolosis: grading the histopathological lesions in naturally infected bovine liver in Mosul city [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 379-387]

  • Bovine Investigation of urinary bladder lesions of slaughtered local bovine calves in Mosul city [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 45-51]

  • Bovine Mastitis Experimental infection in mice with Acremonium spp. mold and Rhodotorula spp. yeast isolated from cow's milk [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 165-171]

  • Bovine tuberculosis Prevalence and risk factors of bovine tuberculosis in dairy cattle farms in Egypt [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 351-359]

  • Bowman's membrane Anatomical and histological structure of the cornea in Sparrow hawk Accipiter nisus [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 437-442]

  • Bradyzoite Traditional, histopathological and molecular diagnosis of sarcocytosis in slaughtered sheep in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 871-875]

  • Brain damages The amelioration of vitamin E on histological changes of rabbit’s brain treated with zinc oxide nanoparticles [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 95-104]

  • Breed Impact of breed, sex and age on hematological and biochemical parameters of local quail [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 459-464]

  • Breeding Season Clinical management of a severe traumatic cutaneous myiasis at the base of the antler in a fallow deer, Dama dama: A case report [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 187-190]

  • Broccoli Physiological and histological effects of broccoli on lead acetate Induced hepatotoxicity in young Male albino rats [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 21-26]

  • Broiler, Blood Biochemical Profile, Carcass Trait The effects of dietary vitamin C and Citrus Sinensis peel on growth, hematological characteristics, immune competence, and carcass characteristics in broilers exposed to heat stress [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 253-260]

  • Broiler Breeders Diagnosis of reovirus infection in broiler breeders flocks by using PCR technique in Erbil province [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 77-81]

  • Broiler Breeders Follow up the antibodies titer against Newcastle disease virus in broiler breeders using ELISA test [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 295-299]

  • Broiler carcass Detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from broiler carcasses in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 489-493]

  • Broiler Chicken Pathological study of toxoplasma gondii expermintally infected in broiler chicken [Volume 20, Issue 2, 2006, Page 241-248]

  • Broiler Chicken The effect of thyme (Thymus daenensis) supplement on growth and hygienic parameters of broilers meat [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 87-92]

  • Broiler chicks Studying an outbreak of inclusion body hepatitis in broilers in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 769-774]

  • Broiler chicks The protective impacts of lipoic acid on diclofenac-induced hepatorenal toxicity in broiler chicks [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1023-1027]

  • Broiler feed The effect of Propolis addition to broiler feeds on some blood biochemical parameters and intestinal flora [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 29-35]

  • Broilers Using species-specific PCR technique to detect Toxoplasma gondii in broiler chickens [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 53-56]

  • Broilers Potency of garlic juice supplementation on some physiological and immunological aspects of broilers exposed to heat stress [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 107-112]

  • Broilers Detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in broiler and broilers farm workers in Duhok, Iraq by using conventional and PCR techniques [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 15-22]

  • Broilers Diagnosis and histopathological study of avian influenza virus-H5 (AIV-H5) in broiler farms [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 101-107]

  • Broilers Toxicological and neurobehavioral effects of chlorpyrifos and deltamethrin insecticides in mice [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 189-196]

  • Broilers Effect of Synertox® on broiler health and performance during aflatoxicosis [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 27-34]

  • Broilers Effectiveness of using probiotic Batcinel-K® and CEVAC SET-K® vaccine on some blood parameters in chickens [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 611-616]

  • Broilers Correlation incidence between infectious bursal disease and aflatoxicosis in broilers chicken farms in Nineveh province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 183-190]

  • Broilers Monitoring of bronchiolar lesions and their relation with Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Infectious bronchitis virus infections in broilers with severe respiratory distress [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 65-72]

  • Bronchi Histological and fluorescent microscope studies for evaluation carbon accumulation in trachea and bronchi of birds in polluted area in Wasit province [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 135-141]

  • Bronchial lesion Monitoring of bronchiolar lesions and their relation with Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Infectious bronchitis virus infections in broilers with severe respiratory distress [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 65-72]

  • Bronchodilation Bronchodilator activity of ethyl acetate extract of Nigella sativa [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 145-149]

  • Brucella Diagnosis of brucellosis in sheep and goats raw milk by fast and reliable techniques [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 663-668]

  • Brucella abortus Reliable and highly specific techniques for the detection of Brucella spp. antibodies in camel milk [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 795-800]

  • Brucella melitensis Immune response strategies of Brucella melitensis and their antigens in rats [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 27-30]

  • Brucella melitensis Reliable and highly specific techniques for the detection of Brucella spp. antibodies in camel milk [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 795-800]

  • Brucellosis Antioxidant status in pregnant ewes vaccinated with Rev 1 against brucellosis [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 15-19]

  • Brucellosis A serological study of brucellosis in camels south of Kirkuk, Iraq [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 105-107]

  • Brucellosis Serological and molecular investigations of Brucellosis in dairy cows at certain areas of Al-Sulaymaniyah governorate- Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 657-662]

  • Brucellosis A cross sectional study on the seroprevalence of bovine brucellosis in Al-Najaf province in Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 617-620]

  • Brucellosis Abortion in ewes in Nineveh governorate, Iraq: A systematic review and meta-analysis [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 681-688]

  • Brucellosis Seroprevalence of bovine brucellosis and its incidence in human in Thi-Qar province [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 877-884]

  • Brush border membrane vesicle Levels of disaccharidases in the brush border membrane of equine small intestine [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 197-201]

  • B. subtilis Impact of heat treatment on the antimicrobial residues in raw goat's milk [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 549-553]

  • BTX Expression of Ki67 in submandibular salivary glands of rabbits after BTX injection: Histological and immunohistochemical study [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 611-620]

  • Buffalo Biometry of genital organs in Iraqi female buffalo [Volume 19, Issue 1, 2005, Page 77-81]

  • Buffalo Comparative study of the auricle and external acoustic meatus of the cattle and buffalo [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 65-72]

  • Buffalo Microscopic identification, molecular and phylogenetic analysis of Babesia species in buffalo from slaughter house in Al-Najaf city of Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 251-258]

  • Buffalo Molecular characterization of heat shock protein 70 gene in Iraqi buffalo [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 139-143]

  • Buffalo Study on the post-partum disorders and their relationship with the reproductive performance in Iraqi cow-buffaloes [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 313-317]

  • Buffalo Molecular and serological typing of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotypes currently circulating in Egypt [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 581-588]

  • Buffalo Evaluation of bacterial contaminants and heavy metals in cow and buffalo raw milk sold in Baghdad governorate [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 101-105]

  • Buffalo Transabdominal ultrasonographic determination of pregnancy and fetal viability in buffalo cows [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 233-238]

  • Buffalo Comparison of California mastitis test and Draminski mastitis detector as on-farm methods for monitoring udder health in lactating buffalo [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 55-60]

  • Buffalo Epidemiological investigation of mastitis in lactating buffalo cows in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 217-222]

  • Buffalo Molecular characterization of the 3'-UTRsequence of the interferon-gamma gene and its expression profile in the ocular conjunctiva of amazon buffaloes [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 885-892]

  • Buffalo Hemoparasites effect on interferon-gamma and miRNA 125b expression in Bubalus bubalis [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 71-76]

  • Buffalo A study of the level of glucose in fertile and infertile buffalo [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 165-168]

  • Buffalo bull GnRHR gene polymorphism and its correlation with semen quality in Buffalo bulls (Bubalus bubalis) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 381-386]

  • Buffalo calves Serotyping, virulence gene expression and phenotypic characterization of E. coli O157:H7 in colibacillosis affecting buffalo calves in Basra governorate [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 445-451]

  • Buffaloe An update review of confirmed pathogens of six animal species in Iraq [Volume 30, Issue 1, 2016, Page 15-17]

  • Buffaloes Ultrasound image analysis for detection of fatty liver and grading its severity in buffaloes at Mosul, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 507-511]

  • Buffaloes mastitis Plasmid transformation and curing of nalidixic acid gene in Staphylococcus aureus isolated from buffaloes mastitis and workerʼs hands [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 167-174]

  • Buffalo meat Detection of lead, chromium and cobalt in meats of cattle and buffalo from retails of Mosul city [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 447-451]

  • Bulbul Morphometrical and histochemical foundation of pancreas and ductal system in white-eared bulbul (Pycnonotus leucotis) [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 99-104]

  • BUN Reproductive efficiency and serum progesterone concentration on dairy cattle based on blood urea nitrogen (BUN) concentrations [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 143-148]

  • Buparvaquone Clinical, epidemiological and therapeutic studies on bovine tropical theileriosis in Faisalabad, Pakistan [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • Buparvaquone Clinical and molecular identification of ruling Theileria annulata strains in cattle calves in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 115-119]

  • Bursting pressure Evaluation healing of jejunal anastomosis in preoperative dexamethasone treated dogs [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015]

  • Butylated hydroxytoluene Toxic effects of butylated hydroxytoluene in rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 121-128]

C

  • CaCO3 In vitro study of curcumin calcium carbonate phosphate nanoparticles (Curcumin-NPs) impacts on the meriz goat’s coccidian oocysts [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 809-814]

  • Cadmium chloride Effects of cadmium chloride on some endocrine glands (thyroid and adrenal) in male rats (Rattus norvegicus) [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 211-217]

  • Cadmium chloride Comparative study on the effect of cadmium and hydrocortisone treatment on the brain of rats experimentally infected with Toxoplasma gondii [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 771-775]

  • Caesarean section Uterine rupture with alive twins in a Holstein Frisian cow: a case report [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 27-28]

  • Calcium Relationship between mycotoxicosis and calcium during preproduction period in layers [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 11-14]

  • Calcium Effect of aspartame in bone formation of young female rats [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 847-852]

  • Calcium oxalate Protective effect of Urtica dioica in liver and kidney damages induce by ethylene glycol in rabbits: A histopathological study [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 167-170]

  • Calcium sulphate Effect of β-calcium sulphate hemihydrate on mandible healing in dog (radiographical assessment using Image-J Program) [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • California mastitis test Molecular and phylogenetic analysis of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from subclinical mastitis in lactating ewes [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 121-126]

  • California mastitis test Prevalence and risk factors associated with subclinical mastitis in peri-urban bovine dairy farms of Ouagadougou and Bobo Dioulasso in Burkina Faso, West Africa. [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 831-837]

  • Calves Prevalence of Cryptosporidium spp. In calves and different water resources [Volume 21, Issue 2, 2007, Page 155-165]

  • Calves Evaluation of cardiac enzymes and acute phase response as biomarkers for rapid diagnosis of myocarditis in calves with FMD [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 31-37]

  • Calves Investigation of urinary bladder lesions of slaughtered local bovine calves in Mosul city [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 45-51]

  • Calves Epidemiological and molecular study of Rotavirus infection among human and animal in Karbala and Basrah provinces [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 403-410]

  • Calves Serological detection of the latent infection of Brucellosis in calves in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 7-10]

  • Calving Interval Study on the post-partum disorders and their relationship with the reproductive performance in Iraqi cow-buffaloes [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 313-317]

  • Camel A serological study of brucellosis in camels south of Kirkuk, Iraq [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 105-107]

  • Camel Isolation and identification of ectoparasites in single humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) of Cholistan area, Pakistan [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 291-297]

  • Camel Gross, histological and electron microscopical features of the hard palate mucosa in the one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 651-657]

  • Camel Genetic confirmation for morphological identification of Stilesia globipunctata in camel in Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 719-724]

  • Camel Anatomical and morphological study of the petrous bone in camels (Camelus dromedarius) [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 839-845]

  • Camel Milk Direct detection of Staphylococcus aureus in camel milk in the Nineveh governorate by using the PCR technique [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 669-672]

  • Camels Investigation of the principal vectors of abortive diseases in one-humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 411-415]

  • Camels Clinical and molecular detection of Sarcoptes scabiei in the Iraqi camels [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 923-930]

  • Camels Microscopic and molecular detection of Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina in female camel from Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 61-64]

  • Camels (Camelus dromedaries) COX1 gene and ITS-2 region: A comparative study of molecular diagnosis of Parabronema skrjabini in camels (Camelus dromedaries), Al-Najaf Province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 77-84]

  • Camel’s milk Molecular detection of Mycoplasma spp. from camel’s milk [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 333-337]

  • Camelusdromedarius First serodetection and molecular phylogenetic documentation of Coxiella burnetii isolates from female camels in Wasit governorate, Iraq [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 47-52]

  • Camelus dromedary Morphological and molecular identification of Parabronema skrjabini of camels (Camelus dromedary) in Najaf province [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 507-512]

  • Campylobacter fetus Detection of Campylobacter fetus in aborted ewes in Sulaimani province by PCR [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 647-651]

  • Cancer Study the effect of isolated human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER2) from plasma on histopathological aspects in some organs of adult female albino rats [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 91-100]

  • Cancers Incidence rate of breast cancer, clinical and ultrasound approaches to diagnosing the same in dogs [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 155-159]

  • Canine The serological diagnosis of canine Leishmaniasis by using ELISA in Nineveh province [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 111-114]

  • Canine heartworm A comparison between different laboratory methods and stains for detection microfilaremic dogs [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 171-175]

  • Canine osteosarcomas Immunohistochemical expression of proliferation markers in canine osteosarcoma [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1097-1102]

  • Capacitation The impact of various antioxidant supplementation on ram's sperm quality, fertilization, and early embryo development, in vitro [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 869-876]

  • Cape hare Epidemiological study and identification of some flea species infesting wild rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and cape hares (Lepus capensis) in northern Algeria [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 159-165]

  • Carbofuran The potential of Kebar grass extract on histopathological changes in kidneys of mice offspring from the parent exposed to carbofuran during the lactation period [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1075-1082]

  • Carbon Histological and fluorescent microscope studies for evaluation carbon accumulation in trachea and bronchi of birds in polluted area in Wasit province [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 135-141]

  • Carbon tetrachloride Comparative pharmacokinetic study of theaflavin in healthy and experimentally induced liver damage rabbits [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 235-242]

  • Carcass Effect of oil palm frond treated with ammonia on some carcass traits and meat chemical composition of Bali bulls - Indonesia [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 57-60]

  • Carcass characteristics Effect of different levels of selenium on the carcass characteristics of Karadi lambs [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 41-48]

  • Carcass Composition Effect of replacing fishmeal with Spirulina spp. on carcass chemical composition of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • Carcass trait Broiler performance response to anise seed powder supplementation [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 131-135]

  • Cardiac enzymes Evaluation of cardiac enzymes and acute phase response as biomarkers for rapid diagnosis of myocarditis in calves with FMD [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 31-37]

  • Cardiomyocyte necrosis Experimental study on the effect of toxin fractions isolated from hydatid cyst fluid of sheep on the cardiac muscles of mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 523-528]

  • Cardiomyocyte oedema Experimental study on the effect of toxin fractions isolated from hydatid cyst fluid of sheep on the cardiac muscles of mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 523-528]

  • Carp The role of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to alleviate copper sulfate toxicity in Cyprinus carpio [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 573-580]

  • Carrots Effect of adding carrots as feed supplementation on reproductive performance in Awassi ewes [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 413-417]

  • Cascadura Morphology of the gastrointestinal tract of cascadura fish (Hoplosternum littorale) and its pathogenic fauna [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 603-609]

  • Caseous lymphadenitis Prevalence and molecular investigation of caseous lymphadenitis among the slaughtered sheep at Duhok Abattoirs; experimental infection with Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis in rabbits [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 263-270]

  • CAST gene Study of genetic variation of myostatin (MSTN) and calpastatin (CAST) genes in two native Iraqi sheep by PCR-RFLP technique [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 97-103]

  • Castration Different methods for laparoscopic castration in dogs [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 25-36]

  • Cat An update review of confirmed pathogens of six animal species in Iraq [Volume 30, Issue 1, 2016, Page 15-17]

  • Cat Possibilities of urolithiasis crystallodiagnostics [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 23-27]

  • Cat A retrospective study of fracture cases managed in the veterinary teaching hospital; 181 cases (2014-2018) [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 23-31]

  • Cat Aloe vera and Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) accelerate healing process in domestic cat (Felis domesticus) suffering from scabies [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 699-704]

  • Catfish Histopathological changes in diseased and treated catfish (Clarias gariepinus) by ciprofloxacin and clove oil [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 13-19]

  • Catfish Prevalence of nematodes infestation in Clarias gariepinus from El-Burullus Lake and Lake Nasser, Egypt [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 181-188]

  • Catfish Study of some toxic metals in parts from catfish (Silurus triostegus) in Shatt Al-Arab river [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 459-467]

  • CATH-B1 Impact of sodium butyrate on stimulating of some host defense peptides and body performance in broiler vaccinated with different avian influenza (H9N2) vaccines [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1035-1040]

  • Cattle Isolation and identification of pathogenic fungi from the infected eye of sheep and cattle [Volume 20, Issue 2, 2006, Page 213-218]

  • Cattle Diagnostic study of microfilariae in blood samples of cattle in Mosul city-Iraq [Volume 20, Issue 2, 2006, Page 219-224]

  • Cattle Sero-prevalence of hypodermosis in cattle in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 407-412]

  • Cattle Assessment of multiplex PCR for detection of FMDV, BVDV, BTV, and possible coinfection with Pasteurella multocida in cattle [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1053-1059]

  • Cattle Morphological detection of dermatophytes isolated from cattle in Wasit province [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 167-172]

  • Cattle Molecular diagnosis of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in ticks infesting cattle in Iraq [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 43-47]

  • Cattle The relationship of DGAT1 polymorphisms and milk fatty acids production of cows bred in Iraq (Local, cross and Holstein-Friesen) [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 7-14]

  • Cattle Detection of the cytochrome B (cytb) insecticide resistance gene in Theileria annulata isolated from cattle in Hilla city, Babylon governorate, Iraq [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 153-158]

  • Cattle liver Prevalence and pathological evaluation of hepatic fatty change in cattle slaughtered at Urmia Abattoir, Northwest Iran [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 45-50]

  • Cattle meat Detection of lead, chromium and cobalt in meats of cattle and buffalo from retails of Mosul city [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 447-451]

  • Cattle milk Molecular characterization and phylogenetic analysis of Escherichia coli isolated from milk of cattle affected by mastitis [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 251-254]

  • Caucasian squirrel Physiological and hematological reference values of wild caucasian squirrels (Sciurus anomalus pallescens) in northern Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 637-642]

  • CAV Copper chitosan nanocomposite as antiviral and immune-modulating effect in broiler experimentally infected with chicken anemia virus [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 999-1009]

  • CBC Clinical and hematological profiles of vitamin D3 deficiency in Najdi lambs [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 89-95]

  • CCHF Seroprevalence of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in cows by ELISA in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 803-807]

  • CCl4 Protective effect of aqueous extract of Alhagi maurorum in spermatogenesis and antioxidant status of adult rats exposed to carbon tetrachloride [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 1-7]

  • CCl4 Protective effect of Silymarin against kidney injury induced by carbon tetrachloride in male rats [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 127-130]

  • CD10 Histopathology and Immunohistochemistry of tumors in animals attending veterinary teaching hospital [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 309-314]

  • CDV Detection of canine distemper virus in stray and pet dogs in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 315-319]

  • Cell proliferation Recognizing the effectiveness of the diode laser 850nm on stimulate the proliferation and viability of mice mesenchymal stem cells derived from bone marrow and adipose tissue [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 285-290]

  • Cell surface marker Cryptosporidium parvum oocytic antigen induces dendritic cell maturation that suppresses Th2 cytokines when co-cultured with CD4+ cells [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 515-523]

  • Central vein Histogenesis of the rabbit liver (pars hepatica) with particular reference to the portal area [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 177-182]

  • Cephalosporins Dual effect of changes in temperature and pH on stability of cefquinome in vitro [Volume 30, Issue 1, 2016, Page 1-4]

  • Cerebellum Histopathological effects of experimental exposure to lead on nervous system in albino female rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 45-48]

  • Cerebral infarction Study the effect of isoproterenol to visualize cerebral blood flow by using a laser speckle imaging system in Neonatal rats [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 979-983]

  • Cerebrum Histopathological effects of experimental exposure to lead on nervous system in albino female rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 45-48]

  • Cervid Clinical management of a severe traumatic cutaneous myiasis at the base of the antler in a fallow deer, Dama dama: A case report [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 187-190]

  • Cestode Genetic confirmation for morphological identification of Stilesia globipunctata in camel in Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 719-724]

  • Cestodes Molecular differentiation of Thysaniezia (Helictometra) giardi and Moniezia species based on 18s rRNA gene in small ruminants [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 105-108]

  • Cheese Isolation, identification and detection of some virulence factors in yeasts from local cheese in Mosul city [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 81-85]

  • Chemical castration Control of stray dog population by single intratesticular injection of tannic acid [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 33-36]

  • Chemical ejaculation Oral imipramine and intravenous xylazine for pharmacologically-induced ejaculation in donkeys [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 81-83]

  • Chemoprevention Chemopreventive effect of Quercus infectoria galls on DMBA induced mouse skin tumorigenesis [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 57-62]

  • Chemotherapy Effects of methotrexate on hepatic and testicular tissues in male rabbits: Histological, hormonal and biochemical analysis [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 211-217]

  • Chewing Lice Some chewing lice (Phthiraptera) species as ectoparasites infested aquatic birds with a new record of three species from Al-Sanaf marsh/ southern Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 173-180]

  • Chewing Lice A survey of chewing lice of some raptors in southern Iraq, with remarks on prevalence and occurrence [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 239-244]

  • Chewing Lice Prevalence of chewing lice species on migratory birds in Razzaza lake [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 479-485]

  • Chickens Effects of hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress on the plasma concentration and pharmacokinetics of ketorolac in chicks [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 83-88]

  • Chickens Multi-drug resistant phenotypes of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing E. coli from layer chickens [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 945-951]

  • Chicken vaccine Exploration of local isolate of highly pathogenic avian influenza clade 2.3.2.1 as vaccine candidate to prevent mass outbreak in East Java [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 1-7]

  • Chitosan Influence of chitosan on hematological and histopathological changes in mice infected with Brucella melitensis immunized with Rev - 1 vaccine [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 23-29]

  • Chitosan Immunotherapeutic effect of chitosan and listeriolysin O on Listeria monocytogenes infection in mice [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 149-155]

  • Chitosan Modulation of chitosan nanoparticles properties for sheep pox mucosal vaccine delivery with cytotoxicity and release Studies-in vitro [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 111-119]

  • Chlorella Evaluation of blood, biochemical and biological effects of microalgae Chlorella and germinated barley powder as a source of prebiotic on common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 271-277]

  • Chlorpheniramine Evaluation the combination of chlorpheniramine and tramadol at a level of thermal and visceral antinociceptive in a mouse acute pain model [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 619-627]

  • Chlorpheniramine The antidepressant effect of tramadol and chlorpheniramine combination in mice model [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 7-13]

  • Chlorpyrifos Acute toxicity of metronidazole and its interaction with chlorpyrifos in chicks [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 13-18]

  • Cholecalciferol Clinical and hematological profiles of vitamin D3 deficiency in Najdi lambs [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 89-95]

  • Cholesterol Effect of plasma isolated Orexin-A on the regulation of metabolites in male rats [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 451-457]

  • Cholesterol-raising diet Effect of hypercholestermic diet on the β- amyloid deposition and microglial cells with some biomarkers alterations in male rats [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 251-257]

  • Cholinesterase Effect of induced epilepsy on some biochemical parameters in female rats [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 89-92]

  • Cholinesterase Effect of methotrexate on neurobehavior and cholinesterase in chicks [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 985-989]

  • Cholistan desert Isolation and identification of ectoparasites in single humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) of Cholistan area, Pakistan [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 291-297]

  • Chondrification Development of the wing bones in quail’s embryo; Coturnix japonica [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 129-137]

  • Chromatography Effects of Hypericum perforatum on serum lipid vascular systems in mice [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 525-530]

  • Chromium Detection of lead, chromium and cobalt in meats of cattle and buffalo from retails of Mosul city [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 447-451]

  • Chromosome aberration Anticlastogenic properties of Quercus infectoria galls extract against DMBA induced genotoxicity in bone marrow cells of mice in vivo [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 279-285]

  • Chronic exposure Effects of imidacloprid contaminated feed exposure on the spleen, lymph node, and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissues of adult male rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 813-819]

  • Chronic toxicity Determination of the lethal concentration 50% (LC50) of lead chloride and its accumulation in different organs of Gambusia affinis fish [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 361-367]

  • Chronic toxicity Histological effects of chronic sodium fluoride toxicity on some reproductive organs of male and female adult albino rats [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 705-711]

  • Chukar partridge Chukar partridge in northern Iraq: A review article [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 495-505]

  • Cinnamaldehyde Synergizing the deltamethrin larvicidal activity against Aedes albopictus larvae using cinnamaldehyde in Diwaniyah, Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 317-320]

  • Cinnamomum cassia Effect addition of Cinnamomum cassia on treatment of pathological infections in Cyprinus carpio L. fingerlings [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 733-738]

  • Cinnarizine Comparative treatment of induced ulcerative colitis in male rat model by using cinnarizine and sulfasalazine [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 465-472]

  • Ciprofloxacin Histopathological changes in diseased and treated catfish (Clarias gariepinus) by ciprofloxacin and clove oil [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 13-19]

  • Ciprofloxacin Synthesis of new 1,2 dithiol 3-thione fluoroquinolone esters possessing anticancer activity in-vitro [Volume 26, Suppl. IV, 2012, Page 115-121]

  • Ciprofloxacin Effect of diclofenac on the pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin in quail [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 777-781]

  • Ciprofloxacin Ameliorative role of Arabic gum against nephrotoxicity induced by ciprofloxacin in rats [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 789-798]

  • Circovirus Isolation and identification of Circovirus in pigeon [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 207-210]

  • Circular and Linear Fixator Effects of autologous bone marrow on the healing of long bones fractures reduced by external skeletal fixators in goats [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 963-969]

  • Cisplatin Protective effect of quercetin against corneal toxicities induced by cisplatin in male mice [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 321-326]

  • Cisplatin Histopathological impact of cisplatin on the brain and lung of pregnant albino mouse (Mus musculus) [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 219-225]

  • CK Creatine kinase and C reactive protein as an indicator for tissue damage in the retained placenta in cows [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 163-167]

  • Clade 2.3.2.1 Exploration of local isolate of highly pathogenic avian influenza clade 2.3.2.1 as vaccine candidate to prevent mass outbreak in East Java [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 1-7]

  • Clamp-crush A comparative study of laparoscopic partial hepatectomy by clamp-crush and ultrasurgical techniques in rams [Volume 26, Suppl. IV, 2012, Page 131-139]

  • Classification Geographical distribution of ixodidae (hard ticks) in all provinces of Iraq [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 197-201]

  • Claves Routine red bone marrow smear in local breed claves at Basrah, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 525-529]

  • Cleft hard palate Using polypropylene mesh or ear cartilage autograft with mini screws for the treatment of induced cleft hard palate in puppies: A comparative study [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 125-132]

  • Cleft hard palate Palatoplasty using skin autograft and bovine skin xenograft for reconstituting an induced cleft in the hard palate of puppies: A comparative study [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 147-154]

  • Clenbuterol Assessment of the withdrawal period for ractopamine hydrochloride in the goat and sheep [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 405-410]

  • Climate Lambing and mortality rate in Ouled-Djellal sheeps in Tebessa region-Algeria [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 267-273]

  • Clinical cases Epidemiological Analysis for medical records of Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Mosul during 2017 to 2019 [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 541-548]

  • Clinical mastitis Association between clinical and subclinical mastitis and reproductive performance of cows at Nottingham dairy centre [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 343-350]

  • Clinical mastitis Clinical and subclinical mastitis in buffalue in Mosul area, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 177-186]

  • Clinical signs Incidence of cutaneous and subcutaneous tumors of dogs from Baghdad city: Clinical, cytological and histopathological features [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 129-137]

  • Clinical status Detection of Trichomoniasis in cattle in Nineveh province [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 287-290]

  • Clinical Study Semen collection in Rusa timorensis under general anaesthesia by using ketamine-xylazine: Clinical study [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 197-205]

  • Clomiphene The endometrial expression level of estrogen-α and VEGF-A in female rats administered with a low dose of estrogen in early clomiphene citrate therapy [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 223-228]

  • Clotrimazole Prevalence and some risk factors with therapeutic trial of sheep dermatophytosis in Egypt [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 31-38]

  • Clotting time Effect of adding nettle plant on some physiological and biochemical parameters of broiler chickens [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 115-119]

  • Clove Histopathological changes in diseased and treated catfish (Clarias gariepinus) by ciprofloxacin and clove oil [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 13-19]

  • Clove oil The role of clove (Sygnium aromaticum) oil as anaesthetics compound for abalone (Haliotis squamata) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 335-342]

  • CMT Comparison of California mastitis test and Draminski mastitis detector as on-farm methods for monitoring udder health in lactating buffalo [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 55-60]

  • Cocccidiosis Phynotypic and genotypic identification of Eimeria species in backyard chicken in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 41-46]

  • Coccidia In vitro study of curcumin calcium carbonate phosphate nanoparticles (Curcumin-NPs) impacts on the meriz goat’s coccidian oocysts [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 809-814]

  • Coccidian Major helminth parasites of Camelus dromedarius in afar pastoral area of Ethiopia [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 117-122]

  • Cockatiel Comparative histological and histochemical study of the ileum in two different birds [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 479-487]

  • Coefficient of regression Multivariable binary logistic regression model to predict risk factors of peste des petits ruminants in goat and sheep [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1029-1034]

  • Coenurus cerebralis Protoscolex metabolites of Coenurus cerebralis as antigenic-produced humoral immune response in sheep [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 297-301]

  • Coenzyme Q10 Protective effects of coenzyme Q10 against sodium fluoride-induced reproductive disorders in male rats [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 143-149]

  • Co-infection Assessment of multiplex PCR for detection of FMDV, BVDV, BTV, and possible coinfection with Pasteurella multocida in cattle [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1053-1059]

  • Colibacillosis Serotyping, virulence gene expression and phenotypic characterization of E. coli O157:H7 in colibacillosis affecting buffalo calves in Basra governorate [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 445-451]

  • Colic Therapeutic trial on clinical cases of impactive and spasmodic colic in donkeys in Gondar, northwest Ethiopia [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 795-802]

  • Collagen Improving light microscopic detection of collagen by trichrome stain modification [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 273-281]

  • Columba livia Molecular and Serological detection of Toxoplasma gondii in three species of wild birds of Babylon province, middle Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 39-44]

  • Common calcaneal tendon A comparative study between kessler suture versus polypropylene mesh implantation to repair tenotomized common calcaneal tendon in rabbits [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 289-296]

  • Common carp Comparative study of the effect of natural planting, hydroponic germination and barley sprout powder as prebiotic in common carp Cyprinus carpio L. blood indices [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 7-11]

  • Common carp Effects of feeding frequency on common carp ( Cyprinus carpio L.) growth rate [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 1-4]

  • Common carp Effect of microalgae Spirulina spp. as food additive on some biological and blood parameters of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 27-31]

  • Common carp Effect of adding different levels of cinnamon (Cinnamomum sp) on growth and chemical composition criteria of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 93-98]

  • Common carp Evaluation of the heavy metal content in the muscle tissue of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) reared in groundwater in Basrah province, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 157-161]

  • Common carp Evaluation of blood, biochemical and biological effects of microalgae Chlorella and germinated barley powder as a source of prebiotic on common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 271-277]

  • Common carp Effect of adding blue-green algae, probiotic and antibiotic to the diet on the productive performance of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 11-17]

  • Common carp Quantification histopathological analysis in the gills of carp fish exposed to sub lethal concentration of nano zinc oxide [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 61-68]

  • Common carp fish Effect of probiotic (Poultrystar®) and heat stress on some blood parameters in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 221-225]

  • Comparative morphometrical Comparative morphometrical and histological study of lingual papillae in two different ages of the Iraqi buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015, Page 9-21]

  • Conception rate Effect of lecirelin acetate, hCG or progesterone administration on day 7 post-insemination on conception rate and progesterone concentration in cross-bred cattle [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 149-153]

  • Condensed tannins In vitro and in vivo anthelmintic efficacy of condensed tannins extracted from the seeds of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) against Haemonchus contortus infection [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 229-237]

  • Congenital abnormalities Surgical treatment of omphalocele with intestinal evisceration in cow calf of Sahiwal: A case report [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 745-748]

  • Congestion The histological and histochemical changes of the rat's liver induced by 5- fluorouracil [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • Congo fever Mini Review: Current tick control strategies in Pakistan are possible environmental risks [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 81-86]

  • Conjunctival infections Mycoplasma from the upper respiratory tract and conjunctival infections in household dogs [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 137-141]

  • Conocarpus leaves Detection of the compounds produced from Rhizopus oryzae [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 611-617]

  • Constituents Effect of endurance exercise on sweat constituents of athletic Iraqi Arabian horses [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 95-100]

  • Contamination A study of the gastrointestinal parasites in awassi sheep and surrounding environment [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 561-567]

  • Copper sulfate Effect of copper sulfate on liver damage induced by nano- zinc oxide in Cyprinus carpio [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • Copper sulfate Neurobehavioral toxicity of copper sulfate accompanied by oxidative stress and histopathological alterations in chicks' brain [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 53-60]

  • Copper sulfate Morphohistopathological alteration in the gills and central nervous system in Cyprinus carpio exposed to lethal concentration of copper sulfate [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 981-989]

  • Coproscopy Gastrointestinal helminth parasites of dogs in rural areas of the north east of Algeria [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 93-98]

  • CoQ10 Effects of COQ10 with vitamin E supplementation on semen quality and seminal plasma parameters of broiler breeder males [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 65-70]

  • Coriander Effects of coriander, thyme, vanadyl and tungstate on some biochemical parameters in broiler chickens [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 71-75]

  • Cornea Anatomical and histological structure of the cornea in Sparrow hawk Accipiter nisus [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 437-442]

  • Cornea Effect of mobile frequencies exposure on histology of retina and cornea in pregnant albino mice [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 245-249]

  • Cornea Protective effect of quercetin against corneal toxicities induced by cisplatin in male mice [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 321-326]

  • Corneal development Histomorphometrical and histochemical postnatal development of cornea in indigenous rabbits [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 291-296]

  • Coronavirus Some insights of novel COVID 19 virus: structure, pathogenicity and immunity aspects [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 287-293]

  • Correlation test Effect of antibiotic substitution with Saccharomyces cerevisiae and probiotic on hematic parameters and growth performance of broilers [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 667-673]

  • Corticosterone Supplementation of broiler drinking water with zinc sulfate and its impact on physiological performance [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 131-136]

  • Cortisol Characterizing physiological status in three breeds of bulls reared under ecological and climate conditions of the Altai region [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 35-42]

  • Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis Prevalence and molecular investigation of caseous lymphadenitis among the slaughtered sheep at Duhok Abattoirs; experimental infection with Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis in rabbits [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 263-270]

  • Costus extract Modulatory effect of Saussurea costus ethanolic extract on kidney male rats expose oxidative stress [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 81-88]

  • Covid_19 Similarities and differences of COVID-19 and avian infectious bronchitis from molecular pathologist and poultry specialist view point [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 223-231]

  • Covid_19 Are promising mechanisms of hydroxychloroquine abolish COVID-19 activity? A review study [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 345-349]

  • COVID-19 An updated review of human monkeypox disease: A new potential global hazard [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 225-231]

  • Cow Metalic foreign body in the liver of cow: a case report [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014, Page 109-111]

  • Cow Ultrasonography of left displaced abomasum in local cattle breed [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 139-144]

  • Cow Creatine kinase and C reactive protein as an indicator for tissue damage in the retained placenta in cows [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 163-167]

  • Cow Detection of Trichomoniasis in cattle in Nineveh province [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 287-290]

  • Cow Evaluation of bacterial contaminants and heavy metals in cow and buffalo raw milk sold in Baghdad governorate [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 101-105]

  • Cow Effect of exogenous oxytocin on the expression of oxytocin receptor gene and uterine involution in local Iraqi cows [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1125-1132]

  • Cows Alteration of serum haptoglobin concentration in normal parturition and dystocia affected cows [Volume 30, Issue 1, 2016, Page 19-22]

  • Cows Isolation and identification of Salmonella typhimurium bacteria with detection of type-1 fimbriae coding gene by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 195-199]

  • Cows Seroprevalence of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in cows by ELISA in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 803-807]

  • Cows Effect of exogenous hormones in the expression level of OXTRs gene in cows using Rt PCR [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 191-196]

  • Cow’s milk Detection of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis in raw cow’s milk using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 83-86]

  • COX1mt DNA gene COX1 gene and ITS-2 region: A comparative study of molecular diagnosis of Parabronema skrjabini in camels (Camelus dromedaries), Al-Najaf Province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 77-84]

  • Coxiella burnetii Serosurvey of Q fever in active reproductive rams in northern Palestine [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 87-90]

  • CPV-2 Haematological, oxidative stress and electrolyte alterations in puppies with canine parvoviral enteritis [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 65-69]

  • Cr2O3NPS Histological study of antidiabetic activity of zinc oxide and chromium oxide nanoparticles on the pancreas of alloxan induced diabetes mellitus in male albino mice (Mus musculus) [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 159-163]

  • CRD Molecular study of resistance genes in Escherichia coli isolated from chronic respiratory disease cases in broilers [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 119-124]

  • CRISPR Novel CRISPR/Cas13- based assay for diagnosis of avian infectious bronchitis [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 63-69]

  • CRP Creatine kinase and C reactive protein as an indicator for tissue damage in the retained placenta in cows [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 163-167]

  • Cryopreservation Quality enhancement of cryopreserved spermatozoa of sutchi catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) with honey addition [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 231-236]

  • Cryptosporidium Detection of Cryptosporidium spp in zoo of Mosul and Dohuk cities [Volume 20, Issue 2, 2006, Page 203-212]

  • Cryptosporidium Prevalence of Cryptosporidium spp. In calves and different water resources [Volume 21, Issue 2, 2007, Page 155-165]

  • Cryptosporidium Molecular detection of Cryptosporidium spp. in stray cats in Al-Qadisiyah governorate, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 369-373]

  • Cryptosporidium Risk factors affect prevalence of diarrheal enter- pathogens in children, calves and broiler chickens in Assiut, Egypt [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 561-571]

  • Cryptosporidium parvum Molecular detection of Cryptosporidium parvum in chicken in Al-Diwaniya province [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 441-445]

  • Cryptosporidium parvum Cryptosporidium parvum oocytic antigen induces dendritic cell maturation that suppresses Th2 cytokines when co-cultured with CD4+ cells [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 515-523]

  • Cryptosporidium spp Molecular analysis of Cryptosporidium species in domestic goat in central Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1041-1045]

  • Crystallization Urolithiasis Possibilities of urolithiasis crystallodiagnostics [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 23-27]

  • CS-NPs/TEO Control of biofilm-producing Aeromonas bacteria in the water tanks and drinkers of broiler poultry farms using chitosan nanoparticle-based coating thyme oil [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 659-669]

  • CTX-M Detection of CTX-M gene in extended spectrum β-lactamases producing Enterobacteriaceae isolated from bovine milk [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 397-402]

  • CTX-M Detection of extended spectrum beta lactam producing Escherichia coli isolated from Cyprinus carpio in Mosul city [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 85-89]

  • CTX-M gene Molecular characterization of extended spectrum cephalosporin resistant Escherichia coli isolated from dogs [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 473-478]

  • CTX-M gene Molecular study of resistance genes in Escherichia coli isolated from chronic respiratory disease cases in broilers [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 119-124]

  • CuCNP Copper chitosan nanocomposite as antiviral and immune-modulating effect in broiler experimentally infected with chicken anemia virus [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 999-1009]

  • Cucurbita Pepo Leaves Antimicrobial and antifungal activity of pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo) leaves extracted by four organic solvents and water [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 33-39]

  • Cultural methods Study of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from the mouth of canary [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 301-304]

  • Curcumin In vitro study of curcumin calcium carbonate phosphate nanoparticles (Curcumin-NPs) impacts on the meriz goat’s coccidian oocysts [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 809-814]

  • Curcumin Ameliorative effects of curcumin on dehydroepiandrosterone-induced polycystic ovary syndrome in female rats [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 191-196]

  • Cutaneous wounds,, In vivo study of Impact Transplantation Hematopoietic Progenitor Cells on Induced Cutaneous Wound Healing in Rabbits Model [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 579-589]

  • Cyclic-voltammetry Molecular characterization of fertile hydatid cysts from the liver of the sheep and cows and associated environmental influence factors [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 321-327]

  • Cyclooxygenase-2 Interaction of meloxicam and phenylbutazone on the level of cyclooxygenase-2 in mice [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1011-1016]

  • Cyclophosphamide The effect of vitamin E on the histological structure of kidney in rats treated with cyclophosphamide [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 513-517]

  • Cyclophosphamide Evaluation of histological changes induced by prednisolone and cyclophosphamide in some organs of male albino mice [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 671-679]

  • Cyprinus carpio Effect of copper sulfate on liver damage induced by nano- zinc oxide in Cyprinus carpio [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • Cyprinus carpio Pathological lesions of acute sodium chloride toxicity in common carp: Case report [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 417-419]

  • Cyprinus carpio Effect addition of Cinnamomum cassia on treatment of pathological infections in Cyprinus carpio L. fingerlings [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 733-738]

  • Cyprinus carpio Molecular identification of virulence genes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from fish (Cyprinus carpio) in Mosul city [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 953-958]

  • Cyprinus carpio Morphohistopathological alteration in the gills and central nervous system in Cyprinus carpio exposed to lethal concentration of copper sulfate [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 981-989]

  • Cyprinus carpio Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in common carp fish (Cyprinus carpio) and its relationship with the protein content [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 173-178]

  • Cyprinus carpio Effects of glyphosate in common carp: Histopathological and immunohistochemical study [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 659-666]

  • Cyprinus carpio Study the biochemical, hematological, and histopathological alteration in heat-stress fish treated with an immune stimulant [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 199-205]

  • Cyprinus carpio,, Bioaccumulation of heavy metals and histopathological changes in muscles of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) in the Iraqi rivers [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 245-249]

  • Cyprinus carpio L Effect of adding Eruca sativa in common carp on growth criteria, feed utilization and chemical composition [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 107-113]

  • Cyst Prevalence, morphological and biochemical study of larval stage Coenurus cerebralis of Taenia multiceps in sheep [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 159-163]

  • Cystic echinococcosis Effect of selenium nanoparticles against protoscoleces of Echinococcus granulosus in vitro and hydatid cysts in mice [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 195-202]

  • Cytarabine The histological changes induced by cytarabine on rabbits kidneys (with and without vitamin E administration) [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 311-316]

  • Cytarabine The histological changes induced by Cytarabine on rabbits livers (with and without vitamin E administration) [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 9-13]

  • Cytobrushing Detection of endometritis using uterine cytobrush and ultrasonography in mares [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 39-44]

  • Cytochrome C oxidase Molecular characterization of fertile hydatid cysts from the liver of the sheep and cows and associated environmental influence factors [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 321-327]

  • Cytokine Effect of nano-magnesium oxide and harmonic scalpel on lung lobectomy healing in dogs: Clinical and cytokine study [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 649-656]

  • Cytology Incidence of cutaneous and subcutaneous tumors of dogs from Baghdad city: Clinical, cytological and histopathological features [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 129-137]

  • Cytology A cytopathological study of the role of liver impression as a diagnostic tool in pigeons [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 555-560]

D

  • Dairy cows First phylogenetic characterization of Pseudocowpox virus from cattle in Al-Qadisiyah province/ Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 123-126]

  • Dairy cows Levels of some biochemical markers in sera of pregnant and non-pregnant lactating dairy cows in Baghdad, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 353-358]

  • Dairy cows Detection of the extended spectrum β-lactamase produced by Escherichia coli from dairy cows by using the Vitek-2 method in Tulungagung regency, Indonesia [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 203-207]

  • Dairy cows Association between clinical and subclinical mastitis and reproductive performance of cows at Nottingham dairy centre [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 343-350]

  • Dairy cows Prevalence of non-infectious claw disorders in Egyptian dairy farms in relation to the flooring system [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 207-211]

  • Dairy farms Prevalence and risk factors of bovine tuberculosis in dairy cattle farms in Egypt [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 351-359]

  • Dairy Mastitis Molecular detection of mecA gene in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from dairy mastitis in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 939-943]

  • Dairy products Molecular characterization and microbial resistance of different bacterial isolates in some dairy products [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 333-339]

  • Dairy products Utilization of lactoferrin to inhibit E. coli and S. aureus isolates from milk and kariesh cheese [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 853-863]

  • Damiana Impact of damiana (Turnera diffusa) against amitriptyline induced heart injury, dysfunctions and DNA damage in male rats [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 169-176]

  • Darsin Effect of adding different levels of cinnamon (Cinnamomum sp) on growth and chemical composition criteria of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 93-98]

  • Daylight Prevalence of some species of flies in cowsheds in Mosul city [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 991-997]

  • Decorin Immunolocalization of decorin, a small leucin-rich proteoglycan, in the normal and injured horse tendon [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 465-471]

  • Deficiency Acute enzootic muscular dystrophy of adult lambs at Basrah, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 471-477]

  • Deficiency Pathological detection of nutritional muscular dystrophy in dromedary camel calves in Palestine [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 943-947]

  • Degradation Dual effect of changes in temperature and pH on stability of cefquinome in vitro [Volume 30, Issue 1, 2016, Page 1-4]

  • DEHP Pathological study of subchronic oral toxicity induced by Di (2- ethyl hexyl) phthalate in Japanese quails [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 67-71]

  • DEHP,, Effect DEHP plasticizer on MDA concentration and histopathological changes in Contronix contronix japonica [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 95-101]

  • Delta Macroscopic and histomorphometry investigation of pancreas in adult local partridge (Francolinus francolinus) [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 207-214]

  • Deltamethrin Mini Review: Current tick control strategies in Pakistan are possible environmental risks [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 81-86]

  • Deltamethrin Impacts of processing heat treatments on deltamethrin and bifenthrin residues in human breast milk and raw milk from different animals [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 27-31]

  • Deltamethrin Synergizing the deltamethrin larvicidal activity against Aedes albopictus larvae using cinnamaldehyde in Diwaniyah, Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 317-320]

  • Deltamethrin Change in acetylcholine activity and some blood parameters in adult sheep dipped in deltamethrin [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 301-304]

  • Dental exam Dental disorders in dogs and cats: A retrospective study [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 247-253]

  • Dentritic cells Cryptosporidium parvum oocytic antigen induces dendritic cell maturation that suppresses Th2 cytokines when co-cultured with CD4+ cells [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 515-523]

  • Dermal papillae Functional morphology of the trunk and paw pad skin of the African palm squirrel (Epixerus ebii) [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 417-425]

  • Dermatophytes Morphological detection of dermatophytes isolated from cattle in Wasit province [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 167-172]

  • Dermatophytosis Prevalence and some risk factors with therapeutic trial of sheep dermatophytosis in Egypt [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 31-38]

  • Descemet membrane Anatomical and histological structure of the cornea in Sparrow hawk Accipiter nisus [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 437-442]

  • Detection Detection of the origin of animal species in kebab meat using mitochondrial DNA based -polymerase chain reaction (mtDNA-PCR) [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 39-43]

  • Dexamethasone Effect of Gundelia tournefortii on some biochemical parameters in dexamethasone-induced hyperglycemic and hyperlipidemic mice [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 73-79]

  • Dexamethasone Evaluation healing of jejunal anastomosis in preoperative dexamethasone treated dogs [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015]

  • Dexamethasone Immunomodulatory effect of Nigella sativa seed extract in male rabbits treated with dexamethasone [Volume 26, Suppl. IV, 2012, Page 141-149]

  • Dexamethasone The pharmacokinetics of phenylbutazone and its interaction with dexamethasone in chicks [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 137-142]

  • Dextrose Prolotherapy Comparative efficacy of platelet-rich plasma and dextrose prolotherapy for stifle joint arthritis in a rabbit model [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 531-536]

  • DGAT1 The relationship of DGAT1 polymorphisms and milk fatty acids production of cows bred in Iraq (Local, cross and Holstein-Friesen) [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 7-14]

  • Diabetes Effect of soybean seeds alone or in combination with insulin or glibenclamide on serum lipid profiles in alloxan-induced diabetic rats [Volume 23, Issue 1, 2009, Page 17-23]

  • Diabetes Mellitus Protective effect of placental mesenchymal stem cells on histological changes of pancreas experimentally induced by alloxane in mice [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 1-8]

  • Diabetes Mellitus Curative and protective potentials of Moringa oleifera leaf decoction on the streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus in albino rats [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 73-82]

  • Diabetic mice Renoprotection by Garcinia mangostana L. pericarp extract in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 13-19]

  • Diabetic rats Effect of Prosopis farcta extracts on some complications (hematology and lipid profiles) associated with alloxan induced diabetic rats [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 45-50]

  • Diarrhea Molecular detection of rfbO157, shiga toxins and hemolysin genes for Escherichia coli O157: H7 from canine feces in Tikrit and Mosul cities, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 325-329]

  • Diarrhea Occurrences of E. coli in dromedary camels in some provinces in Iraq with a molecular study of E. coli O157:H7 [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 49-54]

  • Diarrheic Detection of Cryptosporidium parvum in calf feces using microscopical, serological, and molecular methods [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 383-389]

  • Diarrheic dogs Prevalence of resistance and virulence genes in Escherichia coli isolates from diarrheic dogs [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 355-361]

  • Diazepam The neurobehavioral effects of flumazenil in chicks [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 783-788]

  • Diazinon The histological and histochemical changes in the kidney of rabbit induced by diazinon [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 303-308]

  • Diclofenac Study the analgesic effect of diclofenac and silymarin coadministration in chicks [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 25-31]

  • Diclofenac The protective impacts of lipoic acid on diclofenac-induced hepatorenal toxicity in broiler chicks [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1023-1027]

  • Diclofenac sodium Effect of diclofenac on the pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin in quail [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 777-781]

  • Diclofenac sodium The histological effect of the injection of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on sciatic nerve of rats [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 699-707]

  • Differential leukocyte count Effect of adding nettle plant on some physiological and biochemical parameters of broiler chickens [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 115-119]

  • Dimethyl hydrazine Histopathological evaluation of lesions induced by dimethyl hydrazine in male rats [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 115-121]

  • Direct ELISA Detection of Dirofilaria immitis antigen in cats in Mosul city [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 57-60]

  • Direct Fluorescent Antibody Prevalence of the bovine adenovirus type 3 by using direct fluorescent antibody technique in calves in Nineveh province [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 53-57]

  • Dirofeleria imitis Detection of Dirofilaria immitis antigen in cats in Mosul city [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 57-60]

  • Disc diffusion assay Impact of heat treatment on the antimicrobial residues in raw goat's milk [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 549-553]

  • Diwaniyah Investigate the Toxoplasma gondii infection in the consumed beef in Al-Diwaniyah province [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 95-99]

  • DMSO The role of DMSO and MSM in treatment of tendinopathies affection in equine: A comparative study [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 861-868]

  • DNA The effect of duration of preservation on the quality, MDA level, and DNA damage of post-thawed Bali cattle bull sperm [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 249-252]

  • DNA,, Rapid diagnosis of leishmania spp. in blood samples using gold nanoparticles. [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 587-590]

  • DNA Sequence Phylogenetic tree analysis study of bovine papillomaviruses type 1 based on L1 gene in Al-Qadisiyah governorate, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 151-155]

  • DNA sequencing Morphological and phylogenetic study of Hyalomma anatolicum in Al-Najaf, Iraq [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 261-266]

  • DNA sequencing Clinical and molecular detection of Sarcoptes scabiei in the Iraqi camels [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 923-930]

  • Does Structural study of uterine tubes of the rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) at different postnatal periods [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 277-288]

  • Dog An update review of confirmed pathogens of six animal species in Iraq [Volume 30, Issue 1, 2016, Page 15-17]

  • Dog Different methods for laparoscopic castration in dogs [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 25-36]

  • Dog Laparoscopic and hand-assisted cystorrhaphy strengthened with omental pedicle in dogs: Radiographic and ultrasonographic study [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 347-352]

  • Dog Effects of platelets rich fibrin and bone marrow on the healing of distal radial fracture in local dogs: Comparative study [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 419-425]

  • Dog A retrospective study of fracture cases managed in the veterinary teaching hospital; 181 cases (2014-2018) [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 23-31]

  • Dog Molecular detection of rfbO157, shiga toxins and hemolysin genes for Escherichia coli O157: H7 from canine feces in Tikrit and Mosul cities, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 325-329]

  • Dog Control of stray dog population by single intratesticular injection of tannic acid [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 33-36]

  • Dog Effect of nano-magnesium oxide and harmonic scalpel on lung lobectomy healing in dogs: Clinical and cytokine study [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 649-656]

  • Dog Effect of different suture materials on healing of blood vessels in dogs [Volume 26, Suppl. III, 2012, Page 77-82]

  • Dog A comparative study of nano magnesium oxide versus platelets rich fibrin to repair the induced radial fracture in dogs [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 451-458]

  • Dog The histological and histochemical features of the esophagus in local breed dogs (Canis familiaris) [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1069-1074]

  • Dog Risk factors assessment and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella isolates from apparently healthy and diarrheal dogs in Baghdad, Iraq [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 155-162]

  • Dogs Evaluation healing of jejunal anastomosis in preoperative dexamethasone treated dogs [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015]

  • Dogs Effect of β-calcium sulphate hemihydrate on mandible healing in dog (radiographical assessment using Image-J Program) [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • Domestic animals Seroprevalence of Babesia bigemina and Anaplasma marginale in domestic animals in Erbil, Iraq [Volume 26, Suppl. III, 2012, Page 109-114]

  • Domestic chicken Molecular detection of Cryptosporidium parvum in chicken in Al-Diwaniya province [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 441-445]

  • Domestic dogs Investigating and identifying Chlamydia psittaci in asymptomatic and symptomatic domestic dogs in middle province of Iran [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 91-94]

  • Domestic goat Molecular analysis of Cryptosporidium species in domestic goat in central Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1041-1045]

  • Domestic rabbit Comparative anatomical, histological, and histochemical study of liver in human and domestic rabbit [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 437-446]

  • Domicile Coprological detection of Toxocariosis in domicile and stray dogs and cats in Sulaimani province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1047-1051]

  • Donkey Oral imipramine and intravenous xylazine for pharmacologically-induced ejaculation in donkeys [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 81-83]

  • Donkey Therapeutic trial on clinical cases of impactive and spasmodic colic in donkeys in Gondar, northwest Ethiopia [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 795-802]

  • Donkey Effect of Aloe vera gel on the healing of cutaneous wounds in donkeys [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 425-432]

  • Donkeys Molecular detection and phylogenetic analysis of Babesia caballi in domestic donkeys (Equus asinus) in Baghdad Zoo, Iraq [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 135-140]

  • Double staining Development of the wing bones in quail’s embryo; Coturnix japonica [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 129-137]

  • Doxorubicin Histopathological effects of Doxorubicin on pancreas in male Albino rats [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015, Page 23-28]

  • DPOL gene Development of in-house Taqman qPCR assay to detect equine herpesvirus-2 in Al-Qadisiyah city [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 365-371]

  • Dramineski estrus detection Prediction of the ovulation time in estrus mares by different methods [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 621-626]

  • Draminski Comparison of California mastitis test and Draminski mastitis detector as on-farm methods for monitoring udder health in lactating buffalo [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 55-60]

  • Dressing percentage Effect of ground flaxseed on the carcass characteristics of Karadi male lambs [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 93-98]

  • Dressing percentage Broiler performance response to anise seed powder supplementation [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 131-135]

  • Drinking Water Control of biofilm-producing Aeromonas bacteria in the water tanks and drinkers of broiler poultry farms using chitosan nanoparticle-based coating thyme oil [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 659-669]

  • Drug analysis Thin layer chromatographic investigation of some veterinary drugs [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 53-55]

  • Drug resistance Clinical and molecular identification of ruling Theileria annulata strains in cattle calves in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 115-119]

  • Duck Morphometrical and Histochemical study of glandular stomach (Proventriculus) in local domestic male ducks (Anas Platyrhynchos) [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 65-71]

  • Duck Histomorphological and carbohydrate histochemical study of the pancreas in native ducks (Anas Platyrhynchos) [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1103-1110]

  • Duck isolate Exploration of local isolate of highly pathogenic avian influenza clade 2.3.2.1 as vaccine candidate to prevent mass outbreak in East Java [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 1-7]

  • Ducks Incidence of internal parasites of the slaughtered local breeds of ducks and geese [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 39-44]

  • Ducks Survey and diagnostic study of Eimeria truncata in geese and ducks [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 21-27]

  • Ductal system Morphometrical and histochemical foundation of pancreas and ductal system in white-eared bulbul (Pycnonotus leucotis) [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 99-104]

  • Dufazan Detection of resistance against anti-helminths drugs in gastrointestinal nematodes of calves using fecal egg count reduction test FECRT [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 283-288]

  • Duhok Molecular fingerprinting of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from human and poultry in Duhok, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 99-103]

  • Duhok Genotyping of avian infectious bronchitis virus in broiler farms in Duhok province, north of Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 171-175]

  • Duhok Molecular characterization of Fasciola spp. from ruminants in Duhok province using the ITS1 ribosomal DNA marker [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 315-323]

  • Duhok abattoir Detection of multiple presence of antibiotic residues in slaughtered sheep at Duhok abattoir, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 49-55]

  • Dukan lake Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in common carp fish (Cyprinus carpio) and its relationship with the protein content [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 173-178]

  • Dump zones Histopathological study of sheep lung roaming in dump zones [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 151-160]

  • Dystocia Uterine rupture with alive twins in a Holstein Frisian cow: a case report [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 27-28]

  • Dystocia Schistosomus reflexus foetus in cross breed Iraqi cow: a case report [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 103-104]

  • Dystocia Alteration of serum haptoglobin concentration in normal parturition and dystocia affected cows [Volume 30, Issue 1, 2016, Page 19-22]

E

  • Ear mange A Comparative pharmacological study on moxidectin and propolis ointment in rabbits naturally infested with Psoroptes cuniculi [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 725-731]

  • ECG Reproductive performance improvement in primiparous lactating Holstein cows by different hormonal treatments [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 85-87]

  • Echinococcus Genotyping of cystic echinococcosis isolates from clinical samples of human and domestic animals [Volume 30, Issue 2, 2016, Page 33-39]

  • Echinococcus granulosus Nad1 gene analysis of Echinococcus granulosus from sheep in Aqrah city, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 341-345]

  • Echinococcus granulosus Application of ultrasound contra infection with secondary hydatidosis in mice [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 397-403]

  • Echinococcus granulosus Effect of ultrasound on protoscoleces of Echinococcus granulosus in vitro and in vivo [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 1-5]

  • Echinococcus granulosus Perturbation of liver function markers and serum electrolytes associated with Echinococcus granulosus infection in sheep [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 65-69]

  • Echinococcus granulosus Effect of selenium nanoparticles against protoscoleces of Echinococcus granulosus in vitro and hydatid cysts in mice [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 195-202]

  • E. coioides Infections and molecular characterization of anisakid nematodes from two species of marine fish northwest Arabian gulf [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 489-497]

  • E. coli Molecular characterization of enterohemorrhagic E. coli O157 and O153 isolated from tissue camel and human stool samples in Al-Diwaniyah, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 81-86]

  • E. coli Extraction and purification of lipopolysaccharide from Escherichia coli (local Isolate) and study its pyrogenic activity [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 45-51]

  • E. coli RAPD-PCR and phylogenetic analysis of E. coli isolated from human and cattle urinary tract infections [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 59-66]

  • E. coli Molecular characterization and phylogenetic analysis of Escherichia coli isolated from milk of cattle affected by mastitis [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 251-254]

  • E. coli The molecular identification of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) isolated from meat and meat products [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 9-15]

  • E. coli Prevalence of resistance and virulence genes in Escherichia coli isolates from diarrheic dogs [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 355-361]

  • E. coli Detection of some virulence gene Stx1, Stx2, and rfb of Escherichia coli isolated from fish in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 453-457]

  • E. coli Risk factors affect prevalence of diarrheal enter- pathogens in children, calves and broiler chickens in Assiut, Egypt [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 561-571]

  • E. coli Genetic diversity of Escherichia coli harboring virulence gene Stx1 and Stx2 isolated from common carp fish in Nineveh Governorate using ERIC-PCR [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 701-705]

  • E. coli Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Piper betle exhibit high antimicrobial activity against Salmonella enteritidis and E. coli [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 759-763]

  • E. coli O157:H7 Molecular detection of rfbO157, shiga toxins and hemolysin genes for Escherichia coli O157: H7 from canine feces in Tikrit and Mosul cities, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 325-329]

  • Economic loss The effect of retained placenta on the reproductive performance and its economic losses in a Holstein dairy herd [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 359-365]

  • E. diacanthus Infections and molecular characterization of anisakid nematodes from two species of marine fish northwest Arabian gulf [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 489-497]

  • EGFR Study the effect of isolated human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER2) from plasma on histopathological aspects in some organs of adult female albino rats [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 91-100]

  • Egg Quality The effect of different laboratorial concentrations of ammonia on interior egg quality ,chick embryo vitality and hatchability in broiler breeder eggs [Volume 20, Issue 2, 2006, Page 183-189]

  • E. granulosus Variations in the viability and macromolecules concentration of E. granulosus protoscolices isolated from ruminants consequence treatment with Nigella sativa seed's oil (In vitro study) [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 227-234]

  • E. granulosus Secondary bacterial infection of hydatid cysts infected livestock animals (In vitro study) [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 761-768]

  • Egypt Use molecular techniques as an alternative tool for diagnosis and characterization of Theileria equi [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 5-11]

  • Egypt Risk factors Prevalence and risk factors of bovine tuberculosis in dairy cattle farms in Egypt [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 351-359]

  • EHV-2 Development of in-house Taqman qPCR assay to detect equine herpesvirus-2 in Al-Qadisiyah city [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 365-371]

  • Eimeria Molecular study to detect the Eimeria species in sheep in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 377-381]

  • Eimeria species Phynotypic and genotypic identification of Eimeria species in backyard chicken in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 41-46]

  • Eimeria truncata Survey and diagnostic study of Eimeria truncata in geese and ducks [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 21-27]

  • Electrical stimulation Assessment of the analgesic effect of Alpha-lipoic acid by three acute pain models [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 803-807]

  • Electroacupuncture Using acupuncture and electroacupuncture in the treatment of laminitis in racing horses: a comparative study [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 15-21]

  • Electrolytes Measurements and evaluation of some electrolytes concentrations in spleens of imported sheep to Sulaimani province [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 415-418]

  • Electrolytes Perturbation of liver function markers and serum electrolytes associated with Echinococcus granulosus infection in sheep [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 65-69]

  • Electrolytes alterations Haematological, oxidative stress and electrolyte alterations in puppies with canine parvoviral enteritis [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 65-69]

  • Electrostimulation Analgesic effect of silymarin in chicks [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 273-276]

  • ELISA Use of Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay for detection of aflatoxin M1 in milk powder [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 39-42]

  • ELISA Detection of streptomycin residues in local meat of bovine and ovine [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 43-46]

  • ELISA Aflatoxin B1 residues in imported and local broiler,s breast and thigh muscle in Kurdistan region [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015]

  • ELISA Serodiagnosis of Toxocariasis by ELISA test using anti- T. canis IgG antibodies in stray dogs compared to PCR [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 367-370]

  • ELISA The serological diagnosis of canine Leishmaniasis by using ELISA in Nineveh province [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 111-114]

  • ELISA Molecular detection and seroprevalence of Toxoplasmosis in free range local chickens (Gallus domesticus) in Duhok province, Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 247-252]

  • ELISA Follow up the antibodies titer against Newcastle disease virus in broiler breeders using ELISA test [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 295-299]

  • ELISA Clinical, serological and antigenic study of feline panleukopenia virus in cats in Baghdad, Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 435-439]

  • ELISA Detection of multiple presence of antibiotic residues in slaughtered sheep at Duhok abattoir, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 49-55]

  • ELISA Detection of Toxoplasma gondii-specific immunoglobulin (IgG) antibodies in meat juice of beef [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 319-324]

  • ELISA Seroprevalence of Neospora caninum infections in cattle in Kirkuk province [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 331-334]

  • ELISA Molecular and serological typing of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotypes currently circulating in Egypt [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 581-588]

  • ELISA Diagnosis of brucellosis in sheep and goats raw milk by fast and reliable techniques [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 663-668]

  • ELISA Comparison study between the efficacy of immune complex and conventionally live vaccine against Gumboro disease in broilers [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 627-632]

  • ELISA Seroprevalence of Babesia bigemina and Anaplasma marginale in domestic animals in Erbil, Iraq [Volume 26, Suppl. III, 2012, Page 109-114]

  • ELISA Detection of Maedi-visna virus in sheep in Nineveh province [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 61-64]

  • ELISA First serodetection and molecular phylogenetic documentation of Coxiella burnetii isolates from female camels in Wasit governorate, Iraq [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 47-52]

  • ELISA Subclinical ketosis: Prevalence and some risk factors in cross breed and imported breed dairy cows in Mosul, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 273-277]

  • ELISA Protoscolex metabolites of Coenurus cerebralis as antigenic-produced humoral immune response in sheep [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 297-301]

  • ELISA Sero-prevalence of hypodermosis in cattle in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 407-412]

  • ELISA Detection of Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale antibodies in broiler by ELISA in Mosul city [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 739-743]

  • ELISA Reliable and highly specific techniques for the detection of Brucella spp. antibodies in camel milk [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 795-800]

  • ELISA Isolation, characterization, and ELISA applications of alkaline phosphatase and acetylcholinesterase from Moniezia expansa [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 215-223]

  • ELSA Using T cell lymphokines to enhance the immune response against Newcastle disease in vaccinated broiler chickens fed naturally contaminated diet with different mycotoxins [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 427-433]

  • Embryo Assessment of different methods of bovine oocytes collection, maturation and Invitro fertilization of abattoir specimens [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 55-65]

  • Embryo Effect of boron on some organs of pregnant BALB/c mice [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 633-642]

  • Embryo Histogenesis of the rabbit liver (pars hepatica) with particular reference to the portal area [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 177-182]

  • Embryonated chicken eggs Isolation and detection of reovirus from arthritis in chickens [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 59-63]

  • Embryonated chikcen egg Propagation of Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium in embryonated chicken egg [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 81-86]

  • Embryos Pathological study of intrauterine infection to embryos by Encephalitozoon cuniculi spores in pregnant mice [Volume 30, Issue 2, 2016, Page 49-54]

  • Emerging zoonotic pathogens Fecal and gastric fluid microbiome profiles in the indopacific bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops aduncus) [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 151-159]

  • Encephalitozoon cuniculi The first unequivocal report of Encephalitozoon cuniculi in rabbits and Encephalitozoon intestinalis in cattle in Mosul city-Iraq [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015, Page 19-26]

  • Encephalitozoon cuniculi Pathological study of intrauterine infection to embryos by Encephalitozoon cuniculi spores in pregnant mice [Volume 30, Issue 2, 2016, Page 49-54]

  • Endocrine A gross anatomical and histological study of pancreas in adult Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 175-180]

  • Endocrine Histomorphological and carbohydrate histochemical study of the pancreas in native ducks (Anas Platyrhynchos) [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1103-1110]

  • Endometritis Detection of endometritis using uterine cytobrush and ultrasonography in mares [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 39-44]

  • Endometrium The endometrial expression level of estrogen-α and VEGF-A in female rats administered with a low dose of estrogen in early clomiphene citrate therapy [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 223-228]

  • Endoparasite Detection of endoparasites in mackerel tuna (Euthynnus affinis) in north Sumatra province, Indonesia [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 519-524]

  • Energy drink Histopathological changes in kidney and pancreas induced by energy drinks in adult male rats [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 111-116]

  • Entamoeba histolytica Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of Entamoeba histolytica in cattle in Al-Diwaniyah governorate, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 697-700]

  • Entamoeba spp The genotype of Entamoeba histolytica in bloody diarrhea samples of humans, cows and sheep [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 453-458]

  • Enteritis The effect of pisang ambon (Musa paradisiaca L.) stem extract on the regulation of IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α in rats’ enteritis [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 407-413]

  • Enterobacter Cloacae complex Conventional and molecular identification of Enterobacter cloacae that carries SHV-related extended-spectrum-β-lactamase gene from bat intestinal contents [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 147-152]

  • Enterobacteriaceae Detection of CTX-M gene in extended spectrum β-lactamases producing Enterobacteriaceae isolated from bovine milk [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 397-402]

  • Enterococcus Isolation and characterization of antibiotics resistance Enterococcus faecium from mastitic cow's milk [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 21-27]

  • Enterotoxaemia Isolation of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria from suspected enterotoxaemia cases in lambs [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 29-32]

  • Enterotoxins genes Isolation and molecular detection of enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus from raw milk of cows [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 137-141]

  • Environment Mini Review: Current tick control strategies in Pakistan are possible environmental risks [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 81-86]

  • Environment A study of the gastrointestinal parasites in awassi sheep and surrounding environment [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 561-567]

  • Environmental stress Molecular characterization of heat shock protein 70 gene in Iraqi buffalo [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 139-143]

  • Enzymatic and hematological study Biochemical and behavioral responses in carp fish exposed to tricaine methane sulfonate (MS-222) as anesthetic drug under transport conditions [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 719-723]

  • Eosin Standard techniques for formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue: A Pathologist’s perspective [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 127-135]

  • Eperythrozoon Diagnosis of some blood parasites in cattle and sheep in Mosul, Iraq [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 57-61]

  • Epidemiological Epidemiological, diagnostic and therapeutic study for mange in sheep of Anbar province- Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 1-7]

  • Epidemiological analysis Epidemiological Analysis for medical records of Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Mosul during 2017 to 2019 [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 541-548]

  • Epidemiology Epidemiological aspects of some equine viral diseases [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 121-127]

  • Epididymis Histopathological alterations of male and female reproductive systems induced by alloxan in rats [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 223-226]

  • Epididymis The impact of nano zinc oxide particles on the histology of the male reproductive system of adult male rabbits [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 105-113]

  • Epithelium thickness The effect of nicotine per inhalation on the diameter and epithelium thickness of the seminiferous tubules of rats [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 209-215]

  • Equine Use molecular techniques as an alternative tool for diagnosis and characterization of Theileria equi [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 5-11]

  • Equine Detection of microfilaria infection in horses in Mosul city [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 23-26]

  • Equine Detection of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in horses in Mosul, Iraq [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 39-41]

  • Equines Prevalence and molecular studies on Echinococcus equinus isolated from necropsied donkeys [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 101-106]

  • Equines Epidemiological aspects of some equine viral diseases [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 121-127]

  • Equine small intestine Levels of disaccharidases in the brush border membrane of equine small intestine [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 197-201]

  • Equine viruses Role of evolutionary epidemiology in the determination of the risk factors associated with some equine viral diseases [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 143-150]

  • Erbil Governorate Reliable and highly specific techniques for the detection of Brucella spp. antibodies in camel milk [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 795-800]

  • ERIC PCR Multidrug-resistant and clonal dispersion of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli from ready-to-eat meat products in Duhok province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 275-282]

  • ERIC-PCR Genetic diversity and clonal relatedness of Aeromonas hydrophila strains isolated from hemorrhagic septicemia’s cases in common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) farms [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 643-648]

  • ERIC-PCR Genetic diversity of Escherichia coli harboring virulence gene Stx1 and Stx2 isolated from common carp fish in Nineveh Governorate using ERIC-PCR [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 701-705]

  • Eruca sativa Effect of adding Eruca sativa in common carp on growth criteria, feed utilization and chemical composition [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 107-113]

  • ESBL Detection of the extended spectrum β-lactamase produced by Escherichia coli from dairy cows by using the Vitek-2 method in Tulungagung regency, Indonesia [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 203-207]

  • ESBL Multi-drug resistance profile of extended spectrum β-Lactamases producing Escherichia coli isolated from sheep in Mosul city [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 37-40]

  • ESBL Phenotypic characterization and antibiogram of extended spectrum ß-lactamase (ESBL)/AmpC-producing Escherichia coli isolated from sheep [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 303-307]

  • ESBL Molecular detection of ESBL/AmpC ß-Lactamase Escherichia coli isolated from sheep in Mosul city [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 387-392]

  • ESBL Multi-drug resistant phenotypes of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing E. coli from layer chickens [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 945-951]

  • ESBL-E Detection of CTX-M gene in extended spectrum β-lactamases producing Enterobacteriaceae isolated from bovine milk [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 397-402]

  • ESBLs Molecular characterization of extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from cows in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 375-380]

  • ESBLs E. coli Detection of extended spectrum beta lactam producing Escherichia coli isolated from Cyprinus carpio in Mosul city [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 85-89]

  • Escherichia coli Detection of Escherichia coli hlyA gene and Staphylococcus aureus Sea gene in raw milk of buffaloes using RT-PCR technique in AL- Qadisiyah province [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 87-91]

  • Escherichia coli The effect of thyme (Thymus daenensis) supplement on growth and hygienic parameters of broilers meat [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 87-92]

  • Escherichia coli Multi-drug resistance profile of extended spectrum β-Lactamases producing Escherichia coli isolated from sheep in Mosul city [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 37-40]

  • Escherichia coli The effect of lipopolysaccharide extracted from Escherichia coli on total WBCs, granulocytes and on phagocytic activity in female rats [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 285-289]

  • Escherichia coli Phenotypic characterization and antibiogram of extended spectrum ß-lactamase (ESBL)/AmpC-producing Escherichia coli isolated from sheep [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 303-307]

  • Escherichia coli Molecular detection of ESBL/AmpC ß-Lactamase Escherichia coli isolated from sheep in Mosul city [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 387-392]

  • Escherichia coli Isolation and molecular identification of Escherichia coli strain from fish available in farms and local markets in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 431-435]

  • Escherichia coli Characterization and phylogenetics of beta-lactamase Temoneira gene in Escherichia coli of the Bali cattle on Lombok island, Indonesia [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 487-493]

  • ESCR E. coli Molecular characterization of extended spectrum cephalosporin resistant Escherichia coli isolated from dogs [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 473-478]

  • Esophageal diverticulum Pathological study of some esophageal lesions of slaughtered sheep in Mosul abattoir [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 145-151]

  • Esophagus Pathological study of some esophageal lesions of slaughtered sheep in Mosul abattoir [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 145-151]

  • Esophagus Comparative anatomical, histometrical, and histochemical study of esophagus between ring-necked parakeet (Psittacula krameri) and black-shouldered kite (Elanus caeruleus) [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 737-743]

  • Esophagus The histological and histochemical features of the esophagus in local breed dogs (Canis familiaris) [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1069-1074]

  • Estragole Estragole: A review of its pharmacology, effect on animal health and performance, toxicology, and market regulatory issues [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 537-546]

  • Estrogen Effect of buck’s body weight on some reproductive parameters and it’s relation with sexual behavior [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 733-737]

  • Estrogen Effect of estrogens level on the fracture healing of tibia bone after ovariectomy and ovariohysterectomy in female dogs [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 921-928]

  • Estrogen receptor α The endometrial expression level of estrogen-α and VEGF-A in female rats administered with a low dose of estrogen in early clomiphene citrate therapy [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 223-228]

  • Estrous cycle Seasonal morphometric and functional changes of thyroid gland and relationship with thr1 and thr2 genes expression in queen ovary [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 97-102]

  • Estrus cycles A study of the level of glucose in fertile and infertile buffalo [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 165-168]

  • Estrus synchronization Induction of estrus using human menopausal gonadotrophin in Iraqi Awassi ewes [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 529-533]

  • ETEC Multidrug-resistant and clonal dispersion of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli from ready-to-eat meat products in Duhok province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 275-282]

  • Ethanol Pathological and histomorphometric study of comparative gastric ulcer induced by indomethacin, aspirin, and ethanol in rats [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 339-346]

  • Ethidium Bromide Ovario-utero protective effect of silymarin in ethidium bromide treated female rats [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 213-211]

  • Ethiopia Therapeutic trial on clinical cases of impactive and spasmodic colic in donkeys in Gondar, northwest Ethiopia [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 795-802]

  • Ethyl acetate extract Bronchodilator activity of ethyl acetate extract of Nigella sativa [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 145-149]

  • Ethylene glycol Efficacy of Urtiea dicica extract for amelioration of brain lesions induced by ethylene glycol in male rabbits [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 485-488]

  • Evaluation Evaluation the safety and synergistic effect of NiFe2O4 nanoparticles with antibiotic against Pseudomonas aeruginosa [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 71-77]

  • Ewe Antioxidant status in pregnant ewes vaccinated with Rev 1 against brucellosis [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 15-19]

  • Ewe Ovarian lesions in non pregnant ewes in Mosul city [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 43-49]

  • Ewe Necropsy findings and histopathological analysis of a terminal stage ewe from a herd with sudden deaths in Mosul [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 599-604]

  • Ewe lambs Radiographic and ultrasonic study of pelvic bones in awassi ewes and local she goat and relationship with age of sexual puberty [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 627-632]

  • Ewe lambs Relationship between the leptin, progesterone, body weight, and onset of puberty in ewe lambs [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 833-837]

  • Excision wounds Evaluation of histopathological and healing potentials of the full-thickness cutaneous wound for a topical ointment formulation containing extract of bark Quercus aegilops in mice [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 121-128]

  • Exercise Effect of endurance exercise on sweat constituents of athletic Iraqi Arabian horses [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 95-100]

  • Exocrine A gross anatomical and histological study of pancreas in adult Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 175-180]

  • Exogenous Effect of exogenous oxytocin on the expression of oxytocin receptor gene and uterine involution in local Iraqi cows [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1125-1132]

  • Exome sequencing Exome sequencing and SDH (A, B) immunohistochemistry of canine Pheochromocytomas [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 143-150]

  • Experimental infection Pathological findings associated with experimental Mycobaterium bovis infection in rabbits [Volume 19, Issue 1, 2005, Page 83-89]

  • External meatus Comparative study of the auricle and external acoustic meatus of the cattle and buffalo [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 65-72]

  • Extract Study of histopathological and biochemical effect of Punica granatum L. extract on streptozotocin -induced diabetes in rabbits [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 189-194]

  • Extract Evaluation of the role of green synthesis silver nanoparticles as adsorbents and protective agents for broilers tissue treated with aflatoxin [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 675-681]

  • Eye Isolation and identification of pathogenic fungi from the infected eye of sheep and cattle [Volume 20, Issue 2, 2006, Page 213-218]

  • Eye Histomorphometrical and histochemical postnatal development of cornea in indigenous rabbits [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 291-296]

F

  • Faecal examination The prevalence of parasitic infections among slaughtered animals in mechanical abattoir [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 469-477]

  • Families Prevalence of some species of flies in cowsheds in Mosul city [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 991-997]

  • Farms Multi-drug resistant phenotypes of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing E. coli from layer chickens [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 945-951]

  • Farm workers Detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in broiler and broilers farm workers in Duhok, Iraq by using conventional and PCR techniques [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 15-22]

  • Farm workers Molecular fingerprinting of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from human and poultry in Duhok, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 99-103]

  • Fasciola gigantica Genotyping study of Fasciola gigantica isolated from cattle in Aqrah city, Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 123-127]

  • Fasciola gigantica Indicative parameters for liver fascioliasis at pre-clinical and clinical phases in cows from Al-Diwaniyah city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 653-657]

  • Fasciola spp Molecular characterization of Fasciola spp. from ruminants in Duhok province using the ITS1 ribosomal DNA marker [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 315-323]

  • Fasciolosis Fasciolosis: grading the histopathological lesions in naturally infected bovine liver in Mosul city [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 379-387]

  • Fattening calves Effect of supplementation of rumen protected methionine and lysine on some physiological aspects of fattening calves [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 177-181]

  • Fatty change Prevalence and pathological evaluation of hepatic fatty change in cattle slaughtered at Urmia Abattoir, Northwest Iran [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 45-50]

  • Fatty liver Ultrasound image analysis for detection of fatty liver and grading its severity in buffaloes at Mosul, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 507-511]

  • FCR The effect of stocking density and the application of Nitrobacter as ammonia decomposer in aquaponics system of Clarias gariepinus with water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 217-222]

  • Feases Isolation and identification of Salmonella typhimurium bacteria with detection of type-1 fimbriae coding gene by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 195-199]

  • Feed Analyses of mycotoxins in broiler’s local and imported feeds [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 267-271]

  • Feeding Frequency Effects of feeding frequency on common carp ( Cyprinus carpio L.) growth rate [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 1-4]

  • Feed supplementation Effect of adding carrots as feed supplementation on reproductive performance in Awassi ewes [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 413-417]

  • Feed utilization Effect of adding Eruca sativa in common carp on growth criteria, feed utilization and chemical composition [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 107-113]

  • Feline calicivirus Molecular investigation of feline calicivirus in cats in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 731-735]

  • Feline otitis externa Isolation and molecular detection of Staphylococcus aureus from feline otitis in Baghdad [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 141-146]

  • Feline panleukopenia Clinical, serological and antigenic study of feline panleukopenia virus in cats in Baghdad, Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 435-439]

  • Female goat lambs Radiographic and ultrasonic study of pelvic bones in awassi ewes and local she goat and relationship with age of sexual puberty [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 627-632]

  • Fertility A study of the level of glucose in fertile and infertile buffalo [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 165-168]

  • Fertility Curative role of silymarin against reproductive toxicity of the female system during the critical periods of life [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 183-189]

  • Fertilty,, Study the role of KSper current for controlling the Ca2+ influx and intracellular pHi in mouse spermatozoa by dominating membrane potentials [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 689-697]

  • Fetal Fetal anomalies in prolonged gestation in Awassi ewe: A case report [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 195-197]

  • Fetal orbit Assessment of fetal sex determined and eye diameter to detection of gestational age in mares by ultrasonography [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 129-134]

  • Fetal viability Transabdominal ultrasonographic determination of pregnancy and fetal viability in buffalo cows [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 233-238]

  • Fetal viability Transabdominal ultrasonographic determination of pregnancy and fetal viability in mares [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 791-796]

  • Fetuses Histopathological and some biochemical effects of platinum drug on the liver and kidney of pregnant mice Mus musculus and their embryos [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 291-300]

  • F. hepatica Indicative parameters for liver fascioliasis at pre-clinical and clinical phases in cows from Al-Diwaniyah city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 653-657]

  • Fibroblast Growth Factor-23 Comparison of fibroblast-growth factor-23 level between males and female’s broiler using HPLC technique [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 957-961]

  • Filtration Detection of Shigella in raw bovine milk by polymerase chain reaction [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 9-16]

  • Fish Detection and pathogenicity of Listeria monocytogenes in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fish in Baghdad, Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 311-316]

  • Fish Detection of extended spectrum beta lactam producing Escherichia coli isolated from Cyprinus carpio in Mosul city [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 85-89]

  • Fish Morphology of the gastrointestinal tract of cascadura fish (Hoplosternum littorale) and its pathogenic fauna [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 603-609]

  • Fish Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in Bothriocephalus acheilognathi cestoda and the definitive host, Cyprinus carpio (L. 1758) [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 899-905]

  • Fish Immunohistochemically and semi-quantities analysis of carp gills exposed to sodium thiosulfate [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 191-198]

  • Fishermen Prevalence, antibiotic resistance, and phylogenetic analysis of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from various sources in Egypt: fish, vegetables, and humans [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 15-27]

  • Fish farm Isolation and molecular identification of Escherichia coli strain from fish available in farms and local markets in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 431-435]

  • Fish farms Genetic diversity and clonal relatedness of Aeromonas hydrophila strains isolated from hemorrhagic septicemia’s cases in common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) farms [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 643-648]

  • Fish farms Detection of some virulence gene Stx1, Stx2, and rfb of Escherichia coli isolated from fish in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 453-457]

  • Fish farms Genetic diversity of Escherichia coli harboring virulence gene Stx1 and Stx2 isolated from common carp fish in Nineveh Governorate using ERIC-PCR [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 701-705]

  • Fishmeal Effect of replacing fishmeal with Spirulina spp. on carcass chemical composition of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • Fish Skin, Enzymatic Explants Evaluation of the isolation protocols of primary cells from common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) skin tissue [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 119-125]

  • Flavonoids Anticonvulsant and antioxidant activities of crude flavonoid extract of Matricaria chamomilla L. against convulsions induced by pentylenetetrazole in chicks [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1089-1095]

  • Flaxseed Powder Effect of ground flaxseed on the carcass characteristics of Karadi male lambs [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 93-98]

  • Fleas Epidemiological study and identification of some flea species infesting wild rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and cape hares (Lepus capensis) in northern Algeria [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 159-165]

  • Floatation Major helminth parasites of Camelus dromedarius in afar pastoral area of Ethiopia [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 117-122]

  • Floatation Coprological detection of Toxocariosis in domicile and stray dogs and cats in Sulaimani province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1047-1051]

  • Fluconazole Prevalence and some risk factors with therapeutic trial of sheep dermatophytosis in Egypt [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 31-38]

  • Flumazenil The neurobehavioral effects of flumazenil in chicks [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 783-788]

  • Flumazenil Acute toxicity events of ivermectin in chicks’ model [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1119-1124]

  • Flunixin Hepato-renal and hematological effects of flunixin and silymarin coadministration in rats [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 367-373]

  • Fluorescent microscope Histological and fluorescent microscope studies for evaluation carbon accumulation in trachea and bronchi of birds in polluted area in Wasit province [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 135-141]

  • Fluoroquinolone Synthesis of new 1,2 dithiol 3-thione fluoroquinolone esters possessing anticancer activity in-vitro [Volume 26, Suppl. IV, 2012, Page 115-121]

  • Fluoxetine Histopathological effect of fluoxetine drug on the brain of pregnant mice and their embryos [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 71-76]

  • Fluoxetine Toxicity of fluoxetine hydrochloride on some selected vital organs of pregnant mice Mus musculus [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 239-243]

  • Flurbiprofen Flurbiprofen: Determination of safety profile, analgesic effect, and interaction with lipoic acid in murine [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 447-452]

  • FMD Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) based detection and economic impact of foot-and-mouth disease in District Faisalabad, Pakistan during the year 2015 [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 1-6]

  • FMD Evaluation of cardiac enzymes and acute phase response as biomarkers for rapid diagnosis of myocarditis in calves with FMD [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 31-37]

  • FMD Genetic characterization and phylogenetic analysis of foot and mouth disease virus vaccine strains and recent field isolate [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 347-354]

  • FMDV Molecular and serological typing of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotypes currently circulating in Egypt [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 581-588]

  • FMD virus serotype Asia1 Molecular diagnosis and genetic relationship of foot and mouth disease virus serotype Asia1/Basne/Sul/2015 [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 67-73]

  • FMDV vaccine strains Genetic characterization and phylogenetic analysis of foot and mouth disease virus vaccine strains and recent field isolate [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 347-354]

  • Foetus Schistosomus reflexus foetus in cross breed Iraqi cow: a case report [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 103-104]

  • Follicle diameter Prediction of the ovulation time in estrus mares by different methods [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 621-626]

  • Follicular fluid Reproductive hormones profile of Iraqi Awassi ewes immunized against synthetic inhibin-α subunit or steroid-free bovine follicular fluid [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 123-128]

  • Follicular fluid Effect of steroid-free follicular fluid antiserum on reproductive endocrine profile at estrous and metestrus phases in female rats [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 273-278]

  • Food additives Histological effects of the interaction of some food additives on the kidney of pregnant rats [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 633-640]

  • Food safety Detection of positive mecA Staphylococcus aureus isolated from meat and butchers’ shops by using PCR technique in Mosul city [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 865-870]

  • Food safety practices Food safety and sanitation practices survey in very small halal and non-halal beef slaughterhouses in the United States [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 1-7]

  • Foreign body Metalic foreign body in the liver of cow: a case report [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014, Page 109-111]

  • Forensic Inflammatory mediators and inflammatory cells as reliable molecular targets for assessment of wound age and vitality in rats [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 405-411]

  • Forensic Detection of mutton meat fraud with beef meat as a genetically related species using multiplex PCR and GC/MS/MS [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 643-650]

  • Formalin Standard techniques for formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue: A Pathologist’s perspective [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 127-135]

  • Formalin test Assessment of the analgesic effect of Alpha-lipoic acid by three acute pain models [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 803-807]

  • Formalin test The anti-inflammatory effect of allopurinol and diclofenac in chicks’ model [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 547-553]

  • FPL virus Clinical, serological and antigenic study of feline panleukopenia virus in cats in Baghdad, Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 435-439]

  • Fracture Effects of platelets rich fibrin and bone marrow on the healing of distal radial fracture in local dogs: Comparative study [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 419-425]

  • Fracture A retrospective study of fracture cases managed in the veterinary teaching hospital; 181 cases (2014-2018) [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 23-31]

  • Fracture A comparative study of nano magnesium oxide versus platelets rich fibrin to repair the induced radial fracture in dogs [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 451-458]

  • Fracture Histopathological study about the effect of nano magnesium oxide and platelets rich fibrin on the healing of induced radial fracture in dogs [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 123-130]

  • Fracture Healing The effects of thyroidectomy on healing fracture in rabbits model [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 563-570]

  • Fracture Healing Effect of estrogens level on the fracture healing of tibia bone after ovariectomy and ovariohysterectomy in female dogs [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 921-928]

  • Fractures Bone fractures in dogs: A retrospective study of 129 dogs [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 401-405]

  • FSH Immunohistochemical expression levels of anterior pituitary LH, FSH and testicular testosterone of Allium sativum extract and thymoquinone in male treated rats [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 49-55]

  • FSH Effect of aqueous rosemary extract on some sexual hormones in male rats with high thyroxine level [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 369-373]

  • FSH Bioceutical role of nano and organic selenium on certain reproductive value of laying hen during force molting [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 325-331]

  • FSH hypersecretion Effect of steroid-free follicular fluid antiserum on reproductive endocrine profile at estrous and metestrus phases in female rats [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 273-278]

  • FST The antidepressant effect of tramadol and chlorpheniramine combination in mice model [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 7-13]

G

  • Gallant+® Effect of supplementation of encapsulated organic acid and essential oil Gallant+® on some physiological parameters of Japanese quails [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 181-188]

  • Gallus banikaval Comparative morphometric study of shank bone in the tom (Meleagris gallopavo) and local cock (Gallus banikaval) [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 57-64]

  • Gambusia affinis Determination of the lethal concentration 50% (LC50) of lead chloride and its accumulation in different organs of Gambusia affinis fish [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 361-367]

  • Gamma-herpesvirus Development of in-house Taqman qPCR assay to detect equine herpesvirus-2 in Al-Qadisiyah city [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 365-371]

  • Garlic juice Potency of garlic juice supplementation on some physiological and immunological aspects of broilers exposed to heat stress [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 107-112]

  • Garlic oil Effect of garlic oil nanoemulsion against multidrug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from broiler [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 877-888]

  • Gas liquid chromatography Effects of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) barks of root and stem (alcoholic extract) on the viability and fatty acids content of Echinococcus granulosus protoscolices in vitro study [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 189-194]

  • Gastric ulcers Pathological and histomorphometric study of comparative gastric ulcer induced by indomethacin, aspirin, and ethanol in rats [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 339-346]

  • Gastrointestinal Comparison of therapeutical efficacy of ivermectin and oxybendazole in treatment of draught Horses naturally infected with Gastrointestinal worms in mosul [Volume 20, Issue 1, 2006, Page 65-70]

  • Gastrointestinal microbiota Fecal and gastric fluid microbiome profiles in the indopacific bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops aduncus) [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 151-159]

  • Gatefloxacin Synthesis of new 1,2 dithiol 3-thione fluoroquinolone esters possessing anticancer activity in-vitro [Volume 26, Suppl. IV, 2012, Page 115-121]

  • GC­ MS Detection of the compounds produced from Rhizopus oryzae [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 611-617]

  • Gees Incidence of internal parasites of the slaughtered local breeds of ducks and geese [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 39-44]

  • Gender Morphometric characterization of purebred Arabian horses for galop racing (Born and raised in Algeria) [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 959-966]

  • Gene Molecular characterization and microbial resistance of different bacterial isolates in some dairy products [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 333-339]

  • General Anaesthesia Semen collection in Rusa timorensis under general anaesthesia by using ketamine-xylazine: Clinical study [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 197-205]

  • Genes Occurrences of E. coli in dromedary camels in some provinces in Iraq with a molecular study of E. coli O157:H7 [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 49-54]

  • Gene sequencing Molecular study and DNA sequence analysis of Theileria annulata in cattle in Al-Hilla, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 425-429]

  • Gene sequencing A new RT-PCR assay for the revealing of Newcastle disease viruses by designing a pair of universal primers [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 105-112]

  • Genetic distance Detection of similarity and genetic distance between Iraqi chicken varieties and different standard strains [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 333-337]

  • Genetic diversity Genetic diversity and clonal relatedness of Aeromonas hydrophila strains isolated from hemorrhagic septicemia’s cases in common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) farms [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 643-648]

  • Genetic diversity Using the pop-gene program to study two genetic sites of the growth hormone gene in Iraqi local sheep [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 37-41]

  • Genetic location Using the pop-gene program to study two genetic sites of the growth hormone gene in Iraqi local sheep [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 37-41]

  • Genetic profile Genotyping of Salmonella enterica strains from animal and human origin using three molecular techniques [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 531-538]

  • Genetic relationship Molecular diagnosis and genetic relationship of foot and mouth disease virus serotype Asia1/Basne/Sul/2015 [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 67-73]

  • Genetic similarity Detection of similarity and genetic distance between Iraqi chicken varieties and different standard strains [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 333-337]

  • Genetic similarity Molecular characterization of the 3'-UTRsequence of the interferon-gamma gene and its expression profile in the ocular conjunctiva of amazon buffaloes [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 885-892]

  • Genital organs Biometry of genital organs in Iraqi female buffalo [Volume 19, Issue 1, 2005, Page 77-81]

  • Genitourinary Pathological study of genitourinary invasion by Aspergillus flavus in male rats [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 87-94]

  • Genotyping The genotype of Entamoeba histolytica in bloody diarrhea samples of humans, cows and sheep [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 453-458]

  • Genotyping GnRHR gene polymorphism and its correlation with semen quality in Buffalo bulls (Bubalus bubalis) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 381-386]

  • Gentamicin Protective effect of Moringa oleifera leaves extract against gentamicin induced hepatic and nephrotoxicity in rats [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 129-135]

  • Germinated Barely Evaluation of blood, biochemical and biological effects of microalgae Chlorella and germinated barley powder as a source of prebiotic on common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 271-277]

  • Gestation Fetal anomalies in prolonged gestation in Awassi ewe: A case report [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 195-197]

  • Gestational age Estimation of gestational age in Shami goats based on transabdominal ultrasonographic measurements of fetal parameters [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 839-846]

  • Ghee The effects of ghee administration in comparison to sunflower seeds oil on liver tissue and some biochemical parameters in rats [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 241-248]

  • GH Gene Polymorphism of growth hormone gene in the artificial insemination result of Madura cattle with Limousin semen as a reference for genetic selection [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 113-118]

  • Ghrelin Ameliorative effects of curcumin on dehydroepiandrosterone-induced polycystic ovary syndrome in female rats [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 191-196]

  • Giemsa Comparison the efficiency of different techniques for the diagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii infection in slaughtered ewes [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 19-23]

  • GIF Gene Orf disease in local goat; clinical and phylogenetic study in Al-Qadisiyah governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 117-121]

  • Gills The role of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to alleviate copper sulfate toxicity in Cyprinus carpio [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 573-580]

  • GIT Morphology of the gastrointestinal tract of cascadura fish (Hoplosternum littorale) and its pathogenic fauna [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 603-609]

  • GIT nematodes Detection of resistance against anti-helminths drugs in gastrointestinal nematodes of calves using fecal egg count reduction test FECRT [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 283-288]

  • Glaucoma Trypsin dose optimization for glaucoma induction in rabbit model [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 107-113]

  • Glibenclamide Effect of soybean seeds alone or in combination with insulin or glibenclamide on serum lipid profiles in alloxan-induced diabetic rats [Volume 23, Issue 1, 2009, Page 17-23]

  • Glomeruli Anatomical and histological study of the kidney of the one-humped camel [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 73-79]

  • Glucocorticoid receptor beta Effect of bee venom on rat glucocorticoid receptor beta: a therapeutically model of rheumatoid arthritis [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 127-133]

  • Glucose Serum glucose concentration and lipid profile in racing horses [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 1-3]

  • Glucose Effect of Gundelia tournefortii on some biochemical parameters in dexamethasone-induced hyperglycemic and hyperlipidemic mice [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 73-79]

  • Glucose Misoprostol treatment of dystocia due to ringwomb in Awassi ewe: a case report [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 101-102]

  • Glucose Ameliorative effect of nano chromium on some hematological values and GLUT-2 in rabbits fed a high- Fat diet [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 775-780]

  • Glucose A study of the level of glucose in fertile and infertile buffalo [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 165-168]

  • GLUT-2 Ameliorative effect of nano chromium on some hematological values and GLUT-2 in rabbits fed a high- Fat diet [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 775-780]

  • Glutathione Effect of supplementation of encapsulated organic acid and essential oil Gallant+® on some physiological parameters of Japanese quails [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 181-188]

  • Glutathione Effect of vitamin C and acetylsalicylic acid supplementation on some hematological value, heat shock protein 70 concentration and growth hormone level in broiler exposed to heat stress [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 357-363]

  • Glutathione Evaluation of the antioxidant activity of Zingiber officinale alcoholic extract and vitamin e on liver damage induced by paracetamol drug in males of New Zealand rabbits [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 1-5]

  • Glutathione Supplementation of broiler drinking water with zinc sulfate and its impact on physiological performance [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 131-136]

  • Glycogen Effects of coriander, thyme, vanadyl and tungstate on some biochemical parameters in broiler chickens [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 71-75]

  • Glycyrrihiza glabra Effect of saponin extract of Glycyrrihiza glabra in activity of hepatic enzymes and some biochemical parameters in serum of adults ovariectomized female rats [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 411-415]

  • GnRH Reproductive performance improvement in primiparous lactating Holstein cows by different hormonal treatments [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 85-87]

  • GnRHR gene GnRHR gene polymorphism and its correlation with semen quality in Buffalo bulls (Bubalus bubalis) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 381-386]

  • Goat Comparative carbohydrate histochemical study of the trachea of native sheep and goat [Volume 20, Issue 1, 2006, Page 23-37]

  • Goat Molecular characterization and phylogenic analysis of Anaplasma spp. in small ruminants from Sulaymaniyah governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 15-20]

  • Goat Orf disease in local goat; clinical and phylogenetic study in Al-Qadisiyah governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 117-121]

  • Goat Effect of buck’s body weight on some reproductive parameters and it’s relation with sexual behavior [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 733-737]

  • Goat kids Early prediction of some kid body dimensions from maternal traits [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 205-207]

  • Goats Molecular differentiation of Thysaniezia (Helictometra) giardi and Moniezia species based on 18s rRNA gene in small ruminants [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 105-108]

  • Goats Prevalence of border disease virus in sheep and goats in Mosul, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 257-262]

  • Goats Vaginal bacteria flora concurred with vaginal sponges in black Iraqi goats [Volume 26, Suppl. IV, 2012, Page 123-124]

  • Goats Molecular detection of Trypanosoma species in sheep and goats in Mosul city [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 445-449]

  • Goats Measures of parasitism of the hard ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting goats Capra aegagrus in Basrah province, Iraq, with remarks on ecology [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 555-560]

  • Goats Effects of autologous bone marrow on the healing of long bones fractures reduced by external skeletal fixators in goats [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 963-969]

  • Goats Phenotypic and genotypic study of sarcocystosis in Iraqi domestic goats (Capra hircus) [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 29-35]

  • Gonadotropin Gonadotropin profile in experimentally induced hypothyroid and hyperthyroid cyclic female rats [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 745-751]

  • Gondar Therapeutic trial on clinical cases of impactive and spasmodic colic in donkeys in Gondar, northwest Ethiopia [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 795-802]

  • Gout The anti-inflammatory effect of allopurinol and diclofenac in chicks’ model [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 547-553]

  • Grading system Fasciolosis: grading the histopathological lesions in naturally infected bovine liver in Mosul city [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 379-387]

  • Grafting of cleft palate Palatoplasty using skin autograft and bovine skin xenograft for reconstituting an induced cleft in the hard palate of puppies: A comparative study [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 147-154]

  • Granulocyte The effect of lipopolysaccharide extracted from Escherichia coli on total WBCs, granulocytes and on phagocytic activity in female rats [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 285-289]

  • Granulomatous enteritis Detection of subclinical paratuberculosis in dairy cattle in Egypt [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 139-146]

  • Grapes seeds Experimental detection of antioxidant and atherogenic effects of grapes seeds extracts in rabbits [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 243-249]

  • Gromin Effect of some mycotoxin on growth performance and feed utilization of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 99-108]

  • Gross Pathological lesions of acute sodium chloride toxicity in common carp: Case report [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 417-419]

  • Growth Study of the relationship between the production of milk and some of its components with the growth of lambs in two breeds of Iraqi sheep [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 87-95]

  • Growth Impact of different artificial light intensities on some reproductive, productive performance aspects and blood picture of male quail [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 679-685]

  • Growth Effect of adding Eruca sativa in common carp on growth criteria, feed utilization and chemical composition [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 107-113]

  • Growth factors Effects of autologous platelet-rich plasma on skin healing in dogs [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 275-283]

  • Growth hormone Effect of supplementation of encapsulated organic acid and essential oil Gallant+® on some physiological parameters of Japanese quails [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 181-188]

  • Growth hormone Effect of vitamin C and acetylsalicylic acid supplementation on some hematological value, heat shock protein 70 concentration and growth hormone level in broiler exposed to heat stress [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 357-363]

  • Growth hormone Effect of sodium benzoate on some biochemical, physiological and histopathological aspects in adult male rats [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 267-272]

  • Growth performance Effects of feeding frequency on common carp ( Cyprinus carpio L.) growth rate [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 1-4]

  • Growth performance Commercial oil of Nigella sativa as growth promoter in lambs rations [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 199-204]

  • GSH Protective effect of aqueous extract of Alhagi maurorum in spermatogenesis and antioxidant status of adult rats exposed to carbon tetrachloride [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 1-7]

  • Gundelia tournefortii Effect of Gundelia tournefortii on some biochemical parameters in dexamethasone-induced hyperglycemic and hyperlipidemic mice [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 73-79]

H

  • H2O2 Effect of nefopam in normal chickens and its relationship to hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 7-12]

  • H2O2 Renal ameliorating effect of resveratrol in hydrogen peroxide induced male rats [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 571-577]

  • H2O2 Effects of hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress on the plasma concentration and pharmacokinetics of ketorolac in chicks [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 83-88]

  • H5N1 Using T cell lymphokines of hyperimmunized chickens with Salmonella pullorum to enhance immune response of layer hens against avian influenza [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 229-234]

  • Haematology Haematological, oxidative stress and electrolyte alterations in puppies with canine parvoviral enteritis [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 65-69]

  • Haemobartonella Diagnosis of some blood parasites in cattle and sheep in Mosul, Iraq [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 57-61]

  • Haemocyte Efficacy of vaccine from whole killed Vibrio alginolyticus cells on the immune response of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 37-44]

  • Haemonchus contortus Traditional and molecular diagnosis of Haemonchus contortus in sheep in Babylon province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 479-481]

  • Haemonchus contortus Molecular evaluation of E198A SNP in the iso-type 1 β – tubulin gene of Haemonchus contortus isolated from sheep in Al-Diwanyiah, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 89-94]

  • Haemonchus contortus In vitro and in vivo anthelmintic efficacy of condensed tannins extracted from the seeds of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) against Haemonchus contortus infection [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 229-237]

  • Haemoprotens Study on the blood protozoa in geese [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 23-27]

  • Halal meat Food safety and sanitation practices survey in very small halal and non-halal beef slaughterhouses in the United States [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 1-7]

  • Halal slaughterhouses Food safety and sanitation practices survey in very small halal and non-halal beef slaughterhouses in the United States [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 1-7]

  • Hamsters Comparative morphological and morphometrically study of the adrenal gland in adult males' squirrel (Sciurus anomalous) and hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 725-730]

  • Haplotypes Molecular characterization of the 3'-UTRsequence of the interferon-gamma gene and its expression profile in the ocular conjunctiva of amazon buffaloes [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 885-892]

  • Haptoglobin Alteration of serum haptoglobin concentration in normal parturition and dystocia affected cows [Volume 30, Issue 1, 2016, Page 19-22]

  • Hard tick Geographical distribution of ixodidae (hard ticks) in all provinces of Iraq [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 197-201]

  • Hard ticks A study on epidemiology of hard tick (Ixodidae) in sheep in Sulaimani governorate - Iraq [Volume 26, Suppl. III, 2012, Page 95-103]

  • Hard ticks Measures of parasitism of the hard ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting goats Capra aegagrus in Basrah province, Iraq, with remarks on ecology [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 555-560]

  • Hatchability The effect of different laboratorial concentrations of ammonia on interior egg quality ,chick embryo vitality and hatchability in broiler breeder eggs [Volume 20, Issue 2, 2006, Page 183-189]

  • Hatchery Application of magnetic technology in local quail house and hatchery on performance, reproductive and physiological traits under heat stress [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 259-266]

  • Hawshar dog Vulvar and vaginal tumors in Hawshar dogs [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 67-72]

  • HCG Reproductive performance improvement in primiparous lactating Holstein cows by different hormonal treatments [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 85-87]

  • HCG Effect of lecirelin acetate, hCG or progesterone administration on day 7 post-insemination on conception rate and progesterone concentration in cross-bred cattle [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 149-153]

  • H. detritum Genotypic analysis of ticks species infesting cattle in Al-Diwaniyah abattoir [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 673-677]

  • Healing Evaluation healing of jejunal anastomosis in preoperative dexamethasone treated dogs [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015]

  • Healing Effect of different suture materials on healing of blood vessels in dogs [Volume 26, Suppl. III, 2012, Page 77-82]

  • Healing Effect of Aloe vera gel on the healing of cutaneous wounds in donkeys [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 425-432]

  • Healing Experimental study of the effect of Plantago major leaves extract on contaminated excisional wound healing in rabbits [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 31-39]

  • Healing of cleft palate Using polypropylene mesh or ear cartilage autograft with mini screws for the treatment of induced cleft hard palate in puppies: A comparative study [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 125-132]

  • Healing of hard palate Palatoplasty using skin autograft and bovine skin xenograft for reconstituting an induced cleft in the hard palate of puppies: A comparative study [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 147-154]

  • Health-protective Estragole: A review of its pharmacology, effect on animal health and performance, toxicology, and market regulatory issues [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 537-546]

  • Heamotropic mycoplasma Prevalence and some risk factors of bovine heamotropic mycoplasma in Nineveh province - Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 427-431]

  • Heart Comparative histopathological effects of aqueous, hexane extracts of Iraqi sweet almond (Prunus amygdalus) with atorvastatin for treating hyperlipidemia induced in mice [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 13-21]

  • Heart Biochemical and histopathological study of thioredoxin reductase isolation from blood serum in normal and oxidative stress-exposed rats [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 115-124]

  • Heart Effect of levofloxacin on some body tissues in mice [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 109-111]

  • Heart Histopathological evaluation of lesions induced by dimethyl hydrazine in male rats [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 115-121]

  • Heart Impact of damiana (Turnera diffusa) against amitriptyline induced heart injury, dysfunctions and DNA damage in male rats [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 169-176]

  • Heat shock protien70 The moderating effect of Panax ginseng roots on the male reproductive system and heat shock protein 70 in heat-stressed Japanese quails [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 853-859]

  • Heavy infection Natural heavy infection with immature sarcocysts of Sarcocytis spp. in sheep in Mosul city: A case report [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 373-376]

  • Heavy metals Bioremediation of lead and cadmium and the strive role of Pediococcus pentosaceus probiotic [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 51-57]

  • Heavy metals Evaluation of the heavy metal content in the muscle tissue of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) reared in groundwater in Basrah province, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 157-161]

  • Heavy metals Evaluation of bacterial contaminants and heavy metals in cow and buffalo raw milk sold in Baghdad governorate [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 101-105]

  • Heavy Metals Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in common carp fish (Cyprinus carpio) and its relationship with the protein content [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 173-178]

  • Helminth Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in Bothriocephalus acheilognathi cestoda and the definitive host, Cyprinus carpio (L. 1758) [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 899-905]

  • Helminthes Prevalence of helminthes, pneumonia and hepatitis in Kirkuk slaughter house, Kirkuk, Iraq [Volume 26, Suppl. III, 2012, Page 83-88]

  • Helminths Gastrointestinal helminth parasites of dogs in rural areas of the north east of Algeria [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 93-98]

  • Helminths Molecular evaluation of E198A SNP in the iso-type 1 β – tubulin gene of Haemonchus contortus isolated from sheep in Al-Diwanyiah, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 89-94]

  • Hematological Effectiveness of using probiotic Batcinel-K® and CEVAC SET-K® vaccine on some blood parameters in chickens [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 611-616]

  • Hematological Hematological, biochemical, and histological alteration induced by nano silver material on male rats [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 707-717]

  • Hematological analysis Influence of chitosan on hematological and histopathological changes in mice infected with Brucella melitensis immunized with Rev - 1 vaccine [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 23-29]

  • Hematological values Assessment the level of some heavy metal in vital body fluids and blood parameters in lactating Awassi ewes [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 297-301]

  • Hematologic parameters Evaluation of performance rate, some hematological and biochemical parameters in Iranian Afshari breed fattened sheep fed diet containing Gundelia (Gundelia tournefortii L.) [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 33-38]

  • Hematology Pathological and biological effects of treatments with lambda-cyhalothrin in rabbits [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 443-450]

  • Hematology Effect of boron on some organs of pregnant BALB/c mice [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 633-642]

  • Hematology Effect of Oregostem® and imbalance diet on body performance and reproductive efficiency in male quails [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 29-37]

  • Hematology Effect of dietary BHA supplementation on certain physiological values in broiler chicken [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 815-819]

  • Hematology clinicopathological evaluation of some immunostimulants' effects in Barki lambs [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 765-773]

  • Hematoxylin Standard techniques for formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue: A Pathologist’s perspective [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 127-135]

  • Hemoglobin The relationship of hematological parameters with adaptation and reproduction in sheep; A review study [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 575-580]

  • Hemoparasites Hemoparasites effect on interferon-gamma and miRNA 125b expression in Bubalus bubalis [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 71-76]

  • Hepatoblasts Histogenesis of the rabbit liver (pars hepatica) with particular reference to the portal area [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 177-182]

  • Hepatoencephalopathy Development of an experimental hepatic encephalopathy in a rabbit model: Biochemical and immunohistochemical study [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 179-185]

  • Hepatotoxicity Comparative pharmacokinetic study of theaflavin in healthy and experimentally induced liver damage rabbits [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 235-242]

  • Hepatotoxicity Effects of methotrexate on hepatic and testicular tissues in male rabbits: Histological, hormonal and biochemical analysis [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 211-217]

  • Herbs Effect of aqueous rosemary extract on some sexual hormones in male rats with high thyroxine level [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 369-373]

  • Hereford calves Influence of TG5 and LEP gene polymorphism on quantitative and qualitative meat composition in beef calves [Volume 30, Issue 2, 2016, Page 41-48]

  • Hernioplasty An evaluation of Aloe vera leaves gel with polypropylene mesh to repair of ventro -lateral abdominal hernia in rams [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 19-25]

  • Hernioplasty Histopathological and immunohistochemical assessment of the using platelets rich fibrin to reinforce ventral hernioplasty in the sheep model [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 821-829]

  • H. excavatum Genotypic analysis of ticks species infesting cattle in Al-Diwaniyah abattoir [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 673-677]

  • HI Using T cell lymphokines to enhance the immune response against Newcastle disease in vaccinated broiler chickens fed naturally contaminated diet with different mycotoxins [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 427-433]

  • High performs liquid chromatography Impacts of processing heat treatments on deltamethrin and bifenthrin residues in human breast milk and raw milk from different animals [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 27-31]

  • Histochemical Comparative anatomical, histological, and histochemical study of liver in human and domestic rabbit [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 437-446]

  • Histochemical Comparative anatomical, histometrical, and histochemical study of esophagus between ring-necked parakeet (Psittacula krameri) and black-shouldered kite (Elanus caeruleus) [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 737-743]

  • Histochemical The histological and histochemical features of the esophagus in local breed dogs (Canis familiaris) [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1069-1074]

  • Histochemical Morphometrical and Histochemical study of glandular stomach (Proventriculus) in local domestic male ducks (Anas Platyrhynchos) [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 65-71]

  • Histochemical techniques Comparative histological and histochemical study of the ileum in two different birds [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 479-487]

  • Histochemistry Structural study of uterine tubes of the rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) at different postnatal periods [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 277-288]

  • Histochemistry Histomorphometrical and histochemical study of the pancreas on the local dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 913-922]

  • Histochemistry Histomorphological and carbohydrate histochemical study of the pancreas in native ducks (Anas Platyrhynchos) [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1103-1110]

  • Histological Histological and fluorescent microscope studies for evaluation carbon accumulation in trachea and bronchi of birds in polluted area in Wasit province [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 135-141]

  • Histological The effect of vitamin E on the histological structure of kidney in rats treated with cyclophosphamide [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 513-517]

  • Histological The histological and histochemical features of the esophagus in local breed dogs (Canis familiaris) [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1069-1074]

  • Histological effects Effect of mobile frequencies exposure on histology of retina and cornea in pregnant albino mice [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 245-249]

  • Histologically The macroscopical and microscopical characters of the trachea in different avian species: A comparative study [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 781-789]

  • Histological study Comparative morphometrical and histological study of lingual papillae in two different ages of the Iraqi buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015, Page 9-21]

  • Histology Histological evaluation of the possible role of Na+/ H+ entiporter and anion exchanger in endochondral ossification activities of secondary bone healing in rats [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 233-240]

  • Histology The effect of CO-Q10 on the testicular histological changes in rats induced by imatinib [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 189-196]

  • Histology Histological changes of CA and DG regions of hippocampus of rats’ brain after exposure to Acetaminophen in postnatal period [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 151-158]

  • Histology Histological effects of the interaction of some food additives on the kidney of pregnant rats [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 633-640]

  • Histology The histologic effects of high doses of botulinum toxin a on the rabbit's salivary gland [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1111-1117]

  • Histology Histomorphological and carbohydrate histochemical study of the pancreas in native ducks (Anas Platyrhynchos) [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1103-1110]

  • Histology Gross, histological and electron microscopical features of the hard palate mucosa in the one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 651-657]

  • Histology Histological study of antidiabetic activity of zinc oxide and chromium oxide nanoparticles on the pancreas of alloxan induced diabetes mellitus in male albino mice (Mus musculus) [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 159-163]

  • Histology,, Histological and histochemical observations of the prostate gland at resting and stimulating status in adult local Dog (Canis familiaris) [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 605-610]

  • Histometrical Comparative anatomical, histometrical, and histochemical study of esophagus between ring-necked parakeet (Psittacula krameri) and black-shouldered kite (Elanus caeruleus) [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 737-743]

  • Histomorphometric Expression of Ki67 in submandibular salivary glands of rabbits after BTX injection: Histological and immunohistochemical study [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 611-620]

  • Histomorphometry Histomorphometrical and histochemical study of the pancreas on the local dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 913-922]

  • Histopathological alteration Quantification histopathological analysis in the gills of carp fish exposed to sub lethal concentration of nano zinc oxide [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 61-68]

  • Histopathological alterations Chemopreventive effect of Quercus infectoria galls on DMBA induced mouse skin tumorigenesis [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 57-62]

  • Histopathological change A comparative study of treatment with ciprofloxacin and sodium propionate for non-O157 STEC (IQ1) infected mice [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 233-243]

  • Histopathological changes Toxic effects of butylated hydroxytoluene in rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 121-128]

  • Histopathological changes Effect addition of Cinnamomum cassia on treatment of pathological infections in Cyprinus carpio L. fingerlings [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 733-738]

  • Histopathological changes Histochemical study of the hepatic metacestodes in sheep infected with hydatidosis [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 45-51]

  • Histopathological Effects Histopathological effects of Doxorubicin on pancreas in male Albino rats [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015, Page 23-28]

  • Histopathological Effects Histopathological effects of titanium dioxide nanoparticles on the liver of Japanese quail Coturnix coturnix japonica [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 349-358]

  • Histopathology Physiological and histological effects of broccoli on lead acetate Induced hepatotoxicity in young Male albino rats [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 21-26]

  • Histopathology Study of histopathological and biochemical effect of Punica granatum L. extract on streptozotocin -induced diabetes in rabbits [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 189-194]

  • Histopathology Histopathological effect of fluoxetine drug on the brain of pregnant mice and their embryos [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 71-76]

  • Histopathology Diagnosis and histopathological study of avian influenza virus-H5 (AIV-H5) in broiler farms [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 101-107]

  • Histopathology Incidence of cutaneous and subcutaneous tumors of dogs from Baghdad city: Clinical, cytological and histopathological features [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 129-137]

  • Histopathology Toxicological and neurobehavioral effects of chlorpyrifos and deltamethrin insecticides in mice [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 189-196]

  • Histopathology Improving light microscopic detection of collagen by trichrome stain modification [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 273-281]

  • Histopathology Pathological study of neoplasms surgically excised from animals attended the veterinary teaching hospital [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 9-14]

  • Histopathology Histopathological effects of experimental exposure to lead on nervous system in albino female rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 45-48]

  • Histopathology A histological study on the effect of imatinib on the rats' testis after early postnatal exposure [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 85-92]

  • Histopathology Does Baclofen induce changes in testicular histology and seminal fluid analysis in rat? [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 387-396]

  • Histopathology Pathological and biological effects of treatments with lambda-cyhalothrin in rabbits [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 443-450]

  • Histopathology Necropsy findings and histopathological analysis of a terminal stage ewe from a herd with sudden deaths in Mosul [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 599-604]

  • Histopathology Histopathological assessment of nano n-acetyl cysteine effect on postoperative adhesion in rats [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 589-597]

  • Histopathology Histological effects of chronic sodium fluoride toxicity on some reproductive organs of male and female adult albino rats [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 705-711]

  • Histopathology Histopathological changes on the pregnant rat's lung induced by sodium nitrite and monosodium glutamate [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 419-424]

  • Histopathology Effect of boron on some organs of pregnant BALB/c mice [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 633-642]

  • Histopathology Evaluation the role of Apsa-mos® as immunomodulator on the level of antibody titers in broiler chickens vaccinated with Newcastle disease virus. [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 53-56]

  • Histopathology Standard techniques for formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue: A Pathologist’s perspective [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 127-135]

  • Histopathology Toxicity of fluoxetine hydrochloride on some selected vital organs of pregnant mice Mus musculus [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 239-243]

  • Histopathology Pathological study of genitourinary invasion by Aspergillus flavus in male rats [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 87-94]

  • Histopathology Efficacy of Urtiea dicica extract for amelioration of brain lesions induced by ethylene glycol in male rabbits [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 485-488]

  • Histopathology Protective effect of quercetin against corneal toxicities induced by cisplatin in male mice [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 321-326]

  • Histopathology Histopathological and serological assessment of using rib lamb xenograft reinforced with and without hydroxyapatite nano gel for reconstruction tibial bone defect in dogs [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 69-76]

  • Histopathology Histopathological changes as tools to discriminate antemortem and post-mortem wounds in rats: prospective applications in forensic medicine [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 197-204]

  • Histopathology Histopathological and immunohistochemical assessment of the using platelets rich fibrin to reinforce ventral hernioplasty in the sheep model [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 821-829]

  • Histopathology Histopathological impact of cisplatin on the brain and lung of pregnant albino mouse (Mus musculus) [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 219-225]

  • HI test Effect of hyperimmunized egg yolk on maternal immunity of Newcastle disease vaccine in broiler chicks [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 35-38]

  • H. marginatum Genotypic analysis of ticks species infesting cattle in Al-Diwaniyah abattoir [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 673-677]

  • HMG Induction of estrus using human menopausal gonadotrophin in Iraqi Awassi ewes [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 529-533]

  • Holstein Reproductive performance improvement in primiparous lactating Holstein cows by different hormonal treatments [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 85-87]

  • Holstein Frisian Uterine rupture with alive twins in a Holstein Frisian cow: a case report [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 27-28]

  • Homer pigeons Prevalence and pathological study of trichomoniasis in the racing pigeons in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 1-6]

  • Homologous PRF Effect of homologous platelet rich fibrin matrix and injectable platelet rich fibrin on full thickness skin autograft healing in dogs [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 55-64]

  • Hormone Induction of estrus using human menopausal gonadotrophin in Iraqi Awassi ewes [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 529-533]

  • Hormones Effect of arginine on physiological and reproductive performance of Awassi ewes [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 213-220]

  • Horse Comparison of therapeutical efficacy of ivermectin and oxybendazole in treatment of draught Horses naturally infected with Gastrointestinal worms in mosul [Volume 20, Issue 1, 2006, Page 65-70]

  • Horses Clinical and pathological effects of gastrointestinal and lung worms on draught horses in mosul [Volume 20, Issue 1, 2006, Page 71-80]

  • Horses Clinical and pathological study of equine babesiosis in draught horses in mosul [Volume 20, Issue 1, 2006, Page 89-101]

  • Horses Effect of endurance exercise on sweat constituents of athletic Iraqi Arabian horses [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 95-100]

  • Horses Prevalence of Parascaris equorum in native horses in West Bank Palestine [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 433-436]

  • Horses The role of DMSO and MSM in treatment of tendinopathies affection in equine: A comparative study [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 861-868]

  • Hot Carcass Weight Effect of ground flaxseed on the carcass characteristics of Karadi male lambs [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 93-98]

  • Hot-phenol extraction Extraction and purification of lipopolysaccharide from Escherichia coli (local Isolate) and study its pyrogenic activity [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 45-51]

  • Hot plate Evaluation of the antinociceptive effect of xylazine and it’s interaction with metoclopramide in the acute pain model in mice [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 383-388]

  • Hot plate Evaluation the combination of chlorpheniramine and tramadol at a level of thermal and visceral antinociceptive in a mouse acute pain model [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 619-627]

  • Hot plate technique Comparative antinociceptive effect of aspirin and aspirin nano particles in semisolid formulae in mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 535-539]

  • Hot water test Assessment of the analgesic effect of Alpha-lipoic acid by three acute pain models [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 803-807]

  • Household dogs Mycoplasma from the upper respiratory tract and conjunctival infections in household dogs [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 137-141]

  • H. perforatum Effects of Hypericum perforatum on serum lipid vascular systems in mice [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 525-530]

  • HSP70 The relationship between HSP70 and level of leptin and luteinizing hormones in female rats exposed to chronic and acute heat stress [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 37-43]

  • HSP70 Effect of vitamin C and acetylsalicylic acid supplementation on some hematological value, heat shock protein 70 concentration and growth hormone level in broiler exposed to heat stress [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 357-363]

  • Human liver Comparative anatomical, histological, and histochemical study of liver in human and domestic rabbit [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 437-446]

  • Hyalomma anatolicum Morphological and genotypical identification of Hyalomma anatolicum isolated from cattle in Al-Daghara city, Al-Qadisiyah province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 683-687]

  • Hyalomma asiaticum asiaticum Molecular identification of new circulating Hyalomma asiaticum asiaticum from sheep and goats in Duhok governorate, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 79-83]

  • Hyalomma spp Isolation and identification of ectoparasites in single humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) of Cholistan area, Pakistan [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 291-297]

  • Hydatid cyst Incidence of hydatidosis in slaughtered livestock at Mosul, Iraq [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 21-25]

  • Hydatid cyst Genotyping of cystic echinococcosis isolates from clinical samples of human and domestic animals [Volume 30, Issue 2, 2016, Page 33-39]

  • Hydatid cyst Nad1 gene analysis of Echinococcus granulosus from sheep in Aqrah city, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 341-345]

  • Hydatid cyst Experimental study on the effect of toxin fractions isolated from hydatid cyst fluid of sheep on the cardiac muscles of mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 523-528]

  • Hydatid cysts Molecular characterization of fertile hydatid cysts from the liver of the sheep and cows and associated environmental influence factors [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 321-327]

  • Hydatid cysts Perturbation of liver function markers and serum electrolytes associated with Echinococcus granulosus infection in sheep [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 65-69]

  • Hydatid cysts Histochemical study of the hepatic metacestodes in sheep infected with hydatidosis [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 45-51]

  • Hydatid disease Effect of probiotic acidophilus plus against infection with secondary hydatid disease in BALB /c mice [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 115-121]

  • Hydatidosis Prevalence and molecular studies on Echinococcus equinus isolated from necropsied donkeys [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 101-106]

  • Hydatidosis Application of ultrasound contra infection with secondary hydatidosis in mice [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 397-403]

  • Hydatids Effects of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) barks of root and stem (alcoholic extract) on the viability and fatty acids content of Echinococcus granulosus protoscolices in vitro study [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 189-194]

  • Hydrocortisone Comparative study on the effect of cadmium and hydrocortisone treatment on the brain of rats experimentally infected with Toxoplasma gondii [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 771-775]

  • Hydropsy Fetal anomalies in prolonged gestation in Awassi ewe: A case report [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 195-197]

  • Hydroxyapatite Nano-gel Histopathological and serological assessment of using rib lamb xenograft reinforced with and without hydroxyapatite nano gel for reconstruction tibial bone defect in dogs [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 69-76]

  • Hydroxychloroquine Are promising mechanisms of hydroxychloroquine abolish COVID-19 activity? A review study [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 345-349]

  • Hydroxyproline Effects of autologous bone marrow on the healing of long bones fractures reduced by external skeletal fixators in goats [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 963-969]

  • Hyperimmunized yolk Effect of hyperimmunized egg yolk on maternal immunity of Newcastle disease vaccine in broiler chicks [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 35-38]

  • Hyperlipidemia Impact of a high-fat diet on dyslipidemia and gene expression of low-density lipoprotein receptors in male rats [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 133-138]

  • Hyperlipidemic rats Effect of plasma isolated Orexin-A on the regulation of metabolites in male rats [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 451-457]

  • Hyperthyroidism Gonadotropin profile in experimentally induced hypothyroid and hyperthyroid cyclic female rats [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 745-751]

  • Hyperthyroidism Effect of experimentally induced prepubertal hyperthyroidism on postubertal reproductive activity in male rats [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 297-304]

  • Hypertrophic osteopathy Clinicopathological and imaging features of hypertrophic osteopathy in dogs [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 991-997]

  • Hypocretin Effect of plasma isolated Orexin-A on the regulation of metabolites in male rats [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 451-457]

  • Hypoderma bovis Morphological and Molecular diagnosis of Hypoderma spp. in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 255-259]

  • Hypoderma lineatum Morphological and Molecular diagnosis of Hypoderma spp. in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 255-259]

  • Hypoderma spp Sero-prevalence of hypodermosis in cattle in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 407-412]

  • Hypothyroidism Gonadotropin profile in experimentally induced hypothyroid and hyperthyroid cyclic female rats [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 745-751]

  • Hysterothylacium Infection and genetic detection of Hysterothylacium spp (Ascaridida: Raphidascaridinae) infesting Saurida tumbil (Bloch, 1795) and Platycephalus indicus (Linnaeus, 1758) fishes, Iraqi marine water fishes [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 789-794]

I

  • IBD Comparison study between the efficacy of immune complex and conventionally live vaccine against Gumboro disease in broilers [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 627-632]

  • IBDV The interference of Newcastle, avian influenza and infectious bursal disease vaccines with the efficiency of IB vaccine in broiler chicks by using quantitative RT-PCR test [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 105-109]

  • IBV Similarities and differences of COVID-19 and avian infectious bronchitis from molecular pathologist and poultry specialist view point [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 223-231]

  • Iceberg phenomena Detection of subclinical paratuberculosis in dairy cattle in Egypt [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 139-146]

  • ICG Clinical, serological and antigenic study of feline panleukopenia virus in cats in Baghdad, Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 435-439]

  • ICT Epidemiological and molecular study of Rotavirus infection among human and animal in Karbala and Basrah provinces [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 403-410]

  • Icx Comparison study between the efficacy of immune complex and conventionally live vaccine against Gumboro disease in broilers [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 627-632]

  • I-ELISA Seroprevalence of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in cows by ELISA in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 803-807]

  • IFN-γ Clinical and immunological study of specific Mycobacterium bovis-BCG transfer factor in lambs [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 67-72]

  • IFN-γ Using T cell lymphokines of hyperimmunized chickens with Salmonella pullorum to enhance immune response of layer hens against avian influenza [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 229-234]

  • IFN-γ Hemoparasites effect on interferon-gamma and miRNA 125b expression in Bubalus bubalis [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 71-76]

  • IGF-1 Effects of local nandrolone decanoate on TGF-1β and IGF-1 in the healing of the muscle wound [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 949-956]

  • IgG Immunotherapeutic effect of chitosan and listeriolysin O on Listeria monocytogenes infection in mice [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 149-155]

  • IgG Using T cell lymphokines of hyperimmunized chickens with Salmonella pullorum to protect layer hens against Salmonella pullorum infection [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 223-227]

  • IgG Using T cell lymphokines of hyperimmunized chickens with Salmonella pullorum to enhance immune response of layer hens against avian influenza [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 229-234]

  • IHC Immunohistochemical detection of P53 and MDM2 and its correlation with histological grading system in ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 687-692]

  • IHC Curative and protective potentials of Moringa oleifera leaf decoction on the streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus in albino rats [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 73-82]

  • IL-12 Effects of glyphosate in common carp: Histopathological and immunohistochemical study [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 659-666]

  • IL-17 Clinical and immunological study of specific Mycobacterium bovis-BCG transfer factor in lambs [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 67-72]

  • IL-1ß The effect of pisang ambon (Musa paradisiaca L.) stem extract on the regulation of IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α in rats’ enteritis [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 407-413]

  • IL-6 The effect of pisang ambon (Musa paradisiaca L.) stem extract on the regulation of IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α in rats’ enteritis [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 407-413]

  • IL-6 Immunotherapeutic effect of chitosan and listeriolysin O on Listeria monocytogenes infection in mice [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 149-155]

  • IL-6 Effects of glyphosate in common carp: Histopathological and immunohistochemical study [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 659-666]

  • IL-6 Morphology and immunohistochemistry analysis of broiler intestine treated with immunostimulant agents [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 893-898]

  • Ileum Comparative histological and histochemical study of the ileum in two different birds [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 479-487]

  • ImageJ Effect of β-calcium sulphate hemihydrate on mandible healing in dog (radiographical assessment using Image-J Program) [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • Imatinib The effect of CO-Q10 on the testicular histological changes in rats induced by imatinib [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 189-196]

  • Imatinib A histological study on the effect of imatinib on the rats' testis after early postnatal exposure [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 85-92]

  • Imidacloprid Effects of imidacloprid contaminated feed exposure on the spleen, lymph node, and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissues of adult male rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 813-819]

  • Imipramine Oral imipramine and intravenous xylazine for pharmacologically-induced ejaculation in donkeys [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 81-83]

  • Imiquimod The effect of levofloxacin ointment against imiquimod induced–psoriasis in mice model [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 935-941]

  • Immature follicles Bioceutical role of nano and organic selenium on certain reproductive value of laying hen during force molting [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 325-331]

  • Immune response Copper chitosan nanocomposite as antiviral and immune-modulating effect in broiler experimentally infected with chicken anemia virus [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 999-1009]

  • Immune response Immune response strategies of Brucella melitensis and their antigens in rats [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 27-30]

  • Immune Response Potency of garlic juice supplementation on some physiological and immunological aspects of broilers exposed to heat stress [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 107-112]

  • Immunity Comparison study between the efficacy of immune complex and conventionally live vaccine against Gumboro disease in broilers [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 627-632]

  • Immunity Evaluation the role of Apsa-mos® as immunomodulator on the level of antibody titers in broiler chickens vaccinated with Newcastle disease virus. [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 53-56]

  • Immunity Improved vaccination protocol to enhance immunity in lambs of Kuwait farms [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 539-548]

  • Immunity organs Effect of antibiotic substitution with Saccharomyces cerevisiae and probiotic on hematic parameters and growth performance of broilers [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 667-673]

  • Immunization Pathological study of genitourinary invasion by Aspergillus flavus in male rats [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 87-94]

  • Immunochromatographic Detection of broiler feeds contamination with Aflatoxins using rapid immunochromatographic test strips [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015]

  • Immunohistochemistry Development of an experimental hepatic encephalopathy in a rabbit model: Biochemical and immunohistochemical study [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 179-185]

  • Immunohistochemistry Inflammatory mediators and inflammatory cells as reliable molecular targets for assessment of wound age and vitality in rats [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 405-411]

  • Immunohistochemistry Effect of hypercholestermic diet on the β- amyloid deposition and microglial cells with some biomarkers alterations in male rats [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 251-257]

  • Immunohistochemistry PRF Histopathological and immunohistochemical assessment of the using platelets rich fibrin to reinforce ventral hernioplasty in the sheep model [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 821-829]

  • Immunohistochemistry technique Immunohistochemically and semi-quantities analysis of carp gills exposed to sodium thiosulfate [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 191-198]

  • Immunomodulation Immunomodulatory effect of Nigella sativa seed extract in male rabbits treated with dexamethasone [Volume 26, Suppl. IV, 2012, Page 141-149]

  • Immunomodulatory Estragole: A review of its pharmacology, effect on animal health and performance, toxicology, and market regulatory issues [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 537-546]

  • Immunoneutralization Effect of steroid-free follicular fluid antiserum on reproductive endocrine profile at estrous and metestrus phases in female rats [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 273-278]

  • Immunotherapy Clinical and immunological study of specific Mycobacterium bovis-BCG transfer factor in lambs [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 67-72]

  • IM pins Femur fractures and treatment options in 20 dogs admitted to our clinic from January 2013 to December 2015 [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 117-122]

  • Imported calves Seroprevelance of schmallenberg virus infection as emerging disease in cattle in Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 495-499]

  • Incidence Incidence of hydatidosis in slaughtered livestock at Mosul, Iraq [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 21-25]

  • Incidence Prevalence of obstructive urolithiasis in domestic animals: An interplay between seasonal predisposition and dietary imbalance [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 227-232]

  • Indirect Uses of direct and indirect immuno-fluorescent techniques for demonstration of nematodes infection in sheep in Nineveh government [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 17-22]

  • Indirect-ELISA test Serological detection of the latent infection of Brucellosis in calves in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 7-10]

  • Indomethacin Pathological and histomorphometric study of comparative gastric ulcer induced by indomethacin, aspirin, and ethanol in rats [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 339-346]

  • Indonesia Effect of oil palm frond treated with ammonia on some carcass traits and meat chemical composition of Bali bulls - Indonesia [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 57-60]

  • Induced ovarian aging The influence of alpha-lipoic acid on ovarian follicle growth in induced aging mice [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 375-382]

  • Induction time The role of clove (Sygnium aromaticum) oil as anaesthetics compound for abalone (Haliotis squamata) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 335-342]

  • Infection Pathology Experimental histopathological study of chicks infected with Cryptosporidium baileyi isolated from wild pigeons in Mosul [Volume 25, Issue 1, 2011, Page 43-49]

  • Infection ratio Perturbation of liver function markers and serum electrolytes associated with Echinococcus granulosus infection in sheep [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 65-69]

  • Infectious Bronchitis Genotyping of avian infectious bronchitis virus in broiler farms in Duhok province, north of Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 171-175]

  • Infectious Bronchitis Monitoring of bronchiolar lesions and their relation with Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Infectious bronchitis virus infections in broilers with severe respiratory distress [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 65-72]

  • Infectious Bronchitis Novel CRISPR/Cas13- based assay for diagnosis of avian infectious bronchitis [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 63-69]

  • Infectious Bursal Disease Correlation incidence between infectious bursal disease and aflatoxicosis in broilers chicken farms in Nineveh province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 183-190]

  • Inflammatory cytokine Molecular characterization of the 3'-UTRsequence of the interferon-gamma gene and its expression profile in the ocular conjunctiva of amazon buffaloes [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 885-892]

  • Influenza B Different vectors used to transform and clone of nonstructural NS1 gene of Influenza B in Escherichia coli [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 329-333]

  • Inhibin-B Effect of steroid-free follicular fluid antiserum on reproductive endocrine profile at estrous and metestrus phases in female rats [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 273-278]

  • Inhibin, Passive immunization, Follicular fluid, Ovarian growth Ovarian morphometric evolution in two consecutive estrous cycles of female rats treated with steroid-free bovine follicular fluid antiserum [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 265-271]

  • Inorganic Zinc Supplementation of broiler drinking water with zinc sulfate and its impact on physiological performance [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 131-136]

  • Insecticide resistance Molecular identification of allelic genotypes of pyrethroid-insecticide resistance in housefly, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 209-212]

  • Insecticide resistance Detection of the cytochrome B (cytb) insecticide resistance gene in Theileria annulata isolated from cattle in Hilla city, Babylon governorate, Iraq [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 153-158]

  • Insecticides Mini Review: Current tick control strategies in Pakistan are possible environmental risks [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 81-86]

  • Insects Use of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) prepupae amino acids as anti Aeromonas hydrophila enterotoxin in vivo [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 23-29]

  • Insulin Effect of soybean seeds alone or in combination with insulin or glibenclamide on serum lipid profiles in alloxan-induced diabetic rats [Volume 23, Issue 1, 2009, Page 17-23]

  • Insulin Ameliorative effect of nano chromium on some hematological values and GLUT-2 in rabbits fed a high- Fat diet [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 775-780]

  • Intensity Detection of endoparasites in mackerel tuna (Euthynnus affinis) in north Sumatra province, Indonesia [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 519-524]

  • Intercellular adhesive molecules The protective effect of bosentan on methotrexate-induced oral mucositis in rats [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 629-635]

  • Internal fixation Femur fractures and treatment options in 20 dogs admitted to our clinic from January 2013 to December 2015 [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 117-122]

  • Internal organs Detection of organ bacterial load in quails [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 47-51]

  • Internal parasites Incidence of internal parasites of the slaughtered local breeds of ducks and geese [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 39-44]

  • Interstitial cell Histological changes of extract cumin cyminum on the leydig cells, seminiferous tubules and epididymis in adult rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 177-182]

  • Intestinal anastomosis The effect of therankeron D6 on the healing of intestinal anastomosis in dogs [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 261-265]

  • Intestinal anastomosis Effect of autologous peritoneum and platelet-rich fibrin graft on healing of intestinal anastomosis in dogs [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 459-470]

  • Intestinal worms Some physiological and biochemical criteria in the local buffalo infected with stomach and intestinal worms in the city of Samarra [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 71-75]

  • Intra-abdominal Adhesions Histopathological assessment of nano n-acetyl cysteine effect on postoperative adhesion in rats [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 589-597]

  • Intramedullary pins Bone fractures in dogs: A retrospective study of 129 dogs [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 401-405]

  • Intraneural injection The histological effect of the injection of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on sciatic nerve of rats [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 699-707]

  • Intrauterine Infection Pathological study of intrauterine infection to embryos by Encephalitozoon cuniculi spores in pregnant mice [Volume 30, Issue 2, 2016, Page 49-54]

  • In Vitro Effects of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) barks of root and stem (alcoholic extract) on the viability and fatty acids content of Echinococcus granulosus protoscolices in vitro study [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 189-194]

  • Iranian Afshari breed Evaluation of performance rate, some hematological and biochemical parameters in Iranian Afshari breed fattened sheep fed diet containing Gundelia (Gundelia tournefortii L.) [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 33-38]

  • Iraq Biometry of genital organs in Iraqi female buffalo [Volume 19, Issue 1, 2005, Page 77-81]

  • Iraq The first unequivocal report of Encephalitozoon cuniculi in rabbits and Encephalitozoon intestinalis in cattle in Mosul city-Iraq [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015, Page 19-26]

  • Iraq An update review of confirmed pathogens of six animal species in Iraq [Volume 30, Issue 1, 2016, Page 15-17]

  • Iraq Determination of Toxoplasma gondii lineages of sheep in Wasit, Iraq [Volume 30, Issue 2, 2016, Page 23-26]

  • Iraq Phylogenetic study of Theileria lestoquardi based on 18SrRNA gene Isolated from sheep in the middle region of Iraq [Volume 30, Issue 2, 2016, Page 27-32]

  • Iraq Genotyping of cystic echinococcosis isolates from clinical samples of human and domestic animals [Volume 30, Issue 2, 2016, Page 33-39]

  • Iraq Morphological and phylogenetic study of Hyalomma anatolicum in Al-Najaf, Iraq [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 261-266]

  • Iraq Phylogenetic analysis of ovine herpes virus-2 (OHV-2) in malignant catarrhal fever infected cattle in AL-Qadisiyah of Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 51-58]

  • Iraq Levels of some biochemical markers in sera of pregnant and non-pregnant lactating dairy cows in Baghdad, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 353-358]

  • Iraq Prevalence and some risk factors of bovine heamotropic mycoplasma in Nineveh province - Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 427-431]

  • Iraq Serotyping, virulence gene expression and phenotypic characterization of E. coli O157:H7 in colibacillosis affecting buffalo calves in Basra governorate [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 445-451]

  • Iraq Investigate the Toxoplasma gondii infection in the consumed beef in Al-Diwaniyah province [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 95-99]

  • Iraq Clinical, serological and antigenic study of feline panleukopenia virus in cats in Baghdad, Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 435-439]

  • Iraq Molecular differentiation of Thysaniezia (Helictometra) giardi and Moniezia species based on 18s rRNA gene in small ruminants [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 105-108]

  • Iraq Evaluation of the heavy metal content in the muscle tissue of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) reared in groundwater in Basrah province, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 157-161]

  • Iraq A survey of chewing lice of some raptors in southern Iraq, with remarks on prevalence and occurrence [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 239-244]

  • Iraq Morphological and molecular identification of Parabronema skrjabini of camels (Camelus dromedary) in Najaf province [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 507-512]

  • Iraq A study of the gastrointestinal parasites in awassi sheep and surrounding environment [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 561-567]

  • Iraq Seroprevelance of schmallenberg virus infection as emerging disease in cattle in Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 495-499]

  • Iraq A cross sectional study on the seroprevalence of bovine brucellosis in Al-Najaf province in Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 617-620]

  • Iraq Diagnosis of brucellosis in sheep and goats raw milk by fast and reliable techniques [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 663-668]

  • Iraq Seroprevalence of piroplasmosis with tick distribution in northern Iraq [Volume 26, Suppl. III, 2012, Page 105-108]

  • Iraq Molecular characterization and phylogenic analysis of Anaplasma spp. in small ruminants from Sulaymaniyah governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 15-20]

  • Iraq COX1 gene and ITS-2 region: A comparative study of molecular diagnosis of Parabronema skrjabini in camels (Camelus dromedaries), Al-Najaf Province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 77-84]

  • Iraq Major-surface-protein-4-gene-based detection of Anaplasma marginale isolated from sheep in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 85-88]

  • Iraq Genotyping of avian infectious bronchitis virus in broiler farms in Duhok province, north of Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 171-175]

  • Iraq Evaluation of bacterial contaminants and heavy metals in cow and buffalo raw milk sold in Baghdad governorate [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 101-105]

  • Iraq Acute enzootic muscular dystrophy of adult lambs at Basrah, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 471-477]

  • Iraq Effects of ProbChick® on the immunological response after new castle virus using LaSota stain vaccination in broiler [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 17-32]

  • Iraq Molecular analysis of Cryptosporidium species in domestic goat in central Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1041-1045]

  • Iraq Prevalence of ovine theileriosis in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 205-211]

  • Iraq A review on Trichomonas species infection in humans and animals in Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 305-313]

  • Iraq Molecular characterization of Fasciola spp. from ruminants in Duhok province using the ITS1 ribosomal DNA marker [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 315-323]

  • Iraq Molecular detection of Stx1 and Stx2 genes of E. coli isolated from sub-clinical bovine mastitis in Mosul city [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 413-418]

  • Iraq Prevalence of chewing lice species on migratory birds in Razzaza lake [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 479-485]

  • Iraq Molecular characterization of circulating strains of the peste-des-petitis-ruminants virus in Sulaimani province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 597-602]

  • Iraq Measures of parasitism of the hard ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting goats Capra aegagrus in Basrah province, Iraq, with remarks on ecology [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 555-560]

  • Iraq Infection and genetic detection of Hysterothylacium spp (Ascaridida: Raphidascaridinae) infesting Saurida tumbil (Bloch, 1795) and Platycephalus indicus (Linnaeus, 1758) fishes, Iraqi marine water fishes [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 789-794]

  • Iraq Detection of positive mecA Staphylococcus aureus isolated from meat and butchers’ shops by using PCR technique in Mosul city [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 865-870]

  • Iraq Molecular detection and phylogenetic analysis of Babesia caballi in domestic donkeys (Equus asinus) in Baghdad Zoo, Iraq [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 135-140]

  • Iraq Molecular diagnosis of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in ticks infesting cattle in Iraq [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 43-47]

  • Iraq Detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in cows in Mosul City, Iraq [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 89-95]

  • Iraq Risk factors assessment and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella isolates from apparently healthy and diarrheal dogs in Baghdad, Iraq [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 155-162]

  • Iraqi Effect of endurance exercise on sweat constituents of athletic Iraqi Arabian horses [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 95-100]

  • Iraqi Effect of exogenous oxytocin on the expression of oxytocin receptor gene and uterine involution in local Iraqi cows [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1125-1132]

  • Iraqi black goat Effect of season on embryo production in Iraqi local black goat [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 59-65]

  • Iraqi buffalo Comparative morphometrical and histological study of lingual papillae in two different ages of the Iraqi buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015, Page 9-21]

  • Iraqi buffalo Molecular description of melatonin receptor 1A gene in Iraqi buffalo [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 905-912]

  • Iraqi cattle Genotyping study of Fasciola gigantica isolated from cattle in Aqrah city, Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 123-127]

  • Iraqi chicken Detection of similarity and genetic distance between Iraqi chicken varieties and different standard strains [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 333-337]

  • Iraqi cross breed cow Schistosomus reflexus foetus in cross breed Iraqi cow: a case report [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 103-104]

  • Iraqi Local Sheep Using the pop-gene program to study two genetic sites of the growth hormone gene in Iraqi local sheep [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 37-41]

  • Iraqi racing horses Serum glucose concentration and lipid profile in racing horses [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 1-3]

  • IR images Evaluation of the thermal effect of LTE 2600 MHz (4G) electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure: Thermographic study on rats [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 279-285]

  • ISI method Evaluation of the role of green synthesis silver nanoparticles as adsorbents and protective agents for broilers tissue treated with aflatoxin [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 675-681]

  • Islet of Langerhans A gross anatomical and histological study of pancreas in adult Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 175-180]

  • Islets Macroscopic and histomorphometry investigation of pancreas in adult local partridge (Francolinus francolinus) [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 207-214]

  • Isobolographic Interaction of meloxicam and phenylbutazone on the level of cyclooxygenase-2 in mice [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1011-1016]

  • Isobolographic analysis Synergism of the analgesic activities of tramadol with α2 adrenoreceptor agonist xylazine in mice [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 109-113]

  • Isobolographic analysis Study the analgesic effect of diclofenac and silymarin coadministration in chicks [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 25-31]

  • Isobolographic analysis Pregabalin potentiates the analgesic effect of tramadol, diclofenac and paracetamol in chicks: Isobolographic analysis [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 931-937]

  • Isolation Isolation, identification and detection of some virulence factors in yeasts from local cheese in Mosul city [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 81-85]

  • Isolation Diagnostic study for Listeria monocytogenes isolated from brain and meat of sheep in Mosul city [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 51-55]

  • Isolation Study the effect of isolated human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER2) from plasma on histopathological aspects in some organs of adult female albino rats [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 91-100]

  • Isolation Mycoplasma from the upper respiratory tract and conjunctival infections in household dogs [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 137-141]

  • Isolation bacteria Effect addition of Cinnamomum cassia on treatment of pathological infections in Cyprinus carpio L. fingerlings [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 733-738]

  • Isolation Method Evaluation of the isolation protocols of primary cells from common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) skin tissue [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 119-125]

  • Isoprostane Impact of oxidative stress on pregnancy outcome in albino rats [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 93-99]

  • ISSA brown Using T cell lymphokines of hyperimmunized chickens with Salmonella pullorum to protect layer hens against Salmonella pullorum infection [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 223-227]

  • ISSA brown Using T cell lymphokines of hyperimmunized chickens with Salmonella pullorum to enhance immune response of layer hens against avian influenza [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 229-234]

  • ITS1 region Molecular characterization of Fasciola spp. from ruminants in Duhok province using the ITS1 ribosomal DNA marker [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 315-323]

  • ITS2rDNA gene COX1 gene and ITS-2 region: A comparative study of molecular diagnosis of Parabronema skrjabini in camels (Camelus dromedaries), Al-Najaf Province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 77-84]

  • ITS-2 spacer Traditional and molecular diagnosis of Haemonchus contortus in sheep in Babylon province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 479-481]

  • Ivermectin Comparison of therapeutical efficacy of ivermectin and oxybendazole in treatment of draught Horses naturally infected with Gastrointestinal worms in mosul [Volume 20, Issue 1, 2006, Page 65-70]

  • Ivermectin Detection of microfilaria infection in horses in Mosul city [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 23-26]

  • Ivermectin Acute toxicity events of ivermectin in chicks’ model [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1119-1124]

  • Ivermectin Detection of resistance against anti-helminths drugs in gastrointestinal nematodes of calves using fecal egg count reduction test FECRT [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 283-288]

  • Ixodidae A study on epidemiology of hard tick (Ixodidae) in sheep in Sulaimani governorate - Iraq [Volume 26, Suppl. III, 2012, Page 95-103]

  • Ixodidae Measures of parasitism of the hard ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting goats Capra aegagrus in Basrah province, Iraq, with remarks on ecology [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 555-560]

J

  • Japanese quail Effect of supplementation of encapsulated organic acid and essential oil Gallant+® on some physiological parameters of Japanese quails [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 181-188]

  • Japanese quail Histopathological effects of titanium dioxide nanoparticles on the liver of Japanese quail Coturnix coturnix japonica [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 349-358]

  • Japanese quail embryo Development of the wing bones in quail’s embryo; Coturnix japonica [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 129-137]

  • Jejunal Evaluation healing of jejunal anastomosis in preoperative dexamethasone treated dogs [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015]

  • Johne's disease Detection of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis in raw cow’s milk using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 83-86]

  • Johne's disease Detection of subclinical paratuberculosis in dairy cattle in Egypt [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 139-146]

  • Johnsen's score Potency of nano-zinc oxide on caspase-3 of male quail exposed to lipopolysaccharide [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 163-171]

  • Joint capsule Pathological study of the relation between the incidences of claws lesions and carpo-digital joint capsule lesions in front limbs of sheep slaughtered in Mosul [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 693-697]

K

  • Kappa value Detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in cows in Mosul City, Iraq [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 89-95]

  • Karadi Lambs Effect of different levels of selenium on the carcass characteristics of Karadi lambs [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 41-48]

  • Karadi Ram Lambs Effect of ground flaxseed on the carcass characteristics of Karadi male lambs [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 93-98]

  • Karadi Rams Effect of vitamin E and selenium injection on semen quality and some blood parameters of Karadi rams [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 17-24]

  • Kebab Detection of the origin of animal species in kebab meat using mitochondrial DNA based -polymerase chain reaction (mtDNA-PCR) [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 39-43]

  • Kebar grass extract The potential of Kebar grass extract on histopathological changes in kidneys of mice offspring from the parent exposed to carbofuran during the lactation period [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1075-1082]

  • Keratinocyte Functional morphology of the trunk and paw pad skin of the African palm squirrel (Epixerus ebii) [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 417-425]

  • Kessler suture A comparative study between kessler suture versus polypropylene mesh implantation to repair tenotomized common calcaneal tendon in rabbits [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 289-296]

  • Ketamine Age-related anesthetic effect of ketamine in the chickens [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 501-506]

  • Ketamine The role of PLGA/TPGS nanoparticle on xylazine-ketamine anesthetic activity in male albino rabbits [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 201-206]

  • Ketamine A Comparison between ketamine-xylazine and ketamine-midazolam or all of them to induce balance anesthesia in rabbits [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 499-506]

  • Ketamine Evaluation of the advantages of orphenadrine in anaesthesia caused by ketamine in mice [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 233-238]

  • Ketorolac Nefopam and ketorolac: Isobolographic analysis of analgesic effect and pharmacokinetic profile in chicks [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 145-150]

  • Ketorolac Effects of hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress on the plasma concentration and pharmacokinetics of ketorolac in chicks [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 83-88]

  • Keywords: Bone,, A study of primary ossification centers in the hind limbs of Awasi sheep fetuses by double stains method and radiography. [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 591-597]

  • Keywords: Escherichia coli,, Molecular Detection of uidA gene in Escherichia coli Isolated from the Dairy Farms in Nineveh Governorate/Iraq. [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 599-603]

  • Khawia armeniaca Biomarkering metabolic activities of the tapeworm Khawia armeniaca (Cholodkovsky, 1915) in association to its fish host Barbus grypus (Hekle, 1843) [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 169-176]

  • Ki67 Expression of Ki67 in submandibular salivary glands of rabbits after BTX injection: Histological and immunohistochemical study [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 611-620]

  • Kidney toxicity Protective effect of Silymarin against kidney injury induced by carbon tetrachloride in male rats [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 127-130]

  • Kirkuk A serological study of brucellosis in camels south of Kirkuk, Iraq [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 105-107]

  • Kirkuk City Seroprevalence of Neospora caninum infections in cattle in Kirkuk province [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 331-334]

  • Klebsiella pneumoniae Molecular characterization of extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from cows in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 375-380]

L

  • Lacerilin acetate Effect of lecirelin acetate, hCG or progesterone administration on day 7 post-insemination on conception rate and progesterone concentration in cross-bred cattle [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 149-153]

  • Lactase Levels of disaccharidases in the brush border membrane of equine small intestine [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 197-201]

  • Lactating Levels of some biochemical markers in sera of pregnant and non-pregnant lactating dairy cows in Baghdad, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 353-358]

  • Lactobacillus acidophilus Effect of probiotic acidophilus plus against infection with secondary hydatid disease in BALB /c mice [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 115-121]

  • Lactoferrin Utilization of lactoferrin to inhibit E. coli and S. aureus isolates from milk and kariesh cheese [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 853-863]

  • Lamb Surgical correction of congenital anomalies in a neonatal lamb: a case report [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 43-46]

  • Lambda-cyhalothrin Pathological and biological effects of treatments with lambda-cyhalothrin in rabbits [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 443-450]

  • Lambda-cyhalothrin Acute and sub-acute toxicity effects of lambda-cyhalothrin in chicks [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 191-200]

  • Lameness Using acupuncture and electroacupuncture in the treatment of laminitis in racing horses: a comparative study [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 15-21]

  • Laminitis Using acupuncture and electroacupuncture in the treatment of laminitis in racing horses: a comparative study [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 15-21]

  • Laparoscopic Partial Hepatectomy A comparative study of laparoscopic partial hepatectomy by clamp-crush and ultrasurgical techniques in rams [Volume 26, Suppl. IV, 2012, Page 131-139]

  • Laparoscopic Surgery Different methods for laparoscopic castration in dogs [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 25-36]

  • Laparoscopy Laparoscopic and hand-assisted cystorrhaphy strengthened with omental pedicle in dogs: Radiographic and ultrasonographic study [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 347-352]

  • Larvicide Synergizing the deltamethrin larvicidal activity against Aedes albopictus larvae using cinnamaldehyde in Diwaniyah, Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 317-320]

  • Laser Study the beneficial activity of low level laser in experimentally induced pain in mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 569-573]

  • LaSota Effects of ProbChick® on the immunological response after new castle virus using LaSota stain vaccination in broiler [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 17-32]

  • Lat Detection of Toxoplasma gondii-specific immunoglobulin (IgG) antibodies in meat juice of beef [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 319-324]

  • Latent Brucellosis Serological detection of the latent infection of Brucellosis in calves in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 7-10]

  • Latex agglutination Detection of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in horses in Mosul, Iraq [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 39-41]

  • Layer chickens Seroprevalence of Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection in layer chickens of Bangladesh [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 9-13]

  • Layers Relationship between mycotoxicosis and calcium during preproduction period in layers [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 11-14]

  • Laying Bioceutical role of nano and organic selenium on certain reproductive value of laying hen during force molting [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 325-331]

  • LC50 Determination of the lethal concentration 50% (LC50) of lead chloride and its accumulation in different organs of Gambusia affinis fish [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 361-367]

  • L-carnitine Impact of sorbitol and l-carnitine on stimulating thyroid hormone, triiodothyronine and adenosine triphosphate level in broilers [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 589-590]

  • L. casei casei Effect of probiotic acidophilus plus against infection with secondary hydatid disease in BALB /c mice [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 115-121]

  • L. casei rhamnosus Effect of probiotic acidophilus plus against infection with secondary hydatid disease in BALB /c mice [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 115-121]

  • LD50 Acute toxicity of metronidazole and its interaction with chlorpyrifos in chicks [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 13-18]

  • LD50 Acute and sub-acute toxicity effects of lambda-cyhalothrin in chicks [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 191-200]

  • LDH Biomarkering metabolic activities of the tapeworm Khawia armeniaca (Cholodkovsky, 1915) in association to its fish host Barbus grypus (Hekle, 1843) [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 169-176]

  • LDLR gene expression Impact of a high-fat diet on dyslipidemia and gene expression of low-density lipoprotein receptors in male rats [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 133-138]

  • Lead Physiological and histological effects of broccoli on lead acetate Induced hepatotoxicity in young Male albino rats [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 21-26]

  • Lead Detection of lead, chromium and cobalt in meats of cattle and buffalo from retails of Mosul city [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 447-451]

  • Lead Histopathological effects of experimental exposure to lead on nervous system in albino female rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 45-48]

  • Lead acetate Role of alpha lipoic acid in protecting testes of adult rats from lead toxicity [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 305-312]

  • Lead chloride Determination of the lethal concentration 50% (LC50) of lead chloride and its accumulation in different organs of Gambusia affinis fish [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 361-367]

  • Lectin - Fluorescein Kit Uses of direct and indirect immuno-fluorescent techniques for demonstration of nematodes infection in sheep in Nineveh government [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 17-22]

  • Left Displaced Abomasum Ultrasonography of left displaced abomasum in local cattle breed [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 139-144]

  • Leishmania Molecular detection of Leishmania in cutaneous scrapping and blood samples of dogs in Mosul city [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 15-19]

  • Leishmaniasis The serological diagnosis of canine Leishmaniasis by using ELISA in Nineveh province [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 111-114]

  • LEP Influence of TG5 and LEP gene polymorphism on quantitative and qualitative meat composition in beef calves [Volume 30, Issue 2, 2016, Page 41-48]

  • Leptin Supplementation of broiler drinking water with zinc sulfate and its impact on physiological performance [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 131-136]

  • Leptin Ameliorative effects of curcumin on dehydroepiandrosterone-induced polycystic ovary syndrome in female rats [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 191-196]

  • Lesion Ovarian lesions in non pregnant ewes in Mosul city [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 43-49]

  • Lesion Pathological study of the relation between the incidences of claws lesions and carpo-digital joint capsule lesions in front limbs of sheep slaughtered in Mosul [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 693-697]

  • Lesions Investigation of urinary bladder lesions of slaughtered local bovine calves in Mosul city [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 45-51]

  • Lesions Pathological study of some esophageal lesions of slaughtered sheep in Mosul abattoir [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 145-151]

  • Lesions Effect of methotrexate and aspirin interaction and its relationship to oxidative stress in rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 151-156]

  • Lesions Pathological lesions of acute sodium chloride toxicity in common carp: Case report [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 417-419]

  • Leukocyte The effect of lipopolysaccharide extracted from Escherichia coli on total WBCs, granulocytes and on phagocytic activity in female rats [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 285-289]

  • Levofloxacin Effect of levofloxacin on some body tissues in mice [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 109-111]

  • Levofloxacin The effect of levofloxacin ointment against imiquimod induced–psoriasis in mice model [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 935-941]

  • Levothyroxine Effect of aqueous rosemary extract on some sexual hormones in male rats with high thyroxine level [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 369-373]

  • Levothyroxine Does Withania somnifera mitigate the structural alterations of the rat brain associated with propylthiouracil? [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 187-194]

  • Leydigs cells Role of alpha lipoic acid in protecting testes of adult rats from lead toxicity [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 305-312]

  • LH Effect of aqueous rosemary extract on some sexual hormones in male rats with high thyroxine level [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 369-373]

  • LH Bioceutical role of nano and organic selenium on certain reproductive value of laying hen during force molting [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 325-331]

  • Limit of detection Estimation of limit of detection of Salmonella typhimurium in artificially contaminated chicken meat by cultured-based and polymerase chain reaction techniques [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 621-625]

  • Limousine calves Influence of TG5 and LEP gene polymorphism on quantitative and qualitative meat composition in beef calves [Volume 30, Issue 2, 2016, Page 41-48]

  • Lin0372 Detection and pathogenicity of Listeria monocytogenes in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fish in Baghdad, Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 311-316]

  • Lipid Effect of Prosopis farcta extracts on some complications (hematology and lipid profiles) associated with alloxan induced diabetic rats [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 45-50]

  • Lipid Effects of Hypericum perforatum on serum lipid vascular systems in mice [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 525-530]

  • Lipid oxidation Psychrotrophic count influence on oxidative stability and aflatoxins in milk and cooking butter [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 775-780]

  • Lipid oxidation Application of pomegranate pomace as a natural antibacterial and antioxidant preservative in beef [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 211-216]

  • Lipid profile Toxoplasmosis, a zoonotic infection; A critical and updated analysis: A Review Article [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 95-99]

  • Lipid profile Evaluation the antihyprlipidemic effect of apigenin flavonoid in mice [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 279-283]

  • Lipid profile Modulatory effect of Saussurea costus ethanolic extract on kidney male rats expose oxidative stress [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 81-88]

  • Lipid profile Costus-loaded silver nanoparticles mitigated AMPK and related pathways in the albino rat atherosclerosis model [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 77-87]

  • Lipid profile Impact of a high-fat diet on dyslipidemia and gene expression of low-density lipoprotein receptors in male rats [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 133-138]

  • Lipid profile Effect of hypercholestermic diet on the β- amyloid deposition and microglial cells with some biomarkers alterations in male rats [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 251-257]

  • Lipid profile tests Serum glucose concentration and lipid profile in racing horses [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 1-3]

  • Lipids Effects of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) barks of root and stem (alcoholic extract) on the viability and fatty acids content of Echinococcus granulosus protoscolices in vitro study [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 189-194]

  • Lipoic acid Flurbiprofen: Determination of safety profile, analgesic effect, and interaction with lipoic acid in murine [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 447-452]

  • Lipoma Mixed thymic tumor in a rooster: gross and histological features [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 201-204]

  • Lipopolysaccharide Extraction and purification of lipopolysaccharide from Escherichia coli (local Isolate) and study its pyrogenic activity [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 45-51]

  • Lipopolysaccharide Development of experimentally-induced periodontitis in a Sprague Dawley rat model [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 765-769]

  • Lipopolysaccharide The effect of lipopolysaccharide extracted from Escherichia coli on total WBCs, granulocytes and on phagocytic activity in female rats [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 285-289]

  • Liquorice Effect of some mycotoxin on growth performance and feed utilization of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 99-108]

  • Listeria monocytogenes Immunohistochemical and pathological changes in BALB/c mice immunized with whole sonicated Listeria monocytogenes antigens and the effect of probiotics [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 79-85]

  • Listerosis Seroprevalence of anti-listeriolysin O amongst aborted ewes in Nineveh province, Iraq [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 227-231]

  • Litopenaeus vannamei Efficacy of vaccine from whole killed Vibrio alginolyticus cells on the immune response of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 37-44]

  • Litter size Genetic variants of the bone morphogenetic protein gene and its association with estrogen and progesterone levels with litter size in Awassi ewes [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1017-1022]

  • Liver Pathological study of subchronic oral toxicity induced by Di (2- ethyl hexyl) phthalate in Japanese quails [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 67-71]

  • Liver Fasciolosis: grading the histopathological lesions in naturally infected bovine liver in Mosul city [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 379-387]

  • Liver Biochemical and histopathological study of thioredoxin reductase isolation from blood serum in normal and oxidative stress-exposed rats [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 115-124]

  • Liver Histopathological and some biochemical effects of platinum drug on the liver and kidney of pregnant mice Mus musculus and their embryos [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 291-300]

  • Liver Perturbation of liver function markers and serum electrolytes associated with Echinococcus granulosus infection in sheep [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 65-69]

  • Liver Damage Effect of copper sulfate on liver damage induced by nano- zinc oxide in Cyprinus carpio [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • Liver Damage The protective impacts of lipoic acid on diclofenac-induced hepatorenal toxicity in broiler chicks [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1023-1027]

  • Liver enzymes Effects of coriander, thyme, vanadyl and tungstate on some biochemical parameters in broiler chickens [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 71-75]

  • Liver enzymes Evaluation of the antioxidant activity of Zingiber officinale alcoholic extract and vitamin e on liver damage induced by paracetamol drug in males of New Zealand rabbits [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 1-5]

  • Liver enzymes A comparative study of treatment with ciprofloxacin and sodium propionate for non-O157 STEC (IQ1) infected mice [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 233-243]

  • Liver fluke Indicative parameters for liver fascioliasis at pre-clinical and clinical phases in cows from Al-Diwaniyah city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 653-657]

  • Liver histology Physiological and histological effects of broccoli on lead acetate Induced hepatotoxicity in young Male albino rats [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 21-26]

  • Liver impression A cytopathological study of the role of liver impression as a diagnostic tool in pigeons [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 555-560]

  • Livestock Lambing and mortality rate in Ouled-Djellal sheeps in Tebessa region-Algeria [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 267-273]

  • L. monocytogenes Immunotherapeutic effect of chitosan and listeriolysin O on Listeria monocytogenes infection in mice [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 149-155]

  • Local buffalo Some physiological and biochemical criteria in the local buffalo infected with stomach and intestinal worms in the city of Samarra [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 71-75]

  • Local dogs Histomorphometrical and histochemical study of the pancreas on the local dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 913-922]

  • Local fish markets Detection of some virulence gene Stx1, Stx2, and rfb of Escherichia coli isolated from fish in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 453-457]

  • Local fish markets Genetic diversity of Escherichia coli harboring virulence gene Stx1 and Stx2 isolated from common carp fish in Nineveh Governorate using ERIC-PCR [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 701-705]

  • Local market Isolation and molecular identification of Escherichia coli strain from fish available in farms and local markets in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 431-435]

  • LTE 2600 MHz (4G) signals Evaluation of the thermal effect of LTE 2600 MHz (4G) electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure: Thermographic study on rats [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 279-285]

  • Lucilia sericata A study of the incidence of Lucilia sericata fly in ovine in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 739-743]

  • Lung wound closure Histological comparison between histoacryl and suturing to close lung wounds in dogs [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 751-758]

  • Luteinizing hormones The relationship between HSP70 and level of leptin and luteinizing hormones in female rats exposed to chronic and acute heat stress [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 37-43]

  • Lyme disease vaccine Evaluation of immunogenicity and efficacy of Borrelia burgdorferi derived peptide (PepB) antigen formulated in a protein scaffold in mice against Lyme disease [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 77-84]

  • Lymphoid organs Effects of imidacloprid contaminated feed exposure on the spleen, lymph node, and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissues of adult male rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 813-819]

  • Lymphoma Mixed thymic tumor in a rooster: gross and histological features [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 201-204]

  • Lysolecithin Effect of β-mannanase, Lysolecithin and probiotic on some reproductive performance and hormone profile in female quail [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 87-93]

  • Lysostaphin gene Study the effect of cloned pET-32a(+) plasmid by Lysostaphin gene against Staphylococcus aureus [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 233-238]

M

  • Macrophage Immunohistochemical and pathological changes in BALB/c mice immunized with whole sonicated Listeria monocytogenes antigens and the effect of probiotics [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 79-85]

  • Macroscopic lesions A study of pathological abnormalities of genitalia in ewes in Duhok, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 421-427]

  • Madrasin Polymorphism of growth hormone gene in the artificial insemination result of Madura cattle with Limousin semen as a reference for genetic selection [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 113-118]

  • Maedi visna virus Detection of Maedi-visna virus in sheep in Nineveh province [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 61-64]

  • Maggot Clinical management of a severe traumatic cutaneous myiasis at the base of the antler in a fallow deer, Dama dama: A case report [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 187-190]

  • Magnetic technology Application of magnetic technology in local quail house and hatchery on performance, reproductive and physiological traits under heat stress [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 259-266]

  • Major surface protein Major-surface-protein-4-gene-based detection of Anaplasma marginale isolated from sheep in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 85-88]

  • Male rats Effect of heat stress on sex hormones, sex organ weight and relationships with sexual puberty in male rats [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 63-71]

  • Male reproductive system The moderating effect of Panax ginseng roots on the male reproductive system and heat shock protein 70 in heat-stressed Japanese quails [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 853-859]

  • Malondialdehyde Ameliorative role of Arabic gum against nephrotoxicity induced by ciprofloxacin in rats [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 789-798]

  • Malondialdehyde Evaluation of the antioxidant activity of Zingiber officinale alcoholic extract and vitamin e on liver damage induced by paracetamol drug in males of New Zealand rabbits [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 1-5]

  • Maltase Levels of disaccharidases in the brush border membrane of equine small intestine [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 197-201]

  • Mandible The radiological study of using fabricated calcium hydroxide from quail eggshell and plasma-rich fibrin for reconstitution of a mandibular bone gap in dogs [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 55-62]

  • Mange Epidemiological, diagnostic and therapeutic study for mange in sheep of Anbar province- Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 1-7]

  • Mannheimia haemolytica Isolation, identification and genetic analysis of Mannheimia haemolytica in ovine clinical mastitis in Mosul city [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 381-386]

  • Mare Mastitis in mare: case report [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 109-111]

  • Mare Detection of endometritis using uterine cytobrush and ultrasonography in mares [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 39-44]

  • Mare Prediction of the ovulation time in estrus mares by different methods [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 621-626]

  • Mare Transabdominal ultrasonographic determination of pregnancy and fetal viability in mares [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 791-796]

  • Mares Assessment of fetal sex determined and eye diameter to detection of gestational age in mares by ultrasonography [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 129-134]

  • Marrow Routine red bone marrow smear in local breed claves at Basrah, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 525-529]

  • Mast cells The combined effect of the human umbilical cord blood with chitosan scaffold on the full-thickness wound healing process in rats [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 391-403]

  • Mastitis Mastitis in mare: case report [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 109-111]

  • Mastitis The effectiveness of biogenic silver nanoparticles in the treatment of caprine mastitis induced by Staphylococcus aureus [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 73-78]

  • Mastitis Molecular characterization and phylogenetic analysis of Escherichia coli isolated from milk of cattle affected by mastitis [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 251-254]

  • Mastitis Histopathological and histochemical study of mastitis in sheep [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 719-723]

  • Mastitis Comparison of California mastitis test and Draminski mastitis detector as on-farm methods for monitoring udder health in lactating buffalo [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 55-60]

  • Mastitis Epidemiological investigation of mastitis in lactating buffalo cows in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 217-222]

  • Maternal immunity Effect of hyperimmunized egg yolk on maternal immunity of Newcastle disease vaccine in broiler chicks [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 35-38]

  • Matricaria chamomilla Anticonvulsant and antioxidant activities of crude flavonoid extract of Matricaria chamomilla L. against convulsions induced by pentylenetetrazole in chicks [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1089-1095]

  • Matrix gene A new RT-PCR assay for the revealing of Newcastle disease viruses by designing a pair of universal primers [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 105-112]

  • M. bovis Molecular detection of Mycoplasma spp. from camel’s milk [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 333-337]

  • MCF Phylogenetic analysis of ovine herpes virus-2 (OHV-2) in malignant catarrhal fever infected cattle in AL-Qadisiyah of Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 51-58]

  • MDA The effect of duration of preservation on the quality, MDA level, and DNA damage of post-thawed Bali cattle bull sperm [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 249-252]

  • MDA Renal ameliorating effect of resveratrol in hydrogen peroxide induced male rats [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 571-577]

  • MDA level Potency of mycotoxin binders on MDA level, expressions of caspase 9 and caspase 3 in the uterus of mice exposed to zearalenone [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 29-33]

  • Mdm2 Immunohistochemical detection of P53 and MDM2 and its correlation with histological grading system in ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 687-692]

  • Mdm2 Histopathology and Immunohistochemistry of tumors in animals attending veterinary teaching hospital [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 309-314]

  • Mdm2 Immunohistochemical expression of proliferation markers in canine osteosarcoma [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1097-1102]

  • Meat Effect of oil palm frond treated with ammonia on some carcass traits and meat chemical composition of Bali bulls - Indonesia [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 57-60]

  • Meat The effect of thyme (Thymus daenensis) supplement on growth and hygienic parameters of broilers meat [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 87-92]

  • Meat Diagnostic study for Listeria monocytogenes isolated from brain and meat of sheep in Mosul city [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 51-55]

  • Meat The molecular identification of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) isolated from meat and meat products [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 9-15]

  • Meat and butchers’ shops Phenotypic and genotypic characterizations of Escherichia coli Isolated from veal meats and butchers’ shops in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 225-260]

  • Meat juice Detection of Toxoplasma gondii-specific immunoglobulin (IgG) antibodies in meat juice of beef [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 319-324]

  • Meat preservation Application of pomegranate pomace as a natural antibacterial and antioxidant preservative in beef [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 211-216]

  • Meat productivity Influence of TG5 and LEP gene polymorphism on quantitative and qualitative meat composition in beef calves [Volume 30, Issue 2, 2016, Page 41-48]

  • Meat products The molecular identification of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) isolated from meat and meat products [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 9-15]

  • Meat spoilage Molecular Identification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in meat at Mosul city retails using PCR technique [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1083-1087]

  • Meat spoilage Detection of some virulence genes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from meat at Mosul city [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 101-105]

  • Meat spoilage Antibiotics resistance patterns of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from meat at Mosul city retails [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 363-367]

  • Median effective dose Effect of methotrexate on neurobehavior and cholinesterase in chicks [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 985-989]

  • Medical records Epidemiological Analysis for medical records of Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Mosul during 2017 to 2019 [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 541-548]

  • Melamine Physiological effects of lactic acid bacteria against melamine induced toxicity in female albino rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 1-7]

  • Melatonin The impact of melatonin administration on the fertility performance and several relating parameters during the breeding season in the Arabi ewes [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 461-468]

  • Melatonin The impact of various antioxidant supplementation on ram's sperm quality, fertilization, and early embryo development, in vitro [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 869-876]

  • Melatonin gene Molecular description of melatonin receptor 1A gene in Iraqi buffalo [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 905-912]

  • Meleagris gallopavo Comparative morphometric study of shank bone in the tom (Meleagris gallopavo) and local cock (Gallus banikaval) [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 57-64]

  • Meloxicam The histological effect of the injection of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on sciatic nerve of rats [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 699-707]

  • Meloxicam Interaction of meloxicam and phenylbutazone on the level of cyclooxygenase-2 in mice [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1011-1016]

  • Melting curve analysis The genotype of Entamoeba histolytica in bloody diarrhea samples of humans, cows and sheep [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 453-458]

  • Meriz does Effect of vitamin A and grazing in some physiological characters and milk production of Meriz does [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 359-365]

  • Meriz goats In vitro study of curcumin calcium carbonate phosphate nanoparticles (Curcumin-NPs) impacts on the meriz goat’s coccidian oocysts [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 809-814]

  • MERS-CoV Some insights of novel COVID 19 virus: structure, pathogenicity and immunity aspects [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 287-293]

  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from broiler carcasses in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 489-493]

  • Methionine The effect of methionine supplementation to diets free of animal protein on broiler performance [Volume 20, Issue 1, 2006, Page 49-58]

  • Methionine Using Schiff base method for protecting amino acids and modified in vitro method for measuring rumen protected amino acids [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 251-255]

  • Methotrexate Effect of methotrexate and aspirin interaction and its relationship to oxidative stress in rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 151-156]

  • Methotrexate Protective effect of propolis on liver and kidney injury caused by methotrexate in chicks [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1067-1061]

  • Methotrexate The protective effect of bosentan on methotrexate-induced oral mucositis in rats [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 629-635]

  • Methotrexate Effect of methotrexate on neurobehavior and cholinesterase in chicks [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 985-989]

  • Metoclopramide Evaluation of the antinociceptive effect of xylazine and it’s interaction with metoclopramide in the acute pain model in mice [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 383-388]

  • Metronidazole Acute toxicity of metronidazole and its interaction with chlorpyrifos in chicks [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 13-18]

  • MIC Bioremediation of lead and cadmium and the strive role of Pediococcus pentosaceus probiotic [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 51-57]

  • Microfilaria Detection of microfilaria infection in horses in Mosul city [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 23-26]

  • Micronucleus Anticlastogenic properties of Quercus infectoria galls extract against DMBA induced genotoxicity in bone marrow cells of mice in vivo [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 279-285]

  • Microscopic Pathological lesions of acute sodium chloride toxicity in common carp: Case report [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 417-419]

  • Microscopic examination Detection of canine distemper virus in stray and pet dogs in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 315-319]

  • Microscopic examination Prevalence of ovine theileriosis in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 205-211]

  • Microscopic examination Detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in cows in Mosul City, Iraq [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 89-95]

  • Microscopic study A study of pathological abnormalities of genitalia in ewes in Duhok, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 421-427]

  • Midazolam Biochemical changes induced by general anesthesia with romifidine as a premedication, midazolam and ketamine induction and maintenance by infusion in donkeys [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 19-22]

  • Midazolam A Comparison between ketamine-xylazine and ketamine-midazolam or all of them to induce balance anesthesia in rabbits [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 499-506]

  • MIF Cytokine Clinical and immunological study of specific Mycobacterium bovis-BCG transfer factor in lambs [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 67-72]

  • Migratory Prevalence of chewing lice species on migratory birds in Razzaza lake [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 479-485]

  • Milk The significance of milk ring test for identifying brucella antibodies in cows and buffaloes' raw milk at Erbil governorate, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 395-400]

  • Milk Molecular identification and phylogenetic analysis of lactic acid bacteria isolated from goat raw milk [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 259-263]

  • Milk Detection of CTX-M gene in extended spectrum β-lactamases producing Enterobacteriaceae isolated from bovine milk [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 397-402]

  • Milk The effectiveness of biogenic silver nanoparticles in the treatment of caprine mastitis induced by Staphylococcus aureus [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 73-78]

  • Milk Molecular characterization and microbial resistance of different bacterial isolates in some dairy products [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 333-339]

  • Milk Impact of parity, stage of lactation, and subclinical mastitis on the concentration of vitamin c in Shami camel milk [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 847-851]

  • Milkfat composition The relationship of DGAT1 polymorphisms and milk fatty acids production of cows bred in Iraq (Local, cross and Holstein-Friesen) [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 7-14]

  • Milk-free fatty acids The relationship of DGAT1 polymorphisms and milk fatty acids production of cows bred in Iraq (Local, cross and Holstein-Friesen) [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 7-14]

  • Milk hygiene Molecular detection of Stx1 and Stx2 genes of E. coli isolated from sub-clinical bovine mastitis in Mosul city [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 413-418]

  • Milk powder Use of Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay for detection of aflatoxin M1 in milk powder [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 39-42]

  • MIONP Influence of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles in reproductive efficiency of adult male rats [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 507-513]

  • Mixed infestation Major helminth parasites of Camelus dromedarius in afar pastoral area of Ethiopia [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 117-122]

  • Mobile Phone Radiation Effect of mobile frequencies exposure on histology of retina and cornea in pregnant albino mice [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 245-249]

  • Modified Improving light microscopic detection of collagen by trichrome stain modification [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 273-281]

  • Modified Knott's technique A comparison between different laboratory methods and stains for detection microfilaremic dogs [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 171-175]

  • Molecular characterization Infections and molecular characterization of anisakid nematodes from two species of marine fish northwest Arabian gulf [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 489-497]

  • Molecular description Molecular description of melatonin receptor 1A gene in Iraqi buffalo [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 905-912]

  • Molecular detection Investigation of gcat gene and antibiotic resistance pattern of Aeromonas hydrophila isolated from hemorrhagic septicemia’s cases in fish farms [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 375-380]

  • Molecular epidemiology Role of evolutionary epidemiology in the determination of the risk factors associated with some equine viral diseases [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 143-150]

  • Molecular PCR method Investigating and identifying Chlamydia psittaci in asymptomatic and symptomatic domestic dogs in middle province of Iran [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 91-94]

  • Moniezia expansa Isolation, characterization, and ELISA applications of alkaline phosphatase and acetylcholinesterase from Moniezia expansa [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 215-223]

  • Monieziea species Morphometric and molecular characterization of Moniezia species in sheep in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 833-837]

  • Monkeypox An updated review of human monkeypox disease: A new potential global hazard [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 225-231]

  • Morbillivirus Molecular characterization of circulating strains of the peste-des-petitis-ruminants virus in Sulaimani province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 597-602]

  • Moringa oleifera Protective effect of Moringa oleifera leaves extract against gentamicin induced hepatic and nephrotoxicity in rats [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 129-135]

  • Morphological detection Morphological detection of dermatophytes isolated from cattle in Wasit province [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 167-172]

  • Morphology Morphometric and molecular characterization of Moniezia species in sheep in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 833-837]

  • Morphology Comparative morphological and morphometrically study of the adrenal gland in adult males' squirrel (Sciurus anomalous) and hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 725-730]

  • Morphology Anatomical and morphological study of the petrous bone in camels (Camelus dromedarius) [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 839-845]

  • Morphology Macroscopic and histomorphometry investigation of pancreas in adult local partridge (Francolinus francolinus) [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 207-214]

  • Mortality Lambing and mortality rate in Ouled-Djellal sheeps in Tebessa region-Algeria [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 267-273]

  • Mortality Improved vaccination protocol to enhance immunity in lambs of Kuwait farms [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 539-548]

  • Mosul Molecular detection of Hammondia heydorni in dogs in Mosul city [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 329-332]

  • Mosul Isolation and identification of Circovirus in pigeon [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 207-210]

  • Mosul Seroprevelance of schmallenberg virus infection as emerging disease in cattle in Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 495-499]

  • Mosul Necropsy findings and histopathological analysis of a terminal stage ewe from a herd with sudden deaths in Mosul [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 599-604]

  • Mosul Seroprevalence of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in cows by ELISA in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 803-807]

  • Mosul Detection of Dirofilaria immitis antigen in cats in Mosul city [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 57-60]

  • Mosul Clinical and subclinical mastitis in buffalue in Mosul area, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 177-186]

  • Mosul Subclinical ketosis: Prevalence and some risk factors in cross breed and imported breed dairy cows in Mosul, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 273-277]

  • Mosul Histopathological and histochemical study of mastitis in sheep [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 719-723]

  • Mosul Effects of ProbChick® on the immunological response after new castle virus using LaSota stain vaccination in broiler [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 17-32]

  • Mosul Prevalence of ovine theileriosis in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 205-211]

  • Mosul Molecular detection of Leishmania in cutaneous scrapping and blood samples of dogs in Mosul city [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 15-19]

  • Mosul abattoir Incidence of hydatidosis in slaughtered livestock at Mosul, Iraq [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 21-25]

  • Mosul City The first unequivocal report of Encephalitozoon cuniculi in rabbits and Encephalitozoon intestinalis in cattle in Mosul city-Iraq [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015, Page 19-26]

  • Mosul City Isolation, identification and genetic analysis of Mannheimia haemolytica in ovine clinical mastitis in Mosul city [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 381-386]

  • Mosul City Prevalence and pathological study of trichomoniasis in the racing pigeons in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 1-6]

  • Mosul City Genetically diagnosis of Mycoplasma isolated from respiratory and conjunctival infections in household dogs [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 113-117]

  • Motility Role of spermatozoa in pH stability of caudal epididymis environment [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 111-116]

  • Moxidectin A Comparative pharmacological study on moxidectin and propolis ointment in rabbits naturally infested with Psoroptes cuniculi [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 725-731]

  • Moxifloxacin Synthesis of new 1,2 dithiol 3-thione fluoroquinolone esters possessing anticancer activity in-vitro [Volume 26, Suppl. IV, 2012, Page 115-121]

  • MRSA Detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in broiler and broilers farm workers in Duhok, Iraq by using conventional and PCR techniques [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 15-22]

  • MRSA Molecular fingerprinting of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from human and poultry in Duhok, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 99-103]

  • MRSA Some immunological responses in rats injected with prepared bacterin toxoid of local methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 401-406]

  • MRSA Molecular detection of mecA gene in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from dairy mastitis in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 939-943]

  • MRSA Detection of positive mecA Staphylococcus aureus isolated from meat and butchers’ shops by using PCR technique in Mosul city [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 865-870]

  • MRT Diagnosis of brucellosis in sheep and goats raw milk by fast and reliable techniques [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 663-668]

  • MRT Reliable and highly specific techniques for the detection of Brucella spp. antibodies in camel milk [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 795-800]

  • MRT sensitivity The significance of milk ring test for identifying brucella antibodies in cows and buffaloes' raw milk at Erbil governorate, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 395-400]

  • MSG Histopathological changes on the pregnant rat's lung induced by sodium nitrite and monosodium glutamate [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 419-424]

  • MSG Histological effects of the interaction of some food additives on the kidney of pregnant rats [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 633-640]

  • MSM The role of DMSO and MSM in treatment of tendinopathies affection in equine: A comparative study [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 861-868]

  • MSTN gene Study of genetic variation of myostatin (MSTN) and calpastatin (CAST) genes in two native Iraqi sheep by PCR-RFLP technique [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 97-103]

  • MTB Effect of some mycotoxin on growth performance and feed utilization of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 99-108]

  • MTNR1 A Molecular description of melatonin receptor 1A gene in Iraqi buffalo [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 905-912]

  • Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissues (MALT) Effects of imidacloprid contaminated feed exposure on the spleen, lymph node, and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissues of adult male rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 813-819]

  • Multidrug resistance Molecular characterization and microbial resistance of different bacterial isolates in some dairy products [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 333-339]

  • Multi-drug resistance (MDR) Multi-drug resistance profile of extended spectrum β-Lactamases producing Escherichia coli isolated from sheep in Mosul city [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 37-40]

  • Multidrug resistant Antimicrobial activity of peptides extracted from camels' blood neutrophils against some pathogenic bacteria [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 33-37]

  • Mutagenicity Anticlastogenic properties of Quercus infectoria galls extract against DMBA induced genotoxicity in bone marrow cells of mice in vivo [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 279-285]

  • Mutton Detection of mutton meat fraud with beef meat as a genetically related species using multiplex PCR and GC/MS/MS [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 643-650]

  • Mycobacterium bovis Prevalence and risk factors of bovine tuberculosis in dairy cattle farms in Egypt [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 351-359]

  • Mycoplasma Mycoplasma from the upper respiratory tract and conjunctival infections in household dogs [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 137-141]

  • Mycoplasma Molecular detection of Mycoplasma spp. from camel’s milk [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 333-337]

  • Mycoplasma Monitoring of bronchiolar lesions and their relation with Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Infectious bronchitis virus infections in broilers with severe respiratory distress [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 65-72]

  • Mycoplasma cynos Genetically diagnosis of Mycoplasma isolated from respiratory and conjunctival infections in household dogs [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 113-117]

  • Mycoplasma gallisepticum Seroprevalence of Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection in layer chickens of Bangladesh [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 9-13]

  • Mycotoxicosis Relationship between mycotoxicosis and calcium during preproduction period in layers [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 11-14]

  • Mycotoxins Analyses of mycotoxins in broiler’s local and imported feeds [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 267-271]

  • Mycotoxins Psychrotrophic count influence on oxidative stability and aflatoxins in milk and cooking butter [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 775-780]

  • Myiasis infestation Classical and molecular identification of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from infestation cattle wounds with myiasis in Basrah governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 641-646]

  • Myocarditis Evaluation of cardiac enzymes and acute phase response as biomarkers for rapid diagnosis of myocarditis in calves with FMD [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 31-37]

N

  • NaCl Pathological lesions of acute sodium chloride toxicity in common carp: Case report [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 417-419]

  • Nad1 gene Nad1 gene analysis of Echinococcus granulosus from sheep in Aqrah city, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 341-345]

  • Najaf Morphological and molecular identification of Parabronema skrjabini of camels (Camelus dromedary) in Najaf province [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 507-512]

  • Najdi lambs Clinical and hematological profiles of vitamin D3 deficiency in Najdi lambs [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 89-95]

  • Nandrolone decanoate Effects of local nandrolone decanoate on TGF-1β and IGF-1 in the healing of the muscle wound [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 949-956]

  • Nano Effect of copper sulfate on liver damage induced by nano- zinc oxide in Cyprinus carpio [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • Nano The amelioration of vitamin E on histological changes of rabbit’s brain treated with zinc oxide nanoparticles [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 95-104]

  • NaNO2 Histopathological changes on the pregnant rat's lung induced by sodium nitrite and monosodium glutamate [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 419-424]

  • NaNO2 Histological effects of the interaction of some food additives on the kidney of pregnant rats [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 633-640]

  • Nano-chromium Ameliorative effect of nano chromium on some hematological values and GLUT-2 in rabbits fed a high- Fat diet [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 775-780]

  • Nano magnesium oxide Effect of nano-magnesium oxide and harmonic scalpel on lung lobectomy healing in dogs: Clinical and cytokine study [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 649-656]

  • Nano magnesium oxide Histopathological study about the effect of nano magnesium oxide and platelets rich fibrin on the healing of induced radial fracture in dogs [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 123-130]

  • Nano N-acetylcysteine Histopathological assessment of nano n-acetyl cysteine effect on postoperative adhesion in rats [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 589-597]

  • Nanoparticle Modulation of chitosan nanoparticles properties for sheep pox mucosal vaccine delivery with cytotoxicity and release Studies-in vitro [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 111-119]

  • Nano ZnO The impact of nano zinc oxide particles on the histology of the male reproductive system of adult male rabbits [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 105-113]

  • Native rabbit Histological and ultrastructural studies of the pancreas of native rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 371-378]

  • Natural antibacterial Application of pomegranate pomace as a natural antibacterial and antioxidant preservative in beef [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 211-216]

  • Natural planting Comparative study of the effect of natural planting, hydroponic germination and barley sprout powder as prebiotic in common carp Cyprinus carpio L. blood indices [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 7-11]

  • ND Using T cell lymphokines to enhance the immune response against Newcastle disease in vaccinated broiler chickens fed naturally contaminated diet with different mycotoxins [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 427-433]

  • NDV The interference of Newcastle, avian influenza and infectious bursal disease vaccines with the efficiency of IB vaccine in broiler chicks by using quantitative RT-PCR test [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 105-109]

  • Necropsy finding Necropsy findings and histopathological analysis of a terminal stage ewe from a herd with sudden deaths in Mosul [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 599-604]

  • Necrosis Histopathological study of sheep lung roaming in dump zones [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 151-160]

  • Nefopam Effect of nefopam in normal chickens and its relationship to hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 7-12]

  • Nefopam Nefopam and ketorolac: Isobolographic analysis of analgesic effect and pharmacokinetic profile in chicks [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 145-150]

  • Nefopam Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics interaction between nefopam and tramadol in the broiler chicks model [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 327-332]

  • Neonatal Study the effect of isoproterenol to visualize cerebral blood flow by using a laser speckle imaging system in Neonatal rats [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 979-983]

  • Neoplasma Pathological study of neoplasms surgically excised from animals attended the veterinary teaching hospital [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 9-14]

  • Neospora caninum Seroprevalence of Neospora caninum infections in cattle in Kirkuk province [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 331-334]

  • Nereis sp Potential of probiotics Bacillus subtilis to reduce ammonia levels, Vibrio sp abundance, and increased production performance of Seaworm (Nereis sp) under laboratory scale [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 757-763]

  • Nerve injury Comparison between two medical drugs' effect on the crushed sciatic nerve healing in dogs [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 1-6]

  • Nerve regeneration Comparison between two medical drugs' effect on the crushed sciatic nerve healing in dogs [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 1-6]

  • Nervous system Effect of vitamin C treatment on some central nervous system functions in young rats whose mothers treated with hydrogen peroxide during the lactation period [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 713-717]

  • Nervous system Neurobehavioral toxicity of copper sulfate accompanied by oxidative stress and histopathological alterations in chicks' brain [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 53-60]

  • Nested PCR Prevalence and molecular identification of Cryptosporidium spp in cattle in Baghdad province, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 389-394]

  • Nested PCR Molecular and Serological detection of Toxoplasma gondii in three species of wild birds of Babylon province, middle Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 39-44]

  • Nested-PCR Molecular detection of Cryptosporidium spp. in stray cats in Al-Qadisiyah governorate, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 369-373]

  • Nested-PCR Molecular detection of cestoda in black francolin (Francolinus francolinus) of Babylon Province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 419-423]

  • Nested RT-PCR Genotyping of avian infectious bronchitis virus in broiler farms in Duhok province, north of Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 171-175]

  • Neurobehavior Potential neurobehavioral toxicity of sulfur in mice [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 581-588]

  • Neurobehavioral The antagonism effect of sodium nitrate by ascorbic acid (vitamin C) on neurobehavioral of mice [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 241-245]

  • Neurobehavioral Neurotoxicity of xylazine in chicks [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 289-296]

  • Neurobehavioral Evaluating the toxic oral doses of iron oxide nanoparticles in mice [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 801-811]

  • Neurobehavioral Test Toxic effects of butylated hydroxytoluene in rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 121-128]

  • Neurobehavioral Test Therapeutic effect of taurine on sodium fluoride toxicity in chicks [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 223-238]

  • Neurobehaviour Effect of nefopam in normal chickens and its relationship to hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 7-12]

  • Neurotransmitters Neurotoxicity of xylazine in chicks [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 289-296]

  • Neutralization test Isolation and detection of reovirus from arthritis in chickens [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 59-63]

  • Newcastle disease Follow up the antibodies titer against Newcastle disease virus in broiler breeders using ELISA test [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 295-299]

  • Newcastle disease Effect of Synertox® on broiler health and performance during aflatoxicosis [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 27-34]

  • Newcastle disease Effect of hyperimmunized egg yolk on maternal immunity of Newcastle disease vaccine in broiler chicks [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 35-38]

  • Newcastle disease Evaluation the role of Apsa-mos® as immunomodulator on the level of antibody titers in broiler chickens vaccinated with Newcastle disease virus. [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 53-56]

  • Newcastle disease vaccination Effects of Newcastle disease vaccine on the liver and antioxidant enzymes of chicks [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 243-247]

  • NHE-1 Histological evaluation of the possible role of Na+/ H+ entiporter and anion exchanger in endochondral ossification activities of secondary bone healing in rats [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 233-240]

  • Nicotine The effect of nicotine per inhalation on the diameter and epithelium thickness of the seminiferous tubules of rats [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 209-215]

  • Nigella sativa Immunomodulatory effect of Nigella sativa seed extract in male rabbits treated with dexamethasone [Volume 26, Suppl. IV, 2012, Page 141-149]

  • Nile tilapia Effect of some mycotoxin on growth performance and feed utilization of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 99-108]

  • Nineveh Prevalence and some risk factors of bovine heamotropic mycoplasma in Nineveh province - Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 427-431]

  • Nineveh A study of the gastrointestinal parasites in awassi sheep and surrounding environment [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 561-567]

  • Nineveh Epidemiological investigation of mastitis in lactating buffalo cows in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 217-222]

  • Nineveh Governorate Studying an outbreak of inclusion body hepatitis in broilers in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 769-774]

  • Nineveh Governorate Serodiagnosis of schmallenberg virus infection in sheep in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 235-239]

  • Nineveh Province Prevalence of the bovine adenovirus type 3 by using direct fluorescent antibody technique in calves in Nineveh province [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 53-57]

  • Nineveh Province Molecular evidence of schmallenberg virus associated by ovine abortion with fetal anomalies in Nineveh province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 115-120]

  • Nineveh Province Correlation incidence between infectious bursal disease and aflatoxicosis in broilers chicken farms in Nineveh province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 183-190]

  • Nitol plant An epidemiological and therapeutic study of Sarcoptes scabiei parasite in cows of Anbar province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 103-109]

  • Nitric oxide Synthetic immunostimulatory glycans interference with host cell apoptosis upon of Toxoplasma gondii infection, in vitro [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 43-49]

  • Nitric oxide Effect of sodium benzoate on some biochemical, physiological and histopathological aspects in adult male rats [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 267-272]

  • NMO A comparative study of nano magnesium oxide versus platelets rich fibrin to repair the induced radial fracture in dogs [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 451-458]

  • Nodular lesions Histopathological study of sheep lung roaming in dump zones [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 151-160]

  • Non-infectious claw disorders Prevalence of non-infectious claw disorders in Egyptian dairy farms in relation to the flooring system [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 207-211]

  • Non Pregnant Ovarian lesions in non pregnant ewes in Mosul city [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 43-49]

  • Nonstructural protein Different vectors used to transform and clone of nonstructural NS1 gene of Influenza B in Escherichia coli [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 329-333]

  • Norfloxacin Risk factors assessment and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella isolates from apparently healthy and diarrheal dogs in Baghdad, Iraq [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 155-162]

  • Normal Routine red bone marrow smear in local breed claves at Basrah, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 525-529]

  • N-PCR Detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in cows in Mosul City, Iraq [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 89-95]

  • N. sativa Bronchodilator activity of ethyl acetate extract of Nigella sativa [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 145-149]

  • NTx Role of rosuvastatin in bone metabolism of ovariectomized adult rats [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 267-273]

  • Nuc gene Plasmid transformation and curing of nalidixic acid gene in Staphylococcus aureus isolated from buffaloes mastitis and workerʼs hands [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 167-174]

  • Nuc gene Detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from broiler carcasses in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 489-493]

  • Nuc gene Direct detection of Staphylococcus aureus in camel milk in the Nineveh governorate by using the PCR technique [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 669-672]

  • Nuc gene Isolation and molecular detection of enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus from raw milk of cows [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 137-141]

  • Nutrition Baker’s Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and its application on poultry’s production and health: A review [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 213-221]

O

  • Oat cell Histopathological study of sheep lung roaming in dump zones [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 151-160]

  • Obstructive jaundice New surgical model to induce irreversible liver fibrosis by surgical closure of major duodenal orifice in dogs [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 825-831]

  • Obstructive urolithiasis Prevalence of obstructive urolithiasis in domestic animals: An interplay between seasonal predisposition and dietary imbalance [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 227-232]

  • Odds ratio Multivariable binary logistic regression model to predict risk factors of peste des petits ruminants in goat and sheep [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1029-1034]

  • Oestrus ovis Rearing and measurements of Oestrus ovis larvae and pupae (Diptera: Oestridae) from slaughtered sheep heads in Mosul abattoir -Iraq [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 21-25]

  • Oestrus ovis Morphological and phylogenetic characterization of Oestrus ovis larvae in sheep: Al-Qadisiyah province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 133-137]

  • Oestrus ovis Molecular study of Oestrus ovis larvae infesting in sheep in Baghdad city, Iraq [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 41-45]

  • Offal Incidence of hydatidosis in slaughtered livestock at Mosul, Iraq [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 21-25]

  • Oil palm frond Effect of oil palm frond treated with ammonia on some carcass traits and meat chemical composition of Bali bulls - Indonesia [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 57-60]

  • Omentum Laparoscopic and hand-assisted cystorrhaphy strengthened with omental pedicle in dogs: Radiographic and ultrasonographic study [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 347-352]

  • Omphalocele Surgical treatment of omphalocele with intestinal evisceration in cow calf of Sahiwal: A case report [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 745-748]

  • Oocytes Assessment of different methods of bovine oocytes collection, maturation and Invitro fertilization of abattoir specimens [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 55-65]

  • Open days Study on the post-partum disorders and their relationship with the reproductive performance in Iraqi cow-buffaloes [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 313-317]

  • Open field test The neurobehavioral effects of flumazenil in chicks [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 783-788]

  • Opioid Synergism of the analgesic activities of tramadol with α2 adrenoreceptor agonist xylazine in mice [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 109-113]

  • Opportunistic fungi Experimental infection in mice with Acremonium spp. mold and Rhodotorula spp. yeast isolated from cow's milk [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 165-171]

  • Optic nerve Trypsin dose optimization for glaucoma induction in rabbit model [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 107-113]

  • OPV Immunohistochemical detection of P53 and MDM2 and its correlation with histological grading system in ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 687-692]

  • ORCs Assessment of ova collection with or without centrifugation after ovarian slicing for In vitro fertilization of slaughterhouse specimens of Iraqi Awassi ewes [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 967-972]

  • Oregostem® Effect of Oregostem® and imbalance diet on body performance and reproductive efficiency in male quails [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 29-37]

  • Orexin-A Effect of plasma isolated Orexin-A on the regulation of metabolites in male rats [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 451-457]

  • Orf Orf disease in local goat; clinical and phylogenetic study in Al-Qadisiyah governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 117-121]

  • Organic Acid A comparative study of treatment with ciprofloxacin and sodium propionate for non-O157 STEC (IQ1) infected mice [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 233-243]

  • Organic Solvents Antimicrobial and antifungal activity of pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo) leaves extracted by four organic solvents and water [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 33-39]

  • Orlistat Effect of orlistat and aquatic extract of Rosmarinus officinalis leaves in histopathological changes in kidney of albino rat [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 393-400]

  • Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale Detection of Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale antibodies in broiler by ELISA in Mosul city [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 739-743]

  • Oropharyngeal swabs Molecular investigation of feline calicivirus in cats in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 731-735]

  • Orphenadrine Evaluation of the advantages of orphenadrine in anaesthesia caused by ketamine in mice [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 233-238]

  • Orphenadrine Detection of potential effects of orphenadrine upon anesthesia with propofol and/or thiopental in mice [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 239-243]

  • Osmotic resistance The study of biogenic iron oxide nanoparticles effects on iron status in male rabbits infected with T. evansi [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 143-147]

  • Ossification center Development of the wing bones in quail’s embryo; Coturnix japonica [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 129-137]

  • Osteoarthritis Histopathological study of the effect of using repeated doses of platelets-rich plasma on articular cartilage repair in Rabbits [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 203-210]

  • Osteocalcin Role of rosuvastatin in bone metabolism of ovariectomized adult rats [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 267-273]

  • Osteochilus hasseltii Ectoparasite inventorisation of nilem fish (Osteochilus hasselti) fingerlings cultured on ponds in Sukabumi, West Java, Indonesia [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 605-609]

  • Ouargla Investigation of the principal vectors of abortive diseases in one-humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 411-415]

  • Ovariectomized rats Effect of saponin extract of Glycyrrihiza glabra in activity of hepatic enzymes and some biochemical parameters in serum of adults ovariectomized female rats [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 411-415]

  • Ovariectomized rats Effect of atorvastatin on bone formation in ovariectomized rats [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 239-245]

  • Ovariectomized rats Role of rosuvastatin in bone metabolism of ovariectomized adult rats [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 267-273]

  • Ovaries Effects of red reishi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum) on the reproductive system in female and male rats [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 137-141]

  • Ovaries Histopathological alterations of male and female reproductive systems induced by alloxan in rats [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 223-226]

  • Ovaries Ovario-utero protective effect of silymarin in ethidium bromide treated female rats [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 213-211]

  • Ovaries Relationship of induced thyroid gland disorders with fertility in cyclic female rats [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 103-109]

  • Ovariohysterectomy Effect of estrogens level on the fracture healing of tibia bone after ovariectomy and ovariohysterectomy in female dogs [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 921-928]

  • Ovary Ovarian lesions in non pregnant ewes in Mosul city [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 43-49]

  • Ovary Histological effects of chronic sodium fluoride toxicity on some reproductive organs of male and female adult albino rats [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 705-711]

  • Ovary Seasonal morphometric and functional changes of thyroid gland and relationship with thr1 and thr2 genes expression in queen ovary [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 97-102]

  • Ovary Morphological study of laying and non-laying female genital system in peacock (Pavo cristatus) [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 45-53]

  • Overlapping The macroscopical and microscopical characters of the trachea in different avian species: A comparative study [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 781-789]

  • Ovine Determination of Toxoplasma gondii lineages of sheep in Wasit, Iraq [Volume 30, Issue 2, 2016, Page 23-26]

  • Ovine Phylogenetic study of Theileria lestoquardi based on 18SrRNA gene Isolated from sheep in the middle region of Iraq [Volume 30, Issue 2, 2016, Page 27-32]

  • Ovine A study of the incidence of Lucilia sericata fly in ovine in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 739-743]

  • Ovine herpesvirus-2 Phylogenetic analysis of ovine herpes virus-2 (OHV-2) in malignant catarrhal fever infected cattle in AL-Qadisiyah of Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 51-58]

  • Ovine mastitis Isolation, identification and genetic analysis of Mannheimia haemolytica in ovine clinical mastitis in Mosul city [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 381-386]

  • Ovine theileriosis Prevalence of ovine theileriosis in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 205-211]

  • Ovulation prediction Prediction of the ovulation time in estrus mares by different methods [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 621-626]

  • OXA purification Effect of plasma isolated Orexin-A on the regulation of metabolites in male rats [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 451-457]

  • Oxidants Sequential changes of serum and liver subcellular oxidants and antioxidant concentrations in silymarin treated male rats [Volume 30, Issue 1, 2016, Page 9-14]

  • Oxidative stress Capability of hydrogen peroxide to induce oxidative stress and atheromatous lesions in female pregnant rats [Volume 20, Issue 2, 2006, Page 229-240]

  • OXTRs Effect of exogenous hormones in the expression level of OXTRs gene in cows using Rt PCR [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 191-196]

  • Oxygen consumption The role of clove (Sygnium aromaticum) oil as anaesthetics compound for abalone (Haliotis squamata) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 335-342]

  • Oxytocin Effect of exogenous oxytocin on the expression of oxytocin receptor gene and uterine involution in local Iraqi cows [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1125-1132]

  • Oxytocin Effect of exogenous hormones in the expression level of OXTRs gene in cows using Rt PCR [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 191-196]

P

  • P16 Immunohistochemical expression of proliferation markers in canine osteosarcoma [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1097-1102]

  • P53 Immunohistochemical detection of P53 and MDM2 and its correlation with histological grading system in ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 687-692]

  • P53 Histopathology and Immunohistochemistry of tumors in animals attending veterinary teaching hospital [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 309-314]

  • P53 Immunohistochemical expression of proliferation markers in canine osteosarcoma [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1097-1102]

  • Packed cell volume Effect of adding nettle plant on some physiological and biochemical parameters of broiler chickens [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 115-119]

  • P. aeruginosa Molecular identification of virulence genes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from fish (Cyprinus carpio) in Mosul city [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 953-958]

  • Pain Scoring and Radiography Comparative efficacy of platelet-rich plasma and dextrose prolotherapy for stifle joint arthritis in a rabbit model [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 531-536]

  • Pakistan Isolation and identification of ectoparasites in single humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) of Cholistan area, Pakistan [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 291-297]

  • Palatoplasty Using polypropylene mesh or ear cartilage autograft with mini screws for the treatment of induced cleft hard palate in puppies: A comparative study [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 125-132]

  • Palestine Serosurvey of Q fever in active reproductive rams in northern Palestine [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 87-90]

  • Palestine Prevalence of Parascaris equorum in native horses in West Bank Palestine [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 433-436]

  • Palestine Pathological detection of nutritional muscular dystrophy in dromedary camel calves in Palestine [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 943-947]

  • Palps Prevalence of some species of flies in cowsheds in Mosul city [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 991-997]

  • Pancreas Morphometrical and histochemical foundation of pancreas and ductal system in white-eared bulbul (Pycnonotus leucotis) [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 99-104]

  • Pancreas A gross anatomical and histological study of pancreas in adult Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 175-180]

  • Pancreas Histological and ultrastructural studies of the pancreas of native rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 371-378]

  • Pancreas Protective effect of placental mesenchymal stem cells on histological changes of pancreas experimentally induced by alloxane in mice [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 1-8]

  • Pancreas Histopathological changes in kidney and pancreas induced by energy drinks in adult male rats [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 111-116]

  • Pancreas Curative and protective potentials of Moringa oleifera leaf decoction on the streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus in albino rats [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 73-82]

  • Pancreas Histomorphometrical and histochemical study of the pancreas on the local dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 913-922]

  • Pancreas Histomorphological and carbohydrate histochemical study of the pancreas in native ducks (Anas Platyrhynchos) [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1103-1110]

  • Pancreas Age-related pancreatic tissue postnatal histogenesis in the albino rat (Rattus norvegicus): A morphological, morphometrical, and immunohistochemical study with emphasis on alpha and beta cells [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 29-36]

  • Pancreas Macroscopic and histomorphometry investigation of pancreas in adult local partridge (Francolinus francolinus) [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 207-214]

  • Papilloma Phylogenetic tree analysis study of bovine papillomaviruses type 1 based on L1 gene in Al-Qadisiyah governorate, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 151-155]

  • Parabronema skrjabini Morphological and molecular identification of Parabronema skrjabini of camels (Camelus dromedary) in Najaf province [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 507-512]

  • Parabronema skrjabini COX1 gene and ITS-2 region: A comparative study of molecular diagnosis of Parabronema skrjabini in camels (Camelus dromedaries), Al-Najaf Province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 77-84]

  • Paraffin Standard techniques for formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue: A Pathologist’s perspective [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 127-135]

  • Parasite infestation A cytopathological study of the role of liver impression as a diagnostic tool in pigeons [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 555-560]

  • Parasitemia The beneficial effects of resveratrol supplementation on parasitemia, oxidative stress and serum biochemical parameters in Trypanosoma brucei infected dogs [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 753-760]

  • Parasitic infection Molecular study and DNA sequence analysis of Theileria annulata in cattle in Al-Hilla, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 425-429]

  • Partridge Chukar partridge in northern Iraq: A review article [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 495-505]

  • Partridge Macroscopic and histomorphometry investigation of pancreas in adult local partridge (Francolinus francolinus) [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 207-214]

  • Parturition Alteration of serum haptoglobin concentration in normal parturition and dystocia affected cows [Volume 30, Issue 1, 2016, Page 19-22]

  • Passer domesticus Molecular and Serological detection of Toxoplasma gondii in three species of wild birds of Babylon province, middle Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 39-44]

  • Passive Immunization Reproductive hormones profile of Iraqi Awassi ewes immunized against synthetic inhibin-α subunit or steroid-free bovine follicular fluid [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 123-128]

  • Pasteurella multocida Molecular analysis of ompA gene Pasteurella multocida Indonesia local isolates [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 211-216]

  • Pathogenesis Pathogenesis of Salmonella enterica serovar albany in experimental infected SPF BALB/c Mice [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 339-344]

  • Pathogenic bacteria Utilization of lactoferrin to inhibit E. coli and S. aureus isolates from milk and kariesh cheese [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 853-863]

  • Pathogens Morphology of the gastrointestinal tract of cascadura fish (Hoplosternum littorale) and its pathogenic fauna [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 603-609]

  • Pathological changes Protective effect of placental mesenchymal stem cells on histological changes of pancreas experimentally induced by alloxane in mice [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 1-8]

  • Pathological Genital Cases Diagnosis of pregnancy and pathological conditions in the genital system of small ruminants by ultrasonography [Volume 30, Issue 1, 2016, Page 9-13]

  • Pathological lesions Fasciolosis: grading the histopathological lesions in naturally infected bovine liver in Mosul city [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 379-387]

  • Pathology Pathological study of subchronic oral toxicity induced by Di (2- ethyl hexyl) phthalate in Japanese quails [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 67-71]

  • Pathology Prevalence and pathological evaluation of hepatic fatty change in cattle slaughtered at Urmia Abattoir, Northwest Iran [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 45-50]

  • Pathology Prevalence of nematodes infestation in Clarias gariepinus from El-Burullus Lake and Lake Nasser, Egypt [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 181-188]

  • Pathology Detection of subclinical paratuberculosis in dairy cattle in Egypt [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 139-146]

  • Patients Prevalence, antibiotic resistance, and phylogenetic analysis of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from various sources in Egypt: fish, vegetables, and humans [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 15-27]

  • Paw pad Functional morphology of the trunk and paw pad skin of the African palm squirrel (Epixerus ebii) [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 417-425]

  • PCNA immunoreactivity The influence of alpha-lipoic acid on ovarian follicle growth in induced aging mice [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 375-382]

  • PCR Using species-specific PCR technique to detect Toxoplasma gondii in broiler chickens [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 53-56]

  • PCR Phylogenetic study of Theileria lestoquardi based on 18SrRNA gene Isolated from sheep in the middle region of Iraq [Volume 30, Issue 2, 2016, Page 27-32]

  • PCR Prevalence and molecular studies on Echinococcus equinus isolated from necropsied donkeys [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 101-106]

  • PCR Use molecular techniques as an alternative tool for diagnosis and characterization of Theileria equi [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 5-11]

  • PCR Polymorphism of growth hormone gene in the artificial insemination result of Madura cattle with Limousin semen as a reference for genetic selection [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 113-118]

  • PCR Molecular study of Anaplasma marginale parasite in carrier cattle in Al-Nasiriyah city [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 299-301]

  • PCR Sequencing-based phylogenetic-study of Babesia spp detected in tick tissues in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 9-12]

  • PCR First phylogenetic characterization of Pseudocowpox virus from cattle in Al-Qadisiyah province/ Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 123-126]

  • PCR Phylogenetic tree analysis study of bovine papillomaviruses type 1 based on L1 gene in Al-Qadisiyah governorate, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 151-155]

  • PCR Microscopic identification, molecular and phylogenetic analysis of Babesia species in buffalo from slaughter house in Al-Najaf city of Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 251-258]

  • PCR Isolation and identification of Salmonella typhimurium bacteria with detection of type-1 fimbriae coding gene by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 195-199]

  • PCR Serodiagnosis of Toxocariasis by ELISA test using anti- T. canis IgG antibodies in stray dogs compared to PCR [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 367-370]

  • PCR Detection of Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae by using of cultural and PCR technique [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 469-473]

  • PCR Detection of Shigella in raw bovine milk by polymerase chain reaction [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 9-16]

  • PCR Detection of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis in raw cow’s milk using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 83-86]

  • PCR Investigate the Toxoplasma gondii infection in the consumed beef in Al-Diwaniyah province [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 95-99]

  • PCR Study of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from the mouth of canary [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 301-304]

  • PCR Molecular detection and seroprevalence of Toxoplasmosis in free range local chickens (Gallus domesticus) in Duhok province, Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 247-252]

  • PCR Detection and pathogenicity of Listeria monocytogenes in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fish in Baghdad, Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 311-316]

  • PCR Molecular detection of Cryptosporidium parvum in chicken in Al-Diwaniya province [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 441-445]

  • PCR Molecular identification of new circulating Hyalomma asiaticum asiaticum from sheep and goats in Duhok governorate, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 79-83]

  • PCR Molecular differentiation of Thysaniezia (Helictometra) giardi and Moniezia species based on 18s rRNA gene in small ruminants [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 105-108]

  • PCR Detection of CTX-M gene in extended spectrum β-lactamases producing Enterobacteriaceae isolated from bovine milk [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 397-402]

  • PCR Molecular characterization of extended spectrum cephalosporin resistant Escherichia coli isolated from dogs [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 473-478]

  • PCR Pathological and molecular study of ovine diaphragms naturally infected by Sarcosystis spp. [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 749-755]

  • PCR Serological and molecular investigations of Brucellosis in dairy cows at certain areas of Al-Sulaymaniyah governorate- Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 657-662]

  • PCR Estimation of limit of detection of Salmonella typhimurium in artificially contaminated chicken meat by cultured-based and polymerase chain reaction techniques [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 621-625]

  • PCR Direct detection of Staphylococcus aureus in camel milk in the Nineveh governorate by using the PCR technique [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 669-672]

  • PCR Molecular characterization and phylogenic analysis of Anaplasma spp. in small ruminants from Sulaymaniyah governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 15-20]

  • PCR Molecular characterization and phylogenetic analysis of Escherichia coli isolated from milk of cattle affected by mastitis [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 251-254]

  • PCR Molecular detection of ESBL/AmpC ß-Lactamase Escherichia coli isolated from sheep in Mosul city [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 387-392]

  • PCR Morphometric and molecular characterization of Moniezia species in sheep in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 833-837]

  • PCR Detection of Campylobacter fetus in aborted ewes in Sulaimani province by PCR [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 647-651]

  • PCR Studying an outbreak of inclusion body hepatitis in broilers in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 769-774]

  • PCR Clinical and molecular detection of Sarcoptes scabiei in the Iraqi camels [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 923-930]

  • PCR Isolation and molecular detection of some virulence associated genes in avian pathogenic E. coli [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 889-894]

  • PCR Molecular Identification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in meat at Mosul city retails using PCR technique [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1083-1087]

  • PCR Phylogenetic tree constructed of Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica isolated from animals and humans in Basrah and Baghdad governorates, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 895-903]

  • PCR Molecular study of Oestrus ovis larvae infesting in sheep in Baghdad city, Iraq [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 41-45]

  • PCR Molecular characterization of Fasciola spp. from ruminants in Duhok province using the ITS1 ribosomal DNA marker [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 315-323]

  • PCR Isolation and molecular identification of Escherichia coli strain from fish available in farms and local markets in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 431-435]

  • PCR Molecular characterization of circulating strains of the peste-des-petitis-ruminants virus in Sulaimani province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 597-602]

  • PCR Phenotypic and genotypic study of sarcocystosis in Iraqi domestic goats (Capra hircus) [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 29-35]

  • PCR Isolation and molecular detection of Staphylococcus aureus from feline otitis in Baghdad [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 141-146]

  • PCR Genetically diagnosis of Mycoplasma isolated from respiratory and conjunctival infections in household dogs [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 113-117]

  • PCR First analysis of beak and feather disease of psittacine in Nineveh province, Iraq [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 173-181]

  • PCR Molecular identification of Theileria species in cattle in Mosul city [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 183-189]

  • PCR assay Phenotypic and genotypic characterizations of Escherichia coli Isolated from veal meats and butchers’ shops in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 225-260]

  • PCR method Molecular detection of Mycoplasma spp. from camel’s milk [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 333-337]

  • PCR O153H2 Molecular characterization of enterohemorrhagic E. coli O157 and O153 isolated from tissue camel and human stool samples in Al-Diwaniyah, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 81-86]

  • PCR-RFLP Morphological and Molecular diagnosis of Hypoderma spp. in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 255-259]

  • PCR technique Detection of the nuc gene in Staphylococcus aureus isolated from swamps and ponds in Mosul city by using PCR techniques [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 821-824]

  • PCR technique Molecular detection of mecA gene in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from dairy mastitis in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 939-943]

  • PCR techniques Prevalence of ovine theileriosis in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 205-211]

  • Peahen Morphological study of laying and non-laying female genital system in peacock (Pavo cristatus) [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 45-53]

  • Peganum harmala Clinical, epidemiological and therapeutic studies on bovine tropical theileriosis in Faisalabad, Pakistan [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • Pelvic bone Radiographic and ultrasonic study of pelvic bones in awassi ewes and local she goat and relationship with age of sexual puberty [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 627-632]

  • Penis Surgical correction of congenital anomalies in a neonatal lamb: a case report [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 43-46]

  • Pentyleneterazole Effect of induced epilepsy on some biochemical parameters in female rats [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 89-92]

  • Pentylenetetrazol Effect of diphenhydramine and phenobarbital in the concentration of glutathione and malondialdehyde and glucose in plasma and brain of chicks treated with pentylenetetrazol [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 97-104]

  • Pentylenetetrazole Anticonvulsant and antioxidant activities of crude flavonoid extract of Matricaria chamomilla L. against convulsions induced by pentylenetetrazole in chicks [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1089-1095]

  • Peptide antigen Evaluation of immunogenicity and efficacy of Borrelia burgdorferi derived peptide (PepB) antigen formulated in a protein scaffold in mice against Lyme disease [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 77-84]

  • Performance parameters Effect of supplementation of encapsulated organic acid and essential oil Gallant+® on some physiological parameters of Japanese quails [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 181-188]

  • Performance rate Evaluation of performance rate, some hematological and biochemical parameters in Iranian Afshari breed fattened sheep fed diet containing Gundelia (Gundelia tournefortii L.) [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 33-38]

  • Periodontal diseases Dental disorders in dogs and cats: A retrospective study [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 247-253]

  • Periodontitis Development of experimentally-induced periodontitis in a Sprague Dawley rat model [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 765-769]

  • Peritoneum graft Effect of autologous peritoneum and platelet-rich fibrin graft on healing of intestinal anastomosis in dogs [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 459-470]

  • Peste des petits ruminants Molecular characterization of circulating strains of the peste-des-petitis-ruminants virus in Sulaimani province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 597-602]

  • Pestes des petit ruminants Molecular identification of peste des petits ruminants virus in wild goat and domestic small ruminants by real-time -PCR technique in Erbil-Iraq [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 51-54]

  • Pesticide Neurobehavioral evaluation of quail treated with omega-3 and chlorpyrifos [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 245-250]

  • Pesticide stress The potential of Kebar grass extract on histopathological changes in kidneys of mice offspring from the parent exposed to carbofuran during the lactation period [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1075-1082]

  • Pet birds Study of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from the mouth of canary [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 301-304]

  • Pet dogs Molecular detection of Hammondia heydorni in dogs in Mosul city [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 329-332]

  • Pethidine Simultaneous determination of pethidine pharmacokinetics in rats: The impact of tramadol coadministration [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 261-267]

  • Petrous bone Anatomical and morphological study of the petrous bone in camels (Camelus dromedarius) [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 839-845]

  • Phagocytic activity The effect of lipopolysaccharide extracted from Escherichia coli on total WBCs, granulocytes and on phagocytic activity in female rats [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 285-289]

  • Pharmacodynamics Nefopam and ketorolac: Isobolographic analysis of analgesic effect and pharmacokinetic profile in chicks [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 145-150]

  • Pharmacodynamics Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics interaction between nefopam and tramadol in the broiler chicks model [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 327-332]

  • Pharmacodynamics The pharmacokinetics of phenylbutazone and its interaction with dexamethasone in chicks [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 137-142]

  • Pharmacokinetics Comparative pharmacokinetic study of theaflavin in healthy and experimentally induced liver damage rabbits [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 235-242]

  • Pharmacokinetics Effect of diclofenac on the pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin in quail [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 777-781]

  • Pharmacokinetics Nefopam and ketorolac: Isobolographic analysis of analgesic effect and pharmacokinetic profile in chicks [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 145-150]

  • Pharmacokinetics Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics interaction between nefopam and tramadol in the broiler chicks model [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 327-332]

  • Pharmacokinetics Effects of hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress on the plasma concentration and pharmacokinetics of ketorolac in chicks [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 83-88]

  • Pharmacokinetics The pharmacokinetics of phenylbutazone and its interaction with dexamethasone in chicks [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 137-142]

  • Pharmacokinetics Simultaneous determination of pethidine pharmacokinetics in rats: The impact of tramadol coadministration [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 261-267]

  • Phenobarbital Effect of diphenhydramine and phenobarbital in the concentration of glutathione and malondialdehyde and glucose in plasma and brain of chicks treated with pentylenetetrazol [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 97-104]

  • Phenylbutazone Interaction of meloxicam and phenylbutazone on the level of cyclooxygenase-2 in mice [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1011-1016]

  • Phenylbutazone The pharmacokinetics of phenylbutazone and its interaction with dexamethasone in chicks [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 137-142]

  • Pheochromocytomas Exome sequencing and SDH (A, B) immunohistochemistry of canine Pheochromocytomas [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 143-150]

  • Phosphrous Effect of aspartame in bone formation of young female rats [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 847-852]

  • Phylogenesis Prevalence, antibiotic resistance, and phylogenetic analysis of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from various sources in Egypt: fish, vegetables, and humans [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 15-27]

  • Phylogenetic Risk factors and genetic diversity of border disease virus in small ruminants in Nineveh province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 915-920]

  • Phylogenetic analysis Phylogenetic study of Theileria lestoquardi based on 18SrRNA gene Isolated from sheep in the middle region of Iraq [Volume 30, Issue 2, 2016, Page 27-32]

  • Phylogenetic analysis Molecular identification and phylogenetic analysis of lactic acid bacteria isolated from goat raw milk [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 259-263]

  • Phylogenetic analysis Clinical and molecular detection of Sarcoptes scabiei in the Iraqi camels [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 923-930]

  • Phylogenetic analysis Molecular characterization of the 3'-UTRsequence of the interferon-gamma gene and its expression profile in the ocular conjunctiva of amazon buffaloes [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 885-892]

  • Phylogenetics Molecular characterization of fertile hydatid cysts from the liver of the sheep and cows and associated environmental influence factors [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 321-327]

  • Phylogenetic study Morphometric and molecular characterization of Moniezia species in sheep in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 833-837]

  • Phylogenetic tree The genetic relationship for Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from human urinary tract and beef [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 75-80]

  • Phylogenetic tree Microscopic identification, molecular and phylogenetic analysis of Babesia species in buffalo from slaughter house in Al-Najaf city of Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 251-258]

  • Phylogenetic tree Nad1 gene analysis of Echinococcus granulosus from sheep in Aqrah city, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 341-345]

  • Phylogenetic tree Genotyping study of Fasciola gigantica isolated from cattle in Aqrah city, Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 123-127]

  • Phylogenetic tree Molecular characterization and phylogenetic analysis of Escherichia coli isolated from milk of cattle affected by mastitis [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 251-254]

  • Phylogenetic tree Phylogenetic tree constructed of Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica isolated from animals and humans in Basrah and Baghdad governorates, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 895-903]

  • Phylogenetic tree Conventional and molecular identification of Enterobacter cloacae that carries SHV-related extended-spectrum-β-lactamase gene from bat intestinal contents [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 147-152]

  • Phylogeny Sequencing-based phylogenetic-study of Babesia spp detected in tick tissues in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 9-12]

  • Phylogeny Genotyping of Salmonella enterica strains from animal and human origin using three molecular techniques [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 531-538]

  • Physiological parameters Physiological effects of lactic acid bacteria against melamine induced toxicity in female albino rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 1-7]

  • Physiological parameters Physiological and hematological reference values of wild caucasian squirrels (Sciurus anomalus pallescens) in northern Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 637-642]

  • Physiological Traits Application of magnetic technology in local quail house and hatchery on performance, reproductive and physiological traits under heat stress [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 259-266]

  • Physiological Traits The relationship of hematological parameters with adaptation and reproduction in sheep; A review study [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 575-580]

  • Piper betle Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Piper betle exhibit high antimicrobial activity against Salmonella enteritidis and E. coli [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 759-763]

  • Piroplasmosis Seroprevalence of piroplasmosis with tick distribution in northern Iraq [Volume 26, Suppl. III, 2012, Page 105-108]

  • Pituitary Immunohistochemical expression levels of anterior pituitary LH, FSH and testicular testosterone of Allium sativum extract and thymoquinone in male treated rats [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 49-55]

  • Pituitary Influence of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles in reproductive efficiency of adult male rats [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 507-513]

  • Placental mesenchymal stem cells Protective effect of placental mesenchymal stem cells on histological changes of pancreas experimentally induced by alloxane in mice [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 1-8]

  • Plant Evaluation of the role of green synthesis silver nanoparticles as adsorbents and protective agents for broilers tissue treated with aflatoxin [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 675-681]

  • Plantago Experimental study of the effect of Plantago major leaves extract on contaminated excisional wound healing in rabbits [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 31-39]

  • Plant lectins The combined effect of the human umbilical cord blood with chitosan scaffold on the full-thickness wound healing process in rats [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 391-403]

  • Plasma Simultaneous determination of pethidine pharmacokinetics in rats: The impact of tramadol coadministration [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 261-267]

  • Plasma creatinine Renoprotection by Garcinia mangostana L. pericarp extract in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 13-19]

  • Plasmodium Potency Syzygium cumini L as adjuvant therapy on mice model malaria [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 73-80]

  • Plate Bone fractures in dogs: A retrospective study of 129 dogs [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 401-405]

  • Platelet Comparing efficacy of the platelet rich plasma and advanced platelet rich fibrin on tibial bone defect regeneration in dogs [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 973-980]

  • Platelet- rich plasma Effects of autologous platelet-rich plasma on skin healing in dogs [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 275-283]

  • Platelets rich fibrin Effects of platelets rich fibrin and bone marrow on the healing of distal radial fracture in local dogs: Comparative study [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 419-425]

  • Platycephalus indicus Infection and genetic detection of Hysterothylacium spp (Ascaridida: Raphidascaridinae) infesting Saurida tumbil (Bloch, 1795) and Platycephalus indicus (Linnaeus, 1758) fishes, Iraqi marine water fishes [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 789-794]

  • PLGA The role of PLGA/TPGS nanoparticle on xylazine-ketamine anesthetic activity in male albino rabbits [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 201-206]

  • PMNs Detection of endometritis using uterine cytobrush and ultrasonography in mares [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 39-44]

  • PMSG Induction of estrus using human menopausal gonadotrophin in Iraqi Awassi ewes [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 529-533]

  • Pneumonia Prevalence of helminthes, pneumonia and hepatitis in Kirkuk slaughter house, Kirkuk, Iraq [Volume 26, Suppl. III, 2012, Page 83-88]

  • Pneumonia Histopathological study of sheep lung roaming in dump zones [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 151-160]

  • Pollution Bioremediation of lead and cadmium and the strive role of Pediococcus pentosaceus probiotic [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 51-57]

  • Polycystic ovary syndrome Ameliorative effects of curcumin on dehydroepiandrosterone-induced polycystic ovary syndrome in female rats [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 191-196]

  • Polymerase chain reaction Different vectors used to transform and clone of nonstructural NS1 gene of Influenza B in Escherichia coli [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 329-333]

  • Polymerase chain reaction Detection of Shigella in raw bovine milk by polymerase chain reaction [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 9-16]

  • Polymerase chain reaction Isolation and identification of Circovirus in pigeon [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 207-210]

  • Polymerase chain reaction First serodetection and molecular phylogenetic documentation of Coxiella burnetii isolates from female camels in Wasit governorate, Iraq [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 47-52]

  • Polymerase chain reaction Molecular investigation of feline calicivirus in cats in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 731-735]

  • Polymerase chain reaction Molecular detection of Leishmania in cutaneous scrapping and blood samples of dogs in Mosul city [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 15-19]

  • Polymerase change reaction The genetic relationship for Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from human urinary tract and beef [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 75-80]

  • Pomegranate bark root Effects of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) barks of root and stem (alcoholic extract) on the viability and fatty acids content of Echinococcus granulosus protoscolices in vitro study [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 189-194]

  • Pomegranate bark stem Effects of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) barks of root and stem (alcoholic extract) on the viability and fatty acids content of Echinococcus granulosus protoscolices in vitro study [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 189-194]

  • Pomegranate pomace Application of pomegranate pomace as a natural antibacterial and antioxidant preservative in beef [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 211-216]

  • Pop gene Using the pop-gene program to study two genetic sites of the growth hormone gene in Iraqi local sheep [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 37-41]

  • Porphyromonas gingivalis Development of experimentally-induced periodontitis in a Sprague Dawley rat model [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 765-769]

  • Portal area Histogenesis of the rabbit liver (pars hepatica) with particular reference to the portal area [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 177-182]

  • Post-mortem Histopathological changes as tools to discriminate antemortem and post-mortem wounds in rats: prospective applications in forensic medicine [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 197-204]

  • Postmortem The prevalence of parasitic infections among slaughtered animals in mechanical abattoir [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 469-477]

  • Postpartum Effect of exogenous hormones in the expression level of OXTRs gene in cows using Rt PCR [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 191-196]

  • Postpartum disorder Study on the post-partum disorders and their relationship with the reproductive performance in Iraqi cow-buffaloes [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 313-317]

  • Poultry Effects of ProbChick® on the immunological response after new castle virus using LaSota stain vaccination in broiler [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 17-32]

  • Poultry Novel CRISPR/Cas13- based assay for diagnosis of avian infectious bronchitis [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 63-69]

  • Poultry health Baker’s Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and its application on poultry’s production and health: A review [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 213-221]

  • Poultry meat The impact of storage duration and conditions on the formation of biogenic amines and microbial content in poultry meat [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 183-188]

  • Poultry performance Baker’s Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and its application on poultry’s production and health: A review [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 213-221]

  • PPR Multivariable binary logistic regression model to predict risk factors of peste des petits ruminants in goat and sheep [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1029-1034]

  • Prediction equations Early prediction of some kid body dimensions from maternal traits [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 205-207]

  • Prednisolone Evaluation of histological changes induced by prednisolone and cyclophosphamide in some organs of male albino mice [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 671-679]

  • Pregnancy Histopathological and some biochemical effects of platinum drug on the liver and kidney of pregnant mice Mus musculus and their embryos [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 291-300]

  • Pregnancy Effect of boron on some organs of pregnant BALB/c mice [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 633-642]

  • Pregnancy Toxoplasmosis, a zoonotic infection; A critical and updated analysis: A Review Article [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 95-99]

  • Pregnancy Transabdominal ultrasonographic determination of pregnancy and fetal viability in buffalo cows [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 233-238]

  • Pregnancy Toxicity of fluoxetine hydrochloride on some selected vital organs of pregnant mice Mus musculus [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 239-243]

  • Pregnancy Transabdominal ultrasonographic determination of pregnancy and fetal viability in mares [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 791-796]

  • Pregnancy Assessment of fetal sex determined and eye diameter to detection of gestational age in mares by ultrasonography [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 129-134]

  • Pregnancy Curative role of silymarin against reproductive toxicity of the female system during the critical periods of life [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 183-189]

  • Pregnancy Diagnosis Diagnosis of pregnancy and pathological conditions in the genital system of small ruminants by ultrasonography [Volume 30, Issue 1, 2016, Page 9-13]

  • Pregnancy outcome Impact of oxidative stress on pregnancy outcome in albino rats [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 93-99]

  • Pregnant Mice Pathological study of intrauterine infection to embryos by Encephalitozoon cuniculi spores in pregnant mice [Volume 30, Issue 2, 2016, Page 49-54]

  • Preoperativ Evaluation healing of jejunal anastomosis in preoperative dexamethasone treated dogs [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015]

  • Prepupae Use of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) prepupae amino acids as anti Aeromonas hydrophila enterotoxin in vivo [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 23-29]

  • Preservation The effect of duration of preservation on the quality, MDA level, and DNA damage of post-thawed Bali cattle bull sperm [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 249-252]

  • PRF A comparative study of nano magnesium oxide versus platelets rich fibrin to repair the induced radial fracture in dogs [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 451-458]

  • PRF Effect of autologous peritoneum and platelet-rich fibrin graft on healing of intestinal anastomosis in dogs [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 459-470]

  • PRF Histopathological study about the effect of nano magnesium oxide and platelets rich fibrin on the healing of induced radial fracture in dogs [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 123-130]

  • PRF The radiological study of using fabricated calcium hydroxide from quail eggshell and plasma-rich fibrin for reconstitution of a mandibular bone gap in dogs [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 55-62]

  • Primer design A new RT-PCR assay for the revealing of Newcastle disease viruses by designing a pair of universal primers [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 105-112]

  • ProbChick® Effects of ProbChick® on the immunological response after new castle virus using LaSota stain vaccination in broiler [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 17-32]

  • Probiotic agent Potential of probiotics Bacillus subtilis to reduce ammonia levels, Vibrio sp abundance, and increased production performance of Seaworm (Nereis sp) under laboratory scale [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 757-763]

  • Probiotic properties Bioremediation of lead and cadmium and the strive role of Pediococcus pentosaceus probiotic [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 51-57]

  • Probiotics Effect of probiotic (Poultrystar®) and heat stress on some blood parameters in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 221-225]

  • Probiotics Effect of probiotic acidophilus plus against infection with secondary hydatid disease in BALB /c mice [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 115-121]

  • Probiotics Effectiveness of using probiotic Batcinel-K® and CEVAC SET-K® vaccine on some blood parameters in chickens [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 611-616]

  • Probiotics Immunohistochemical and pathological changes in BALB/c mice immunized with whole sonicated Listeria monocytogenes antigens and the effect of probiotics [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 79-85]

  • Probiotics Morphology and immunohistochemistry analysis of broiler intestine treated with immunostimulant agents [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 893-898]

  • Production The effects of dietary vitamin C and Citrus Sinensis peel on growth, hematological characteristics, immune competence, and carcass characteristics in broilers exposed to heat stress [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 253-260]

  • Productive preference Effect of body weight of ewes and milk yield in productive performance of lambs, milk yield and components of Awassi sheep [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 9-16]

  • Progesterone Reproductive efficiency and serum progesterone concentration on dairy cattle based on blood urea nitrogen (BUN) concentrations [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 143-148]

  • Progesterone Effect of lecirelin acetate, hCG or progesterone administration on day 7 post-insemination on conception rate and progesterone concentration in cross-bred cattle [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 149-153]

  • Progesterone Relationship between the leptin, progesterone, body weight, and onset of puberty in ewe lambs [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 833-837]

  • Progesterone Relationship of induced thyroid gland disorders with fertility in cyclic female rats [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 103-109]

  • Prolactin gene Novel single nucleotide polymorphism in the prolactin gene of Awassi ewes and its role in the reproductive traits [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 429-435]

  • Proliferation Study the effect of isolated human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER2) from plasma on histopathological aspects in some organs of adult female albino rats [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 91-100]

  • Propagation Propagation of Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium in embryonated chicken egg [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 81-86]

  • Prophylactic role Prophylactic role of sweet almond (Prunus amygdalus) suspension in healthy and experimentally induced diabetic rats [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 59-64]

  • Propofol Detection of potential effects of orphenadrine upon anesthesia with propofol and/or thiopental in mice [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 239-243]

  • Propolis The effect of Propolis addition to broiler feeds on some blood biochemical parameters and intestinal flora [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 29-35]

  • Propolis A Comparative pharmacological study on moxidectin and propolis ointment in rabbits naturally infested with Psoroptes cuniculi [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 725-731]

  • Propolis Protective effect of propolis on liver and kidney injury caused by methotrexate in chicks [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1067-1061]

  • Propylthiouracil Does Withania somnifera mitigate the structural alterations of the rat brain associated with propylthiouracil? [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 187-194]

  • Prostaglandins Effect of exogenous hormones in the expression level of OXTRs gene in cows using Rt PCR [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 191-196]

  • Proteases Genetic detection to Aeromonas hydrophila proteolytic activity in milk samples (cows, buffaloes and goats) in Basra governorate [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 253-258]

  • Protected lysine Effect of supplementation of rumen protected methionine and lysine on some physiological aspects of fattening calves [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 177-181]

  • Protected methionine Effect of supplementation of rumen protected methionine and lysine on some physiological aspects of fattening calves [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 177-181]

  • Protein content Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in common carp fish (Cyprinus carpio) and its relationship with the protein content [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 173-178]

  • Protein expressions Immunohistochemical detection of P53 and MDM2 and its correlation with histological grading system in ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 687-692]

  • Protein scaffold Evaluation of immunogenicity and efficacy of Borrelia burgdorferi derived peptide (PepB) antigen formulated in a protein scaffold in mice against Lyme disease [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 77-84]

  • Proteoglycan Immunolocalization of decorin, a small leucin-rich proteoglycan, in the normal and injured horse tendon [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 465-471]

  • Proteolytic Isolation and molecular identification of proteolytic bacteria from vaname shrimp (Lithopenaeus Vannamei) ponds as probiotic agents [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 161-170]

  • Protoscolex Protoscolex metabolites of Coenurus cerebralis as antigenic-produced humoral immune response in sheep [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 297-301]

  • Protoscolices Variations in the viability and macromolecules concentration of E. granulosus protoscolices isolated from ruminants consequence treatment with Nigella sativa seed's oil (In vitro study) [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 227-234]

  • Protoscolices Secondary bacterial infection of hydatid cysts infected livestock animals (In vitro study) [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 761-768]

  • Protozoa Molecular study of Anaplasma marginale parasite in carrier cattle in Al-Nasiriyah city [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 299-301]

  • Proventriculus Morphometrical and Histochemical study of glandular stomach (Proventriculus) in local domestic male ducks (Anas Platyrhynchos) [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 65-71]

  • Proventriculus Histochemical study of proventriculus in pre-hatch and post-hatch days in northern bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 161-166]

  • PRP Clinical and ultrasonographic study of using autogenous venous graft and platelet-rich plasma for repairing Achilles tendon rupture in dogs [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 453-460]

  • PRP Histopathological study of the effect of using repeated doses of platelets-rich plasma on articular cartilage repair in Rabbits [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 203-210]

  • PRP Comparative efficacy of platelet-rich plasma and dextrose prolotherapy for stifle joint arthritis in a rabbit model [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 531-536]

  • Pseudocowpox virus First phylogenetic characterization of Pseudocowpox virus from cattle in Al-Qadisiyah province/ Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 123-126]

  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa Molecular Identification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in meat at Mosul city retails using PCR technique [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1083-1087]

  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa Detection of some virulence genes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from meat at Mosul city [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 101-105]

  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa Antibiotics resistance patterns of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from meat at Mosul city retails [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 363-367]

  • Pseudomonas spp Effect of garlic oil nanoemulsion against multidrug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from broiler [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 877-888]

  • Pseudomonas uuiaeruginosa Molecular identification and sequencing of Pseudomonas aeruginosa virulence genes among different isolates in Al-Diwaneyah hospital [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 183-188]

  • Psittacine beak and feather disease First analysis of beak and feather disease of psittacine in Nineveh province, Iraq [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 173-181]

  • Psychrotrophs Genetic detection to Aeromonas hydrophila proteolytic activity in milk samples (cows, buffaloes and goats) in Basra governorate [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 253-258]

  • Puberty Effect of heat stress on sex hormones, sex organ weight and relationships with sexual puberty in male rats [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 63-71]

  • Puberty Relationship between the leptin, progesterone, body weight, and onset of puberty in ewe lambs [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 833-837]

  • Pulmonary Phylogenetic analysis of Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV) in Iraqi Awassi sheep [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 351-355]

  • Pulmonary Clinicopathological and imaging features of hypertrophic osteopathy in dogs [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 991-997]

  • Pupariation A study of the incidence of Lucilia sericata fly in ovine in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 739-743]

  • Purification Isolation, characterization, and ELISA applications of alkaline phosphatase and acetylcholinesterase from Moniezia expansa [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 215-223]

  • Pyrogenic activity Extraction and purification of lipopolysaccharide from Escherichia coli (local Isolate) and study its pyrogenic activity [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 45-51]

Q

  • Q10 The effect of CO-Q10 on the testicular histological changes in rats induced by imatinib [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 189-196]

  • Q fever Serosurvey of Q fever in active reproductive rams in northern Palestine [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 87-90]

  • Q fever First serodetection and molecular phylogenetic documentation of Coxiella burnetii isolates from female camels in Wasit governorate, Iraq [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 47-52]

  • Quails Pathological study of subchronic oral toxicity induced by Di (2- ethyl hexyl) phthalate in Japanese quails [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 67-71]

  • Quantification Quantification histopathological analysis in the gills of carp fish exposed to sub lethal concentration of nano zinc oxide [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 61-68]

  • Quercetin Protective effect of quercetin against corneal toxicities induced by cisplatin in male mice [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 321-326]

  • Quercus aegilops Evaluation of histopathological and healing potentials of the full-thickness cutaneous wound for a topical ointment formulation containing extract of bark Quercus aegilops in mice [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 121-128]

  • Quercus infectoria galls Chemopreventive effect of Quercus infectoria galls on DMBA induced mouse skin tumorigenesis [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 57-62]

R

  • Rabbit In Vivo evaluation of the novel nanocomposite porous 3D scaffold in a rabbit model: hematology and biochemistry analysis [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 219-230]

  • Rabbit Pathological and biological effects of treatments with lambda-cyhalothrin in rabbits [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 443-450]

  • Rabbit Anatomical study of arterial blood supply of the brain in local breed rabbit [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 89-94]

  • Rabbit Trypsin dose optimization for glaucoma induction in rabbit model [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 107-113]

  • Rabbit Histomorphometrical and histochemical postnatal development of cornea in indigenous rabbits [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 291-296]

  • Rabbit Histogenesis of the rabbit liver (pars hepatica) with particular reference to the portal area [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 177-182]

  • Rabbit's kidney The histological changes induced by cytarabine on rabbits kidneys (with and without vitamin E administration) [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 311-316]

  • Rabbits Pathological findings associated with experimental Mycobaterium bovis infection in rabbits [Volume 19, Issue 1, 2005, Page 83-89]

  • Rabbits The first unequivocal report of Encephalitozoon cuniculi in rabbits and Encephalitozoon intestinalis in cattle in Mosul city-Iraq [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015, Page 19-26]

  • Rabbits Study of the prophylactic activity of Terminalia chebula against induced gastric erosion in rabbit model [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 61-66]

  • Rabbits Study of histopathological and biochemical effect of Punica granatum L. extract on streptozotocin -induced diabetes in rabbits [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 189-194]

  • Rabbits A comparative study between kessler suture versus polypropylene mesh implantation to repair tenotomized common calcaneal tendon in rabbits [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 289-296]

  • Rabbits Structural study of uterine tubes of the rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) at different postnatal periods [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 277-288]

  • Rabbits Comparative pharmacokinetic study of theaflavin in healthy and experimentally induced liver damage rabbits [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 235-242]

  • Rabbits A Comparative pharmacological study on moxidectin and propolis ointment in rabbits naturally infested with Psoroptes cuniculi [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 725-731]

  • Rabbits Protective effect of Urtica dioica in liver and kidney damages induce by ethylene glycol in rabbits: A histopathological study [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 167-170]

  • Rabbits Efficacy of Urtiea dicica extract for amelioration of brain lesions induced by ethylene glycol in male rabbits [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 485-488]

  • Rabbits A Comparison between ketamine-xylazine and ketamine-midazolam or all of them to induce balance anesthesia in rabbits [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 499-506]

  • Rabbits Expression of Ki67 in submandibular salivary glands of rabbits after BTX injection: Histological and immunohistochemical study [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 611-620]

  • Rabbits The amelioration of vitamin E on histological changes of rabbit’s brain treated with zinc oxide nanoparticles [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 95-104]

  • Rabbits The impact of nano zinc oxide particles on the histology of the male reproductive system of adult male rabbits [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 105-113]

  • Rabbits The histologic effects of high doses of botulinum toxin a on the rabbit's salivary gland [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1111-1117]

  • Rabbits Experimental study of the effect of Plantago major leaves extract on contaminated excisional wound healing in rabbits [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 31-39]

  • Rabbits Comparative efficacy of platelet-rich plasma and dextrose prolotherapy for stifle joint arthritis in a rabbit model [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 531-536]

  • Rabbits Ameliorative effect of nano chromium on some hematological values and GLUT-2 in rabbits fed a high- Fat diet [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 775-780]

  • Rabbits Effects of imidacloprid contaminated feed exposure on the spleen, lymph node, and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissues of adult male rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 813-819]

  • Rabbits livers The histological changes induced by Cytarabine on rabbits livers (with and without vitamin E administration) [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 9-13]

  • Race horse Misoprostol treatment of dystocia due to ringwomb in Awassi ewe: a case report [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 101-102]

  • Racing horses Using acupuncture and electroacupuncture in the treatment of laminitis in racing horses: a comparative study [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 15-21]

  • Radial bone Effects of platelets rich fibrin and bone marrow on the healing of distal radial fracture in local dogs: Comparative study [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 419-425]

  • Radial bone A comparative study of nano magnesium oxide versus platelets rich fibrin to repair the induced radial fracture in dogs [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 451-458]

  • Radial bone Histopathological study about the effect of nano magnesium oxide and platelets rich fibrin on the healing of induced radial fracture in dogs [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 123-130]

  • Radial diffusion method Antimicrobial activity of peptides extracted from camels' blood neutrophils against some pathogenic bacteria [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 33-37]

  • Radiography Radiographic and ultrasonic study of pelvic bones in awassi ewes and local she goat and relationship with age of sexual puberty [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 627-632]

  • Radiology Anatomical and histological study of the kidney of the one-humped camel [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 73-79]

  • Rainfall Clinical management of a severe traumatic cutaneous myiasis at the base of the antler in a fallow deer, Dama dama: A case report [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 187-190]

  • Rainwater Detection of the nuc gene in Staphylococcus aureus isolated from swamps and ponds in Mosul city by using PCR techniques [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 821-824]

  • Ram An evaluation of Aloe vera leaves gel with polypropylene mesh to repair of ventro -lateral abdominal hernia in rams [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 19-25]

  • Rams A comparative study of laparoscopic partial hepatectomy by clamp-crush and ultrasurgical techniques in rams [Volume 26, Suppl. IV, 2012, Page 131-139]

  • Rancidity Psychrotrophic count influence on oxidative stability and aflatoxins in milk and cooking butter [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 775-780]

  • RAPD-PCR Detection of similarity and genetic distance between Iraqi chicken varieties and different standard strains [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 333-337]

  • RAPD-PCR Molecular fingerprinting of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from human and poultry in Duhok, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 99-103]

  • RAPD-PCR RAPD-PCR and phylogenetic analysis of E. coli isolated from human and cattle urinary tract infections [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 59-66]

  • Rapid Detection of broiler feeds contamination with Aflatoxins using rapid immunochromatographic test strips [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015]

  • Rapid test Diagnosis and histopathological study of avian influenza virus-H5 (AIV-H5) in broiler farms [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 101-107]

  • Rapid test Toxicological and neurobehavioral effects of chlorpyrifos and deltamethrin insecticides in mice [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 189-196]

  • Rapid test Detection of canine distemper virus in stray and pet dogs in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 315-319]

  • Raptors A survey of chewing lice of some raptors in southern Iraq, with remarks on prevalence and occurrence [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 239-244]

  • Rat Trypanocidal efficacy of diminazene in diabetic rats [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 33-38]

  • Rat Biochemical and histopathological study of thioredoxin reductase isolation from blood serum in normal and oxidative stress-exposed rats [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 115-124]

  • Rat The effect of CO-Q10 on the testicular histological changes in rats induced by imatinib [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 189-196]

  • Rat Does Baclofen induce changes in testicular histology and seminal fluid analysis in rat? [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 387-396]

  • Rat Histopathological assessment of nano n-acetyl cysteine effect on postoperative adhesion in rats [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 589-597]

  • Rat Histological changes of CA and DG regions of hippocampus of rats’ brain after exposure to Acetaminophen in postnatal period [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 151-158]

  • Rat Effect of orlistat and aquatic extract of Rosmarinus officinalis leaves in histopathological changes in kidney of albino rat [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 393-400]

  • Rat Does Withania somnifera mitigate the structural alterations of the rat brain associated with propylthiouracil? [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 187-194]

  • Rat Age-related pancreatic tissue postnatal histogenesis in the albino rat (Rattus norvegicus): A morphological, morphometrical, and immunohistochemical study with emphasis on alpha and beta cells [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 29-36]

  • Rat Impact of a high-fat diet on dyslipidemia and gene expression of low-density lipoprotein receptors in male rats [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 133-138]

  • Rats Capability of hydrogen peroxide to induce oxidative stress and atheromatous lesions in female pregnant rats [Volume 20, Issue 2, 2006, Page 229-240]

  • Rats Effects of cadmium chloride on some endocrine glands (thyroid and adrenal) in male rats (Rattus norvegicus) [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 211-217]

  • Rats Protective effects of coenzyme Q10 against sodium fluoride-induced reproductive disorders in male rats [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 143-149]

  • Rats The relationship between HSP70 and level of leptin and luteinizing hormones in female rats exposed to chronic and acute heat stress [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 37-43]

  • Rats Some anti-diabetic properties of Prosopis farcta extracts in alloxan induced diabetic in adult rats [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 109-113]

  • Rats Toxic effects of butylated hydroxytoluene in rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 121-128]

  • Rats Effect of methotrexate and aspirin interaction and its relationship to oxidative stress in rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 151-156]

  • Rats A histological study on the effect of imatinib on the rats' testis after early postnatal exposure [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 85-92]

  • Rats Evaluation of the thermal effect of LTE 2600 MHz (4G) electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure: Thermographic study on rats [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 279-285]

  • Rats Effect of vitamin C treatment on some central nervous system functions in young rats whose mothers treated with hydrogen peroxide during the lactation period [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 713-717]

  • Rats Comparative study on the effect of cadmium and hydrocortisone treatment on the brain of rats experimentally infected with Toxoplasma gondii [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 771-775]

  • Rats The effect of vitamin E on the histological structure of kidney in rats treated with cyclophosphamide [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 513-517]

  • Rats The effects of ghee administration in comparison to sunflower seeds oil on liver tissue and some biochemical parameters in rats [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 241-248]

  • Rats Simultaneous determination of pethidine pharmacokinetics in rats: The impact of tramadol coadministration [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 261-267]

  • Rats Pathological and histomorphometric study of comparative gastric ulcer induced by indomethacin, aspirin, and ethanol in rats [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 339-346]

  • Rats Hematological, biochemical, and histological alteration induced by nano silver material on male rats [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 707-717]

  • Rats A comparative histopathological study of pancreas, intestine, and liver of experimentally induced diabetes in rats [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 971-978]

  • Rats Impact of damiana (Turnera diffusa) against amitriptyline induced heart injury, dysfunctions and DNA damage in male rats [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 169-176]

  • Raw fluid Experimental study on the effect of toxin fractions isolated from hydatid cyst fluid of sheep on the cardiac muscles of mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 523-528]

  • Raw Milk Detection of the hbl complex genes in Bacillus cereus isolated from cow raw milk in northwest of Iran [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 459-463]

  • Raw Milk Isolation and molecular detection of enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus from raw milk of cows [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 137-141]

  • RBCs Effect of supplementation of rumen protected methionine and lysine on some physiological aspects of fattening calves [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 177-181]

  • RBPT Serological and molecular investigations of Brucellosis in dairy cows at certain areas of Al-Sulaymaniyah governorate- Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 657-662]

  • Ready to eat foods Multidrug-resistant and clonal dispersion of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli from ready-to-eat meat products in Duhok province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 275-282]

  • Real Molecular identification of peste des petits ruminants virus in wild goat and domestic small ruminants by real-time -PCR technique in Erbil-Iraq [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 51-54]

  • Real Detection of Escherichia coli hlyA gene and Staphylococcus aureus Sea gene in raw milk of buffaloes using RT-PCR technique in AL- Qadisiyah province [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 87-91]

  • Real-Time PCR The genotype of Entamoeba histolytica in bloody diarrhea samples of humans, cows and sheep [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 453-458]

  • Rearing conditions Using species-specific PCR technique to detect Toxoplasma gondii in broiler chickens [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 53-56]

  • Red bull Histopathological changes in kidney and pancreas induced by energy drinks in adult male rats [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 111-116]

  • Reference values Physiological and hematological reference values of wild caucasian squirrels (Sciurus anomalus pallescens) in northern Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 637-642]

  • Renal artery In vitro study of the relaxant effect of doxazosin in the activity of smooth muscles in isolated goat renal artery [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 781-788]

  • Renal coccidiosis Survey and diagnostic study of Eimeria truncata in geese and ducks [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 21-27]

  • Renal function Modulatory effect of Saussurea costus ethanolic extract on kidney male rats expose oxidative stress [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 81-88]

  • Renal proximal tubule Renoprotection by Garcinia mangostana L. pericarp extract in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 13-19]

  • Reovirus Diagnosis of reovirus infection in broiler breeders flocks by using PCR technique in Erbil province [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 77-81]

  • Repeat breeder Characterization and phylogenetics of beta-lactamase Temoneira gene in Escherichia coli of the Bali cattle on Lombok island, Indonesia [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 487-493]

  • Reproduction Relationship between mycotoxicosis and calcium during preproduction period in layers [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 11-14]

  • Reproduction Reproductive hormones profile of Iraqi Awassi ewes immunized against synthetic inhibin-α subunit or steroid-free bovine follicular fluid [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 123-128]

  • Reproduction Effect of β-mannanase, Lysolecithin and probiotic on some reproductive performance and hormone profile in female quail [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 87-93]

  • Reproduction Ovarian morphometric evolution in two consecutive estrous cycles of female rats treated with steroid-free bovine follicular fluid antiserum [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 265-271]

  • Reproduction Novel single nucleotide polymorphism in the prolactin gene of Awassi ewes and its role in the reproductive traits [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 429-435]

  • Reproduction Gonadotropin profile in experimentally induced hypothyroid and hyperthyroid cyclic female rats [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 745-751]

  • Reproduction Effect of experimentally induced prepubertal hyperthyroidism on postubertal reproductive activity in male rats [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 297-304]

  • Reproduction Seasonal morphometric and functional changes of thyroid gland and relationship with thr1 and thr2 genes expression in queen ovary [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 97-102]

  • Reproductive Application of magnetic technology in local quail house and hatchery on performance, reproductive and physiological traits under heat stress [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 259-266]

  • Reproductive The impact of melatonin administration on the fertility performance and several relating parameters during the breeding season in the Arabi ewes [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 461-468]

  • Reproductive Effect of adding carrots as feed supplementation on reproductive performance in Awassi ewes [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 413-417]

  • Reproductive efficiency Reproductive efficiency and serum progesterone concentration on dairy cattle based on blood urea nitrogen (BUN) concentrations [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 143-148]

  • Reproductive health The endometrial expression level of estrogen-α and VEGF-A in female rats administered with a low dose of estrogen in early clomiphene citrate therapy [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 223-228]

  • Reproductive Performance Reproductive performance improvement in primiparous lactating Holstein cows by different hormonal treatments [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 85-87]

  • Reproductive Performance Effect of arginine on physiological and reproductive performance of Awassi ewes [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 213-220]

  • Reproductive Performance Effect of protected methionine and lysine supplementation to Awassi ewes ration at flushing period on productive performance [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 105-109]

  • Reproductive Performance Association between clinical and subclinical mastitis and reproductive performance of cows at Nottingham dairy centre [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 343-350]

  • Reproductive Performance The effect of retained placenta on the reproductive performance and its economic losses in a Holstein dairy herd [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 359-365]

  • Reproductive system Effects of red reishi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum) on the reproductive system in female and male rats [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 137-141]

  • Reproductive tracts A study of pathological abnormalities of genitalia in ewes in Duhok, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 421-427]

  • Residues Assessment of the withdrawal period for ractopamine hydrochloride in the goat and sheep [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 405-410]

  • Resistance Synergizing the deltamethrin larvicidal activity against Aedes albopictus larvae using cinnamaldehyde in Diwaniyah, Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 317-320]

  • Resistance Molecular evaluation of E198A SNP in the iso-type 1 β – tubulin gene of Haemonchus contortus isolated from sheep in Al-Diwanyiah, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 89-94]

  • Resistance Effect of garlic oil nanoemulsion against multidrug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from broiler [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 877-888]

  • Resistance genes Prevalence of resistance and virulence genes in Escherichia coli isolates from diarrheic dogs [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 355-361]

  • Resistance genes Isolation and characterization of antibiotics resistance Enterococcus faecium from mastitic cow's milk [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 21-27]

  • Respiratory signs Detection of Maedi-visna virus in sheep in Nineveh province [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 61-64]

  • Respiratory tract infection Isolation and antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus spp., enteric bacteria and Pseudomonas spp. associated with respiratory tract infections of sheep [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 53-58]

  • Resveratrol Renal ameliorating effect of resveratrol in hydrogen peroxide induced male rats [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 571-577]

  • Resveratrol The beneficial effects of resveratrol supplementation on parasitemia, oxidative stress and serum biochemical parameters in Trypanosoma brucei infected dogs [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 753-760]

  • Retained placenta Creatine kinase and C reactive protein as an indicator for tissue damage in the retained placenta in cows [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 163-167]

  • Retained placenta The effect of retained placenta on the reproductive performance and its economic losses in a Holstein dairy herd [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 359-365]

  • Retina Effect of mobile frequencies exposure on histology of retina and cornea in pregnant albino mice [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 245-249]

  • Retinal ganglionic cells Trypsin dose optimization for glaucoma induction in rabbit model [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 107-113]

  • Retrovirus Phylogenetic analysis of Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV) in Iraqi Awassi sheep [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 351-355]

  • REV1 Immune response strategies of Brucella melitensis and their antigens in rats [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 27-30]

  • Rev - 1 vaccine Influence of chitosan on hematological and histopathological changes in mice infected with Brucella melitensis immunized with Rev - 1 vaccine [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 23-29]

  • Reverse Transcription Epidemiological and molecular study of Rotavirus infection among human and animal in Karbala and Basrah provinces [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 403-410]

  • RFLP Polymorphism of growth hormone gene in the artificial insemination result of Madura cattle with Limousin semen as a reference for genetic selection [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 113-118]

  • RFLP Study of genetic variation of myostatin (MSTN) and calpastatin (CAST) genes in two native Iraqi sheep by PCR-RFLP technique [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 97-103]

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis Effect of bee venom on rat glucocorticoid receptor beta: a therapeutically model of rheumatoid arthritis [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 127-133]

  • Rhizopus oryzae Detection of the compounds produced from Rhizopus oryzae [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 611-617]

  • Rib Eye Area Effect of ground flaxseed on the carcass characteristics of Karadi male lambs [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 93-98]

  • RID plate Effect β glucan extracted from Candida albicans on pathological changes produced by Penicillium chrysogenum infection in mice [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 907-914]

  • Ring-necked parakeet Comparative anatomical, histometrical, and histochemical study of esophagus between ring-necked parakeet (Psittacula krameri) and black-shouldered kite (Elanus caeruleus) [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 737-743]

  • Risk factors Subclinical ketosis: Prevalence and some risk factors in cross breed and imported breed dairy cows in Mosul, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 273-277]

  • Risk factors The effect of retained placenta on the reproductive performance and its economic losses in a Holstein dairy herd [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 359-365]

  • Risk factors Role of evolutionary epidemiology in the determination of the risk factors associated with some equine viral diseases [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 143-150]

  • Risk factors Prevalence and associated risk factors of Toxoplasma gondii infection in sheep and aborted women in Egypt [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 437-445]

  • Risk factors Seroprevalence of bovine brucellosis and its incidence in human in Thi-Qar province [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 877-884]

  • Risk factors Risk factors and genetic diversity of border disease virus in small ruminants in Nineveh province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 915-920]

  • Risk factors Prevalence, antibiotic resistance, and phylogenetic analysis of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from various sources in Egypt: fish, vegetables, and humans [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 15-27]

  • Risk factors analysis Prevalence and risk factors associated with subclinical mastitis in peri-urban bovine dairy farms of Ouagadougou and Bobo Dioulasso in Burkina Faso, West Africa. [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 831-837]

  • RNA Molecular identification of peste des petits ruminants virus in wild goat and domestic small ruminants by real-time -PCR technique in Erbil-Iraq [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 51-54]

  • ROC curve Multivariable binary logistic regression model to predict risk factors of peste des petits ruminants in goat and sheep [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1029-1034]

  • Rooster Mixed thymic tumor in a rooster: gross and histological features [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 201-204]

  • Rose Bengal A cross sectional study on the seroprevalence of bovine brucellosis in Al-Najaf province in Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 617-620]

  • Rose Bengal test Serological detection of the latent infection of Brucellosis in calves in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 7-10]

  • Rosemary Extract Effect of orlistat and aquatic extract of Rosmarinus officinalis leaves in histopathological changes in kidney of albino rat [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 393-400]

  • Rosuvastatin Role of rosuvastatin in bone metabolism of ovariectomized adult rats [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 267-273]

  • Rotavirus Risk factors affect prevalence of diarrheal enter- pathogens in children, calves and broiler chickens in Assiut, Egypt [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 561-571]

  • RRT-PCR Diagnosis and histopathological study of avian influenza virus-H5 (AIV-H5) in broiler farms [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 101-107]

  • RRT-PCR Toxicological and neurobehavioral effects of chlorpyrifos and deltamethrin insecticides in mice [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 189-196]

  • RT-PCR Diagnosis of reovirus infection in broiler breeders flocks by using PCR technique in Erbil province [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 77-81]

  • RT-PCR Phylogenetic analysis of Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV) in Iraqi Awassi sheep [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 351-355]

  • RT-PCR Prevalence of border disease virus in sheep and goats in Mosul, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 257-262]

  • RT-PCR Molecular and serological typing of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotypes currently circulating in Egypt [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 581-588]

  • RT-PCR Isolation and molecular detection of enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus from raw milk of cows [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 137-141]

  • RT-PCR Molecular evidence of schmallenberg virus associated by ovine abortion with fetal anomalies in Nineveh province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 115-120]

  • RT-qPCR Diagnosis of reovirus infection in broiler breeders flocks by using PCR technique in Erbil province [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 77-81]

  • RT real time PCR Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) based detection and economic impact of foot-and-mouth disease in District Faisalabad, Pakistan during the year 2015 [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 1-6]

  • Rumen protection Using Schiff base method for protecting amino acids and modified in vitro method for measuring rumen protected amino acids [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 251-255]

  • Ruminants Incidence of hydatidosis in slaughtered livestock at Mosul, Iraq [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 21-25]

  • Ruminants Prevalence of obstructive urolithiasis in domestic animals: An interplay between seasonal predisposition and dietary imbalance [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 227-232]

  • Ruminants Seroprevalence of anti-listeriolysin O amongst aborted ewes in Nineveh province, Iraq [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 227-231]

  • Rupture A comparative study between kessler suture versus polypropylene mesh implantation to repair tenotomized common calcaneal tendon in rabbits [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 289-296]

  • Rusa timorensis Semen collection in Rusa timorensis under general anaesthesia by using ketamine-xylazine: Clinical study [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 197-205]

S

  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Baker’s Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and its application on poultry’s production and health: A review [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 213-221]

  • Sahiwal calf Surgical treatment of omphalocele with intestinal evisceration in cow calf of Sahiwal: A case report [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 745-748]

  • Salmonella enterica Phylogenetic tree constructed of Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica isolated from animals and humans in Basrah and Baghdad governorates, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 895-903]

  • Salmonella Typhimurium Estimation of limit of detection of Salmonella typhimurium in artificially contaminated chicken meat by cultured-based and polymerase chain reaction techniques [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 621-625]

  • Salmonellosis Pathogenesis of Salmonella enterica serovar albany in experimental infected SPF BALB/c Mice [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 339-344]

  • Salmonellosis Genotyping of Salmonella enterica strains from animal and human origin using three molecular techniques [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 531-538]

  • Samarra city Some physiological and biochemical criteria in the local buffalo infected with stomach and intestinal worms in the city of Samarra [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 71-75]

  • Sandwich ELISA Detection of canine distemper virus in stray and pet dogs in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 315-319]

  • Sanitation practices Food safety and sanitation practices survey in very small halal and non-halal beef slaughterhouses in the United States [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 1-7]

  • Saponin Effect of saponin extract of Glycyrrihiza glabra in activity of hepatic enzymes and some biochemical parameters in serum of adults ovariectomized female rats [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 411-415]

  • Sarcocystis Phenotypic and genotypic study of sarcocystosis in Iraqi domestic goats (Capra hircus) [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 29-35]

  • Sarcocystis spp Traditional, histopathological and molecular diagnosis of sarcocytosis in slaughtered sheep in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 871-875]

  • Sarcocysts Natural heavy infection with immature sarcocysts of Sarcocytis spp. in sheep in Mosul city: A case report [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 373-376]

  • Sarcocytis spp Natural heavy infection with immature sarcocysts of Sarcocytis spp. in sheep in Mosul city: A case report [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 373-376]

  • Sarcosystis species Pathological and molecular study of ovine diaphragms naturally infected by Sarcosystis spp. [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 749-755]

  • Sarcosystis tenella Pathological and molecular study of ovine diaphragms naturally infected by Sarcosystis spp. [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 749-755]

  • Sarcosystosis Pathological study of some esophageal lesions of slaughtered sheep in Mosul abattoir [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 145-151]

  • SARS-CoV-2 Some insights of novel COVID 19 virus: structure, pathogenicity and immunity aspects [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 287-293]

  • SARS-CoV-2 Similarities and differences of COVID-19 and avian infectious bronchitis from molecular pathologist and poultry specialist view point [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 223-231]

  • SARS-CoV-2 Are promising mechanisms of hydroxychloroquine abolish COVID-19 activity? A review study [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 345-349]

  • Sassurea costus Costus-loaded silver nanoparticles mitigated AMPK and related pathways in the albino rat atherosclerosis model [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 77-87]

  • Saudi Detection of Cryptosporidium parvum in calf feces using microscopical, serological, and molecular methods [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 383-389]

  • S. aureus Isolation and molecular detection of enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus from raw milk of cows [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 137-141]

  • S. aureus Detection of the nuc gene in Staphylococcus aureus isolated from swamps and ponds in Mosul city by using PCR techniques [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 821-824]

  • Saurida tumbil Infection and genetic detection of Hysterothylacium spp (Ascaridida: Raphidascaridinae) infesting Saurida tumbil (Bloch, 1795) and Platycephalus indicus (Linnaeus, 1758) fishes, Iraqi marine water fishes [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 789-794]

  • Scabies Aloe vera and Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) accelerate healing process in domestic cat (Felis domesticus) suffering from scabies [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 699-704]

  • Scabies mite An epidemiological and therapeutic study of Sarcoptes scabiei parasite in cows of Anbar province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 103-109]

  • Scabs Orf disease in local goat; clinical and phylogenetic study in Al-Qadisiyah governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 117-121]

  • Scaffolds The combined effect of the human umbilical cord blood with chitosan scaffold on the full-thickness wound healing process in rats [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 391-403]

  • Scanning electron Gross, histological and electron microscopical features of the hard palate mucosa in the one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 651-657]

  • SCC Epidemiological investigation of mastitis in lactating buffalo cows in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 217-222]

  • S. cerevisiae Morphology and immunohistochemistry analysis of broiler intestine treated with immunostimulant agents [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 893-898]

  • Schiff base Using Schiff base method for protecting amino acids and modified in vitro method for measuring rumen protected amino acids [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 251-255]

  • Schistosomiasis Prevalence and pathological study of schistosomiasis in sheep in Akra/Dohuk province, northern Iraq [Volume 26, Suppl. IV, 2012, Page 125-130]

  • Schistosomus reflexus Schistosomus reflexus foetus in cross breed Iraqi cow: a case report [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 103-104]

  • Schizophrenia Toxoplasmosis, a zoonotic infection; A critical and updated analysis: A Review Article [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 95-99]

  • Schmallenberg virus Seroprevelance of schmallenberg virus infection as emerging disease in cattle in Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 495-499]

  • Schmallenberg virus Molecular evidence of schmallenberg virus associated by ovine abortion with fetal anomalies in Nineveh province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 115-120]

  • Schmallenberg virus Serodiagnosis of schmallenberg virus infection in sheep in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 235-239]

  • Sciatic nerve The histological effect of the injection of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on sciatic nerve of rats [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 699-707]

  • Scrotal Enlargement Clinical and ultrasonographic findings in rams with scrotal enlargement [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 47-53]

  • Scrotum Surgical correction of congenital anomalies in a neonatal lamb: a case report [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 43-46]

  • SDFT Immunolocalization of decorin, a small leucin-rich proteoglycan, in the normal and injured horse tendon [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 465-471]

  • SDFT The role of DMSO and MSM in treatment of tendinopathies affection in equine: A comparative study [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 861-868]

  • SDH Exome sequencing and SDH (A, B) immunohistochemistry of canine Pheochromocytomas [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 143-150]

  • SDHA Exome sequencing and SDH (A, B) immunohistochemistry of canine Pheochromocytomas [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 143-150]

  • SDHB Exome sequencing and SDH (A, B) immunohistochemistry of canine Pheochromocytomas [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 143-150]

  • SDS- PAGE Extraction and purification of lipopolysaccharide from Escherichia coli (local Isolate) and study its pyrogenic activity [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 45-51]

  • Sea gene Detection of Escherichia coli hlyA gene and Staphylococcus aureus Sea gene in raw milk of buffaloes using RT-PCR technique in AL- Qadisiyah province [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 87-91]

  • Seasons Molecular detection of Stx1 and Stx2 genes of E. coli isolated from sub-clinical bovine mastitis in Mosul city [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 413-418]

  • Seaworms Potential of probiotics Bacillus subtilis to reduce ammonia levels, Vibrio sp abundance, and increased production performance of Seaworm (Nereis sp) under laboratory scale [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 757-763]

  • Secondary bone healing Histological evaluation of the possible role of Na+/ H+ entiporter and anion exchanger in endochondral ossification activities of secondary bone healing in rats [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 233-240]

  • Selenium nanoparticles Effect of selenium nanoparticles against protoscoleces of Echinococcus granulosus in vitro and hydatid cysts in mice [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 195-202]

  • Semen Oral imipramine and intravenous xylazine for pharmacologically-induced ejaculation in donkeys [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 81-83]

  • Semen Semen collection in Rusa timorensis under general anaesthesia by using ketamine-xylazine: Clinical study [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 197-205]

  • Seminiferous tubules diameter The effect of nicotine per inhalation on the diameter and epithelium thickness of the seminiferous tubules of rats [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 209-215]

  • S. enteritidis Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Piper betle exhibit high antimicrobial activity against Salmonella enteritidis and E. coli [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 759-763]

  • Sequence First serodetection and molecular phylogenetic documentation of Coxiella burnetii isolates from female camels in Wasit governorate, Iraq [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 47-52]

  • Sequences analysis Prevalence and molecular identification of Cryptosporidium spp in cattle in Baghdad province, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 389-394]

  • Sequencing First phylogenetic characterization of Pseudocowpox virus from cattle in Al-Qadisiyah province/ Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 123-126]

  • Sequencing Genotyping study of Fasciola gigantica isolated from cattle in Aqrah city, Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 123-127]

  • Sequencing Clinical survey and molecular detection of Trichomonas gallinae infection of domestic pigeons (Columba livia domestica) in Al-Qadisiyah Province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 745-750]

  • Sequencing Genetically diagnosis of Mycoplasma isolated from respiratory and conjunctival infections in household dogs [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 113-117]

  • Sequencing and Phylogenetic tree Molecular characterization of enterohemorrhagic E. coli O157 and O153 isolated from tissue camel and human stool samples in Al-Diwaniyah, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 81-86]

  • Sequencing and Phylogenetic tree Molecular identification of new circulating Hyalomma asiaticum asiaticum from sheep and goats in Duhok governorate, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 79-83]

  • SerAh-F Genetic detection to Aeromonas hydrophila proteolytic activity in milk samples (cows, buffaloes and goats) in Basra governorate [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 253-258]

  • SerAh-R Genetic detection to Aeromonas hydrophila proteolytic activity in milk samples (cows, buffaloes and goats) in Basra governorate [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 253-258]

  • Serodiagnosis Sero-prevalence of hypodermosis in cattle in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 407-412]

  • Serological Histopathological and serological assessment of using rib lamb xenograft reinforced with and without hydroxyapatite nano gel for reconstruction tibial bone defect in dogs [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 69-76]

  • Seroprevalence Seroprevalence of Neospora caninum infections in cattle in Kirkuk province [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 331-334]

  • Seroprevalence Seroprevalence of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in cows by ELISA in Mosul city [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 803-807]

  • Seroprevalence Seroprevalence of Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection in layer chickens of Bangladesh [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 9-13]

  • Seroprevalence Prevalence and associated risk factors of Toxoplasma gondii infection in sheep and aborted women in Egypt [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 437-445]

  • Seroprevalence Seroprevalence of bovine brucellosis and its incidence in human in Thi-Qar province [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 877-884]

  • Serosurvey Serosurvey of Q fever in active reproductive rams in northern Palestine [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 87-90]

  • Serotypes Genotyping of Salmonella enterica strains from animal and human origin using three molecular techniques [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 531-538]

  • Serum Levels of some biochemical markers in sera of pregnant and non-pregnant lactating dairy cows in Baghdad, Iraq [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 353-358]

  • Serum Estimation of some biochemical parameters and trace elements in sheep infested with Taenia hydatigena cysts in Sulaymaniyah province/Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 39-44]

  • Setaria spp Detection of microfilaria infection in horses in Mosul city [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 23-26]

  • Sex hormone Effect of heat stress on sex hormones, sex organ weight and relationships with sexual puberty in male rats [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 63-71]

  • Sexuality Effect of buck’s body weight on some reproductive parameters and it’s relation with sexual behavior [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 733-737]

  • S-FBFF antiserum Effect of steroid-free follicular fluid antiserum on reproductive endocrine profile at estrous and metestrus phases in female rats [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 273-278]

  • Shami Camels Impact of parity, stage of lactation, and subclinical mastitis on the concentration of vitamin c in Shami camel milk [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 847-851]

  • Shami goats Estimation of gestational age in Shami goats based on transabdominal ultrasonographic measurements of fetal parameters [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 839-846]

  • Shatt Al-Arab River Study of some toxic metals in parts from catfish (Silurus triostegus) in Shatt Al-Arab river [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 459-467]

  • Sheep Comparative carbohydrate histochemical study of the trachea of native sheep and goat [Volume 20, Issue 1, 2006, Page 23-37]

  • Sheep Effect of the natural serum (non-immunized) on the bacteria isolated from pneumonic lung in sheep [Volume 20, Issue 1, 2006, Page 59-64]

  • Sheep Isolation and identification of pathogenic fungi from the infected eye of sheep and cattle [Volume 20, Issue 2, 2006, Page 213-218]

  • Sheep Protoscolex metabolites of Coenurus cerebralis as antigenic-produced humoral immune response in sheep [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 297-301]

  • Sheep Phenotypic characterization and antibiogram of extended spectrum ß-lactamase (ESBL)/AmpC-producing Escherichia coli isolated from sheep [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 303-307]

  • Sheep Molecular detection of ESBL/AmpC ß-Lactamase Escherichia coli isolated from sheep in Mosul city [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 387-392]

  • Sheep Traditional and molecular diagnosis of Haemonchus contortus in sheep in Babylon province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 479-481]

  • Sheep Molecular detection of Trypanosoma species in sheep and goats in Mosul city [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 445-449]

  • Sheep and Goat skin Detection on ectoparasites on small ruminants and their impact on the tanning industry in Sulaimani province [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 303-309]

  • Sheep carcasses Detection of multiple presence of antibiotic residues in slaughtered sheep at Duhok abattoir, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 49-55]

  • Sheep leptin Relationship between the leptin, progesterone, body weight, and onset of puberty in ewe lambs [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 833-837]

  • Sheep pox Modulation of chitosan nanoparticles properties for sheep pox mucosal vaccine delivery with cytotoxicity and release Studies-in vitro [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 111-119]

  • Sheep strain Molecular characterization of fertile hydatid cysts from the liver of the sheep and cows and associated environmental influence factors [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 321-327]

  • Shepherd dogs Molecular characterization of extended spectrum cephalosporin resistant Escherichia coli isolated from dogs [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 473-478]

  • Shewanella xiamenensis Fecal and gastric fluid microbiome profiles in the indopacific bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops aduncus) [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 151-159]

  • SHV gene Conventional and molecular identification of Enterobacter cloacae that carries SHV-related extended-spectrum-β-lactamase gene from bat intestinal contents [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 147-152]

  • SHV gene Molecular study of resistance genes in Escherichia coli isolated from chronic respiratory disease cases in broilers [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 119-124]

  • SHV genes Detection of extended spectrum beta lactam producing Escherichia coli isolated from Cyprinus carpio in Mosul city [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 85-89]

  • SIL Using T cell lymphokines to enhance the immune response against Newcastle disease in vaccinated broiler chickens fed naturally contaminated diet with different mycotoxins [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 427-433]

  • SILK Using T cell lymphokines of hyperimmunized chickens with Salmonella pullorum to protect layer hens against Salmonella pullorum infection [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 223-227]

  • Silver nanoparticle The effectiveness of biogenic silver nanoparticles in the treatment of caprine mastitis induced by Staphylococcus aureus [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 73-78]

  • Silymarin Sequential changes of serum and liver subcellular oxidants and antioxidant concentrations in silymarin treated male rats [Volume 30, Issue 1, 2016, Page 9-14]

  • Silymarin Protective effect of Silymarin against kidney injury induced by carbon tetrachloride in male rats [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 127-130]

  • Silymarin Analgesic effect of silymarin in chicks [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 273-276]

  • Silymarin Study the analgesic effect of diclofenac and silymarin coadministration in chicks [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 25-31]

  • Silymarin Ovario-utero protective effect of silymarin in ethidium bromide treated female rats [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 213-211]

  • Silymarin Hepato-renal and hematological effects of flunixin and silymarin coadministration in rats [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 367-373]

  • Skeletal morphology,, Osteocranium Anatomy of African Catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell 1822) from Cultured Pond in Aceh, Indonesia [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 549-554]

  • Skimmed milk Impacts of processing heat treatments on deltamethrin and bifenthrin residues in human breast milk and raw milk from different animals [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 27-31]

  • Skin The correction factor of hair density in the skin of native cattle [Volume 20, Issue 2, 2006, Page 177-182]

  • Skin Histopathological changes as tools to discriminate antemortem and post-mortem wounds in rats: prospective applications in forensic medicine [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 197-204]

  • Skin carcinogenesis Chemopreventive effect of Quercus infectoria galls on DMBA induced mouse skin tumorigenesis [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 57-62]

  • Skin gland Histological and morphometrical study of the effect of season on layers and glands of skin in local Awassi sheep (Ovis ovis) [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 73-79]

  • Skin graft Effect of homologous platelet rich fibrin matrix and injectable platelet rich fibrin on full thickness skin autograft healing in dogs [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 55-64]

  • Skin regeneration The combined effect of the human umbilical cord blood with chitosan scaffold on the full-thickness wound healing process in rats [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 391-403]

  • Skin tumor Incidence of cutaneous and subcutaneous tumors of dogs from Baghdad city: Clinical, cytological and histopathological features [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 129-137]

  • Skin tumors Histopathological finding about different type of tumor that affected skin of sheep [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 139-143]

  • Skull Anatomical and morphological study of the petrous bone in camels (Camelus dromedarius) [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 839-845]

  • Slashing Assessment of different methods of bovine oocytes collection, maturation and Invitro fertilization of abattoir specimens [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 55-65]

  • Slicing Assessment of different methods of bovine oocytes collection, maturation and Invitro fertilization of abattoir specimens [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 55-65]

  • Slicing Assessment of ova collection with or without centrifugation after ovarian slicing for In vitro fertilization of slaughterhouse specimens of Iraqi Awassi ewes [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 967-972]

  • Small intestine Evaluation of histological changes induced by prednisolone and cyclophosphamide in some organs of male albino mice [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 671-679]

  • Smooth muscle activity In vitro study of the relaxant effect of doxazosin in the activity of smooth muscles in isolated goat renal artery [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 781-788]

  • S. muenchen Risk factors assessment and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella isolates from apparently healthy and diarrheal dogs in Baghdad, Iraq [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 155-162]

  • SOD Protective effect of aqueous extract of Alhagi maurorum in spermatogenesis and antioxidant status of adult rats exposed to carbon tetrachloride [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 1-7]

  • SOD Renal ameliorating effect of resveratrol in hydrogen peroxide induced male rats [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 571-577]

  • Sodium benzoate Effect of sodium benzoate on some biochemical, physiological and histopathological aspects in adult male rats [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 267-272]

  • Sodium butyrate Impact of sodium butyrate on stimulating of some host defense peptides and body performance in broiler vaccinated with different avian influenza (H9N2) vaccines [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1035-1040]

  • Sodium fluoride Protective effects of coenzyme Q10 against sodium fluoride-induced reproductive disorders in male rats [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 143-149]

  • Sodium nitrate The antagonism effect of sodium nitrate by ascorbic acid (vitamin C) on neurobehavioral of mice [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 241-245]

  • Sodium selenite Effect of different levels of selenium on the carcass characteristics of Karadi lambs [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 41-48]

  • Sodium thiosulfate Immunohistochemically and semi-quantities analysis of carp gills exposed to sodium thiosulfate [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 191-198]

  • Sodium tungstate Effects of coriander, thyme, vanadyl and tungstate on some biochemical parameters in broiler chickens [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 71-75]

  • Somatic cells count Association between clinical and subclinical mastitis and reproductive performance of cows at Nottingham dairy centre [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 343-350]

  • Southern Iraq Some chewing lice (Phthiraptera) species as ectoparasites infested aquatic birds with a new record of three species from Al-Sanaf marsh/ southern Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 173-180]

  • Sparrow hawk Anatomical and histological structure of the cornea in Sparrow hawk Accipiter nisus [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 437-442]

  • Specific growth rate The effect of stocking density and the application of Nitrobacter as ammonia decomposer in aquaponics system of Clarias gariepinus with water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 217-222]

  • Spectrophotometer Estimation of some biochemical parameters and trace elements in sheep infested with Taenia hydatigena cysts in Sulaymaniyah province/Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 39-44]

  • Spectrophotometer Effect of diclofenac on the pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin in quail [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 777-781]

  • Spermatid Histological changes of extract cumin cyminum on the leydig cells, seminiferous tubules and epididymis in adult rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 177-182]

  • Spermatozoa Quality enhancement of cryopreserved spermatozoa of sutchi catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) with honey addition [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 231-236]

  • Spermatozoa Role of spermatozoa in pH stability of caudal epididymis environment [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 111-116]

  • Spinal cord Histopathological effects of experimental exposure to lead on nervous system in albino female rats [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 45-48]

  • Spirulina Effect of replacing fishmeal with Spirulina spp. on carcass chemical composition of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • Spirulina Effect of microalgae Spirulina spp. as food additive on some biological and blood parameters of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 27-31]

  • Spirulina Effect of adding blue-green algae, probiotic and antibiotic to the diet on the productive performance of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 11-17]

  • Spleen Measurements and evaluation of some electrolytes concentrations in spleens of imported sheep to Sulaimani province [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 415-418]

  • Squamous Cell Thymic Carcinoma Mixed thymic tumor in a rooster: gross and histological features [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 201-204]

  • Squeezing Phenotypic and genotypic study of sarcocystosis in Iraqi domestic goats (Capra hircus) [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 29-35]

  • Squeezing test Traditional, histopathological and molecular diagnosis of sarcocytosis in slaughtered sheep in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 871-875]

  • Squirrel Functional morphology of the trunk and paw pad skin of the African palm squirrel (Epixerus ebii) [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 417-425]

  • Squirrel Comparative morphological and morphometrically study of the adrenal gland in adult males' squirrel (Sciurus anomalous) and hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 725-730]

  • SREHP The genotype of Entamoeba histolytica in bloody diarrhea samples of humans, cows and sheep [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 453-458]

  • S rRNA gene Phylogenetic study of Theileria lestoquardi based on 18SrRNA gene Isolated from sheep in the middle region of Iraq [Volume 30, Issue 2, 2016, Page 27-32]

  • Stage of Lactation Impact of parity, stage of lactation, and subclinical mastitis on the concentration of vitamin c in Shami camel milk [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 847-851]

  • Staining Detection of Cryptosporidium parvum in calf feces using microscopical, serological, and molecular methods [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 383-389]

  • Staphylococcus aureus Detection of Staphyl ococcus aureus capsules producer isolated from bovine and buffaloes mastitis [Volume 20, Issue 1, 2006, Page 39-47]

  • Staphylococcus aureus Detection of Escherichia coli hlyA gene and Staphylococcus aureus Sea gene in raw milk of buffaloes using RT-PCR technique in AL- Qadisiyah province [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 87-91]

  • Staphylococcus aureus Direct detection of Staphylococcus aureus in camel milk in the Nineveh governorate by using the PCR technique [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 669-672]

  • Staphylococcus aureus The effectiveness of biogenic silver nanoparticles in the treatment of caprine mastitis induced by Staphylococcus aureus [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 73-78]

  • Staphylococcus aureus Molecular and phylogenetic analysis of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from subclinical mastitis in lactating ewes [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 121-126]

  • Staphylococcus aureus Some immunological responses in rats injected with prepared bacterin toxoid of local methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 401-406]

  • Staphylococcus aureus Isolation and molecular detection of Staphylococcus aureus from feline otitis in Baghdad [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 141-146]

  • Starling birds Propagation of Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium in embryonated chicken egg [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 81-86]

  • STEC Phenotypic and genotypic characterizations of Escherichia coli Isolated from veal meats and butchers’ shops in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 225-260]

  • Stifle joint Anatomical study on the stifle (knee) joint in local breed of Awassi sheep [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 689-696]

  • Stilesia spp Genetic confirmation for morphological identification of Stilesia globipunctata in camel in Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 719-724]

  • Stomach Histochemical study of proventriculus in pre-hatch and post-hatch days in northern bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 161-166]

  • Stomach worms Some physiological and biochemical criteria in the local buffalo infected with stomach and intestinal worms in the city of Samarra [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 71-75]

  • Stray Coprological detection of Toxocariosis in domicile and stray dogs and cats in Sulaimani province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1047-1051]

  • Stray cat Molecular detection of Cryptosporidium spp. in stray cats in Al-Qadisiyah governorate, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 369-373]

  • Stray dogs Molecular detection of Hammondia heydorni in dogs in Mosul city [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 329-332]

  • Streptomyces</i> Inhibition of Escherichia coli biofilm formation by Streptomyces sdLi crude extract [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 305-310]

  • Streptomycin Detection of streptomycin residues in local meat of bovine and ovine [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 43-46]

  • Streptopelia senegalensis Molecular and Serological detection of Toxoplasma gondii in three species of wild birds of Babylon province, middle Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 39-44]

  • Streptozotocin A comparative histopathological study of pancreas, intestine, and liver of experimentally induced diabetes in rats [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 971-978]

  • Stroke Study the effect of isoproterenol to visualize cerebral blood flow by using a laser speckle imaging system in Neonatal rats [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 979-983]

  • Stx1 and Stx2 genes Phenotypic and genotypic characterizations of Escherichia coli Isolated from veal meats and butchers’ shops in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 225-260]

  • Stx1 and Stx2 genes Detection of some virulence gene Stx1, Stx2, and rfb of Escherichia coli isolated from fish in Nineveh governorate, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 453-457]

  • Subchronic toxicity Pathological study of subchronic oral toxicity induced by Di (2- ethyl hexyl) phthalate in Japanese quails [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 67-71]

  • Subclinical ketosis Subclinical ketosis: Prevalence and some risk factors in cross breed and imported breed dairy cows in Mosul, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 273-277]

  • Submandibular glands The histologic effects of high doses of botulinum toxin a on the rabbit's salivary gland [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1111-1117]

  • Submandibular SGs Expression of Ki67 in submandibular salivary glands of rabbits after BTX injection: Histological and immunohistochemical study [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 611-620]

  • Substitution antibiotic Effect of antibiotic substitution with Saccharomyces cerevisiae and probiotic on hematic parameters and growth performance of broilers [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 667-673]

  • Subtype H5N1 Exploration of local isolate of highly pathogenic avian influenza clade 2.3.2.1 as vaccine candidate to prevent mass outbreak in East Java [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 1-7]

  • Subtypes Molecular analysis of Cryptosporidium species in domestic goat in central Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1041-1045]

  • Sucrase Levels of disaccharidases in the brush border membrane of equine small intestine [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 197-201]

  • Sudden death Necropsy findings and histopathological analysis of a terminal stage ewe from a herd with sudden deaths in Mosul [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 599-604]

  • Sukabumi Ectoparasite inventorisation of nilem fish (Osteochilus hasselti) fingerlings cultured on ponds in Sukabumi, West Java, Indonesia [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 605-609]

  • Sulaimani Slaughterhouse Detection on ectoparasites on small ruminants and their impact on the tanning industry in Sulaimani province [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 303-309]

  • Sulaymaniyah Chukar partridge in northern Iraq: A review article [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 495-505]

  • Suleimani Molecular characterization of circulating strains of the peste-des-petitis-ruminants virus in Sulaimani province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 597-602]

  • Sulfur Potential neurobehavioral toxicity of sulfur in mice [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 581-588]

  • Sunflower oil The effects of ghee administration in comparison to sunflower seeds oil on liver tissue and some biochemical parameters in rats [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 241-248]

  • Superovulation Reproductive hormones profile of Iraqi Awassi ewes immunized against synthetic inhibin-α subunit or steroid-free bovine follicular fluid [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 123-128]

  • Survival rate The effect of stocking density and the application of Nitrobacter as ammonia decomposer in aquaponics system of Clarias gariepinus with water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 217-222]

  • Survival rate The role of clove (Sygnium aromaticum) oil as anaesthetics compound for abalone (Haliotis squamata) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 335-342]

  • Sutchi Catfish Quality enhancement of cryopreserved spermatozoa of sutchi catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) with honey addition [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 231-236]

  • Suture materials Effect of different suture materials on healing of blood vessels in dogs [Volume 26, Suppl. III, 2012, Page 77-82]

  • Swamps and ponds Detection of the nuc gene in Staphylococcus aureus isolated from swamps and ponds in Mosul city by using PCR techniques [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 821-824]

  • SWEAT Effect of endurance exercise on sweat constituents of athletic Iraqi Arabian horses [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 95-100]

  • Sweetener Effect of aspartame in bone formation of young female rats [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 847-852]

  • Sweet Orange Peel The effects of dietary vitamin C and Citrus Sinensis peel on growth, hematological characteristics, immune competence, and carcass characteristics in broilers exposed to heat stress [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 253-260]

  • Symbiotic Effect of adding blue-green algae, probiotic and antibiotic to the diet on the productive performance of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 11-17]

  • Synergistic Evaluation the safety and synergistic effect of NiFe2O4 nanoparticles with antibiotic against Pseudomonas aeruginosa [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 71-77]

  • Synertox Effect of Synertox® on broiler health and performance during aflatoxicosis [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 27-34]

  • System Lambing and mortality rate in Ouled-Djellal sheeps in Tebessa region-Algeria [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 267-273]

  • Syzygium Potency Syzygium cumini L as adjuvant therapy on mice model malaria [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 73-80]

T

  • T Molecular detection of Trypanosoma species in sheep and goats in Mosul city [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 445-449]

  • T3 Effect of dietary BHA supplementation on certain physiological values in broiler chicken [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 815-819]

  • T3 Impact of sorbitol and l-carnitine on stimulating thyroid hormone, triiodothyronine and adenosine triphosphate level in broilers [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 589-590]

  • T4 Effect of dietary BHA supplementation on certain physiological values in broiler chicken [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 815-819]

  • Tail immersion test Flurbiprofen: Determination of safety profile, analgesic effect, and interaction with lipoic acid in murine [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 447-452]

  • Tannic acid Control of stray dog population by single intratesticular injection of tannic acid [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 33-36]

  • Tapeworm Molecular detection of cestoda in black francolin (Francolinus francolinus) of Babylon Province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 419-423]

  • Tarantula cubensis extract The effect of therankeron D6 on the healing of intestinal anastomosis in dogs [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 261-265]

  • Taurine Therapeutic effect of taurine on sodium fluoride toxicity in chicks [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 223-238]

  • T cell Using T cell lymphokines to enhance the immune response against Newcastle disease in vaccinated broiler chickens fed naturally contaminated diet with different mycotoxins [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 427-433]

  • Techniques Detection of Cryptosporidium parvum in calf feces using microscopical, serological, and molecular methods [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 383-389]

  • Tendinopathy Immunolocalization of decorin, a small leucin-rich proteoglycan, in the normal and injured horse tendon [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 465-471]

  • Terminalia chebula Study of the prophylactic activity of Terminalia chebula against induced gastric erosion in rabbit model [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 61-66]

  • Testicle Role of spermatozoa in pH stability of caudal epididymis environment [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 111-116]

  • Testicular morphometric Protective effects of coenzyme Q10 against sodium fluoride-induced reproductive disorders in male rats [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 143-149]

  • Testis Effects of red reishi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum) on the reproductive system in female and male rats [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 137-141]

  • Testis Histological effects of chronic sodium fluoride toxicity on some reproductive organs of male and female adult albino rats [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 705-711]

  • Testis The impact of nano zinc oxide particles on the histology of the male reproductive system of adult male rabbits [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 105-113]

  • Testis Effect of experimentally induced prepubertal hyperthyroidism on postubertal reproductive activity in male rats [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 297-304]

  • Testis Influence of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles in reproductive efficiency of adult male rats [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 507-513]

  • Testis Histological changes of extract cumin cyminum on the leydig cells, seminiferous tubules and epididymis in adult rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 177-182]

  • Testosterone Protective effects of coenzyme Q10 against sodium fluoride-induced reproductive disorders in male rats [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 143-149]

  • Testosterone Effect of aqueous rosemary extract on some sexual hormones in male rats with high thyroxine level [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 369-373]

  • Testosterone Effect of buck’s body weight on some reproductive parameters and it’s relation with sexual behavior [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 733-737]

  • Testosterone Potency of nano-zinc oxide on caspase-3 of male quail exposed to lipopolysaccharide [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 163-171]

  • Testosterone Effects of methotrexate on hepatic and testicular tissues in male rabbits: Histological, hormonal and biochemical analysis [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 211-217]

  • Testosterone level The impact of nano zinc oxide particles on the histology of the male reproductive system of adult male rabbits [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 105-113]

  • Tests Histopathological alterations of male and female reproductive systems induced by alloxan in rats [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 223-226]

  • TGF-1β Effects of local nandrolone decanoate on TGF-1β and IGF-1 in the healing of the muscle wound [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 949-956]

  • Theaflavin Comparative pharmacokinetic study of theaflavin in healthy and experimentally induced liver damage rabbits [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 235-242]

  • Theileria Phylogenetic study of Theileria lestoquardi based on 18SrRNA gene Isolated from sheep in the middle region of Iraq [Volume 30, Issue 2, 2016, Page 27-32]

  • Theileria annulata Molecular study and DNA sequence analysis of Theileria annulata in cattle in Al-Hilla, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 425-429]

  • Theileria annulata Molecular identification of Theileria species in cattle in Mosul city [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 183-189]

  • Theileria annulata Detection of the cytochrome B (cytb) insecticide resistance gene in Theileria annulata isolated from cattle in Hilla city, Babylon governorate, Iraq [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 153-158]

  • Theileria parva Molecular identification of Theileria species in cattle in Mosul city [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 183-189]

  • Theileriosis Clinical, epidemiological and therapeutic studies on bovine tropical theileriosis in Faisalabad, Pakistan [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • Theileriosis Molecular study and DNA sequence analysis of Theileria annulata in cattle in Al-Hilla, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 425-429]

  • Therankeron Comparison between two medical drugs' effect on the crushed sciatic nerve healing in dogs [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 1-6]

  • Therapeutic Epidemiological, diagnostic and therapeutic study for mange in sheep of Anbar province- Iraq [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 1-7]

  • Therapeutic index Effect of methotrexate on neurobehavior and cholinesterase in chicks [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 985-989]

  • Therapeutic trial Therapeutic trial on clinical cases of impactive and spasmodic colic in donkeys in Gondar, northwest Ethiopia [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 795-802]

  • Thieleria annulata Clinical and molecular identification of ruling Theileria annulata strains in cattle calves in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 115-119]

  • Thin layer chromatography Thin layer chromatographic investigation of some veterinary drugs [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 53-55]

  • Thioredoxin reductase Biochemical and histopathological study of thioredoxin reductase isolation from blood serum in normal and oxidative stress-exposed rats [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 115-124]

  • Thoracoscope Effect of nano-magnesium oxide and harmonic scalpel on lung lobectomy healing in dogs: Clinical and cytokine study [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 649-656]

  • Thoracotomy Histological comparison between histoacryl and suturing to close lung wounds in dogs [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 751-758]

  • Thyme The effect of thyme (Thymus daenensis) supplement on growth and hygienic parameters of broilers meat [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 87-92]

  • Thyme Effects of coriander, thyme, vanadyl and tungstate on some biochemical parameters in broiler chickens [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 71-75]

  • Thymoquinone Immunohistochemical expression levels of anterior pituitary LH, FSH and testicular testosterone of Allium sativum extract and thymoquinone in male treated rats [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 49-55]

  • Thyroidectomy The effects of thyroidectomy on healing fracture in rabbits model [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 563-570]

  • Thyroid gland Effects of cadmium chloride on some endocrine glands (thyroid and adrenal) in male rats (Rattus norvegicus) [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 211-217]

  • Thyroid gland Effect of experimentally induced prepubertal hyperthyroidism on postubertal reproductive activity in male rats [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 297-304]

  • Thyroid gland Seasonal morphometric and functional changes of thyroid gland and relationship with thr1 and thr2 genes expression in queen ovary [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 97-102]

  • Thyroid hormones Characterizing physiological status in three breeds of bulls reared under ecological and climate conditions of the Altai region [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 35-42]

  • Thyroxin The effects of thyroidectomy on healing fracture in rabbits model [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 563-570]

  • Tibia Comparing efficacy of the platelet rich plasma and advanced platelet rich fibrin on tibial bone defect regeneration in dogs [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 973-980]

  • Tibia Histopathological and serological assessment of using rib lamb xenograft reinforced with and without hydroxyapatite nano gel for reconstruction tibial bone defect in dogs [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 69-76]

  • Tick-borne pathogens Morphological and genotypical identification of Hyalomma anatolicum isolated from cattle in Al-Daghara city, Al-Qadisiyah province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 683-687]

  • Tick control Mini Review: Current tick control strategies in Pakistan are possible environmental risks [Volume 31, Issue 2, 2017, Page 81-86]

  • Ticks Evaluation the efficiency of the fungus Metarhizium anisopliae as biocontrol agent for adults of hard ticks Hyalomma anatolicum [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 57-62]

  • Ticks Investigation of the principal vectors of abortive diseases in one-humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 411-415]

  • Ticks Seroprevalence of piroplasmosis with tick distribution in northern Iraq [Volume 26, Suppl. III, 2012, Page 105-108]

  • Ticks Genotypic analysis of ticks species infesting cattle in Al-Diwaniyah abattoir [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 673-677]

  • Ticks Morphological and genotypical identification of Hyalomma anatolicum isolated from cattle in Al-Daghara city, Al-Qadisiyah province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 683-687]

  • Ticks Molecular diagnosis of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in ticks infesting cattle in Iraq [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 43-47]

  • Ticks- Rhipicephalus sanguineus- dog- seasonal dynamics- Northeast Algeria Inventory of ticks on dogs in rural areas of the northeast of Algeria and its relationship with influences some ecological and climatic parameters [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 175-182]

  • Time Polymerase Chain Reaction Detection of Escherichia coli hlyA gene and Staphylococcus aureus Sea gene in raw milk of buffaloes using RT-PCR technique in AL- Qadisiyah province [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 87-91]

  • Tioconazole Prevalence and some risk factors with therapeutic trial of sheep dermatophytosis in Egypt [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 31-38]

  • Tissue culture Evaluation of the isolation protocols of primary cells from common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) skin tissue [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 119-125]

  • Tissue damage Creatine kinase and C reactive protein as an indicator for tissue damage in the retained placenta in cows [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 163-167]

  • Tissue engineering The combined effect of the human umbilical cord blood with chitosan scaffold on the full-thickness wound healing process in rats [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 391-403]

  • Tissue glue Histological comparison between histoacryl and suturing to close lung wounds in dogs [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 751-758]

  • Titanium Laparoscopic and hand-assisted cystorrhaphy strengthened with omental pedicle in dogs: Radiographic and ultrasonographic study [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 347-352]

  • Titanium dioxide nanoparticles Histopathological effects of titanium dioxide nanoparticles on the liver of Japanese quail Coturnix coturnix japonica [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 349-358]

  • TNF-α The effect of pisang ambon (Musa paradisiaca L.) stem extract on the regulation of IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α in rats’ enteritis [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 407-413]

  • Tom Comparative morphometric study of shank bone in the tom (Meleagris gallopavo) and local cock (Gallus banikaval) [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 57-64]

  • Toxic effects Potential neurobehavioral toxicity of sulfur in mice [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 581-588]

  • Toxicity Effect of boric acid on sodium fluoride toxicity in chicks [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 123-131]

  • Toxicity Acute toxicity events of ivermectin in chicks’ model [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1119-1124]

  • Toxicity Morphohistopathological alteration in the gills and central nervous system in Cyprinus carpio exposed to lethal concentration of copper sulfate [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 981-989]

  • Toxicity Modulation of chitosan nanoparticles properties for sheep pox mucosal vaccine delivery with cytotoxicity and release Studies-in vitro [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 111-119]

  • Toxicity Immunohistochemically and semi-quantities analysis of carp gills exposed to sodium thiosulfate [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 191-198]

  • Toxic metallic Silver Hematological, biochemical, and histological alteration induced by nano silver material on male rats [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 707-717]

  • Toxic metals Study of some toxic metals in parts from catfish (Silurus triostegus) in Shatt Al-Arab river [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 459-467]

  • Toxin fractions Experimental study on the effect of toxin fractions isolated from hydatid cyst fluid of sheep on the cardiac muscles of mice [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 523-528]

  • Toxocara canis Coprological detection of Toxocariosis in domicile and stray dogs and cats in Sulaimani province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1047-1051]

  • Toxocara cati Coprological detection of Toxocariosis in domicile and stray dogs and cats in Sulaimani province, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1047-1051]

  • Toxoplasma gondii Pathological study of toxoplasma gondii expermintally infected in broiler chicken [Volume 20, Issue 2, 2006, Page 241-248]

  • Toxoplasma gondii Using species-specific PCR technique to detect Toxoplasma gondii in broiler chickens [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 53-56]

  • Toxoplasma gondii Detection of Toxoplasma gondii-specific immunoglobulin (IgG) antibodies in meat juice of beef [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 319-324]

  • Toxoplasma gondii Comparison the efficiency of different techniques for the diagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii infection in slaughtered ewes [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 19-23]

  • Toxoplasma gondii Comparative study on the effect of cadmium and hydrocortisone treatment on the brain of rats experimentally infected with Toxoplasma gondii [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 771-775]

  • Toxoplasma gondii Detection of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in horses in Mosul, Iraq [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 39-41]

  • Toxoplasma gondii Molecular and Serological detection of Toxoplasma gondii in three species of wild birds of Babylon province, middle Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 39-44]

  • Toxoplasma gondii Prevalence and associated risk factors of Toxoplasma gondii infection in sheep and aborted women in Egypt [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 437-445]

  • TOXOPLASMA GONDII Pathological and histochemical study on cats and mice experimentally infected with TOXOPLASMA GONDII [Volume 20, Issue 2, 2006, Page 249-263]

  • Toxoplasmosis Determination of Toxoplasma gondii lineages of sheep in Wasit, Iraq [Volume 30, Issue 2, 2016, Page 23-26]

  • TPC The impact of storage duration and conditions on the formation of biogenic amines and microbial content in poultry meat [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 183-188]

  • TPCR Inhibition of Escherichia coli biofilm formation by Streptomyces sdLi crude extract [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 305-310]

  • Trachea Comparative anatomical and histological study on the trachea of native awasi sheep and black goat [Volume 20, Issue 1, 2006, Page 9-21]

  • Trachea Comparative carbohydrate histochemical study of the trachea of native sheep and goat [Volume 20, Issue 1, 2006, Page 23-37]

  • Trachea Histological and fluorescent microscope studies for evaluation carbon accumulation in trachea and bronchi of birds in polluted area in Wasit province [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 135-141]

  • Trachea The macroscopical and microscopical characters of the trachea in different avian species: A comparative study [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 781-789]

  • Tramadol Synergism of the analgesic activities of tramadol with α2 adrenoreceptor agonist xylazine in mice [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 109-113]

  • Tramadol Histological and antimicrobial effects of tramadol infiltration on incisional oral mucosal wound healing in rabbits [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 335-340]

  • Tramadol Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics interaction between nefopam and tramadol in the broiler chicks model [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 327-332]

  • Tramadol Simultaneous determination of pethidine pharmacokinetics in rats: The impact of tramadol coadministration [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 261-267]

  • Tramadol Evaluation the combination of chlorpheniramine and tramadol at a level of thermal and visceral antinociceptive in a mouse acute pain model [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 619-627]

  • Tramadol The antidepressant effect of tramadol and chlorpheniramine combination in mice model [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 7-13]

  • Transabdominal Transabdominal ultrasonographic determination of pregnancy and fetal viability in buffalo cows [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 233-238]

  • Transabdominal Estimation of gestational age in Shami goats based on transabdominal ultrasonographic measurements of fetal parameters [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 839-846]

  • Transabdominal Transabdominal ultrasonographic determination of pregnancy and fetal viability in mares [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 791-796]

  • Transfer factor Clinical and immunological study of specific Mycobacterium bovis-BCG transfer factor in lambs [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 67-72]

  • Transmission and control Epidemiological aspects of some equine viral diseases [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 121-127]

  • Transmission electron microscope Histological and ultrastructural studies of the pancreas of native rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 371-378]

  • Treated Evaluation healing of jejunal anastomosis in preoperative dexamethasone treated dogs [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015]

  • Trichinoscopy Phenotypic and genotypic study of sarcocystosis in Iraqi domestic goats (Capra hircus) [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 29-35]

  • Trichomonas Clinical survey and molecular detection of Trichomonas gallinae infection of domestic pigeons (Columba livia domestica) in Al-Qadisiyah Province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 745-750]

  • Trichomoniasis A review on Trichomonas species infection in humans and animals in Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 305-313]

  • Trichomoniasis Clinical survey and molecular detection of Trichomonas gallinae infection of domestic pigeons (Columba livia domestica) in Al-Qadisiyah Province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 745-750]

  • Trichomoniasis Prevalence and pathological study of trichomoniasis in the racing pigeons in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 1-6]

  • Trichostrongyle Major helminth parasites of Camelus dromedarius in afar pastoral area of Ethiopia [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 117-122]

  • Trichrome Improving light microscopic detection of collagen by trichrome stain modification [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 273-281]

  • Tritrichomonas foetus Detection of Trichomoniasis in cattle in Nineveh province [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 287-290]

  • Trophozoite Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of Entamoeba histolytica in cattle in Al-Diwaniyah governorate, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 697-700]

  • Trypanosma evansi The study of biogenic iron oxide nanoparticles effects on iron status in male rabbits infected with T. evansi [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 143-147]

  • Trypanosoma Diagnosis of some blood parasites in cattle and sheep in Mosul, Iraq [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 57-61]

  • Trypanosoma Molecular detection of Trypanosoma species in sheep and goats in Mosul city [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 445-449]

  • Trypanosoma brucei Trypanocidal efficacy of diminazene in diabetic rats [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 33-38]

  • Trypanosoma brucei The beneficial effects of resveratrol supplementation on parasitemia, oxidative stress and serum biochemical parameters in Trypanosoma brucei infected dogs [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 753-760]

  • Trypsin Trypsin dose optimization for glaucoma induction in rabbit model [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 107-113]

  • TSH Impact of sorbitol and l-carnitine on stimulating thyroid hormone, triiodothyronine and adenosine triphosphate level in broilers [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 589-590]

  • TST The antidepressant effect of tramadol and chlorpheniramine combination in mice model [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 7-13]

  • Tube cystostomy Prevalence of obstructive urolithiasis in domestic animals: An interplay between seasonal predisposition and dietary imbalance [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 227-232]

  • Tubuloalveolar The macroscopical and microscopical characters of the trachea in different avian species: A comparative study [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 781-789]

  • Tumor Histopathology and Immunohistochemistry of tumors in animals attending veterinary teaching hospital [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 309-314]

  • Tumors Pathological study of neoplasms surgically excised from animals attended the veterinary teaching hospital [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 9-14]

  • Tumors Clinicopathological and imaging features of hypertrophic osteopathy in dogs [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 991-997]

  • Tuna Detection of endoparasites in mackerel tuna (Euthynnus affinis) in north Sumatra province, Indonesia [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 519-524]

  • Turkey Comparative histological and histochemical study of the ileum in two different birds [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 479-487]

  • Turmeric The effect of adding turmeric and artemisia herba powder to ration on productive performance of white laying hens [Volume 32, Issue 2, 2018, Page 237-242]

  • T. vivax Molecular detection of Trypanosoma species in sheep and goats in Mosul city [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 445-449]

  • T. vivax Hemoparasites effect on interferon-gamma and miRNA 125b expression in Bubalus bubalis [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 71-76]

  • TVT Vulvar and vaginal tumors in Hawshar dogs [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 67-72]

  • Twins Uterine rupture with alive twins in a Holstein Frisian cow: a case report [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 27-28]

  • Type-1 fimbriae Isolation and identification of Salmonella typhimurium bacteria with detection of type-1 fimbriae coding gene by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 195-199]

U

  • Udders Histopathological and histochemical study of mastitis in sheep [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 719-723]

  • Ulcerative Colitis Comparative treatment of induced ulcerative colitis in male rat model by using cinnarizine and sulfasalazine [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 465-472]

  • Ultra Sonication Application of ultrasound contra infection with secondary hydatidosis in mice [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 397-403]

  • Ultrasonography Diagnosis of pregnancy and pathological conditions in the genital system of small ruminants by ultrasonography [Volume 30, Issue 1, 2016, Page 9-13]

  • Ultrasonography Ultrasonography of left displaced abomasum in local cattle breed [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 139-144]

  • Ultrasonography Transabdominal ultrasonographic determination of pregnancy and fetal viability in buffalo cows [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 233-238]

  • Ultrasonography Estimation of gestational age in Shami goats based on transabdominal ultrasonographic measurements of fetal parameters [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 839-846]

  • Ultrasonography Transabdominal ultrasonographic determination of pregnancy and fetal viability in mares [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 791-796]

  • Ultrasonography New surgical model to induce irreversible liver fibrosis by surgical closure of major duodenal orifice in dogs [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 825-831]

  • Ultrasonography The role of DMSO and MSM in treatment of tendinopathies affection in equine: A comparative study [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 861-868]

  • Ultrasonography Clinical and ultrasonographic findings in rams with scrotal enlargement [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 47-53]

  • Ultrasound analysis Ultrasound image analysis for detection of fatty liver and grading its severity in buffaloes at Mosul, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 507-511]

  • Ultrasurgical A comparative study of laparoscopic partial hepatectomy by clamp-crush and ultrasurgical techniques in rams [Volume 26, Suppl. IV, 2012, Page 131-139]

  • Unequivocal The first unequivocal report of Encephalitozoon cuniculi in rabbits and Encephalitozoon intestinalis in cattle in Mosul city-Iraq [Volume 29, Issue 1, 2015, Page 19-26]

  • Upper respiratory tract infections Mycoplasma from the upper respiratory tract and conjunctival infections in household dogs [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 137-141]

  • Urate crystal Etiological and pathological investigation of astrovirus infection in broilers in Sulaymaniyah province [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 725-732]

  • Urethra Surgical correction of congenital anomalies in a neonatal lamb: a case report [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 43-46]

  • Urinary bladder Investigation of urinary bladder lesions of slaughtered local bovine calves in Mosul city [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 45-51]

  • Urinary bladder ruptures Laparoscopic and hand-assisted cystorrhaphy strengthened with omental pedicle in dogs: Radiographic and ultrasonographic study [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 347-352]

  • Urmia abattoir Prevalence and pathological evaluation of hepatic fatty change in cattle slaughtered at Urmia Abattoir, Northwest Iran [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 45-50]

  • Urtica dioica Protective effect of Urtica dioica in liver and kidney damages induce by ethylene glycol in rabbits: A histopathological study [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 167-170]

  • Urtica dioica Effect of adding nettle plant on some physiological and biochemical parameters of broiler chickens [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 115-119]

  • Urtiea dioica Efficacy of Urtiea dicica extract for amelioration of brain lesions induced by ethylene glycol in male rabbits [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 485-488]

  • Uteri Ovario-utero protective effect of silymarin in ethidium bromide treated female rats [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 213-211]

  • Uterine involution Effect of exogenous oxytocin on the expression of oxytocin receptor gene and uterine involution in local Iraqi cows [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1125-1132]

  • Uterine rupture Uterine rupture with alive twins in a Holstein Frisian cow: a case report [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 27-28]

  • Uterine tube Structural study of uterine tubes of the rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) at different postnatal periods [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 277-288]

  • UTI RAPD-PCR and phylogenetic analysis of E. coli isolated from human and cattle urinary tract infections [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 59-66]

V

  • Vaccination Prevalence of avian influenza in humans and different bird species in Indonesia: A review [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 709-718]

  • Vaccination Improved vaccination protocol to enhance immunity in lambs of Kuwait farms [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 539-548]

  • Vaccine Antioxidant status in pregnant ewes vaccinated with Rev 1 against brucellosis [Volume 26, Issue 1, 2012, Page 15-19]

  • Vaccine Follow up the antibodies titer against Newcastle disease virus in broiler breeders using ELISA test [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 295-299]

  • Vaccine Evaluation the role of Apsa-mos® as immunomodulator on the level of antibody titers in broiler chickens vaccinated with Newcastle disease virus. [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 53-56]

  • Vaccine Some immunological responses in rats injected with prepared bacterin toxoid of local methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 401-406]

  • Vaccine Efficacy of vaccine from whole killed Vibrio alginolyticus cells on the immune response of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 37-44]

  • Vacuolar degeneration The histological and histochemical changes of the rat's liver induced by 5- fluorouracil [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • Vaginal flora Vaginal bacteria flora concurred with vaginal sponges in black Iraqi goats [Volume 26, Suppl. IV, 2012, Page 123-124]

  • Vaginal sponges Vaginal bacteria flora concurred with vaginal sponges in black Iraqi goats [Volume 26, Suppl. IV, 2012, Page 123-124]

  • V alleles Polymorphism of growth hormone gene in the artificial insemination result of Madura cattle with Limousin semen as a reference for genetic selection [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 113-118]

  • Vanadyl sulfate Effects of coriander, thyme, vanadyl and tungstate on some biochemical parameters in broiler chickens [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 71-75]

  • Vannamei Shrimp Isolation and molecular identification of proteolytic bacteria from vaname shrimp (Lithopenaeus Vannamei) ponds as probiotic agents [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 161-170]

  • Vascular congestion Histopathological changes in kidney and pancreas induced by energy drinks in adult male rats [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 111-116]

  • Veal Detection of positive mecA Staphylococcus aureus isolated from meat and butchers’ shops by using PCR technique in Mosul city [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 865-870]

  • Vector-borne diseases Investigation of the principal vectors of abortive diseases in one-humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 411-415]

  • VEGF-A The endometrial expression level of estrogen-α and VEGF-A in female rats administered with a low dose of estrogen in early clomiphene citrate therapy [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 223-228]

  • Vein graft Clinical and ultrasonographic study of using autogenous venous graft and platelet-rich plasma for repairing Achilles tendon rupture in dogs [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 453-460]

  • Very small slaughterhouses Food safety and sanitation practices survey in very small halal and non-halal beef slaughterhouses in the United States [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 1-7]

  • Veterinary Formulation of oxytetracycline 20% injectable solution for veterinary use [Volume 26, Suppl. III, 2012, Page 89-93]

  • Veterinary drugs Thin layer chromatographic investigation of some veterinary drugs [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 53-55]

  • Veterinary hospital Epidemiological Analysis for medical records of Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Mosul during 2017 to 2019 [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 541-548]

  • Vetranal Assessment of the withdrawal period for ractopamine hydrochloride in the goat and sheep [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 405-410]

  • Viability Secondary bacterial infection of hydatid cysts infected livestock animals (In vitro study) [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 761-768]

  • Vibrio alginolyticus Efficacy of vaccine from whole killed Vibrio alginolyticus cells on the immune response of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) [Volume 38, Issue 1, 2024, Page 37-44]

  • Villous atrophy Etiological and pathological investigation of astrovirus infection in broilers in Sulaymaniyah province [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 725-732]

  • Villus Morphology and immunohistochemistry analysis of broiler intestine treated with immunostimulant agents [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 893-898]

  • Vimentin Histopathology and Immunohistochemistry of tumors in animals attending veterinary teaching hospital [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 309-314]

  • Vimentin Immunohistochemical expression of proliferation markers in canine osteosarcoma [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 1097-1102]

  • Viral diseases Epidemiological aspects of some equine viral diseases [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 121-127]

  • Viral load The interference of Newcastle, avian influenza and infectious bursal disease vaccines with the efficiency of IB vaccine in broiler chicks by using quantitative RT-PCR test [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 105-109]

  • Viral load Using T cell lymphokines of hyperimmunized chickens with Salmonella pullorum to enhance immune response of layer hens against avian influenza [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 229-234]

  • Virgin coconut oil Aloe vera and Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) accelerate healing process in domestic cat (Felis domesticus) suffering from scabies [Volume 35, Issue 4, 2021, Page 699-704]

  • Virulence gene The molecular identification of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) isolated from meat and meat products [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 9-15]

  • Virulence gene Isolation and molecular detection of some virulence associated genes in avian pathogenic E. coli [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 889-894]

  • Virulence gene Effect of garlic oil nanoemulsion against multidrug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from broiler [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 877-888]

  • Virulence gene Genetic diversity of Escherichia coli harboring virulence gene Stx1 and Stx2 isolated from common carp fish in Nineveh Governorate using ERIC-PCR [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 701-705]

  • Virulence gene Detection of positive mecA Staphylococcus aureus isolated from meat and butchers’ shops by using PCR technique in Mosul city [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 865-870]

  • Virulence genes Molecular identification of virulence genes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from fish (Cyprinus carpio) in Mosul city [Volume 36, Issue 4, 2022, Page 953-958]

  • Virulence genes Detection of some virulence genes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from meat at Mosul city [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 101-105]

  • Virulence genes Molecular detection of Stx1 and Stx2 genes of E. coli isolated from sub-clinical bovine mastitis in Mosul city [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 413-418]

  • Virulent factors Genetic detection to Aeromonas hydrophila proteolytic activity in milk samples (cows, buffaloes and goats) in Basra governorate [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 253-258]

  • Virus isolation Isolation and identification of Circovirus in pigeon [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 207-210]

  • Vitamin A Effect of vitamin A and grazing in some physiological characters and milk production of Meriz does [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 359-365]

  • Vitamin D3 deficiency Clinical and hematological profiles of vitamin D3 deficiency in Najdi lambs [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 89-95]

  • Vitamin E and Selenium Effect of vitamin E and selenium injection on semen quality and some blood parameters of Karadi rams [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 17-24]

  • Vitamin E TPGS The role of PLGA/TPGS nanoparticle on xylazine-ketamine anesthetic activity in male albino rabbits [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 201-206]

  • Vitek Isolation and antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus spp., enteric bacteria and Pseudomonas spp. associated with respiratory tract infections of sheep [Volume 35, Supplement I-III, 2021, Page 53-58]

  • Vitek-2 Detection of the extended spectrum β-lactamase produced by Escherichia coli from dairy cows by using the Vitek-2 method in Tulungagung regency, Indonesia [Volume 34, Issue 1, 2020, Page 203-207]

  • VP1 Molecular diagnosis and genetic relationship of foot and mouth disease virus serotype Asia1/Basne/Sul/2015 [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 67-73]

W

  • Warble Morphological and Molecular diagnosis of Hypoderma spp. in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 255-259]

  • Warble Sero-prevalence of hypodermosis in cattle in Mosul city, Iraq [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 407-412]

  • Water quality The effect of stocking density and the application of Nitrobacter as ammonia decomposer in aquaponics system of Clarias gariepinus with water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) [Volume 35, Issue 2, 2021, Page 217-222]

  • WBCs Effect of supplementation of rumen protected methionine and lysine on some physiological aspects of fattening calves [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 177-181]

  • White –eared Morphometrical and histochemical foundation of pancreas and ductal system in white-eared bulbul (Pycnonotus leucotis) [Volume 33, Issue 1, 2019, Page 99-104]

  • Wild birds Detection of organ bacterial load in quails [Volume 26, Suppl. II, 2012, Page 47-51]

  • Wildlife Chukar partridge in northern Iraq: A review article [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 495-505]

  • Wild rabbit Epidemiological study and identification of some flea species infesting wild rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and cape hares (Lepus capensis) in northern Algeria [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 159-165]

  • Wings Prevalence of some species of flies in cowsheds in Mosul city [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 991-997]

  • Winter Impact of heat treatment on the antimicrobial residues in raw goat's milk [Volume 35, Issue 3, 2021, Page 549-553]

  • Withania somnifera Does Withania somnifera mitigate the structural alterations of the rat brain associated with propylthiouracil? [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 187-194]

  • Wound healing Evaluation of histopathological and healing potentials of the full-thickness cutaneous wound for a topical ointment formulation containing extract of bark Quercus aegilops in mice [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 121-128]

  • Wounds age Histopathological changes as tools to discriminate antemortem and post-mortem wounds in rats: prospective applications in forensic medicine [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 197-204]

  • Writhing reflex Evaluation the combination of chlorpheniramine and tramadol at a level of thermal and visceral antinociceptive in a mouse acute pain model [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 619-627]

  • Writhing test Flurbiprofen: Determination of safety profile, analgesic effect, and interaction with lipoic acid in murine [Volume 37, Issue 2, 2023, Page 447-452]

X

  • Xanthine oxidase inhibitors The anti-inflammatory effect of allopurinol and diclofenac in chicks’ model [Volume 37, Issue 3, 2023, Page 547-553]

  • Xenograft Histopathological and serological assessment of using rib lamb xenograft reinforced with and without hydroxyapatite nano gel for reconstruction tibial bone defect in dogs [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 69-76]

  • X-Ray The effects of thyroidectomy on healing fracture in rabbits model [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 563-570]

  • X-ray fluorescence Evaluation of the heavy metal content in the muscle tissue of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) reared in groundwater in Basrah province, Iraq [Volume 35, Issue 1, 2021, Page 157-161]

  • Xylazine Oral imipramine and intravenous xylazine for pharmacologically-induced ejaculation in donkeys [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 81-83]

  • Xylazine Synergism of the analgesic activities of tramadol with α2 adrenoreceptor agonist xylazine in mice [Volume 26, Issue 2, 2012, Page 109-113]

  • Xylazine Evaluation of the antinociceptive effect of xylazine and it’s interaction with metoclopramide in the acute pain model in mice [Volume 34, Issue 2, 2020, Page 383-388]

  • Xylazine The role of PLGA/TPGS nanoparticle on xylazine-ketamine anesthetic activity in male albino rabbits [Volume 36, Issue 1, 2022, Page 201-206]

  • Xylazine A Comparison between ketamine-xylazine and ketamine-midazolam or all of them to induce balance anesthesia in rabbits [Volume 36, Issue 2, 2022, Page 499-506]

  • Xylazine Neurotoxicity of xylazine in chicks [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 289-296]

Y

  • Yeasts Isolation, identification and detection of some virulence factors in yeasts from local cheese in Mosul city [Volume 32, Issue 1, 2018, Page 81-85]

Z

  • Zearalenone Potency of mycotoxin binders on MDA level, expressions of caspase 9 and caspase 3 in the uterus of mice exposed to zearalenone [Volume 31, Issue 1, 2017, Page 29-33]

  • Zinc Assessment the level of some heavy metal in vital body fluids and blood parameters in lactating Awassi ewes [Volume 33, Issue 2, 2019, Page 297-301]

  • Zinc oxide Effect of copper sulfate on liver damage induced by nano- zinc oxide in Cyprinus carpio [Volume 28, Issue 2, 2014]

  • ZnO nanoparticles Quantification histopathological analysis in the gills of carp fish exposed to sub lethal concentration of nano zinc oxide [Volume 36, Supplement I, 2022, Page 61-68]

  • ZnO NPs The amelioration of vitamin E on histological changes of rabbit’s brain treated with zinc oxide nanoparticles [Volume 37, Issue 1, 2023, Page 95-104]

  • ZnONPs Histological study of antidiabetic activity of zinc oxide and chromium oxide nanoparticles on the pancreas of alloxan induced diabetes mellitus in male albino mice (Mus musculus) [Volume 37, Supplement I-IV, 2023, Page 159-163]

  • Zoonosis Prevalence of avian influenza in humans and different bird species in Indonesia: A review [Volume 36, Issue 3, 2022, Page 709-718]

  • Zoonotic disease Traditional, histopathological and molecular diagnosis of sarcocytosis in slaughtered sheep in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq [Volume 37, Issue 4, 2023, Page 871-875]