Keywords : quail

The moderating effect of Panax ginseng roots on the male reproductive system and heat shock protein 70 in heat-stressed Japanese quails

Suha A. Rasheed; Rana A. Asim; Heba M. Jasim

Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 2022, Volume 36, Issue 4, Pages 853-859
DOI: 10.33899/ijvs.2022.132356.2084

This research aims to investigate if ginseng may aid in the reduction of the harmful influence of heatstress on the male reproductive system and the level of heat shock protein70. Eighty mature quails were randomly distributed to four equal groups: the control one reared under normal temperature, the heat-stressed group reared under the temperature of 39±1°C for 4 hrs/day, the heat-stressed group treated with ginseng 500 mg/kg diet, and a group reared under normal temperature and treated with ginseng 500 mg/kg diet. The results showed a significant decrease in red blood cells, white blood cells, lymphocytes, hemoglobin, packed cell volume, total antioxidant capacity, body weight, testis weight, the total number of sperm, and percentage of living sperm, accompanied by a significant increase in MCV, MCHC, heterophil, H/L ratio, heat shock protein70, percentage of dead and malformed sperm in quails exposed to heat stress compared with control. Dietary supplementation of ginseng to birdsexposed to heat stress significantly increased the studiedparameters in comparison to the group under stress. While, the addition of the nutritional supplement ginseng alone led to a significant increase in RBC, Hb, PCV, MCV, TAC, low percentage of monocytes, H/L ratio, and heat shock protein70, compared to the control. We conclude that the administration of ginseng as a diet additive can ameliorate the effects caused by heat stress in quail, which is attributed to the antioxidant effect of Panax ginseng and its ability for scavenging free radicals.

Effect of diclofenac on the pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin in quail

Yamama Z. Alabdaly

Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 2021, Volume 35, Issue 4, Pages 777-781
DOI: 10.33899/ijvs.2021.128440.1576

This study investigated the Pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin alone or with diclofenac sodium in adult Japanese quails. The quails divided into two groups, the first group was dosed intraperitoneally with 50 mg/kg of ciprofloxacin, the second group was injected by 50 mg/kg of ciprofloxacin intraperitoneally then directly injected intraperitoneally by diclofenac sodium at a dosage of 5 mg/kg. Plasma concentrations of ciprofloxacin were determined by the spectrophotometer at wavelength 290 nm. Co-admiration of ciprofloxacin with diclofenac lead to appearing ciprofloxacin in plasma at 12.02, 6.4, 5.3, 3.30, 1.36, 0.60 μg/ml in the periods of 0.25, 0.50, 1, 2, 4 and 8 hours post-injection. A significantly increased in the concentration of ciprofloxacin at times of 0.25, 0.50, 1, and 2 hours post-injection and appeared at a concentration of 6.96, 3.09, 2.2, and 0.72 μg/ml. The pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin when given with diclofenac sodium was represented by 91% decrease in elimination constant rate, 53% decrease in elimination half-life t1/2, 64% decrease in volume of distribution to steady-state, 22% decrease in clearance, 28% increase area under curve, 41% decrease in area under moment curve, 53% decrease in mean residence time and 37% increase in maximum plasma concentration. Our study concludes that co-administration of ciprofloxacin with diclofenac sodium lead to alteration in some pharmacokinetic data of ciprofloxacin like effect on the plasma concentration and volume of distribution and clearance. This effect must be considered when therapy by ciprofloxacin with diclofenac, the co-administration of diclofenac with ciprofloxacin decrease the elimination of ciprofloxacin 

Impact of different artificial light intensities on some reproductive, productive performance aspects and blood picture of male quail

Hiyam N. Maty; Suha M. Alghazal; Ashwaq A. Hassan

Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 2021, Volume 35, Issue 4, Pages 679-685
DOI: 10.33899/ijvs.2020.127774.1526

This experiment was designed to determine the influence of various white light intensities on spermatogenesis, hematology and growth performance of male quail. A total of 80 birds of one day aged had been assigned to four equal groups: G1 control group was kept under natural light program 12h light:12h dark. G2, G3, G4 were exposed to artificial white light emitting diodes at 0.6, 45 and 25 Lux for 5 hours daily for 8 weeks starting at 14 days of age. The result showed that the application of Lux 0.6, 45 and 25 caused a significant increase in heart weight relative to control. Lux 0.6 led to decrease in total body weight, left testis weight and foam weight. The result revealed that exposure to 0.6 Lux caused significant decrease in sperm count and live sperm percentage and increase in dead sperm percentage. Program of 25 Lux generated a significant increase in RBC counts compared to 0.6 Lux. Exposure to 45 Lux and 25 Lux triggers a significant increase in PCV and hemoglobin concentrations. Exposures to 0.6 Lux and 25 Lux resulted in a significant increase in mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, while apply to program 0.6 Lux cause increase in stress index. The best feed conversion ratio was detected in normal daylight, 0.6 Lux and 25 Lux respectively. In conclusion, exposure of male quails to different intensities of white LED bulb had an effect on the some physiological and reproductive parameters.

Impact of breed, sex and age on hematological and biochemical parameters of local quail

Abdullah Fathi Abdul-Majeed; Saeb Younis Abdul-Rahman

Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 2021, Volume 35, Issue 3, Pages 459-464
DOI: 10.33899/ijvs.2020.126960.1432

The current work aimed to study the normal values of some hematological and biochemical criteria of local quail and the effect of the breed, sex, and age on them. Two hundred quail (100 birds belong to each of white and light brown feathers local breeds), they were randomly distributed at 1st-day-age into 5 replicates, 20 birds/ replicate for each breed, and the study continued till the age 84 days. The results of the current study had revealed that the breed and the age, each alone did not significantly affect the physiological and biochemical parameters in this study, whereas the sex factor affects significantly most of the study parameters. The males were highly significant as compared to the females in the following parameter values: red blood cells count, hemoglobin concentration, packed cell volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, monocytes%, basophils%, glucose, cholesterol, uric acid concentrations and aspartate aminotransferase activity. While the females were significantly higher to the males in mean corpuscular volume, lymphocytes%, triglycerides, total protein, globulin, and alanine aminotransferase activity. In conclusion, the sex of the bird alone and its interaction with breed and age had the greatest impact on the hematological traits.

Effect of β-mannanase, Lysolecithin and probiotic on some reproductive performance and hormone profile in female quail

Hadel M. Hameed; Fadwa Kh. Aga; Saeb Y. Abdulrahman

Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 2020, Volume 34, Issue 1, Pages 87-93
DOI: 10.33899/ijvs.2019.125587.1097

The aim of this study to evaluate the effect of β-mannanase. Lysolecithin and Probiotic on some reproductive performance and hormone profile in female quail. Six hundred one day - old quail birds were randomly divided to four treatments (60 birds/treatment) with 3 replicates for each group treatment (20 birds / replicate) and at three duration periods. The first period 1-7 weeks, second period 7 - 13 weeks, third period 1-13 weeks. The group of study were control was fed on a standard ration. the second, third and fourth treatments were given β-mannanase. Lysolecithin. probiotic 0.5 g /kg ration respectively. Blood samples wear taken for blood serum analysis. including estimation of follicle- stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone. The results revealed that the treated groups showed a significant increase in relative weight of the ovary and oviduct compared with control group. β-mannanase and probiotic groups showed a significant increase in the oviduct length compared with the control and Lysolecithin groups. There was a significant increase in the numbers of growing and mature follicles and weight of large follicle in all treated groups compared with control group. The 3rd period showed a significant increase in the relative weight of ovary. oviduct and numbers of growing follicles. while the 2nd and 3rd period showed a significant increase in the oviduct length. About the interaction between treatments and periods. the best result appeared in the ovarian relative weight in the 3rd period for probiotic and β-mannanase. the 3rd period of probiotic showed a significant increase in the oviduct relative weight and for the oviduct length at 2ed and 3rd period for probiotic and β-mannanase. while 3rd period of probiotic show best interaction in the numbers of growing follicles, as 2nd and 3rd periods showed better increase in the mature follicle's numbers and for large follicle weight in 1st and 2nd period of probiotic. The result also showed a significant increase in the FSH and LH level in all treated groups compared with control group. The 2nd and 3rd period were better significantly in the level of FSH and LH. Probiotic at 2nd and 3rd period showed a significant interaction on the level of FSH. On the other hand, 2nd and 3rd period for the β-mannanase and probiotic showed a better significant in the LH level. In conclusion. β-mannanase. Lysolecithin and probiotic supplementation to quail ration improved the hormonal status and enhance reproduction.

Application of magnetic technology in local quail house and hatchery on performance, reproductive and physiological traits under heat stress

Mahbuba Mustafa

Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 2019, Volume 33, Issue 2, Pages 259-266
DOI: 10.33899/ijvs.2019.162897

Using magnetic technology has shown major potentials in different fields especially agriculture. Two experiments were conducted to investigate the using of magnetic technology application in local quail house and hatchery on productive and physiological traits under heat stress condition. Results revealed that quail when served 0.2 T magnetically treated water (MTW) were significantly (P≤0.05) better in most productive, reproductive characteristics in the 1st experiment: eggs production, water consumption, egg weight, shell strength, estrogen conc., also improved FCR in females, all semen quality and testosterone conc. in males. Also, total RBCs count, thrombocyte, blood pH, blood viscosity, plasma viscosity, blood iron (Fe), copper (Cu), calcium (Ca), thyroxin hormone and total count of Lactobacillus spp. in small intestine. However, reduction in dead sperm, abnormal acrosome, corticosterone conc., body temperature, blood clotting time, E. coli and fungi counts in both sexes. In the 2nd experiment using of magnetic technology on embryonic development traits of local quails incubating eggs that collected from experiment 1 were significantly (P≤0.05) higher in the most characteristics at the group of 0.2 T MTW as fertility, hatchability, chicks weight, immune status of hatched chicks. While reduction in dead embryo and heterophil-to- lymphocyte (H/L) ratio. Finally, the results of 0.2 T MTW achieved superiorly gains compared with the other groups.

Effect of vitamin E and Selenium supplementation on productive and physiological performance of quail fed rations with high level of fat

Duread Younis

Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 2019, Volume 33, Issue 1, Pages 1-7
DOI: 10.33899/ijvs.2019.125553.1072

The aim of this study the effect of vitamin E, selenium or both of them /or selenium supplementation on productive and physiological traits of quail fed high fat diets. Three hundred unsexed one day old coturnix japonica quail chicks were used in this study. Chicks were reared in cages placed in semi-opened houses and provided with suitable environmentally conditions. Birds were randomized into four treatments each with three replicates (twenty-five birds in each). Two diets starter and finisher containing 3% fat as a source of energy were used until marketing age (42 days). Feed and water were available ad libitum. The experimental treatments were as follows: T1 standard ration (control), T2 standard ration supplemented with 200 mg vitamin E/kg ration, T3 standard ration supplemented with 0.3 mg sodium selenite/kg ration and T4 standard ration supplemented with 200 mg vitamin E/kg and 0.3 mg sodium selenite/ kg ration. Rations supplemented with vitamin E, sodium selenite or their combination caused a significant increase in average live body weight, weight gain, significant decrease in feed consumption, blood glucose concentration, heart glycogen concentration and ALT, and AST enzymes concentration, significant improvement in feed conversion ratio was noted in birds fed these diets. No significant differences in average feed passage time in the digestive tract, triglycerides, albumin, globulin, total protein, packed cell volume, hemoglobin concentration, red blood cells account, dressing percentage, liver glycogen concentration and mortality rate were observed among treatments.